composers biography : Z - Zz
 



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Name Born Died Information
Zabel, Albert
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1834 16 Feb. 1910
St. Petersberg, Russia
Russian harpist and composer for the instrument
Zabel, Frank
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1968
Germany
  German composer, received several international prizes for his compositions, professor of music theory at Robert Schumann Hochschule in Düsseldorf. Works: solo and chamber music, concertos and orchestral pieces, compositions for voice, music theatre
Zabelka, Mia
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21 Sep. 1963
Vienna, Austria
  composer and violinist who combines elements of jazz and electronic music as well as by a high degree of improvisation in her work
Zacara da Teramo (see Teramo, Zacara da)   
Zach, Jan 1699 1773 Czech violinist and organist. When he was refused the position as director of the choir in St. Vitus cathedral, he moved abroad. In 1747 he was nominated for the position of conductor for Mainz's archbishop and then from 1756 he wandered through Europe selling his compositions to convents and to the nobility. He had a passionate and vehement personality, of which various aspects can be seen in his exaggerated expression and impassioned Baroque organ, choral and instrumental compositions. His style and early classical form can be seen in his chamber and orchestral works. He composed organ preludes, fugues, many chamber works, 28 symphonies, 14 concertos for various instruments, approximately 30 masses, 3 requiems, a Stabat Mater, and other religious compositions
Zachara da Teramo, Antonio fl. 1390-1415   an Italian contemporary of Ciconia, the two had some similarities of style, and apparently a professional relationship. It is surmised that some of the elaborate ars subtilior songs attributed to Magister Zacharias are actually by da Teramo
Zacharias, Helmut
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27 Jan. 1920
Berlin Germany
28 Feb. 2002
Brissago, Switzerland
German violinist, band leader and composer
Zacharie, Nicolaus before 1400
probably Brindisi, Italy
1466
Ceglie Messapico, Italy
an Italian composer of the early Renaissance. Until recently he had been confused with the earlier composer Zacara da Teramo, but recent research has established his identity; he was one of a few native Italian composers working in the early 15th century whose work has survived
Zachau, Friedrich Wilhelm
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1663 1712 German composer chiefly of organ and church music; teacher of Handel
Zache, Joannesfl. 16th century Flemish composer
Zacher, Gerd 1929   German composer and organist; works include Transformations for piano and choral music
Zadeh, Aziza Mustafa
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19 Dec. 1969
Baku, Azerbailan
  pianist, vocalist, composer. Aziza sang professionally at age three, studied classical piano, made debut on stage with her father a year before his death
Zádor, Jeno (or Zador, Eugene)5 Nov. 1894
Bátaszék
4 Apr. 1977
Los Angeles
Hungarian-born composer
Zafred, Mario2 Mar. 122
Trieste
 Italian composer
Zagar, Peter
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21 Dec. 1961
Bratislava, Slovenia
  Slovakian composer
Zagatti, Francesco seventeenth-century eighteenth-century Italian composer particularly of church music including a vocal duet setting of Gloria Patri with baroque flute accompaniment
Zagaykevych, Alla
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17 Dec. 1966
Khmelnytsky, Ukraine
  composer of symphonic and chamber music, chamber music theatre and electro-acoustic music
Zagwijn, Henri
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17 Jul. 1878
Nieuwer-Amstel, The Netherlands
23 Oct. 1954
The Hague, The Netherlands
Dutch composer and teacher in Rotterdam who was almost completely self-taught
Zahn, Johann Balthasar 1704
Germany
1776
Germany
composer and organist
Zahn, Johannes Christoph Andreas
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1 Aug. 1817
Eshenbach bei Hersbruck, Germany
17 Feb. 1895
Neuendettelsau, Germany
the first attempt to create a melodic index was made, at the best of our present knowledge, by the Benedictine monk Johannes Werlin in 1646. He catalogued several hundred tunes on the basis of their initial three tones, according to the principles of solmization. His was, however, an isolated enterprise which had no follow-up for roughly two hundred years. In more recent times, another attempt to index melodies was made by Johannes Zahn in his Die Melodien des Evangelischen Kirchenliedes (1889-1893). Here the metric features of the tunes are the basis for classification (duple metre, triple metre, either simple or compound). However, in the study of musical folklore, that is, in the study of music living in oral tradition, Zahn's approach is of limited utility. Tunes that are similar in their melodic contour may appear unrelated to each other if classified only according to their metrical and rhythmical pattern
Zaidel-Rudolph, Jeanne
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1948
Pretoria, South Africa
  South African composer of orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, and piano works that have been successfully performed in Africa Europe and the USA; she is a pioneering female composer of transcultural music
Zaimont, Judith Lang
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1945
Memphis, Tennessee
  she holds degrees from Queens College of the City University of New York and Columbia University. She studied composition with Hugo Weisgall, Otto Luening and Jack Beeson. After receiving her Master's Degree, Zaimont studied orchestration in Paris with André Jolivet on a Debussy Fellowship from the Alliance Française de New York
