music dictionary : Do - Dq

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note C
(Italian m., French m., Spanish m.) or, in English, doh, in solfeggio, the first note (tonic) of the ascending chromatic scale; in the 'fixed do' system do or doh is always the note 'C'. Originally, and still in France, do is called ut
Do(Japan) general term used for the body of a drum
note C
(Portuguese) the first note (or tonic) in the scale of C major
do.abbreviation of 'ditto', literally 'the same (again)'
Dob(Hungary) a significant instrument for the ancient Hungarians, symbolizing the universe. The single bottom drum is mentioned in many children's rhymes. The double kettle drum used by the cavalry had been in use by the Hungarians for 500 years. In 1457, Hungarian emissaries caused great sensation when these drum were brought to France. In 1542, King Henry VIII asked for Hungarian drums from his ambassador to Vienna. The double bottom drums were also used when making announcements in villages
Dobachia Japanese bowl gong
double flat(Danish) double flat sign, the sign that lowers a note by two semitones [corrected by Lars Hellvig]
dobbelt Forslag(Danish) double appoggiatura
double sharp(Danish) double sharp sign, the sign that raises a note by two semitones
dobbeltpunkteret Node(Danish) double dotted note
Dobbeltslag(Danish) turn (ornament)
double bar(Danish) a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work
Dobbelttrille(Danish) double trill
DobeRomanian kettledrums
Do bémol
note C flat
(French m.) C flat, the flattened key note of the scale of C major
Do bemolle
note C flat
(Italian m.) C flat, the flattened key note of the scale of C major
Do bemol mayor(Spanish m.) the key of 'C flat major'
Dobladillo(Spanish m.) hem, turn-up (trousers)
doblado(Spanish) double, folded, dubbed
doblar(Spanish) to double, to fold, to bend, to turn, to dub, to toll (bell)
doblarse(Spanish) to double, to bend, to give in
Doble(Spanish m.) double, fold
doble(Spanish) double
Doble articulación(Spanish) double tonguing
Doble barra
double bar(Spanish f.) a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work
Doble barra de repetició (Catalan f.) repeat mark
Doble barra de repetición(Spanish f.) repeat mark
Doble bemol
double flat(Spanish m.) double flat sign, the sign that lowers a note by two semitones
Doble cuerda(Spanish f.) double stop
doblegar(Spanish) to force to give in (figurative)
doblegarse(Spanish) to give in
Doble mordente
double mordent(Spanish) a double mordent has two repercussions
Doble pausa
breve(Catalan f.) a breve (double whole note) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doble redonda
breve(Spanish f.) a double whole note equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doble sostenido
double sharp(Spanish m.), double sharp sign, the sign that raises a note by two semitones
Doble tresillo(Spanish m.) sextuplet, sextolet (French)
Dobrado(Portuguese) plié (French)
dobrar(Portuguese) to overdub
Dobritsch(German n.) Dobrich (a city in northeastern Bulgaria - north of Varn - that is the commercial and cultural centre)
Dobro(English, German f.) slide guitar, also known as the resonator guitar, is a precursor to the steel guitar and was developed in the late 1920s. It has one or more resonator discs - usually metal - mounted inside the body and connected to the bridge. It was developed in America by John Dopyera, son of a Czech violin maker, and first manufactured in 1927 by the National String Instrument Corporation. The Dobro was originally developed in response to a growing demand for a guitar that could produce a greater volume of sound than the conventional instrument. The Dobro is played face up with a series of finger picks and a metal bar to fret the strings
Dobrudscha(German f.) Dobruja (a historical region shared by Bulgaria and Romania, located between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, including the Danube Delta, Romanian coast and the northernmost part of the Bulgarian coast)
Dobunni(English, German pl.) one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Islands prior to the Roman invasion of Britain
Docor 'docu', abbreviation of 'documentary'
Doce(Spanish m.) twelve
doce(Spanish) twelve
Docena(Spanish f.) dozen
doceno(Spanish) twelfth
Docente(Spanish m./f.) teacher
docente(Spanish) teaching
Do central
note middle C(French, Spanish m.) the note 'middle C'
Do centrale
note middle C(Italian m.) the note 'middle C'
doch(German) but, yet, still, after all, however, you know ..., nevertheless, after all, on the contrary
Doch!(German) Yes, I do! Yes, I did! Yes, I have!, Yes, I had! Yes, i was! Yes, I will! Yes, I would! Yes, I shall! Yes, I should! Yes, I can! Yes, I could! Yes, I may! Yes, I might! (contradicting a negative question)
Doch aus alldem wurde nichts.(German) But out of all of that came nothing.
doch bei näherem Hinsehen(German) but if you think about it
Doch die Gespräche platzten.(German) But the talks broke up.
doch noch(German) yet again
doch noch einer(German) another
Doch schon, aber ... (German) Yes, I do, but ...
doch sei dem, wie es wolle(German) but be that as it may
Docht (s.), Dochte (pl.)(German m.) wick
Dochthalter(German m.) wick holder, wickholder
Dochtlöscher(German m.) candle (wick) snuffer
Dochtschere(German f.) wick trimmer, snuffers
Dochtspitze(German f.) top of the wick
doch wenn man darüber nachdenkt(German) but if you think about it
Doch wir wurden nicht gehört.(German) Yet we were not heard.
dócil(Spanish) obedient
Docile(English, French) sumissive, easily managed
Docilité(French f.) docilitiy
Dock (s.), Docks (pl.)(English, French m., German n.) place for loading and unloading ships
Docke(German f.) jack (on a harpsichord), skein (wool)
(German f. - Austria, Southern Germany) doll
docken(German) to dock
Docker(English, French m.) person who works loading or unloading ships, stevedore
Dockstation(German f.) docking station
Docteur (m.), Doctoresse (f.)(French) doctor
docto(Spanish) learned
Doctor(English, Spanish m.) a title given to the possessor of a professional qualification (for example, a medical degree plus postgraduate professional training) or an advanced university degree (a doctorate)
Doctorado(Spanish m.) doctorate
Doctorat(French m.) doctorate
Doctores de trobarsee troubadour
Doctor Faustus Lights the Lights (1938)a libretto for an opera by the American modernist playwright and poet Gertrude Stein. For avant-garde theatre artists from the United States, the text has formed something of a rite of passage
Doctor of Musicthe highest musical degree, often abbreviated to D. Mus., Mus. D. or Mus. Doc.
Doctrina(Spanish f.) doctrine
Doctrinaire(English, French) applying theory or belief dogmatically, without regard to their practicality
Doctrine(English, French f.) body of instruction, principle of religious or political belief
Doctrine of affectionssee 'affections, doctrine of'
Doctrine of figuressee 'figures, doctrine of'
Document(English, French m.) a record or evidence of events, agreements, identification, etc.
Documentación(Spanish f.) documentation, papers
Documentaire(French m.) documentary
documentaire(French) documentary
Documental(Spanish m.) documentary
documental(Spanish) documentary
Documentaliste(French m./f.) information officer
documentar(Spanish) to document
documentarse(Spanish) to gather information
Documentation(English, French f.) information, literature
the collection of research in writing, interviewing, audio and video recording, photography, etc. that might be used to confirm the provenance of a musical instrument, to authenticate a musical work, etc.
documenté(French) well-documented
documenter(French) to document
Documento(Spanish m.) document
Documento acreditativo (s.), Documentos acreditativos (pl.)(Spanish m.) supporting document
Documento de identidad(Spanish m.) identity card
Documento nacional de identidad(Spanish m.) national identity card
død(Danish, Norwegian) death, dead [correction by Lars Hellvig]
död(Swedish) death, dead [correction by Lars Hellvig]
Dodecachordon(Greek) a twelve-stringed instruent
a treatise by Henricus Glareanus
(Greek) the twelve ancient modes
dodecafonía(Spanish) dodecaphonic
dodecafónico (m.), dodecafónica (f.)(Spanish) dodecaphonic
Dodecafonismo(Portuguese m., Spanish m.) dodecaphony
Dodecahedronany polyhedron having twelve plane faces
dodecaphonicpertaining to serialism
Dodecaphonic musicserial music
Dodecaphonic notationsee 'Ailler-Brennink Chromatic Notation'
Dodecaphonic scalewhile appearing to be similar in that both contain the same number of notes, the dodecaphonic scale differs from the chromatic scale in that the former assumes that all degrees of the scale are of equal importance and should be so treated, while the latter is defined as being the diatonic scale of a particular note, that scale having been 'coloured' by the addition of a number of extra semitones
Dodecaphonie(Dutch) dodecaphony
dodécaphonique(French) dodecaphonic, twelve-tone
Dodécaphonisme(French) dodecaphony
Dodecaphony(from the Greek, dodeca, twelve, and phone, sound) a harmonic system developed by Arnold Schoenberg and others in about 1925, employing the twelve-tone principle of composition giving equal status to all twelve chromatic notes
Dodecuplesynonymous with 'dodecaphonic'
Dodecupleta group of notes formed by the division of a bar or of part of a bar into twelve portions of equal length, usually twelve notes in the time of eight notes of the same kind
Dodekaeder(German n.) dodecahedron
Dodekafonie(German f.) or Dodekaphonie (German f.), dodecaphony
dodekafonisch(German) or or dodekaphonisch (German f.), dodecaphonic
Dodekanes(German m.) Dodecanese (a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea)
Dodekaphonie(German) or Dodekafonie (German f.), dodecaphony
dodekaphonisch(German) or dodekafonisch (German f.), dodecaphonic
Dödel (s./pl.)(German m.) fool, muppet (slang)
dodici(Italian) twelve
Do dièse
note C sharp
(French m.) the note 'C sharp', the sharpened key note of the scale of C major, which in 'fixed do' solfeggio is called di
Do diesis
note C sharp
(Italian m.) the note 'C sharp', the sharpened key note of the scale of C major, which in 'fixed do' solfeggio is called di
Do diesis maggiore(Italian m.) C sharp major, ut dièse majeur (French), Cis dur (German), do sostenido mayor (Spanish m.)
key of C sharp majorthe key of 'C sharp major'
the scale of C sharp
the scale of 'C sharp major'
Do diesis minore(Italian m.) C sharp minor, ut dièse mineur (French), Cis moll (German), do sostenido menor (Spanish m.)