Zaimov, Velisav 8 May 1951
Sofia, Bulgaria
  Bulgarian composer
Zajc, Ivan (also Zaytz, Giovanni von)
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3 Aug. 1832
Rijeka
16 Dec. 1914
Zagreb
Croatian composer and conductor, particularly of opera
Zakrzewska, Barbara (pseudonym Zakrzewska-Nikiporczyk)
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1946
Poznan, Poland
  Polish musicologist, libarian and composer whose work has been described as "featuring quasi-modal rhythms" and "inhabiting Bartók's sound world"
Zamboni, Giovanni (Romano) eighteenth century   lutenist and composer for his instrument
Zamponi (or Zamboni, Samponi), Gioseffo (Giuseppe)1610-20
possibly Rome
Feb. 1662
Brussels
Italian-born composer
Zander, Benjamin
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9 Mar. 1939
Gerrards Cross, Buckinghampshire, England
  English cellist and composer based in the US, who studied with Benjamin Britten and Imogen Holst
Zander, Johann David175321 Feb. 1796
Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish composer
Zandonai, Riccardo (Antonio Francesco)
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30 May. 1883
Sacco, Trentino, Italy
5 Jun. 1944
Pesaro, Italy
Italian opera composer of operas, including Giulietta e Romeo and Francesca da Rimini, a requiem, orchestral works and songs
Zanella, Amilcare (Castore) 26 Sep. 1926
Monticelli d'Ongina, Italy
9 Feb. 1949
Pesaro, Italy
Italian composer, pianist and conductor
Zanelli, Geoff
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28 Sep. 1974
US
  an Emmy winning composer working primarily in the medium of film and television music
Zanesi, Christian
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1952
France
  Zanesi studied composition at the Université de Pau with Marie-Françoise Lacaze and Guy Maneveau, after which he studied at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris with Pierre Schaeffer and Guy Reibel. Since 1977, he has been a member of the Groupe de Recherches Musicales at the INA. Of his Constructions Metalliques, Zanesi writes, "The sounds comes from an ancient iron workshop located in the street in which I live, in Saint-Ouen. It is a hundred years old. Bell chimes, welding, sawing. Sparkles, crackles, quietness. The closed-in space of the workshop. Human rhythmics with age old gestures, hammer banging to bend the iron. Loud noise of machines cutting the iron as if it were paper. Regular stroke of the power hammer: precise and accurate drum machine. The giant clock of electronic music. And there are voices, the ironcraftsmen's voices"
Zanetti (or Zannetti), Francesco28 Mar. 1737
Volterra
31 Jan. 1788
Perugia
Italian composer
Zanetti, Gasparo fl. 1625-1645   Italian composer, the author of a violin treatise, and of Il Solaro, a collection of pieces for string band, including notated improvisations on standard dances such as the passamezzo
Zangius, Nikolaus 1570
Brandenburg, Germany
1620
Berlin, Germany
the author of two books of chansons issued by the Cologne music publisher Gerhard Grenbruch in 1610. Zangius was one of the principal exponents of the German Lied at this time. Zangius arrived to Prague at the time of Imperial orchestra's greatest fame, was engaged by it on 1 October 1602, and drew the pay of an imperial court servant. His Magnificat is dedicated to Emperor Rudolf II - it was printed by M. Straus in Prague in 1609 in luxurious, late Renaissance make-up. The Magnificat, in its monumental finale, foreshadows the coming Baroque
Zangl, Josef Gregor 12 Mar. 1821
Stainach, Austria
6 Mar. 1897
Brixen/Bressanone, Austria
composer and priest, cathedral organist of Brixen/Bressanone
Zani, Andrea 11 Nov. 1696
Casalmaggiore, near Cremona
28 Sep. 1757
Casalmaggiore, near Cremona
violinist and composer, he was invited by Antonio Caldara to Vienna, where he became a well-known virtuoso and teacher, although he never held an official position in the imperial establishment. In 1738 he returned to Casalmaggiore, where he remained for the rest of his life apart from occasional performances in neighbouring cities
Zanon, (Matteo) Sante
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2 Feb. 1899
Fonte Alto, Italy
29 Jan. 1965
Venice, Italy
Italian musician and composer
Zanotti (Janotus), Camillio 1545
Cesena
1591
Prague
one of the less well known sixteenth-century composers. He worked as a singer. He lived in Prague from 1588, and he drew pay there as magister secundarius. To Rudolf II, Zanotti dedicated a madrigal on a text by Torquato Tasso, dated 30 April 1587. He was celebrated by Czech humanist poet Salamoun Franzellus of Fridental. His Tirsi mirir volea madrigal is based on the text by Batista Guarini of Italy
Zanotti, Giovanni (Calisto Andrea)14 Oct. 1738
Bologna
1 Nov. 1817
Bologna
Italian composer
Zapater, Rosaria 1840
Spain
  a singer of note as well as a poet. Published songs and vocal and piano method instructions
Zapf, Helmut
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4 Mar. 1956
Rauschengesees, Germany
  German organist and composer of mostly orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, organ and electroacoustic works
Zappa, Francesco
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fl. 1763-1788   Italian cellist and composer. This composer's name is the title of an album produced in 1984 in which Frank Zappa (suggesting a family association) performed original music by Francesco Zappa on a synclavier, although on the sleeve, credit is given to the 'Barking Pumpkin Digital Gratification Consort' with Frank Zappa, conductor
Zappa, Frank (Francis Vincent)
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21 Dec. 1940
Baltimore, Md., U.S.