key of C sharp minorthe key of 'C sharp minor'
Dodo(English, German m.) someone whose style is out of fashion
(English, German m.)a large, clumsy, flightless bird (Raphus cucullatus), formerly of the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean
Dodompaa Japanese style of tango
Do doppio bemolle
C double flat
(Italian m.) the note 'C double flat', the doubly flatted key note of the scale of C major
Do doppio diesis
C double sharp
(Italian m.) the note 'C double sharp', the doubly sharped key note of the scale of C major
Do double bémol
C double flat
(French m.) the note 'C double flat', the doubly flatted key note of the scale of C major
Do double dièse
C double sharp
(French m.) the note 'C double sharp', the doubly sharped key note of the scale of C major
dodu(French) plump
Doedelzak(Dutch/Belgium) bagpipe from Flanders
Doffa small, square Nubian drum
Dogaressa(German f.) dogaressa
Doge(English, German m.) formerly the chief magistrate in the republics of Venice and Genoa
Dogenamt(German n.) dogate
Dogenpalast(German m.) Doge's Palace (in Venice)
Dogenwürde(German f.) dogate
Dogge (s.), Doggen (pl.)(German f.) Great Dane, mastiff
Doghouse basssee 'double bass'
Dog Latinunidiomatic or crude pidgin Latin intermixed with local tongues
Doglia(Italian) sorrow, grief, affliction
dogliosamente(Italian) sorrowfully
doglioso(Italian) sorrowful
Dogma (s.), Dogmata (German pl., Italian pl.), Dogmen (German pl.)(English, Spanish m., German n., from the Greek) principle, tenet or system of these
dogmático(Spanish) dogmatic
Dogmatik(German f.) dogmatics (used with singular verb)
Dogmatiker (m.), Dogmatikerin (f.)(German) dogmatist
dogmatique(French) dogmatic
dogmatisch(German) dogmatic, dogmatical, dogmatically, doctrinal
dogmatisieren(German) to dogmatise
Dogmatismus(German m.) dogmatism
Dogme(French m.) dogma
Dogtoothin architecture, decorative carved design of a line of four pointed stars set diagonally
in fabric design, broken check resembling dog teeth
Dohsee do
Doh clefsee 'clef (sign)'
Dohle (s.), Dohlen (pl.)(German f.) jackdaw
Döhnkes(German pl. - northern Germany) yarns (stories)
DoholArmenian percussion
Dohollahbrass tabla
Dohuk(English, German n.) Dahuk, Duhok, Dehok, Dahok (city in Northern Iraq)
Doigt(French m.) finger
Doigt couché(French m.) a barré, a finger placed flat across the fret on two adjacent strings, so that there can be a smooth connection from one string to the next
Doigt de pied(French m.) toe
Doigté (s.), Doigtés (pl.)(French m.) fingering, Fingersatz (German m.)
in French, the correspondence between number and finger is: 0 - corde à vide (open string), 1 - index (index finger), 2 - majeur (second finger), 3 - annulaire (ring finger), 4 - auriculaire (little finger)
(French m.) touch, tact
doigté(French) fingered
Doigté alternatif(French m.) alternative fingering
Doigté factice(French m.) false fingering
Doigté fourché(French m.) cross-fingering, fork fingering
Doigté ordinaire(French m.) standard fingering
doigter(French) to finger (piano music, etc.)
Doigt index(French m.) index finger
Doigt majeux(French m.) middle finger
Doilyin cooking, a fancy dish paper
Doina(English, German f.) this melancholic free lyrical song form is widespread in the folk traditions of many regions of Romania. The form may be related to, and may even have its origins in, the Romanian cintec de leagan, or lullaby
DoiraTajik frame drum
the Uzbeck doira has one side of the wooden rim (with a diameter of up to fifty centimetres) covered with a tight leather membrane, while up to sixty metal rings are fixed on the other side. With fingers of both hands a musician beats out a tattoo on the tightly stretched leather while, at the same time, he shakes the doira thus accompanying the rhythmic sound strikes with melodical chime of the rings
doit(French) must
Do-it-yourself(English, German n.) of, relating to, or designed to be done by an amateur or as a hobby
doivent(French) must
Dojo(English, German n.) a hybrid instrument designed as a cross between the Dobro-style guitar and the banjo. The body and resonator are like the Dobro, while it is strung like a five-string banjo. The tunings and fingerings are also just like a banjo
(English, German n.) a school for training in Japanese arts of self-defense, such as judo and karate
Doksall(Dutch) rood screen, choir screen, chancel screen, jubé (French), Lettner (German)
Doktor (m.), Doktorin (f.), Doktoren (pl.)(German) doctor, doc (colloquial)
Doktorand (m.), Doktorandin (f.)(German) postgraduate (student), doctoral candidate, doctoral student, post-graduate (student)
Doktorandenseminar(German n.) seminar for doctoral students
Doktorarbeit (s.), Doktorarbeiten (pl.)(German f.) (doctoral) thesis, dissertation, doctoral dissertation, doctoral thesis, theses (plural form)
Doktorat(German n.) doctorate
Doktor beider Rechte(German m.) Doctor of Canon and Civil Law
Doktorbrille(German f.) doctor's glasses, doctor's spectacles
Doktor der Literaturwissenschaften(German m.) Doctor of Letters, Doctor of Literature
Doktor der Medizin(German m.) Doctor of Medicine
Doktor der Naturwissenschaften(German m.) Doctor of Science
Doktor der Philosophie(German m.) Doctor of Philosophy
Doktor der Rechte(German m.) Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Jurisprudence
Doktor der Rechtswissenschaft(German m.) doctor of laws
Doktor der Rechtswissenschaften(German m.) doctor of laws
Doktor der Theologie(German m.) Doctor of Divinity
Doktor der Wirtschaftswissenschaften(German m.) Doctor of economics
Doktor des Zivilrechts(German m.) Doctor of Civil Law
Doktorgrad(German m.) doctoral degree
Doktorhut(German m.) mortarboard, mortar board, doctorate (figurative)
Doktormutter(German f.) thesis adviser (female)
Doktortitel(German m.) doctorate, doctoral degree
Doktorvater(German m.) supervisor, doctoral adviser, thesis adviser
Doktorwürde(German f.) doctorate, doctor's degree
Doktrin(German f.) doctrine
doktrinär(German) doctrinaire
Doktrinarismus(German m.) doctrinairism
doktrinell(German) doctrinal
Doku(German f.) documentary
Doku-Drama(German n.) docudrama
Doku-Fiktion(German f.) docufiction
Dokument (s.), Dokumente (pl.)(German n.) scripture, document, paper, record (in a database), testament (figurative)
Dokumentar (m.), Dokumentarin (f.)(German) documentalist
Dokumentarbericht(German m.) documentary
dokumentäres Inkasso(German n.) documentary collection
Dokumentarfilm (s.), Dokumentarfilme (pl.)(German m.) Kulturfilm (German m.), documentary film, documentary, documentary movie
Dokumentarfilmer (m.), Dokumentarfilmerin (f.)(German) documentary filmmaker
Dokumentarfotografie(German f.) documentary photography
dokumentarisch(German) documental, documentary
dokumentarische Beweisführung(German f.) documentary evidence
Dokumentarist (m.), Dokumentaristin (f.)(German) documentary filmmaker, documentarian, documentarist
Dokumentarphotographie(German f., older form) documentary photography
Dokumentarreihe(German f.) series of documentaries
Dokumentarsendung(German f.) feature (documentary)
Dokumentarserie(German f.) series of documentaries
Dokumentarspielfilm(German m.) documentary feature
Dokumentation(German f.) documentation, record keeping, documentary report
Dokumentationsstelle(German f.) clearing house, documentation centre
Dokumentationssystem(German n.) documentation system
Dokumentationsunterlagen(German pl.) documentation components
Dokumentationsverantwortung(German f.) responsibility for documentation
Dokumentationszentrum(German n.) documentation centre
Dokumente des Falls(German pl.) case papers
Dokumente zum Inkasso(German pl.) documents for collection
Dokumente aushändigen(German) to deliver documents
Dokumente beibringen(German) to furnish documents
Dokumente beschlagnahmen(German) to seize documents
Dokumente freigeben(German) to release documents
Dokumente im Reißwolf vernichten(German) to shred documents
Dokumente prüfen(German) to examine documents
Dokumente übergeben(German) to hand over documents
Dokumentenauswertung(German f.) document analysis
Dokumentenbeschreibungssprache(German f.) document description language
Dokumentenbezeichnung(German f.) document identification
dokumentenecht(German) permanent, document-quality, waterproof (ink)
dokumentenfest(German) waterproof (ink)
dokumentenfeste Tinte(German f.) indelible ink
Dokumenteninhalt(German m.) document contents
Dokumentenmanagement(German n.) document management
Dokumentenmappe(German f.) portfolio for documents, document folder
Dokumentenpapier(German n.) document paper
Dokumentensammlung(German f.) document collection
Dokumentenstruktur (s.), Dokumentenstrukturen (pl.)(German f.) document structure
Dokumententasche(German f.) briefcase, document case
Dokumentenzentrum(German n.) document centre
dokumentierbar(German) documentable
dokumentieren(German) to document
dokumentierend(German) documenting
dokumentiert(German) documented, accompanied by documents, recorded
dokumentiert durch(German) evidenced by
Dokumentierung(German f.) documentation
Dokumentvorlage(German f.) template
Doku-Soap(German f.) docusoap
Dokusoap(German f.) docusoap
dol.abbreviated form of dolce
Dolaksee dholak
Dólar(Spanish m.) dollar
DolçainaSpanish traditional reed instrument made from wood, about 70 cm long. The cone shaped dolçaina is usually found in the Valencia region. In many other parts of Spain it is known as dulzaina or gaita
Dolcamentemisspelling of dolcemente
Dolcanan organ stop, of 8 ft. scale, the pipes of which are larger at the top than at the bottom. The names dulcan and blockflute are often incorrectly applied to this register
dolce(Italian) sweet, sweetly, soft, softly, gentle, gently, expressive, expressively
a sweet-toned organ stop
dolce con gusto(Italian) softly and sweetly, with taste and delicacy
dolce e lusingando(Italian) in a soft and insinuating style
dolce e piacevolmente espressivo(Italian) soft, and with pleasing expression
Dolce far niente(Italian) peasant idleness, total relaxation
dolce ma marcato(Italian) soft and delicate, but marked and accented
dolce maniera(Italian) a delicate and expressive style of delivery
dolcemente(Italian) softly, sweetly, gently, agreeably
dolcemente con rimpianto(Italian) softly lamenting
Dolce stil novosee stilnovisti
Dolce vita(Italian) a life of combinig opulence with sensuality
Dolcezza(Italian f.) sweetness, softness of tone and expression
Dolch (s.), Dolche (pl.)(German m.) dagger, poniard, kukri (dagger)
dolchartig(German) dagger-like
Dolchkampf(German m.) dagger fight
Dolchmesser(German n.) dagger (knife)
Dolchstich (s.), Dolchstiche (pl.)(German m.) stab with a dagger, dagger stab
Dolchstoß(German m.) stab with the dagger, dagger thrust, stab in the back (figurative)
Dolciansee 'dulcian'
Dolciano(Italian) dulcian or dulciana, a small bassoon, formerly used as a tenor to the oboe
or dulciana, a soft-toned organ stop
dolciato(Italian) softer, calmer
dolcicanoro(Italian) harmonious
dolcificare(Italian) to sweeten
dolcificare con miele(Italian) to sweeten with honey
Dolcin(Italian) dolciano
Dolcinianer(German pl.) Dulcinians
Dolcino(Italian) dolciano
dolcis.abbreviated form of dolcissimo
dolciss.abbreviated form of dolcissimo
Dolcissimamente(Italian) luscious, lusciously
the marking is used in Etude No.3 Op. 3 by Alkan
[entry provided by Anne Christopherson]
dolcissimo(Italian) very softly, very sweetly, with the utmost delicacy and sweetness
a very soft-toned 8 ft. flute stop on the organ
Dolesee timbila
Doléances(French f. pl.) grievances
Dolefulmournful, sad, dreary, dismal, dolente (Italian), doloroso (Italian), schmerzvoll (German), douloureux (French m.), douloureuse (French f.)
dolent(German) painful, painfully
dolentamentemisspelling of dolentemente
dolente(Italian) sorrowful, doleful, plaintive, pathetic, sad
dolentemente(Italian) sorrowfully, plaintively, dolefully
dolentissimo(Italian) very sorrowful
doler(Spanish) to hurt, to ache, to grieve (figurative)
dolerle la garganta(Spanish) to have a sore throat
dolerse(Spanish) to regret, to complain
DoliGeorgian double-headed cylindrical drum
doli incapax(Latin) incapable of crime
doll(German) fantastic (familiar), awful, beautifully, very, badly
Dollar (s.), Dollars (pl.)(English, German m.) unit of currency (for example, in the United States of America)
Dollar-Zeichen(German n.) dollar sign ($)
Dollarzeichen(German n.) dollar sign ($)
Dollbord (s.), Dollborde (pl.)(German n.) wheal, wale, gunwale
Dolle(German f.) rowlock
dolle(German - Berlin) strong
doller(German) stronger
Dolly(English, German m.) a movable platform for a cine-camera, etc.
(English) a baby or child fashioned as a child's toy
Dollyfahrer(German m.) dolly grip
Dolm(German m. - Austria) fool
Dolman(English, German m., in modern Turkish, dolmana) the uniform jacket of a Hussar, worn with the sleeves hanging loose
a woman's garment with loose cape-like sleeves
or dolman sleeve, a sleeve very wide at the shoulder and tapering to the wrist continuous with the front and back of the bodice
Dolmen(English, German m.) a prehistoric megalithic tomb typically having two large upright stones and a capstone
Dolmetsch(German m.) interpreter (Austrian, archaic), spokesman
Dolmetschen(German) interpreting
dolmetschen(German) to interpret, to act as an interpreter
dolmetschend(German) interpreting
Dolmetscher (m.), Dolmetscherin (f.), Dolmetscher (pl.)(German) interpreter, dragoman, interpretress (f.)
Dolmetscher sein(German) to act as an interpreter
Dolmetscherinstitut(German n.) institute for interpreters
Dolmetschung(German f.) interpretation, interpreting
Dolmetsch von(German) spokesman for
Dolomiten(German pl.) Dolomite Alps, the Dolomites
Dolor(Spanish m., German m.) pain, ache, sorrow (figurative), dolour
U.S. form of dolour
Dolor de cabeza(Spanish m.) headache
Dolor de estómago(Spanish m.) stomach-ache
Dolor de muelas(Spanish m.) toothache
Dolore(Italian m.) grief, pain, pangs, sorrow, sadness
Dolorimeter(English, German n.) an instrument used to measure pain tolerance
Dolorimetrie(German f.) dolorimetry
Dolorimetrythe measurement of pain sensitivity or pain intensity
dolorosamente(Italian) painfully, sadly, pathetically, dolorously, sorrowfully, tenderly
dolorosementemisspelling of dolorosamente
doloroso(Italian, Spanish) sad, sorrowful, pathetic, dolorous, painful
Doloursorrow, distress
Dolzflöte(German f.) an obsolete transverse flute
a soft-toned 8 ft. flute stop in an organ
Dolziana(Italian) oboe
Dolziano(Italian) oboe
D.O.M.abbreviation of Deo Optimo Maximo (Latin: for God the best and greatest)
Dom (s.), Dome (pl.)(German m.) cathedral, minster, dome (in geology)
title of some Roman Catholic dignitaries, and Benedictine and Carthusian monks
for example, Dom und St. Michael zu Hildesheim (German m.: St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim), Dom zu Köln (German m.: Cologne Cathedral)
Do maggiore
key of C major(Italian m.) the key of 'C major'
scale of C major
the scale of 'C major'
Domain(English, German f.) region, area, place, estate, sphere (region, area)
Domaine(French m.) estate, domain
Domain Name System(English, German n.) or DNS, a hierarchical naming system for computers, services, or any resource participating in the Internet. This is the way that Internet domain names are located and translated into Internet Protocol addresses
Domainname(German m.) domain name
Domainregistrierung(German f.) domain name registration
Domain-Registrierungsstelle(German f.) domain registry
Dó maior
key of C major(Portuguese) the key of 'C major'
scale of C major
the scale of 'C major'
Do majeur
key of C major(French m.) the key of 'C major'
scale of C major
the scale of 'C major'
Do major
key of C major (Catalan m.) the key of 'C major'
scale of C major
the scale of 'C major'
Domäne (s.), Domänen (pl.)(German f.) domain, sphere, demesne (archaic), province (figurative), preserve (figurative)
Domänenabfüllung(German f.) domain bottled (wine)
Domänenname(German m.) domain name
Domänennamenanbieter(German m.) domain name server
Domänenverwalter(German m.) domain administrator
Domatophobiaan abnormal fear of being in a house
Domatophobie(German f.) domatophobia
Do mayor
key of C major (Spanish m.) the key of 'C major'
scale of C major
the scale of 'C major'
domar(Spanish) tame, break in (horse)
Dombakor dombeck, a Persian hourglass drum, also known in North Africa and Turkey as darbuka
Dombaumeister (m), Dombaumeisterin (f.)(German) master builder (of a cathedral)
Dombeksee dombak
Domchor(German m.) cathedral choir, cathedral chorus
Domea vault of even curvature erected on a circular base
Dôme(French m.) dome
Do menor
key of C minor(Spanish m.) the key of 'C minor'
Domesday Book(English, German n.) record of a British census and land survey in 1085-1086 ordered by William the Conqueror
domesticar(Spanish) to domesticate
Doméstico(Spanish m.) servant
doméstico(Spanish) domestic
Domestik(German m.) domestic
Domestikation(German f.) domestication
Domestike(German m.) servant, domestic
Domestikosthe soloist in a Byzantine choir
Domestique(French m./f.) servant
domestique(French) domestic
domestiquer(French) to domesticate
domestizieren(German) to domesticate, to tame (figurative)
domestiziert(German) domestic, domesticated
Domgemeinde(German f.) cathedral parish
Domherr (m.), Domherrin (f.)(German) capitular, cathedral canon, canon of the cathedral, canon (cleric)
Domherr mit Residenzpflicht(German m.) canon residentiary
Domherrenpfründe(German pl.) canon's stipend
Domicile(French m.) home
Domicilio(Spanish m.) home
domicilité(French) resident
Domina(German f.) dominatrix
Dominación(Spanish f.) domination, dominion
dominant(German) dominantly, dominant, ruling
dominant (m.), dominante (f.)(French) dominant
Dominantin ancient Greek music theory the dominant was so called because it was often the most prominant note in a chant. In some, but not all modes, the dominant was a fifth above the final, finalis, or key note
(English, Danish, Swedish, Dutch) dominante (French), dominante (Italian), Dominante (German), dominante (Spanish), the fifth degree of the diatonic scale
Dominantakkord(German m.) dominant chord
Dominant chordthe dominant triad
dominant seventh chord
Dominant diminisheddominant diminished scale
a 'whole-step, half-step, whole-step', diminished or 'octatonic' scale that starts with a half-step
Dominante(French f., German f., Italian, Spanish f., Portuguese) dominant, the fifth degree of the diatonic scale
(French f.) dominant feature
dominante(Spanish) dominant, domineering (person)
Dominante chromatique(French f.) Sub 5
dominante Hand(German f.) dominant hand
Dominant eleventh chordaccordo di undicesima di dominante (Italian), accord de onzième dominante (French)
a six-note chord built in thirds on the dominant, V
dominantes Auge(German n.) dominant eye
Dominante secondaire(French f.) secondary dominant
Dominante substitutive(French f.) Sub 5
Dominant four-three chorda second inversion dominant seventh chord
Dominant four-two chorda third inversion dominant seventh chord
Dominant functionany chord or sound that implies motion to the tonic
Dominantketten(German) extended dominant
[information supplied by Georg Demcisin]
Dominant ninth chordaccordo di nona di dominante (Italian), accord de neuvième dominante (French), Dominantnonenakkord (German)
a five-note chord built in thirds on the dominant, V
Dominantnonackord(Swedish) dominant ninth chord [correction by Lars Hellvig]
Dominantnoneakkord(Norwegian, Danish) dominant ninth chord [correction by Lars Hellvig]
(German m.) dominant ninth chord
dominant noon Akkoord(Dutch) dominant ninth chord
Dominant preparationany chord or sonority that acts as a link between the two poles of a harmonic axis and implying motion toward the pole of instability, for example a traditional example is the IV between I and V
Dominant relationthe relation between a dominant chord and its tonic
Dominant sectiona section of a piece that is written in the key of the dominant, often lying between and contrasting with two sections written in the key of the tonic
Dominantseptakkord(German m.) dominant seventh chord
dominant septiem Akkoord(Dutch) dominant seventh chord
Dominantseptimackord(Swedish) dominant seventh chord
Dominantseptimakkord(Danish) dominant seventh chord
Dominant seventh chordacorde de séptima de dominante (Spanish), accordo di settima di dominante (Italian), accord de septième dominante (French), Dominantseptakkord (German)
a chord comprising a minor 7th over a major triad
Dominant seventh chord with lowered fifthequivalent to the French sixth chord built on the lowered second degree of the scale
Dominant six-five chorda first inversion dominant seventh chord
Dominant thirteenth chordaccordo di tredicesima di dominante (Italian), accord de treizième dominante (French)
a seven-note chord built in thirds on the dominant, V
Dominant triada triad having the dominant as its root
Dominantti(Finnish) dominant
Dominanttinoonisointu(Finnish) dominant ninth chord
Dominanttiseptimisointu(Finnish) dominant seventh chord
Dominant van de dominant(Dutch) secondary dominant chord
Dominanz(German f.) dominance, ability to influence, domination
Domination(English, French f.) the act of commanding or controlling
Domination (s.), Dominationen (pl.)(German f.) ascendence
dominar(Spanish) to dominate, to control, to have a good knowledge of, to stand out
dominarse(Spanish) to control oneself
dominer(French) to dominate, to tower over
Domine salvum faca prayer for the reigning Sovereign, sung after the Mass
Domingo(Spanish m.) Sunday
dominguero(Spanish) Sunday
Dominica(English, German n.) the Commonwealth of Dominica, commonly known as Dominica, is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea that lies between Guadeloupe and Martinique
dominical(Spanish) Sunday
Dominicanorder of mendicant friars founded in the early 13th century by the Spanish St Dominic; also known as the Friars Preacher or the Black Friars
Dominicaner (m.), Dominicanerin (f.)(German) Dominican
dominicanisch(German) Dominican (of or pertaining to Dominica
Dominican merenguethis Dominican Republic dance is in 2/4 time with syncopation of the first beat interpreted by the dancers as a slight limp
dominieren(German) to dominate, to predominate, to henpeck
dominierend(German) dominating, henpecking, commanding, dominant
dominiert(German) dominates, henpecks, dominated
dominierte(German) dominated
Dominik(German m.) Dominic
Dominika(German f.) Dominica
Dominikaner (m.), Dominikanerin (f.)(German) Dominican friar (m.), Dominican nun (f.), Black friar (m.), Dominican, Friar preacher (m.)