4 Dec. 1993
Los Angeles, California
American composer and rock musician with 'Mothers of Invention'
Zarate, Eliodoro Ortiz de29 Dec. 1865
Valparaiso
27 Jun. 1953
Santiago
Chilean composer
Zardo, Nicolň Redento
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11 Sep. 1866
Crespano, Italy
8 Aug. 1908
St. Petersburg, Russia
the fifth of six brothers, Nicolň was a pianist and composer who became piano teacher to Grand Duchesses Anastasia, Tatiana and Maria, the daughters of Czar Nicholas II
Zarebski, Juliusz 28 Feb. 1854 15 Sep. 1885 one of the most prominent Polish musicians of the post-Chopin era, he studied with Liszt in Rome and Weimar and was also involved in the invention of the piano with two reversed keyboards built by the Mangeot brothers. His musical output comprises about 50 items, mainly piano works for two or four hands
Zaremba, Nikolay Ivanovich15 Jun. 1821
Vitebsk, Belarus
8 Sep. 1879
St. Petersburg, Russia
Russian composer and teacher
Zarins, Margers (Margeris)24 May 1910
Jaunpiebalga, Latvia
 Latvian composer
Zarlino, Gioseffo
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31 Jan. or 22 Mar. 1517
Chioggia, Italy
4 Feb. 1590
Venice, Italy
Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance. He was possibly the most famous music theorist between Aristoxenus and Rameau, and made a large contribution to the theory of counterpoint as well as to musical tuning
Zavateri, Lorenzo Gaetano 6 Aug. 1690
Bologna, Italy
1764 Italian composer
Zavertal (or Zavrtal), Ladislao (Ladislas, Ladislaw) (Joseph Philip Paul) (Josef Filip Pavel)29 Sep. 1849
Milan, Italy
29 Jan. 1942
Cadenabbia
Italian composer
Zavrtal (or Sawerthal), Josef Rudolf5 Nov. 1819
Polepy, nr. Litomerice
3 May 1893
Litomerice
Czech composer
Zavrtal, Václav (Wenceslas, Venceslao, Wenceslaw) Hugo31 Aug. 1821
Polepy, nr. Litomerice
8 Sep. 1899
Litomerice
Czech composer
Zawadzka (or Zwadzka-Golosz), Anna
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1 Dec. 1955
Krakow, Poland
  Polish composer whose output comprises a wide diversity of musical genres, with an emphasis on instrumental chamber music and electro-acoustic works
Zawinul, Joe
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7 Jul. 1932
Vienna, Austria
  jazz keyboard-player and composer who emigrated to the US in 1959, formed the group "Weather Report", and is considered, by many, the fusion artist of his generation
Zaza, Paul James
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    pianist, bass guitarist who has been scoring Hollywood film scores since 1979. Zaza runs a state-of-the-art post-production facility, Zaza Sound Productions Ltd. in Toronto. To date he has over 160 feature films, television series and specials to his credit, including Porky's, Meatballs III, Prom Night, Derby, Baby Geniuses, The Rage and Grizzly Falls. Zaza is the recipient of Canada's prestigious Genie Award as well as several SOCAN awards. He won a Movie Music UK Award (2003) for his TV score for I'll Remember April
Zbinden, Julien-Francois
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11 Nov. 1917
Rolle, nr. Geneva, Switzerland
  Swiss composer
Ze, Tom
(born Antônio José Santana Martins)
1936
Bahia, Brazil
  a Brazilian songwriter and composer who was very influential in the Tropicalia (melange of bossa nova, rock and roll, Bahia folk music, and Portuguese Fado) movement who worked with Caetano Veloso Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, and Maria Bethânia
Zech, Frederick, Jr.10 May 1858
Philadelphia, USA
25 Oct. 1926
San Francisco
American composer
Zechberger, Günther
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1951
Zams, Tyrol, Austria
  Austrian composer
Zeches, Michael
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1966
Luxembourg
  primary school teacher and composer from Luxembourg
Zechlin, Ruth
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22 Jun. 1926
Grosshartmannsdorf near Frieburg, Germany
  brought up and educated in the former East Germany, Zechlin nevertheless, trod her own path becoming professor of composition at the Hanns Eisler music academy in East Berlin
Zechner, Johann Georg 9 Apr. 1716
Gleisdorf
7 Jun. 1778
Stein an der Donau
German composer
Zeckwer, Camille26 Jun. 1875
Philadelphia
7 Aug. 1924
Southampton, N.Y.
American composer
Zehm, Friedrich 22 Jan. 1923
Neusalz an der Oder, Germany
  he began studying music with Walther Lampe (piano) and Friedrich Frischenschlager (theory) at the Salzburg Mozarteum. Although seriously wounded during the War he was able to return to his studies in 1945 studying privately Detlef Kraus (piano) in Hamburg. Form 1946 to 1948 he taught music at the Landerziehungsheim Unterschondorf at Lake Ammer. From 1948 Zehm continued his studies at the Freiburg Music Academy, with Harald Genzmer (composition) and Edith Picht-Axenfeld (piano) both strong influences on him. From 1953 until 1956 he lived in Freiburg as a private music teacher, pianist and composer. From 1963 to 1985 Zehm worked as reader and editor for the Schott publishing house. During this period he also taught composition at the Department of Music at the University of Mainz (1980-1982)
Zehm, Norbert
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26 Mar. 1962
Innsbruck, Austria
  Austrian composer
Zeidman, Boris10 Feb. 1908
St. Peterburg
30 Dec. 1981
Tashkent
Russian-born composer
Zeisel (or Zeisl), Eric(h)
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18 May 1905
Vienna, Austria
18 Feb. 1959
Los Angeles, USA
Austrian-born composer who fled to Paris in November 1938, and finally reached the US in September 1939. His work forms part of the tradition of late Romanticism and is based on Biblical themes
Zelenka, István30 Jul. 1936
Budapest, Hungary
 Hungarian composer
Zelenka, Jan Dismas
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baptised 16 Oct. 1679
Lounovice
23 Dec. 1745
Dresden
Czech composer and double-bass player who became court musical director at Dresden; wrote 21 masses, motets, chamber music and a number of instrumental concertos
Zelenski, Wladislaw
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6 Jul. 1837
Grodkowice, near Kraków, Poland
23 Jan. 1921
Kraków, Poland