Dominikaner(German pl.) Friars Preachers, Black Friars, Dominicans
Dominikanerinnenkloster(German n.) Dominican convent
Dominikanerkirche(German f.) Dominican church
Dominikanerkloster(German n.) Dominican monastery
Dominikanermönch(German m.) Dominican Friar, Black Friar, Dominican monk
Dominikanernonne(German f.) Dominican nun
Dominikanerorden(German m.) Order of St. Dominic, Dominicans, Dominican Order
Dominikanerschwester(German f.) Dominican sister
Dominikanerterziar(German m.) member of the third order of the Dominicans
dominikanisch(German) Dominican (of or pertaining to Dominican Republic)
Dominikanische Republik(German f.) Dominican Republic
dominikanischer Einwanderer(German m.) plantain, a member of the banana family that is always used cooked (slang)
Dominikanischer Peso(German m.) Dominican peso (unit of currency of the Dominican Republic)
Dominio(Spanish m.) authority, domain, good knowledge (figurative)
Dominion(English, German n.) dominance or power through legal authority
(English, German n.) refers to one of a group of autonomous polities under sovereign authority within the British Empire and British Commonwealth
Domino(German n.) domino
Domino(English, Spanish m., German n., French m., Italian m.) loose cloak worn at masquerades with a half-mask, the half-mask itself
(English, German n.) dominoes (game)
Dominó(Spanish m.) dominoes (game)
Dominoeffekt(German m.) domino effect, knock-on effect
Domino-Effekt(German m.) domino effect
Dominospiel(German n.) domino (piece used in the game of dominoes)
Domino spielen(German) to play at dominoes
Do minore
key of C minor(French m.) the key of 'C minor'
Dominostein (s.), Dominosteine (pl.)(German m.) domino (piece used in the game of dominoes)
Dominotheorie(German f.) domino theory
Dominus illuminatio mea(Latin, literally 'The Lord is my light') the motto of the University of Oxford
Dominus vobiscum(Latin) may the Lord be with you
Domizil (s.), Domizile (pl.)(German n.) domicile, abode
domizilieren(German) to domicile
domiziliert(German) domiciled
Domkapelle(German f.) cathedral chapel
Domkapellmeister(German m.) Master of the Music, Master of the Choristers, Director of Music, etc.
Domkapitel(German n.) chapter, diocesan chapter, chapter in a cathedral
Domkappe(German f.) dome top cap (valve)
Domkirche(German f.) a cathedral
Dommage(French m.) harm
Dommages(French m.) damage
Dommages-intérêts(French m. pl.) damages (legal)
Dompsee 'dump'
Dompesee 'dump'
Dompfaff(German m.) bullfinch
dompter(French) to tame
Dompter (m.), Dompteuse (f.)(French) tamer
Dompteur (m.), Dompteuse (French f.), Dompteurin (German f.)(German, French) the trainer of wild animals, animal tamer
Domra(English, German f.) a central Asian or Russian plucked string instrument with a convex back, rather like a mandolin, used in folk music. Although it originally had only 2 strings, today's instruments generally have 3 or 4
namenumber of stringstuning
piccolo domrararely used
prima domra3tuned in fourths
prima domra4tuned in fifths (similar to the violin family)
alto domra3tuned in fourths
alto domra4tuned in fifths (similar to the violin family)
tenor domra3tuned in fourths
tenor domra4tuned in fifths (similar to the violin family)
bass domra3tuned in fourths
bass domra4tuned in fourths
Ukrainian contrabass3tuned in fourths
Ukrainian contrabass4tuned in fourths
all have round or oval faces and rounded backs made of from five to nine sections
all domras are played with picks
Domschule(German f.) cathedral school
Domsingknaben(German pl.) cathedral boy's choir, cathedral boys' choir, cathedral boys choir
Domstadt(German f.) cathedral city
Domstift(German n.) cathedral chapter
Domstrebe(German f.) strut brace
Don(French m.) gift (present, aptitude)
(Spanish m.) talent, gift, the equivalent in Spanish to Mr.
Don(English, German m.) the name of rivers in Russia, England and Scotland
Doña(Spanish f.) (as a title) Mrs
Donación(Spanish f.) donation
Donaire(Spanish m.) grace, charm
Donaldisma reference to the fan culture that surrounds the world of Disney comics and animated motion pictures and shorts
Donaldismus(German m.) donaldism
Dona nobis pacem(Latin, literally 'grant us peace') the closing movement in the Mass
Donant(Spanish m.) donor (of blood)
Donar(German m.) Thor (German god of thunder)
donar(Spanish) to donate
Donarshammer(German m.) hammer of Thor
Donateur (m.), Donatrice (f.)(French) donor
Donation(English, French f.) gift (usually to charity)
Donatisma heresy of the medieval period which included the belief that baptisms, marriages, confessions, funerals, communion services, and other church rituals were invalid if the priest performing the ceremony was in a state of sin
Donatismus(German m.) Donatism
Donatisten(German pl.) Donatists
Donator(German m. - Switzerland, Austria) sponsor
Donau(German f.) Danube
Donau-(German) Danubian (prefix)
Donauanrainerstaaten(German pl.) Danube countries
Donaudelta(German n.) Danube delta
Donauebene(German f.) Danube plain, Danubian plain
Donaufürstentümer(German pl.) Danubian principalities
Donauhafen(German m.) Danubian port
Donauländer(German pl.) Danube countries, Danubian countries
Donaulandschaft(German f.) Danube landscape, landscape along the Danube
Donauraum(German m.) Danube region
Donauschwabe (m.), Donauschwäbin (f.), Donauschwaben (pl.)(German) Danube Swabian
donauschwäbisch(German) Danube-Swabian
Donaustädte(German pl.) towns along the Danube, towns on the Danube
Donauwalzer(German) The Blue Danube (waltz by Johann Strauss II)
Donauwelle(German f.) chocolate-covered cake with vanilla pudding and sour cherries
Donbaksee dombak
donc(French) so, then, therefore
Doncella(Spanish f.) maid
Dondang sayang(literally 'Love Song' or 'Dear Song') slow folk music that mixes Malaysian forms with Portuguese, India, Chinese and Arabic music
donde(Spanish) where
dondequiera(Spanish) anywhere, everywhere
dondequiera que(Spanish) wherever
Dondonalso dondo or don-don, talking drum from Ghana, hourglass shaped, variable pitch pressure drum, also known as the dun-dun or, in Nigeria, gbedun
DondondoGhanaian thumb bell
Donegal fiddle traditionIrish traditional music, based on a tradition, or set of coexisting traditions, at least 200 years old, of playing the fiddle in County Donegal, Ireland. Donegal is a remote, partly Irish-speaking county in northwestern Ireland and one of the three counties of the northern Irish province of Ulster that are part of the Republic of Ireland. Donegal's tradition of fiddle playing has completely eclipsed other instrumental traditions in the county
Döner(German m.) also donair, doner, donner, kebab, abbreviation for Dönerkebab
Dönerbude(German f.) kebab shop
Döner Imbiss(German m.) kebab shop
Döner kebabTurkish national dish made of meat cooked on a vertical spit and sliced off
Dönerkebab(German m.) doner kebab
Dönerkebap(German m.) doner kebab
Donets Basinalso Donbas or Donbass, a major industrial region of eastern Ukraine and southeast Russia north of the Sea of Azov and west of the Donets River
Donetska large indistrial city in eastern Ukraine
Donezbecken(German n.) Donets Basin, Donbas, Donbass
Donezk(German n.) Donetsk
Dongbulaa plucked stringed musical instrument of Kazak ethnicity in ancient China. In the Turkic language, the name dongbula has special meaning, dong describing the sound, and bula meaning 'to fix the strings'
  • Dongbula from which this extract has been taken
Dongjing yinyue(Chinese, literally 'cave scripture music') a traditional music of the Nakhi (Naxi or Nahi) people of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, which has its roots in Taoist and Buddhist ritual music
Dongle(English, German m.) or, in English, hardlock, an electronic device that must be attached to a computer in order for it to use protected software
Dongxiao(China) or xiao, end-blown flute
Donjiangalternative form of dongjing
Donjon(English, German m., French m.) fortified tower, a fortified central tower in a medieval castle, a keep
Don Juan(English, German m.) or, in English, Lothario, a libertine or profligate, a man who is an obsessive seducer of women and became the hero of many poems and plays and operas (named for Don Juan, legendary fourteenth-century Spanish nobleman)
Donkeyjacke(German f.) donkey jacket
Donkey jacketa short thick jacket, often worn by workmen
Donnathe principal female singers in an opera, as in prima donna assoluta (Italian: the first or principal female singer)
Donna nobis pacem(Latin) Grant us peace
Donne(Italian f. pl.) ladies
donné (m.), donnée (f.)(French) given, dirt cheap
donnée(French f.) the subject or theme of a story, the material that forms the foundation of a writer's work. Some common examples include the assumption that young love is fickle, that society is bleak or dangerous for survivors of warfare, that guilt is inescapable, that following one's heart (or head) leads to happiness (or heartbreak), and so on
Données(French f. pl.) data (science), facts (of a problem)
Donner(German m.) thunder, boom (sound)
donner(French) to give, to give away, to give out, to produce, to show (film), to put on (a show)
donner à réparer(French) to take to be repaired
Donnerbalken(German m.) thunderbox
Donnerblech(German n.) thunder sheet
Donnerbüchse(German f.) blunderbuss
donner dans(French) to fall into (trap)
Donnergang(German m.) peal of thunder
Donnergrollen(German n.) roll of thunder, rolling thunder
Donnerhall(German m.) echo of thunder
Donnerkeil(German m.) bolt, thunderbolt
Donnerkrachen(German n.) clap of thunder
donner la becquée à(French) to spoonfeed (figurative)
donner le jour(French) to give birth
donner le ton(French) to give the pitch
donner l'éveil à(French) to arouse the suspicions of
donner l'exemple(French) to set an example
donner lieu à(French) to give rise to
Donnermaschine(German f.) thunder machine
Donnern(German n.) clap of thunder, peal of thunder
donnern(German) to thunder, to boom, to plummet, to fulminate, to crump (artillery)
donnernd(German) thundering, thunderously, thunderous, fulminating (figurative), fulminant
donnernd einschlagen(German) to crump (artillery)
donnernde Rede(German f.) blood-and-thunder speech
donnernder Beifall(German m.) thunderous applause
Donnerrollen(German n.) rolling thunder
donner sa langue au chat(French) to give in, to give up
Donnerschlag (s.), Donnerschläge (pl.)(German m.) peal of thunder, thunderclap, clap of thunder, crack of thunder
donner soif à(French) to make thirsty
Donnerstag (s.), Donnerstage (pl.)(German m.) Thursday