Polish composer, particularly of operas
Zelibor, Gustav 10 Jan. 1903
Vienna, Austria
28 Dec. 1978
Vienna, Austria
pianist, composer and conductor who was, from 1953, resident composer at the Theater in der Josefstadt, the Kammerspiele and the Kleine Komödie, all in Vienna
Zelinka, Jan Evangelista13 Jan. 1893
Prague
30 Jun. 1969
Prague
Czech composer
Zeljenka, Ilja
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21 Dec. 1932
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia
  Czech composer
Zellbell, Ferdinand (ii) den yngre
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3 Sep. 1719
Stockholm, Sweden
21 Apr. 1780
Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish organist and composer
Zeller, Carl (Johann Adam) 19 Jul. 1842
St. Peter in der Au, Austria
17 Aug. 1898
Beden bei Wein, Austria
Zeller led an unusual double life as a civil service bureaucrat and a successful composer. He wrote eight operettas, including Joconde (1876), Der Vagabund (1886) and the popular Der Vogelhandler (1891) and Der Obersteiger (1894). A perjury charge led to prison and public disgrace. Zeller died soon afterward at age 56
Zelter, Carl Friedrich
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11 Dec. 1758
nr. Berlin
15 May 1832
Berlin
German composer mainly of vocal music including settings of Goethe which the poet admired; one of the establishers of German Lied, teacher of Mendelssohn and champion of J.S. Bach when this was considered unfashionable
Zelwecker, Franz 8 Jan. 1911
Vienna, Austria
16 Aug. 1998
Vienna, Austria
conductor, composer who worked in broadcasting in Austria from 1934, was musical director at the court of the Emperor in Addis Ababa from (May/June 1950—January 1957) and founded the Ethiopian National Theatre and an association of music lovers in Addis Ababa
Zelwer, Jean Marc
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1960
Paris, France
  Kumpania Zelwer is the brainchild of composer and multi-instrumentalist Jean-Marc Zelwer. Zelwer plays everything from nyckelharpa to santur to glass xylophone. His eight-piece band plays everything from washboard to toy piano to singing saw. This eclectic assortment of household appliances yields a colorful pastiche of sound. Zelwer and his company also use accordion, cello, trumpet, violin and tuba to create a sound that mixes elements of klezmer, cabaret, and street theatre, with touches of gypsy and Breton music for good measure
Zemlinsky, Alexander von
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14 Oct. 1871
Vienna, Austria
15 Mar. 1942
Larchmont, NY, USA
noted conductor and composer of 6 operas, symphonies and chamber music who was brother-in-law to Arnold Schönberg
Zemzaris, Imants
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14 Apr. 1951
Riga, Latvia
  studied composition with Adolfs Skulte at Latvian Music Academy and now teaches composition at Emils Darzins music school. His favourite genre is instrumental chamber music and music for theatre. He also makes frequent contributions to music criticism and writes essays
Zenamon, Jaime Mirtenbaum
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1953
La Paz, Bolivia
  guitarist and composer who studied in Israel and Europe but now lives in Curitiba, Brazil
Zender, (Johannes Wolfgang) Hans
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22 Nov. 1936
Wiesbaden
  German composer and conductor
Zenger, Max 2 Feb. 1837
Munich, Bavaria
18 Nov. 1911
Munich, Bavaria
German-Bavarian conductor and composer
Zepler, Bogumil6 May 1858
Wroclaw
17 Aug. 1918
Krummhübel im Riesengebirge
Polish-born composer
Zeugherr (or Zeugherr, Herrmann), Jakob20 Jul. 1803
Zurich
15 Jun. 1865
Liverpool, England
Swiss-born composer
Zhang, Xiaofu1954 after studying in France, he founded China's first Centre for Electro-Acoustic Music at the Central Conservatory in Beijing
Zhao, Jiping 1945
Gansu Province, China
  Chinese composer, particularly of the film scores for about 40 films, among which 13 have won a variety of major awards both in China and abroad. His soundtrack for Five Girls and a piece of String won the prize for the best music at Nantes Film Festival held in France. The Red Sorghum won the Golden Bear Award at the International Film Festival held in Berlin. Farewell My Concubine won the Golden Palm at Ghana International Film Festival and The Lawsuit of Qiuju won the Golden Lion Award at Venice International Film Festival. He also wrote the score to Farewell My Concubine. Many of his works combine a Western orchestra with traditional Chinese instruments such as the erh-hu (a two-string bowed fiddle), also called a Chinese violin, p'i-p'a (a lute played vertically) and the banhu (a Chinese string instrument)
Zhelobinsky (or Zjelobinsky, Zjelobinskij, Jelobensky, Jelobinski), Valery (Viktorovich)27 Jan. 1913
Tambov, Russia
13 Aug. 1946
Leningrad
Russia
Russian composer
Zhiganov, Nazib Gayazovich15 Jan. 1911
Uralsk, Kazakhstan
2 Jun. 1988
Kazan, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan-born composer
Zhitomirsky, Alexander1881
Cherson, Russia
16 Dec. 1937
Leningrad, Russia
Russian composer
Zhivotov, Alexey Semyonovich14 Nov. 1904
Kazan, Kazakhstan
27 Aug. 1964
Leningrad, Russia
Kazakhstan-born composer
Zhou, Long
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8 Jul. 1953
Beijing, China
  Chinese-born American composer of orchestral, chamber and vocal works. He emigrated to the USA in 1985 and is now an American citizen
Zhu, Jian'Er 1922
China
  resident composer of the Shanghai Symphony since 1975, Zhu has long supported young composers and contemporary music. Although his own compositions are heavily influenced by folk music of Yunnan, Tibet and Guizhou, he tirelessly explores new ideas and techniques. Politics prevented him from writing his first symphony until 1986, when he was 64; he has since added nine more
Zhukov, Sergei
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30 Aug. 1951
Zhitomir, Ukraine
  studying at the musical college in Zhitomir until 1973, he graduated from the Department of Composition of Moscow State Conservatory in 1978. In 1980 he finished a postgraduate course
Zhukovsky, German Leont'yevich13 Nov. 1913
Radzivilovo, Volhynia
15 Mar. 1976
Kiev
Russian composer
Zhurbin, Alexander
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7 Aug. 1945
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  Russian composer, particularly noted for his film scores, operas, ballets and musicals
Zhurbin, Lev (Ljova)
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1978
Moscow, Russia
  Russian-born violist and composer, Ljova Zhurbin is son of the composer Alexander Zhurbin and the poet Irena Ginzburg. In 1990, Ljova's family moved to New York, where he currently lives
Ziani, Marc'Antonio (Marco Antonio) c.1653
Venice, Italy
22 Jan. 1715
Vienna, Austria
taught by his uncle, Pietro Andrea Ziani, by 1686 he had been appointed maestro di capella at Santa Barbara in Mantua, where Antonio Caldara was one of his pupils. After some years he moved back to Venice. At the end of the seventeenth-century he was famous and considered the leading opera composer in Venice. In 1700 he became vice-maestro di capella at the imperial court in Vienna; in 1712 he was promoted to maestro di capella
Ziani, Pietro Andrea before 21 Dec. 1616
Venice, Italy
12 Feb. 1684
Naples, Italy
Italian organist and composer, who, in common with many Italian musicians of the period, worked outside Italy. Ziani made his way from Venice to Bergamo, and thence to Innsbruck, Vienna, Kromeritz, Dresden before returning once again to Venice. He moved finally to Naples where he was appointed maestro della Cappella Reale. His works reflect on some occasions the conservative taste of his northern patrons while on others, an altogether lighter vein which he, a master of the opera buffa, exhibited in his stage works
Zich, Otakar 25 Mar. 1879
Králové Mestec, Czechoslovakia
9 Jul. 1934
Oubenice, nr. Bemesov
composer of operas, choral music and songs as well as a student of Czech folk music
Zichy, Géza, Count Vasony-Keö 23 Jul. 1849
Sztára, Hungary
15 Jan. 1924
Budapest, Hungary
Jungarian lawyer who studied piano with Liszt; lost his right-hand while still a boy and became a noted performer using only his left hand; wrote a left-hand concerto and several operas
Ziegler, Matthias
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    Swiss flautist and composer, an exponent of the Kingma quarter-tone system flute and larger bass and contra-bass flutes
Ziehrer, C(arl) M(ichael)
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2 May 1843
Vienna, Austria
14 Nov. 1922
Vienna, Austria
a gifted pianist, he first earned his living playing in a dancing school. At the age of 27, he was appointed bandmaster of an Austrian army unit and, eight years later, he formed an orchestra in Vienna, attracting many of the finest musicians from the orchestra of the Strauss family. The resulting feud with them added nothing to his reputation. Even so, and allowing for the fact that many of his earlier compositions have not survived, he composed 24 operettas, over 400 works for the ballroom, and more than 70 marches. The last to hold the position of Director of Music for the Imperial-Royal Court Balls by royal decree, he was the only non-Strauss to achieve this. He died penniless, the last survivor of the so called composers of the Golden era, but his music remains popular today
Zielinska, Lidia
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9 Oct. 1953
Poznan, Poland
  Polish violinist and composer. In the 1995/96 season she was the composer-in-residence at the EMS (Electronic Music Studio) in Stockholm, and for a piece produced there, Like These White Mice, she was awarded a prize at the International Competition of Electroacoustic Music in Bourges
Zielenski, Mikolaj
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c.1550
Poland
1615 one of Poland's leading early baroque composers who from 1608 to 1615 worked in the service of the Archbishop of Gniezno, who at the King's instigation sent him to study in Venice with Gabrieli. Venetian influence is present in his volume of Offertory settings, all for two 4-part choirs (except for a Magnificat for three choirs with eight trombones, which was performed at the Chopin centenary celebrations at Lwow in 1910). His Communion settings are more varied, including polyphonic pieces in three to seven parts, and solos and duets, with and without instruments; the volume also contains the earliest known Polish instrumental fantasias
Zielinski, Maciej 1734 1821 a Polish composer of Slovak origin, he wrote eight operas, including Poland's first opera performed in a public theatre
Zielinski, Maciej 1971
Warsaw, Poland
  winner of the Alan Bush Composition Prize in 1999 for his work Lutoslawski in Memoriam for oboe and piano
Zieritz, Grete von
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10 Mar. 1899
Vienna, Austria
26 Nov. 2001
Berlin, Germany
she joined Franz Schreker's composition class in 1926. By 1928, she had already been honoured with the Mendelssohn State Prize. In 1979, she received the Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and the GEMA Honorary Medal in 1982. Her musical oeuvre included about 300 compositions
Zilberts, Zavel (or Savelii)1881
Karlin, nr. Pinsk, Russia
25 Apr. 1949
New York, USA
Russian composer, conductor and cantor
Zilcher, Hermann (Karl Josef) 18 Aug. 1881
Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany
17 Jan. 1948
Würzburg, Germany
German composer and pianist; works include symphonies, concertos, chamber music, piano music, songs and an oratorio
Zillig, Winfried (Petrus Ignatius) 1 Apr. 1905
b-Würzburg, Germany
17 Dec. 1963
Hamburg, Germany
German opera composer, writer and conductor. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau speaking of Zillig’s opera Troilus und Cressida commented that 'the composer was very angry because his music was considered too beautiful. You see, Zillig was Schönberg’s student; it was expected that a student of Schönberg write atonal music. Zillig, however, did not.' Zillig completed his teacher's oratorio Die Jakobsleiter (Jacob's Ladder)
Zimbalist, Efrem (Alexandrovich) 21 Apr. 1889
Rostov-on-Don, Russia
22 Feb. 1985
Reno, Nevada, USA
studied violin with Auer; settled in the US; his compositions include a violin concerto; called 'senior' to ditinguish him from his actor son Efraim Zimbalist Jr.