Donnerstagabend(German m.) Thursday evening
Donnerstag in einer Woche(German) on Thursday week, a week from Thursday
Donnerstagmorgen(German m.) Thursday morning
Donnerstagnachmittag(German m.) Thursday afternoon
donnerstags(German) on Thursdays
Donnerstimme (s.), Donnerstimmen (pl.)(German f.) thundering voice
donner sur(French) to look out on to
donnert(German) fulminates, thunders
donnerte(German) thundered, fulminated
donner tort à(French) to prove wrong
donner un cor(French) to blow a French horn
Donnerwetter(German n.) thunderstorm, telling-off (familar), row (argument), good scolding
Donnerwetter!(German) Golly! (colloquial), Gosh! (colloquial), Wow! (colloquial)
Donneur (m.), Donneuse (f.)(French) donor (slang)
Donnohour-glass shaped talking drum from Ghana, popular with the Dagomba people
Donnybrookan uproar, a free-for-all (after Donnybrook fair, held annually in Donnybrook, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland)
Don Quichotte(German m.) Don Quixote
Donquichotterie(German f.) quixotic project, quixotism, quixotry
donquichottisch(German) quixotic
Don Quijote(German m.) Don Quixote
Don Quixotethe anglicized form of the name of the eponymous hero of the novel Don Quijote de la Mancha by the Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (1547-1616)
Don Quixote von la Mancha(German) Don Quijote de la Mancha
Donsloy ryleyauthentic Russian hurdy-gurdy with oval body and an attached triangular keybox
dont(French) whose, of which, of whom, from which, in which
Donut(English, German m.) also doughnut, in English, a sweet, deep-fried piece of dough or batter
  • Donut from which this extract has been taken
Doodada trivial or superfluous ornament
Doofan outdoor party, generally held in remote areas. Similar to a rave, but with a different, more empathetic atmosphere, these parties generally have live electronic artists and DJs playing a range of electronic music, commonly Goa and psychedelic trance
  • Doof from which this extract has been taken
doof(German) stupid, stupidly (familiar), dopey (colloquial), gormless (colloquial), dumb (colloquial), silly, thivk (colloquial), dense (colloquial), daft (colloquial), soft in the head (colloquial), thick-headed (colloquial)
doof fragen(German) to ask a stupid question (colloquial)
doofe Nuss(German f.) stupid cow (colloquial)
Doofheit(German f.) thick-headedness
Doofmann(German m.) dimwit (colloquial)
Doom metala form of heavy metal that emerged as a recognised subgenre in the mid-1980s. It is slow and heavy and intended to evoke an atmosphere of darkness, despair and melancholy
Doomsday Book(English, German n.) see 'Domesday Book'
Doorinen moodi(Finnish) Dorian mode
Doorgangstoon(Dutch) passing note
Doorkeeperthe fourth rank of minor orders of the ministry; their functions were similar to those of a modern verger, heading processions and undertaking general care of the church fabric
doorklinken(Dutch) to sustain, to resound
[corrected by Peter Nilsson]
doorklinken (meaning to sustain) is used for the passive 'sounding on' or 'reverberation' of percussion or a piano with the sustaining pedal depressed, while aanhouden (also meaning to sustain) is used for the active continuation of a note on strings or wind, where the player continues to generate the tone
[clarification by Peter Nilsson]
Doorklinkpedaal(Dutch) sustaining pedal, loud pedal
[corrected by Peter Nilsson]
Dooshalsluitinstrumenten(Dutch) necked box lutes (for example, viol, viola da gamba, guitar, cittern, banjo)
Doo-wop(English, Doo-Wop German m.) a subgenre of rhythm 'n' blues, an a cappella style developed by vocal groups in New York City streets c. 1945-55
Dopage(French m.) doping
Dó paperone kind of traditional paper, chosen because it is long-lasting, produced from the bark of Rhamnoneuron balansae in many villages in Vietnam. It plays an important role in fine art - in particular, in Dong-ho painting
Dope(German n.) dope (colloquial) (drugs)
dopen(German) to dope
Doper(German m.) drug-taker
doper(French) to dope
Doping(English, German n.) illicit use of drugs before sporting events
Dopingaffäre(German f.) doping case
Dopingbekämpfung(German f.) fight against doping
Dopingbestimmung (s.), Dopingbestimmungen (pl.)(German f.) anti-doping policy, anti-doping regulation
Dopingfall(German m.) doping case
Dopinggerüchte(German pl.) doping rumours
Dopingkontrolle(German f.) drugs test, drugs testing, doping check, drug test
Dopingmittel(German n.) drug, doping agent, doping substance
Dopingregeln(German pl.) anti-doping rules
Dopingskandal(German m.) doping scandal
Dopingsperre(German f.) doping ban, doping suspension
Dopingsünder (m.), Dopingsünderin (f.)(German) drug taker
Dopingtest(German m.) drugs test, dope test, doping test
Dopingverdacht(German m.) doping suspicion
Dopingverdächtiger(German m.) doping suspect
Dopingvergehen(German n.) doping offence
Dopingvorwurf(German m.) doping charge
Dopingvorwürfe(German f.) accusations of doping
dopo(Italian) after, afterward
Doppel(German n.) double, duplicate, doubles (tennis)
Doppel-(German) double (prefix)
Doppeladler(German m.) double-headed eagle, two-headed eagle, double eagle
Doppelagent(German m.) double agent
Doppelalbum(German n.) double album
Doppelangebot(German n.) twofer (two for the price of one)
Doppelanschlag(German m.) twin attack
Doppelarbeit(German f.) duplication of work
doppeläufige Flinte(German f.) double-barreled shotgun
Doppelaussage (s.), Doppelaussagen (pl.)(German f.) tautology
Doppelauszeichnung(German f.) dual pricing, double pricing (for example, in euro and pounds)
double flat(German n.) double flat sign, the sign that lowers a note by two semitones
double flat(German n.) double flat sign, the sign that lowers a note by two semitones
Doppelbelegung(German f.) double occupancy
Doppelbelichtung(German f.) double exposure
Doppelbelichtungssperre(German f.) double exposure prevention
Doppelbenennungen(German pl.) binomials
Doppelbesteuerung(German f.) double taxation
Doppelbestrafung(German f.) double jeopardy
Doppelbett(German n.) double bed, twin bed (double bed)
Doppelbettcouch(German f.) studio couch
Doppelbetten(German pl.) double beds
Doppelbild(German n.) double image
Doppelbiographie(German f.) double biography
Doppelbistouri(German n.) double-ended scalpel
Doppelblatt(German n., literally 'double leaf') double reed (as for oboe, cor anglais, bassoon)
Doppelblattinstrument(German n.) double reed instrument
doppelblind(German) double-blind
Doppelblindversuch(German m.) double-blind test
Doppelboden(German m.) raised floor, access floor, double bottom, false floor
doppelbödig(German) ambiguous
Doppelbödigkeit(German f.) ambiguity
Doppelbogen(German m.) double sheet, transverse arch
Doppelbogey(German n.) double bogey (golf score)
doppelbrechend(German) birefringent (optics)
Doppelbrechung(German f.) double refraction, birefringence
Doppelbrenner(German m.) double burner
Doppelbruch(German m.) compound fraction
Doppelbuchstabe(German m.) ligature
Doppelbürgerschaft(German f.) dual citizenship
Doppel-CD(German f.) double CD
Doppelchor(German m.) double choir
Doppelcis(German) C double sharp
Doppeldecker(German m.) doubledecker (bus)
Doppeldecker(German m.) double decker, biplane, double-deck bus
Doppeldeckerbus(German m.) double-decker (bus)
Doppeldecker-Straßenbahn(German f.) double-deck tram, double-decker tram
Doppeldenk(German n.) doublethink (from George Orwell's novel 1984)
doppeldeutig(German) ambiguously, ambivalent
doppeldeutig aussehen(German) to look ambiguous
doppeldeutiges Gerede(German n.) doubletalk, double talk
Doppeldeutigkeit(German f.) double entendre, ambiguity
Doppeldeutung(German f.) dittology
Doppeldolch(German m.) double dagger mark
Doppeldominante(German f.) the dominant of the dominant to a tonic
Doppeldotter(German m./n.) double yolk
Doppeldruck(German m.) double strike, double impression
Doppeldruckverfahren(German n.) overprinting
Doppelehe(German f.) bigamy
Doppeleintrag(German m.) double-entry
doppelendig(German) double-ended
Doppeletagenwohnung(German f.) maisonette
Doppelfagott(German n.) double bassoon
Doppelfalzzahl(German f.) number of double folds
Doppelfehler(German m.) double fault (tennis), double error
Doppelfenster(German n.) double window
Doppelfernrohr (s.), Doppelfernröhre (pl.)(German n.) binocular
Doppelfinale(German n.) doubles final (tennis)
Doppelflöte(German f., literally 'double flute') also double flute pipe (English) or doppel flute pipe, an organ stop, where the pipes have two mouths, giving the tone a particularly bright character. Their penetrating sound was exploited particularly in large orchestrions by being used, with a smaller scale and pitched an octave higher, as a piccolo stop
Doppelflügel(German m.) double grand piano, also called diaplasion and vis-à-vis, having at both ends one or two keyboards acting on separate strings
see piano à claviers renversés
Doppelfraktur(German f.) double fracture
Doppelfuge(German f.) double fugue
Doppelfüßer(German m.) millipede
Doppelgabelschlüssel(German m.) open-end wrench, double open-end wrench, double open-end spanner, double-ended open-jawed spanner
Doppelgänger (m.), Doppelgängerin (f.), Doppelgänger (pl.)(German) double (someone who looks the same as another, sometimes a supernatural manifestation), lookalike, double-ganger, look-alike
breve(German n.) a breve (double whole note) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doppelganze Pause
breve rest(German f.) a breve rest (double whole rest) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doppelganznote(German f.) synonymous with Doppelganz (German: breve)
Doppelgarage(German f.) double garage
Doppel-gedackt(German) in an organ, a double stopped diapason
Doppelgeige(German f.) viola d'amore
doppelgeschlechtig(German) hermaphrodite
doppelgeschlechtlich(German) bisexual
Doppelgeschlechtlichkeit(German f.) bisexuality
doppelgesichtig(German) ambivalent
Doppelgestalt(German f.) biformity
Doppelgewebe(German n.) two-ply fabric, double fabric
Doppelglas(German n.) double glazing
Doppelglasfenster (s./pl.)(German n.) double-glazed window
doppelgleisige Eisenbahn(German f.) double track railway
Doppelgleisigkeit(German f. - Austria) duplication of work
Doppelgriff (s.), Doppelgriffe (pl.)(German m.) (abbreviated Dpplgr.), double stopping, the technique of playing two separate notes simultaneously using two neighbouring strings on a stringed instrument (either or both may be open or stopped), doppia corda (Italian f.), double corde (French f.)