Zimmer, Hans (Florian)
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12 Sep. 1957
Frankfurt, Germany
  Hans Zimmer is a pioneer in the use of digital synthesizers, advanced computer technology, electronic keyboards and their successful integration with the traditional orchestra in music for film and television. He has written over 100 film score
Zimmer, Ján16 May 1926
Ruzomberok
 Slovakian composer
Zimmerli, Patrick
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21 Jul 1968
Bronxville, NY, USA
 New York-based composer Patrick Zimmerli has been active in jazz and classical music since 1986. In fall 2005, Zimmerli presented a biweekly concert series at Triad on New York's Upper West Side. Entitled Emergence, the series featured his nine-piece ensemble of string quartet, jazz quartet, and electronics
[entry prompted by Kirsten Taylor]
Zimmerman, Charles A. 1861 1916 composer of military marches and popular music
Zimmermann, Anton c.174116 Oct. 1781
Bratislava
Slovakian composer
Zimmermann, Bernd (Bernhard) Alois 20 Mar. 1918
Bliesheim, nr. Köln
10 Aug. 1970
Königsdorf, nr. Köln
German composer who was a pupil of Jarnach, Fortner and Leibowitz; prolific writer of symphonies, concerti for strings as well as Requiem for a young poet for speaking and singing choruses, solo singers, jazz group, organ, orchestra and electronics
Zimmermann, Bruce
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    Zimmerman began his career over 14 years ago, after attaining a Doctorate of Music from the Hartt School of Music in West Hartford, Connecticut in 1986. Zimmerman composes music for film, documentary, corporate, commercial, multimedia and children's projects. He has scored over 500 programs for clients such as AT&T, IBM, PBS, Connecticut Public Television, FOX Network, The Learning Channel, MasterCard, Pratt and Whitney, Random House, Sony Kids Music, Simon & Schuster, McGraw Hill and Warner Brothers. Zimmerman works with both MIDI, high end samples and acoustic instrumentation. He often conducts his own scores and works extremely well with other musicians. Zimmerman is comfortable in most genres of music including jazz, classical, ethnic/world music, children's music and most contemporary styles. Zimmerman has won three Emmy Awards for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Original Music Composition for his work in Public Television
[taken from his web site]
Zimmermann, Louis 19 Jul. 1873 6 Mar. 1954 violinist and composer
Zimmermann (or Zimmerman), Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume 19 Mar. 1785
Paris, France
29 Oct. 1853
Paris, France
father-in-law of composer Charles Gounod. Piano teacher at the Paris Conservatoire and composer whose works included the opera Nausicaa and l'Enlèvement
Zimmermann, Udo 6 Oct. 1943
Dresden, German
  German composer and music director
Zimmermann, Walter
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15 Apr. 1949
Schwabach, Franconia
  early studies on oboe, violin, piano; first composition at age of 12. Composition studies with Werner Heider in Nuremberg , and pianist in Heider's ars nova ensemble, 1968-70. Briefly attended Mauricio Kagel's New Music Courses in Cologne. Studied simultaneously at the Institute for Sonology (Utrecht) and the Jaap-Kunst Ethnology Centre (Amsterdam) 1970-73. Computer studies in Hamilton USA, 1974; ethnological research, gathering folk music, especially from American Indian reservations, 1975-6. Founded Beginner Studio in Cologne 1977; organised concert series there till 1984. From 1982, composition teacher at the Liège Conservatoire, taught at Darmstadt Summer Courses 1982-84, teaching post at Royal Conservatoire den Haag 1988, from 1990 composition teacher in Karlsruhe, visiting professor at Folkwangshochschule 1992-93, from 1993 Professor of Composition at Berlin Academy of the Arts; he now lives in Berlin and Seidmar (Franconia). Awarded City of Cologne Förderpreis 1980, 'Ensemblia' first prize 1981, Villa Massimo stipendium (Rome) 1987, Schneider-Schott Prize 1989, Prix Italia 1990 for Die Blinden
Zinck (or Zink), Hardenack (Hartnack, Harnack) Otto Conrad2 Jul. 1746 Husum, Holstein15 Feb. 1832
Copenhagen, Denmark
Danish composer
Zingarelli, Niccolň (Nicola) Antonio 4 Apr. 1752
Naples, Italy
5 May 1837
Torre del Greco, nr. Naples, Italy
Italian composer of over 30 operas and sacred music; teacher of Bellini, Mercadante and Costa
Zingoni (or Singoni, Zingone) Giovanni Battistafl. 1762 composer of two operas performed in Dublin in 1762
Zinnen, Jean-Antoine25 Apr. 1827
Neuenbourg
16 May 1898
Neuilly-sur-Seine
French composer
Zinzadze, Sulkhan     Georgian composer
Zipoli, Domenico
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16 Oct. 1668
Prato, Italy
2 Jan. 1726
Córdoba, Argentina
Italian organist and composer, began his musical training in Naples. He moved to Tome in 1696 and became organist at a Jesuit church. After joining the Jesuit order at Seville in 1716, Zipoli moved to Argentina, where he continued to play the organ for the Jesuit church until his death
Ziporyn, Evan
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1959
Chicago, US
  composer, clarinetist and Kenan Sahin Distinguished Professor of Music Evan Ziporyn contributes to a broad variety of musical forms. His compositions, performed by the Kronos Quartet, master pipa virtuoso Wu Man, pianist Sarah Cahill and others, are featured on many recordings, including Shadow Bang (2003), written with Wayan Wija (a Balinese puppeteer), and this is not a clarinet (2001). Since taking his Fulbright Fellowship in Indonesia in 1987, he has been involved with Balinese gamelan (Asian percussion orchestral music); in 1993 he founded Gamelan Galak Tika at MIT. He has collaborated as a composer and soloist with Bang On A Can since 1987 and as a performer with Paul Simon and Steve Reich, among others. He arrived at MIT as assistant professor in 1990 and became head of the Music & Theatre Arts Section earlier this year. He has taught also at University of California, Berkeley (1988–1990) and the Yale School of Music (1997–99)
Zirra, Alexandru14 Jul. 1883
Roman, Romania
23 Mar. 1946
Sibiu
Romanian composer
Zitek, Otakar5 Nov. 1892
Prague
28 Apr. 1955
Bratislava
Czech-born composer
Zito, Torrie 1933
New York, USA
  pianist, conductor, arranger
Ziv, Mikhail25 May 1921
Moscow
 Russian composer
Zivkovic, Nebojsa Jovan
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1962
Yugoslavia (?)
  Zivkovic completed his master's degrees in composition, music theory and percussion in Germany
Zoeller, Carli (Karl)26 Mar. 1840
Berlin
13 Jul. 1889
London, England
German-born composer of operettas, sometime bandmaster of the 7th Hussars
Zografski, Tomislav
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1934 2000 Macedonian composer, who took his degree in theory and composition at the Music Academy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in 1961. Many of his works combine neoclassicism and serial techniques
Zohrabyan, Ashot
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29 Jan. 1945
Yerevan, Armenia
  studied at the Komitas State Conservatory of Yerevan studying composition with Grigori Yeghiazaryan, where he was later appointed a teacher himself
Zöhrer, Eduard 7 Apr. 1810
Sarleinsbach, Austria
15 May 1885
Lambrechten, Austria
composer and author of vernacular literature
Zoilo, Annibale
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c.1537
Rome, Italy
1592
Loreto, Italy
Italian composer and singer of the late Renaissance Roman School. He was a contemporary of Palestrina, writing music in a closely related style, and was a prominent composer and choir director in Rome in the late 16th century. In addition to his sacred music, he published two books of madrigals. One of his madrigals, Chi per voi non sospira acquired considerable fame, being reprinted in many collections; in addition it was used by Vincenzo Galilei in his Fronimo: dialogo ... sopra l'arte del bene intavolare in a lute intabulation
Zoller, Franz Karl 4 Sep. 1748
Klagenfurt, Austria
18 Nov. 1829
Innsbruck, Austria
writer of dialect poetry who also wrote songs (some of them in dialect), for example the Spingeser Schlachtlied (Kriegslied eines Tyrolers im Landsturm, 1797) during Tyrol's fight for freedom against the French and the Bavarians
Zollitsch, Robert 1966
Munich, Germany
  Robert chose the Bavarian zither (a 42 string instrument with a five octave range) as his instrument early in his childhood. His studies in music theory, both in Munich and Berlin, strengthened his abilities to create. He made a quick decision to abandon the traditional ways of playing his zither, deciding instead to develop a new style of performance on an instrument steeped in the tradition of his cultural heritage. Robert Zollitsch has adapted this new style to a wide variety of music. His compositions and improvisations have been performed on classical stages, as well as folk and world music festivals and jazz clubs
Zöllner, Heinrich5 May 1792
Öls, Schlesien
2 Jul. 1836
Wandsbeck, nr. Hamburg
German composer
Zöllner, Heinrich4 Jul. 1854
Leipzig
4 May 1941
Freiburg im Breisgau
German composer
Zolotaryov (or Zolotaryoff, Zolotariov), Vasily Andreyevich7 Mar. 1872
Taganrog
25 May 1964
Moscow, Russia
Russian composer
Zolotaryov (or Zolotarev), Vasily (Andreyevich)7 Mar. 1942
Taganrog
25 May 1975
Moscow, Russia
graduated from the class of N.A. Lesnoi (button accordion) at the Magadan Secondary School of Music in 1968. Thereupon, he studied composition under R. K. Schedrin (by way of consultation, 1968-69) and under T.N. Khrennikov (at the Moscow Conservatoire, 1971-72). Among his many works are an oratorio (Monument to the Revolution); compositions for symphony orchestra and for chamber orchestra; string quartets; vocal music. His bayan (accordion) works are justly considered exceptionally important repertoire for the multi-timbre fixed-and-freebass button-key accordion
Zoltowski, Maciej 1971   Polish composer who specialises in electro-acoustic music
Zonca (or Zonka, Zonga), Giovanni Battista1728
Brescia
1809
Gámbara, nr. Brescia
Italian composer
Zonca (or Zonka, Zonga), Giuseppe (Joseph)1715
Brescia
4 Jan. 1772
Munich, Germany
Italian composer
Zopff, Hermann1 Jun. 1826
Glogów
12 Jul. 1883
Leipzig
Polish-born composer
Zoppis, Francescoc.1715
Venice
after 1781
possibly Venice
Italian composer
Zoras, Leonidas 8 Mar. 1905
Sparta
22 Dec. 1987
Athens
Greek composer
Zorn, John
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2 Sep. 1953
New York, USA
  composer and saxophone player who lives and performs primarily in New York City. About his work Zorn writes, "My musical world is like a little prism. You look through it and it goes off in a million different directions. Since every genre is the same, all musicians should be equally respected. It doesn't matter if it's jazz, blues, or classical. They're all the same."
Zouhar, Zdenek8 Feb. 1927
Kotvrdovice
 Czech composer
Zubiaurre (y Unionbarrenechea), Valentí13 Feb. 1837
Villa de Garay, Vizcaya, Spain
13 Jan. 1914
Madrid
Spanish composer
Zuelli, Guglielmo 20 Oct. 1859
Reggio Emilia
8 Oct. 1941
Milano
Italian composer
Zuidam, Rob
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23 Sep. 1964
Gouda, The Netherlands
  Dutch composer and music-essayist, in particular for the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad. Since 2001 he is a board member of the Fonds voor de Scheppende Toonkunst, Amsterdam. Furthermore he is chairman of stichting M97, a foundation dedicated to rediscovering works by the old tone poets which were considered lost
Zulfikarpasic, Bojan
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1968
Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  Serbian born pianist, Bojan Zulfikarpasic has proved himself a stunning improviser and dynamic composer, capable of harnessing a colourful array of Balkan, North African and Asian folk rhythms to the first principles of small group jazz. The result is an exhilarating and lyrical amalgam, eclectic without being derivative, dramatic but never histrionic
Zumaya (or Sumaya), Manuel de c. 1678
Mexico
12 Mar./6 May 1756
Oaxaca
Mexican composer of the Baroque period
Zumpe, Herman9 Apr. 1850
Oppach
4 Sep. 1903
Munich, Germany
German composer
Zumsteeg, Emilie 1796
Germany
1857 a noted pianist and composer whose sight-reading ability was astounding
Zumsteeg (or Zum Steeg), Johann Rudolf 10 Jan. 1760
Baden, Germany
27 Jan. 1802
Stuttgart, Germany
pioneer of narrative and dramatic ballad later developed by Schubert; also a composer of operas
Zundert, Renaat van6 Aug. 1898
Anvers, Belgium
14 Jun. 1981
Anvers, Belgium
Belgian composer, pianist, conductor and teacher
Zupan (or Suppan), Jakob27 Jul. 1734
Schrötten, nr. Hengsberg
11 Apr. 1810
Kamnik
Austrian composer
Zurfluh, August nineteenth century
Switzerland
early twentieth century
Paris, France
Swiss-born guitarist and composer for his instrument
Zurstrassen, Pirly
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15 Apr. 1958
Belgium
  studied piano at the Verviers Conservatory from 1977 and later joined the improvisation class at the Liège Royal Conservatory, with Karl Berger, Garrett List, and the Liège jazz seminars in the same institution
Zurzolo, Marco     Marco Zurzolo is a saxophonist/composer hailing from Naples, Italy
Zuylen (van), Belle (Madame de Charrière) 1740
France