(German m.) double thirds and sixths played on the pianoforte
(German m.) alternate fingerings for a same note on woodwind instruments
[entry provided by Brian A. Jefferies]
Doppelgriffe (German pl.: parallel thirds, sixths, etc. - played with one hand on the piano)
Doppelhaus(German n.) pair of semi-detached houses, duplex, semi-detached house, semi (colloquial)
Doppelhaushälfte(German f.) semi-detached building, semidetached house, semi-detached house, villa (semi-detached house)
Doppelhebel(German m.) double lever
Doppelheft(German n.) extra-thick exercise book, double issue (newspaper)
Doppelhelix(German f.) double helix
Doppelhelixkonfiguration(German f.) double-helix configuration
Doppelherrschaft(German f.) co-sovereignty, diarchy
Doppelhieb-Feile(German f.) double-cut file
Doppelhochzeit(German f.) double wedding
Doppelhorn(German n.) double horn
Doppelhub(German m.) double stroke
Doppelimpuls(German m.) double pulse
Doppelintegral(German n.) double integral
Doppelkabel(German n.) dual cable, twisted pair cable
Doppelkabine(German f.) crew cab
Doppelkammer(German f.) twin cabin
Doppelkanon(German m.) double canon
Doppelkauf(German m.) duplex purchase
Doppelkegeldämfer(German m.) double mute
Doppelkeks mit Vanillecremefüllung(German m.) custard cream (biscuit)
Doppelkinderwagen(German m.) double pram (for children)
Doppelkinn(German n.) double chin
Doppelklappe(German f.) double key
Doppelklick(German m.) double-click
doppelklicken(German) to double-click
Doppelklingenrasierer(German m.) double-blade shaver
Doppelklingen-Rasierer(German m.) double-blade shaver
Doppelkloster(German n.) double monastery
Doppelkönigtum(German n.) dual kingship
Doppelkonsonant(German m.) double consonant
Doppelkontaktverfahren(German n.) double contact process
Doppelkontinent Amerika(German m.) the (two) American continents, the Americas
Doppelkonus-trommel(German f.) double-conical drum
Doppelkonzert(German n.) double concerto
Doppelkopf(German m.) a German card game
doppelköpfiger Adler(German m.) double-headed eagle, two-headed eagle, double eagle
Doppelkreisstempel(German m.) double circle postmark
Doppelkreuz(German n.) patriarchal cross, double cross
double sharp(German n.) double sharp sign, the sign that raises a note by two semitones
Doppelkreuz-Zeichen(German n.) number sign, hash, (#)
(German n.) double sharp symbol
Doppelkurve(German f.) double curve
doppelläufig(German) double-barrelled
doppelläufiges Gewehr(German n.) double-barrelled shotgun
Doppellaut(German m.) diphthong
Doppelleben(German n.) double life
Doppelleittonkadenz(German f.) double leading tone (or note) cadence, a parallel cadence in which the middle voice reaches the ultima by a semitone [entry provided by Michael Zapf]
Doppelloch (s.), Doppellöcher (pl.)(German n.) double hole
Doppelmagnum(German f.) jeroboam, double magnum
Doppelmagnumflasche(German f.) jeroboam
Doppelmantel(German m.) double shell, jacket (water tank)
Doppelmantelbehälter(German m.) jacketed tank
doppelmanteliger Tank(German m.) jacketed tank
Doppelmaulschlüssel(German m.) open-end wrench, double-end flare nut wrench, double open-end wrench, double open-end spanner, double-ended open-jawed spanner
Doppelmonarchie(German f.) Dual Monarchy (Austria-Hungary 1867-1918)
Doppelmoppel(German m.) tautology, something done twice, unnecessary repetition
Doppelmoral(German f.) double standard, double standards
Doppelmord(German m.) double homicide, double murder
Doppelmottete(German f.) double motet
Doppeln(German n.) duplicating
doppeln(German) to double, to duplicate
Doppelnähte(German pl.) double-stitched seams
Doppelname(German m.) double-barrelled name, double name
Doppelnatur(German f.) dual nature
Doppeloctave(German f.) an interval of two octaves, a fifteenth
[additional information by Brian A. Jefferies]
Doppeloktave(German f., preferred) an interval of two octaves, a fifteenth
[additional information by Brian A. Jefferies]
Doppeloktavierungszeichen(German n.) double-octave transposition mark (for example, 15va)
Doppeloperationsverstärker(German m.) dual operational amplifier
Doppelöse(German f.) double eyelet
Doppelpack(German m.) double pack, twin pack
Doppelpaddel(German n.) double-bladed paddle
Doppelpartner (m.), Doppelpartnerin (f.)(German) doubles partner (tennis, badminton)
Doppelpedalharfe(German f.) double-action harp, arpa a doppio movimento (Italian f.), harpe à double accrochement (French f.), harpe à double mouvement (French f.), arpa de doble acción (Spanish f.)
doppelpolig(German) bipolar, double-pole (switch)
Doppelporträt(German n.) double portrait
Doppelpulslaser(German m.) double pulse laser
Doppelpunkt (s.), Doppelpunkte (pl.)(German m.) double dot (music), colon (grammar)
Doppelratschenschlüssel(German m.) reversible ratchet wrench
Doppelregenbogen(German m.) double rainbow
Doppelreihe(German f.) double series, double-breasted (jacket, etc.)
Doppelreim(German m.) double rhyme
doppelrichtend(German) bidirectional (antenna, etc.)
Doppelring(German m.) double ring
Doppelringschlüssel(German m.) double-end box wrench, double-end ring spanner, double-ended ring wrench
Doppelrohrblatt (s.), Doppelrohrblätter (pl.)(German n.) double reed, lengüeta doble (Spanish f.), caña doble (Spanish f.), ancia doppia (Italian f.), Doppelzunge (German f.), anche double (French f.)
Doppelrolle(German f.) double role, dual role, double pulley
Doppelrumpfboot(German f.) catamaran
Doppelsahne(German f.) double cream
Doppelsaite(German f.) double course of strings (that is a pair of strings tuned to the same note)
Doppelscheinwerfer(German pl.) twin headlights, twin headlamps
Doppelschlag (s.), Doppelschläge (pl.)(German m.) turn (ornament), single relish (ornament)
Doppelschlitten(German m.) bobsleigh
Doppelschnitte(German f.) sandwich
Doppelseite(German f.) double page, spread, leaf (of book)
doppelseitig(German) two-sided, double-sided, dual-sided, double-ended, on both sides, double-page, reversible
doppelseitig gelähmt(German) paraplegic
doppelseitige Diskette(German f.) double sided disk
doppelseitiges Klebeband(German n.) double faced adhesive tape, double-sided (adhesive) tape
Doppelselbstmord(German m.) double suicide
doppelsinnig(German) ambiguous, equivocal
Doppelsinnigkeit(German f.) ambiguity
Doppelsitzer(German m.) two-seater
Doppelspalte(German f.) double column
Doppelspiel(German n.) (game of) doubles (tennis, badminton), double-cross, double-dealing (figurative)
Doppelspieler (m.), Doppelspielerin (f.)(German) doubles player (tennis, badminton)
Doppelspitze(German f.) dual leadership
Doppelspüle(German f.) double bowl sink
doppelspurige Schnellstraße(German f.) dual carriageway
Doppelstaatigkeit(German f.) dual citizenship
Doppelstaatlichkeit(German f.) dual citizenship
Doppelstaatsangehörigkeit(German f.) dual nationality, dual citizenship
Doppelstadt(German f.) twin town, twin towns (neighbouring towns), twin cities (neighbouring cities)
Doppelstandard(German m.) double standard
Doppelsteckdose(German f.) double socket, duplex outlet
Doppelstecker (s./pl.)(German m.) two-way adapter
Doppelsteckschlüssel(German m.) double-end socket wrench
Doppelstern(German m.) binary star, double star
Doppelsteuerung(German f.) dual controls
Doppelstockbett(German n.) bunk bed
Doppelstockbus(German m.) double-decker bus, double deck coach
doppelstöckig(German) two-storey, twin-storey
Doppelstockwagen(German m.) double-deck coach, double-deck carriage
Doppelstockzug(German m.) double-deck train
doppelsträngig(German) double-stranded
double bar(German m.) a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work [entry corrected by Fabian Prolingheuer]
Doppelsubdominante(German f.) the subdominant of the subdominant to a tonic
Doppelsuite(German f.) duplex suite
Doppelsumme(German f.) double sum
doppelt(German) twin, double, doubly, twice, duplex, duplicate, dual, false (bottom)
doppelt abgewinkelt(German) double-angled
breve(German f.) a breve (double whole note) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
breve rest(German f.) a breve rest, a double whole rest equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doppeltaktstrich(German m.) double bar (line)
Doppeltarif(German m.) double tariff
doppelt backen(German) to bake twice
doppelt bewehrt(German) double reinforced
doppeltbreite Schrift(German f.) expanded type
doppelt breites Zeichen(German n.) elongated character
doppelt dichtend(German) double-sealing
doppelte Abtastung(German f.) double reading
doppelte Auslösung(German f.) double hopper, escapement
doppelte Bedeutung(German f.) double meaning
doppelte Belastung(German f.) double burden
doppelte Breite(German f.) double width
doppelte Buchführung(German f.) double entry bookkeeping, double-entry accounting, double-entry bookkeeping
doppelte Dualspannungssteckdoseneinheit(German f.) twin shaver socket with dual voltage
doppelte Erklärung(German f.) tautology
doppelte Fahrbahn(German f.) dual carriageway
doppelte Genauigkeit(German f.) double precision
doppelte Geschwindigkeit(German f.) double the speed
doppelte Hahnbewegung(German f.) double action (of a pistol, revolver)
doppelt geschlitzter Rock(German m.) double-slit skirt
doppelte Intensität(German f.) dual intensity, double density
doppelte Kontrolle(German f.) dual control
doppelte Länge(German f.) double length
doppelte Mehrheit(German f.) double majority
doppelte Moral(German f.) double standards
doppelt entlohnt(German) double-waged
doppelte Präzision(German f.) double precision
doppelte Preisnotierung(German f.) dual pricing
doppelt erklärend(German) tautologic
doppelter Kontrapunkt(German m.) invertible counterpoint, double counterpoint
doppelter Vorschlag(German m.) double appoggiatura
doppelte Staatsangehörigkeit(German f.) dual citizenship, dual nationality
doppelte Staatsbürgerschaft(German f.) dual citizenship
doppelte Stellenzahl(German f.) double-length
doppelte Stichprobenprüfung(German f.) double sampling
doppelte Verbuchung(German f.) double entry
doppelte Verglasung(German f.) double glazing
doppelte Verneinung(German f.) double negative
doppelte Wahrheit(German f.) double truth
doppelte Weichenverbindung(German f.) double crossover, scissors crossover (railway tracks)
doppelte Zahlung(German f.) double payment
doppelte Zeichenhöhe(German f.) double height
doppelte Zeilenabstand(German m.) double space
doppelt fermentiert(German) double-fermented
doppelt gebogen(German) bent double
doppelt gemoppelt(German) tautologous, something done twice, something repeated unnecessarily, saying the same thing twice over
Doppelt genäht hält besser.(German) Better safe than sorry. (figurative)
doppelt geschlitzter Rock(German m.) double-slit skirt, double slitted skirt
doppelt gewinkelt(German) double-angled
doppelt gewinnen(German) to have it both ways
Doppelt hält besser!(German) Two are better than one.