1805 wrote novels, pamphlets, poetry, libretti, and many letters. She also painted striking miniature portraits. Moreover, she was a composer who played the harpsichord, pianoforte and the harp, and she performed as a singer. Music was one of her favorite pastimes and she mentioned in her correspondence with contemporaries that included Mozart, Sarti, Rameau, Rousseau, Handel, Cimarosa, Salieri and Gluck
Zvonar, Josef Leopold22 Jan. 1824
Kublov, nr. Prague
23 Nov. 1865
Prague
Czech composer
Zwaap, Alexander (see Delden, Lex van)   
Zwart, Jan
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20 Aug. 1877
Zaandam
The Netherlands
13 Jul. 1937 Dutch organist and composer
Zwedberg, Tommy
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1946
Sweden
  Swedish composer
Zweers, Bernard 18 May 1854
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
9 Dec. 1924
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Dutch composer and teacher, also known as Gisbertus of Ämstel
Zweig, Stefan
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28 Nov. 1881
Vienna, Austria
22 Feb. 1942
Petropolis, Brazil
an Austrian writer in the 1930s and 1940s of novels and short stories, but also biography, of which his most famous is probably that about Mary, Queen of Scots. He was famously defended by the composer Richard Strauss who refused to remove Zweig's name (as librettist) from the posters for the premiere, in Dresden, of his opera Die schweigsame Frau (The Silent Woman). This led to Hitler refusing to come to the premiere as planned; the opera was banned after three performances. Zweig then lived in England (in Bath and London), before moving to the USA then in 1941 Brazil, where he and his wife Lotte died in a joint suicide in Petropolis, despairing at the future of Europe and its culture
Zweter, Reinmar von
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c.1200
Ubstadt-Weiher, Germany
after 1248Middle High German poet of Spruchdichtung, presumably of knighted ancestry who appears to have spent most of his life in Austria
Zwilich, Ellen Taaffe
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30 Apr. 1939
Miami, Florda, USA
  she was trained as a violinist, studying with Ivan Galamian (1903–81). She studied composition with Elliott Carter and Roger Sessions at Juilliard. Her straightforward and expressive music won wide recognition; her Symphony No. 1 (1983) was the first composition by a woman to win a Pulitzer Prize. Her orchestral work Symbolon premiered in Russia in 1988
Zwingli, Huldrych
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1484
Wildhaus, Switzerland
1531
Cappel
Switzerland
Away with the mumbling of your songs, and neither do I want to hear the sound of your lyre - these words of the Zurich Reformer Huldrych Zwingli signalled a sea-change in the music life of his city. He wrote them in 1523; a year later, all pictures were ripped from the walls of the Zurich churches and the playing of the organ was banned. In 1525, the singing of hymns in church was forbidden too. Just a few years earlier, the city’s two main churches, the Grossmünster and the Fraumünster, had vied with each other to see who could build the most splendid, most expensive organ. But on 9 December 1527, all organs in the city’s churches were torn down. They were not replaced until the 19th century. In the Middle Ages, high feast days such as the anniversary of the death of the city’s patron saints had been celebrated with much pomp and elaborate music, with travelling pilgrims praising the ‘wonderful’ masses that were sung. But the Reformation brought this to an end. Almost all sources of the city’s earlier musical life were either lost or intentionally destroyed. In recent years, it has been suggested that Zwingli regarded the elaborate pre-Reformation church music as no more than a ‘good work’ with which Man tried to attain salvation, and thus should be done away with. Be that as it may, it is certainly ironic that music should have been banned by a man who was himself a great music-lover. He had enjoyed a solid musical education and, according to the chronicler Bernhard Wyss, he played eleven instruments. Zwingli also composed, though only three songs have been handed down that we can be certain are by him, and no autograph survives (of course, none of the songs was intended for use in church). The most famous is Herr, nun heb den Wagen selb (‘Lord, now lift the wagon yourself’), the so-called Kappel Song that Zwingli is supposed to have written for the soldiers at Kappel in 1529. According to Zwingli’s friend and successor Heinrich Bullinger, Zwingli himself set the song in four parts, though only his melody has survived today. When the musicologist Eduard Bernoulli discovered an organ tablature in the Zentralbibliothek Zürich (Zurich Central Library) in 1919 containing two keyboard arrangements of Zwingli’s Herr, nun heb, he first thought that he had discovered Zwingli’s original setting. However, the scribe was in fact one Clemens Hör, a school teacher and musician from St Gall, and the date of his manuscript was probably 1535-40. Besides these two anonymous Zwingli settings, the manuscript contains over forty short pieces set for organ, some of which have only survived in this source. Among the composers represented are Ludwig Senfl, Paul Hofhaimer and Heinrich Isaac. The manuscript was probably not written in Zurich, but it can serve as a good example of the kind of music being practised at home by the educated classes in Eastern Switzerland. The connection to Zurich is assured by Hör’s close friendship with Johannes Fries (1505-1565), who attended the Zurich Grossmünster School from 1527 to 1531, studied philology and music for two years in Paris, and then returned to Zurich to teach at his old school from 1537 onwards. Part-books of vocal music have survived in the Zentralbibliothek Zürich that Hör himself copied and dedicated to Fries
[taken from notes to Zurich Arise!]
Zwyssig, Father Alberich (or Alberik) (originally Zwyssig, Johann Josef Maria)
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17 Nov. 1808
Bauen, Switzerland
18 Nov. 1854
Vorarlberg, Bregenz, Austria
a Cistercian monk who composed in 1841 the Swiss Psalm, the present Swiss national anthem
Zyka, Joseph
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c.1730c.1791
Berlin, Germany
it is likely that his birth must have been earlier than 1730, for according to Furstenau's account (History of Music and the Theatre at the Electoral Court of Saxony), he had been appointed to the Dresden band in 1743, though Fetis erroneously makes him a member only in 1756. He received his education as Violoncellist at Prague, and belonged, from 1743-1764, to the Electoral band in Dresden. He then went with his son Friederich, who was likewise a good cellist, as chamber musician to Berlin, where, according to Fetis, in 1791, he died; but, according to Furstenau, at the beginning of our century. He is said to have left behind him, in manuscript, several Concertos
Zykan, Otto M
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29 Apr. 1935
Vienna, Austria
  Austrian composer and pianist