Doppelt-Harmonisch Dur-Leiter(German f.) double harmonic major scale
Doppelt-Harmonisch Moll-Leiter(German f.) double harmonic minor scale
doppelt punktierte Note(German f.) double dotted note
Doppeltriller(German) double trill
doppelt sehen(German) to see double
doppelt so großer Junge(German m.) boy twice the size
Doppelteleskop-(German) double-telescopic
doppelten Lohn erhalten(German) to be paid double time
Doppelter(German m.) double (whisky, etc.)
doppelter Boden(German m.) double bottom, false bottom
doppelter Kauf(German m.) double purchase
doppelter Kontrapunkt(German m.) double counterpoint
doppelter Münzstandard(German m.) bi-metallism
doppelter Zeilenabstand(German m.) double space, double (line) spacing
doppelter Zugriff(German m.) dual access
doppeltes Anführungszeichen(German n.) double quotation marks
doppeltes Glück(German n.) bread buttered on both sides (figurative)
doppeltes Sterbekreuz(German n.) double dagger mark
doppeltes Ziel(German n.) twofold aim
doppeltgenaue Arithmetik(German f.) double precision arithmetic
Doppeltitel(German pl.) doubles titles (tennis)
doppeltkohlensaures Natrium(German n.) sodium bicarbonate
Doppeltsehen(German n.) diplopia, double vision
doppelt so schnell(German) double the speed, twice as fast, doppio movimento
doppelt so viel(German) twice as much, as much again
doppelt soviel(German, order form) as much again
doppelt so viele(German) twice as many
doppelt so viel wie(German) twice as much as
Doppel-T-Träger(German m.) double T-girder, I-beam
doppelt übermäßig(German) double augmented (interval)
doppelt übermäßige Quarte(German f.) double augmented fourth
doppelt übermäßige Quinte(German f.) double augmented fifth
Doppeltür (s.), Doppeltüren (pl.)(German f.) double door
doppeltürmig(German) double-towered
Doppeltveranlagung(German f.) double assessment
doppelt verdeckte Zinkung(German f.) blind dovetails
doppelt vermindert(German) double diminished (interval)
doppelt verminderte Quarte(German f.) double diminished fourth
doppelt verminderte Quinte(German f.) double diminished fifth
Doppelvorschlag(German m.) double appoggiatura
doppeltwirkend(German) double-acting
doppelt wirkend(German) double-acting
Doppelumschalter(German m.) double throw switch
Doppelvektor(German m.) dyad
Doppelverbindung(German f.) double compound
Doppelverdiener (s./pl.)(German m.) double earner, double job holder, moonlighter, dual-income couple (plural form)
Doppelverdienerfamilie(German f.) two-income family
Doppelverdienerhaushalt(German m.) double income household
doppelverglast(German) double-glazed
doppelverglastes Fenster(German n.) double-glazed window
Doppelverglasung(German f.) double glazing
Doppelversicherung(German f.) double indemnity, double insurance
Doppelvokal(German m.) double vowel
Doppelvorschub(German m.) dual carriage
Doppelvorschubdrucken(German n.) dual carriage print
Doppelvorstellung(German f.) double bill
Doppelwährung(German f.) double standard
doppelwandig(German) lined, double-walled
Doppelwendel(German f.) coiled coil, double helix
doppelwertig(German) ambivalent
Doppelwertigkeit(German f.) ambivalence, ambivalency
Doppelwirkung(German f.) double effect
Doppelwort(German n.) double word
Doppelzählung(German f.) double count
Doppelzentner (s./pl.)(German m.) quintal
Doppelzimmer(German n.) double room
Doppelzimmer(German n.) double room
Doppelzimmer mit zwei Einzelbetten(German n.) twin room
Doppelzimmerpreis(German m.) double room rate
Doppelzugapparat(German m.) twin pulley
Doppelzugriff(German m.) parallel access
Doppelzunge(German f.) double tonguing
(German f.) double reed, lengüeta doble (Spanish f.), caña doble (Spanish f.), ancia doppia (Italian f.), Doppelrohrblatt (German n.), anche double (French f.)
doppelzungen(German) to double tongue
doppelzüngig(German) double tongued, ambidextrous, duplicitous, devious, Janus-faced, two-faced (figurative)
doppelzüngiges Gerede(German n.) doubletalk, double talk
Doppelzüngigkeit(German f.) duplicity, doubleness
Doppelzweier(German m.) double, two-man scull
Doppia barra
double bar(Italian f.) or doppia linea (Italian), a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work which if preceded by a pair of vertical dots, called repeat dots, indicate that the section should be played twice
Doppia corda(Italian f.) double stop, Dopplegriff (German m.), double corde (French f.)
Doppia linea(Italian f.) or doppia barra (Italian), a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work which if preceded by a pair of vertical dots, called repeat dots, indicate that the section should be played twice
Doppietta(Italian f.) or duina, duplet
doppio(Italian) double, twofold, sometimes indicating that octaves are to be played
Doppio (s.), Doppii (pl.)(Italian m.) in fifteenth-century dance, a double step. Each double normally takes one misura, that is either 4 counts or 6 counts depending on the misura being danced, and consists of three steps and a close
Doppio bemolle
double flat(Italian m.) double flat sign, the sign that lowers a note by two semitones
Doppio colpo di lingua(Italian m.) double tonguing
Doppio contrappunto(Italian m.) double counterpoint
Doppio diesis
double sharp(Italian m.) double sharp sign, the sign that raises a note by two semitones
doppio movimento(Italian) twice as fast, as fast again
doppio note(Italian) twice as slow
Doppio pedale(Italian m.) in organ music, a term signifying that the pedal part is to be played in octaves, i.e. using both feet at the same time
Doppio scappamento(Italian m.) doublehopper / escapement
doppio tempo(Italian) double time, as fast again
doppio valore(Italian) twice as slow
Doppler(German m.) Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
Doppler(German m. - Southern Germany, Austria) 2 litre bottle of wine
Doppler effectwhen a sound source is moving, a stationary observer will detect a different frequency to that which is produced by the source. The speed of sound in air is approximately 340 m/s (see 2.11). The wavelength of the sound emitted will be foreshortened in the direction of motion by an amount proportional to the velocity of the source. Conversely the wavelength of a receding sound source will increase. The Doppler effect may be noticed as a marked drop in pitch when a vehicle passes at high speed.
Example 1: A sound source, S, emits 1000 waves per second (1 kHz) and is moving directly towards an observer, O, at a speed of 100 metres per second (equivalent to approx 225 miles per hour).
After 1 second the wave front, which is travelling at the speed of sound, will have travelled 340 metres from the original source position. Also after that second the sound source will have moved 100 metres towards the observer.
Therefore the same number of waves will occupy a space of 340-100 = 240 metres and the wavelength will be 240/1000 = 0.24 metres. To the observer the frequency heard will be the speed of sound divided by its wavelength = 340/0.24 = 1416.7 Hz
Example 2: An observer moving at 100 metres per second directly approaches a stationary sound source, S, which is emitting 1000 waves per second (1 kHz)
In this example there is no change in wavelength. In one second, the observer will hear the number of waves emitted per second plus the number of waves which s/he has passed in the time (1000+100/0.34) = 1294.1 Hz
Note the interesting result - a stationary observer with moving source will not hear the same frequency as would a moving observer with stationary source because of the different relative velocity of source and medium in each case
Dopplereffekt(German m.) Doppler effect
Doppler-Effekt(German m.) Doppler effect
Dopplerpeiler(German m.) Doppler direction finder
Doppler-Peiler(German m.) Doppler direction finder
Dopplerradar(German m./n.) Doppler radar
Dopplerultraschall(German m.) Doppler ultrasound
doppo(Italian) dopo
dopp. ped.abbreviated form of doppio pedale
Dopyerasee 'Dobro'
DoraMongolian small gong with a deep lip and pronounced centre
Dorade(German f.) or, in English, gilthead, a name that is applied to two species of marine fish: the Pagrus, or Chrysophrys auratus, a valuable food fish common in the Mediterranean (so named from its golden-coloured head), which is also called giltpoll, and, from Britsh waters, Crenilabrus melops, also known as the golden maid, conner or sea partridge
dorado(Spanish) golden, gilt
Doradura(Spanish f.) gilding
d'ora in poi(Italian) from now on
Doraphobiaan abnormal and persistent fear of fur (for example, of dogs, cats, foxes, etc.)
Doraphobie(German f.) doraphobia
dorar(Spanish) to gild, to brown (culinary)
Dordrechter Synode(German f.) Synod of Dort, Synod of Dordt, Synod of Dordrecht
see 'Synod of Dort'
doré(French) golden, gold (gilded)
Dorè, Madamasee Madama Dorè
dorénavant(French) henceforth
Dorer (s./pl.)(German m.) Dorian
dorer(French) to gild, to brown (cooking)
Dorf (s.), Dörfer (pl.)(German n.) village, small town
Dorfältester (m.), Dorfälteste (f.)(German) village elder
Dorfanger(German m.) village green
Dorfbarbier(German m.) village barber
Dorfbaum(German m.) village tree
Dorfbewohner (m.), Dorfbewohnerin (f.), Dorfbewohner (pl.)(German) villager, village residents, village folk (plural form)
Dorfbrunnen(German m.) village well
Dorfbub(German m.) village boy
Dörfchen(German n.) hamlet, small village
Dörfer der Region(German pl.) local villages
Dorferneuerung(German f.) village renewal, village renovation
Dorffest(German n.) village fête, village fair, (small) town fair, (small) town festival, village festival
Dorfgebiet(German n.) village area
Dorfgemeinde(German f.) borough, village commune
Dorfgemeinschaft(German f.) village community
Dorfgemeinschaftshaus(German n.) village hall
Dorfgendarm(German m. - Austria) village policeman
Dorfgericht(German n.) village court
Dorfgeschichte(German f.) village history, village story
Dorfgrenze(German f.) village limits
Dorfhäuptling(German m.) head of the village
Dorfhelferin(German f.) church supplied farm helper as a stand-in for a farmer's wife during illness etc.
Dorfjugend(German f.) village youth
Dorfjunge(German m.) village lad, village boy
Dorfkern(German m.) village centre, old town
Dorfkinder(German pl.) village children, children of the village
Dorfkirche(German f.) village church
Dorfkneipe(German f.) country pub, village pub
Dorfkomödiant(German m.) strolling player
Dorfladen(German m.) village shop
Dorfleben(German n.) village life
Dörfler (m.), Dörflerin (f.), Dörfler (pl.)(German) villager, villageman (m.)
Dörfli(German n. - Switzerland) (small) village
dörflich(German) rural, village, small-town
Dorfmädchen(German n.) small town girl, village girl
Dorfname(German m.) village name
Dorfplatz(German m.) village square, civic centre
Dorfpolizei(German f.) village police
Dorfpolizist(German m.) village policeman
Dorfpriester(German m.) village priest
Dorfrand(German m.) edge of the village
Dorfrandlage(German f.) position at the edge of the village
Dorfrat(German m.) village council, panchayat (Anglo-English)
Dorfsanierung(German f.) village rehabilitation
Dorfschöne(German f.) village beauty
Dorfschönheit (s.), Dorfschönheiten (pl.)(German f.) belle of the village, village beauty
Dorfschule(German f.) rural school, village school, country school, village schoolhouse
Dorfstraße(German f.) village street
Dorfteich(German m.) village pond
Dorftrottel(German m.) local idiot, village idiot
Dorfvorsteher(German m.) president of the village
Dorfwiese(German f.) village green
Dorfzentrum(German n.) village centre, heart of the village
Dorian modemodo dórico (Spanish), modo dorico (Italian), mode dorien (French), dorisch (German), dorischer Kirchenton (German)
(Dorian, of or pertaining to the ancient Greeks of Doris) one of the 'authentic' church modes
in Greek music theory it was based on the Dorian tetrachord: descending, a series of falling intervals of two whole tones followed by a semitone. Applied to a whole octave, the Dorian mode was built upon two Dorian tetrachords separated by a whole tone. This is the same as playing all the white notes of a piano (ascending, as in the modern reckoning) from E to E: E F G A | B C D E. Placing the two tetrachords together, and the single tone at the bottom of the scale produces the Hypodorian mode (below Dorian): A | B C D E | (E) F G A. Placing the two tetrachords together, and the single tone at the top of the scale produces the Hyperdorian mode (above Dorian), which is effectively the same as the Mixolydian mode: B C D E | (E) F G A | B. Confusingly, the Greek Dorian mode is the same as the medieval and modern Phrygian mode
dorian mode
a mode consisting of the rising interval sequence T-S-T-T-T-S-T (T=tone or whole-step, S=semitone or half-step)
Dorian tetrachordalso called 'major tetrachord', a rising row of four notes with successive intervals T-T-S (T=tone or whole-step, S=semitone or half-step)
Dorian twinsa term used by Ger Tillekens, that is analogous to the concept of major-minor relatives (that is, two scales that share the same notes, for example, the C major and A natural minor scales, which he calls Aeolian twins), describing the relationship between a Dorian scale and the major scale one tone lower, for example, A Dorian and G major share the same pitch classes (A, B, C, D, E, F# and G)
Dorico(Italian) Dorian
Dórico(Portuguese) Dorian
Dórico (m.), Dórica (f.)(Spanish) Dorian
Dorico flamencopieces in Spanish flamenco music (and also in Spanish classical music) often have a melodic and harmonic structure that Spanish theorists refer to as Dorico flamenco
Dorico flamenco is defined as follows:
melodiesif played without accidentals, for example, only with the white keys on the piano, melodies usually begin and end on E. This is the Phrygian mode
basic harmoniesthese are: E, F, G, Am, B-diminished, C, Dm - the normal triads that can be formed with the scale, except for E major which has a raised third (G#)
cadencea typical flamenco cadence is the chord progression Am - G - F - E, which to "classical" ears, sounds rather like the harmonic minor scale ending on the fifth degree. Since the melodies are Phrygian, the Phrygian mode is sometimes referred to as the "Spanish mode", "Spanish Phrygian" (emphasizing the raised third as a difference to "plain" Phrygian) or even "Spanish major" (since the root chord is major)
Dorien (m.), Dorienne (f.)(French) Dorian
Dorier(German m.) Dorian
Dorisch(German n.) Dorian (dialect in ancient Greece)
dorisch(German) Dorian, Doric
dorische Glocke(German pl.) Dorian bells
dorische mode(Dutch) Dorian mode
Dorischer Kirchton(German m.) Dorian mode
Dorischer Modus(German m.) Dorian mode
Dorische Säule(German f.) Doric column
dorische Säulenordnung(German f.) Doric order
dorische Toonladder(Dutch) Dorian mode
dorisk Skala(Danish) Dorian mode
dorisk Tonart(Swedish) Dorian mode
dorloter(French) to pamper
Dorment(German n., archaic) dormitory (in a monastery)
Dormeur (m.), Dormeuse (f.)(French) sleeper
Dormilón(Spanish m.) sleepyhead
dormilón(Spanish) lazy
dormir(French) to sleep, to be asleep
(Spanish) to send to sleep, to sleep
dormir en casa ajena(Spanish) to sleep (over) at someone else's place
dormir la siesta(Spanish) to have an afternoon nap, to have a siesta
dormirse(Spanish) to go to sleep
dormitar(Spanish) to doze
Dormitioncelebration in the Eastern Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended
Dormitorio(Spanish m.) bedroom
Dormitorium(German n.) dormitory (in a monastery)
Dormitorythe communal sleeping area of a monastery; also known as the dorter
Dorn (s.), Dornen (pl.)(German m.) thorn, spine, drift, bolt, acantha, mandrel, arbor
Dorn im Fleisch(German m.) thorn in one's flesh, thorn in the flesh
dornartig(German) acanthoid (shaped like a spine or thorn)
Dornbusch(German m.) thorn bush, thornbush
dornenartig(German) spiky
Dornenbusch(German m.) pricky shrub
dornengekrönt(German) crowned with thorns
Dornengestrüpp(German n.) brier wood
Dornenkrone(German f.) crown of thorns
dornenlos(German) thornless
dornenreich(German) thorny
Dornenstrauch(German m.) briar, brier
dornenvoll(German) full of thorns (figurative)
Dornfidel(German f.) spike fiddle
Dornfiedel(German f.) spike fiddle
Dornfortsatz(German m.) acantha
Dornicht(German n., archaic) brambles
Dornick(German n.) Tournai
dornig(German) brambly, spinily, spiny, thornily, thorny, spiky, briery, pricky, thorned, aculeate, acanthaceous, prickly
dorniger(German) spinier, thornier
dorniger Busch(German m.) spiny shrub
dorniger Weg(German m.) briar patch, brier patch
Dornigkeit(German f.) thorniness
dornigste(German) spiniest, thorniest
dornlos(German) thornless
Dornpresse(German f.) arbor press
Dornröschen(German n.) Sleeping Beauty
Dornstrauch (s.), Dornsträucher (pl.)(German m.) briar, brier
DorombHungarian Jew's harp
Dorothy baga woman's handbag gathered at the top by a drawstring whose loops are used as a handle - traditionally used by bridesmaids to carry confetti
Dörren(German n.) torrefaction (drying or roasting)
dörren(German) to dry, to dehydrate, to desiccate, to bake, to parch, to kiln-dry (wood, etc.), to torrify
dörrend(German) dehydrating, desiccating
Dörrfleisch(German n.) dried meat, jerky (US)
Dörrobst(German n.) dried fruit
Dörrpflaume(German f.) prune
dörrt(German) dehydrates, desiccates
dörrte(German) desiccated
Dörrzwetschke(German f. - Austria) prune
Dorsal(Spanish m.) number (worn by an athlete)
dorsal(English, German) of, toward, on, in, or near the back or upper surface of an organ, part, or organism.
(Spanish) back
(German) dorsally
Dorsch (s.), Dorsche (pl.)(German m.) cod, codfish
Dorset Garden Theatrebuilt in London, in 1671, it was in its early years also known as the Duke of York's Theatre, or the Duke's Theatre. In 1685 King Charles II died and his brother, the Duke of York, was crowned as James II. When the Duke became King, the theatre became the Queen's Theatre in 1685, referring to James' second wife, Mary of Modena. The name remained when William and Mary came to the throne in 1689. Following the death of the founder of the Duke's Company, the Poet Laureate, Sir William Davenant, in 1668, Thomas Betterton, a leading actor of the Duke's Company, took control. He and the Davenant family decided to create a new purpose-built theatre, at a cost of some £9,000. By 1670 the Duke's Company was ready to build. It leased a site in Dorset Garden for a period of 39 years (i.e. till 1709) at an annual rent of £130. Betterton had been to Paris and studied the grand baroque tragédies en musique with their spectacular staging, using perspective scenery and many machines that were then the sensation of the French theatrical scene
Dorso(Italian m., Spanish m.) back (for example, of the hand)
the left hand page of an open book, or the reverse side of a page or document, often abbreviated as d
Dorso de la mano(Spanish m.) back of the hand
Dorso della mano(Italian m.) back of the hand
dort(German) there
dort draußen(German) out there
dort drüben(German) yonder (archaic or dialect), over there
Dorterthe communal sleeping area of a monastery; also known as the dormitory
dortherum(German) thereabouts, around there
dorthin(German) thither (old-fashioned), there
dorthin gehörend(German) belonging there
dorthinunter(German) down there
dortiger (m.), dortige (f.), dortiges (n.)(German) there, local (but somewhere else), there
Dort ist der Teufel los.(German) There's all hell (let) loose. (colloquial)
Dort kaufe ich nicht mehr!(German) I'm not shopping there any more!
Dort möchte ich nicht begraben sein.(German) I wouldn't live there if you paid me.
Dortoir(French m.) dormitory
Dort sind die Dinge jedoch anders.(German) But things are different there.
Dort steht es schwarz auf weiß.(German) There it is in black and white.
dort weitermachen, wo man aufgehört hat(German) to continue where one left off
dortzulande(German) in that country
Dorud(German n.) Doroud (a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran)
Doruphoros(ancient Greek) a spear-carrier
Dorure(French f.) gilding
Dory(English, German n.) a small, narrow, flatbottom fishing boat with high sides and a sharp prow
Doryphore(French) slang for the occupying German soldiers in World War Two
introduced into English by Sir Harold Nicholson (1952) who described a doryphore as a "questing prig, who derives intense satisfaction from pointing out the errors of others"
Dos(French m.) back, spine (of a book)
Dos(Spanish m.) two
dos(Catalan, Spanish) two
Dosadosee 'dos-a-dos'
Dosage(French m.) mixture
dosare con(Italian) dose with
Doscientos(Spanish m.) two hundred
doscientos(Spanish) two hundred
Dos crawlé(French m.) backstroke (swimming)
Dos de la main(French m.) back of the hand
Dose (s.), Dosen (German pl.)(English, French f.) Dosis (German), single portion of medicine, experience of something, amount of radiation received
(German f.) tin, can, box
Dose Bier(German f.) can of beer
Dosen(German pl.) plural of Dosis (German), doses (medicine)
dösen(German) to doze, to snooze
Dosenananas(German f.) tinned pineapple
Dosenbier(German n.) canned beer
Dosenbirnen(German pl.) tinned pears
dösend(German) dozing, snoozing
Dösender(German m.) dozer
Dosenfibel(German f.) box brooch
Dosenfisch(German m.) tinned fish
Dosenfleisch(German n.) spam (spiced pork and ham), tinned meat
Dosenfraß(German m.) canned food (pejorative)
Dosenfutter(German n.) tinned food
Dosengemüse(German n.) tinned vegetables
Dosenkartoffeln(German pl.) tinned potatoes
Dosenlibelle(German f.) circular level
Dosenmilch(German f.) evaporated milk
Dosenobst(German n.) tinned fruit
Dosenöffner (s./pl.)(German m.) can opener, tin opener
Dosenschildkröten(German pl.) terrapins
Dosenschinken(German m.) tinned ham
Dosensuppe(German f.) canned soup
doser(French) to measure out, to balance
Doset(Catalan m.) duplet
Dos golpesone of the three güiros, or shakers, called the caja, mula and cachimbo, or the caja, dos golpes and salidor that feature in the music of Santería
one of the three conga drums, named, like the guïros mentioned above, caja, mula and cachimbo or caja, dos golpes and salidor
DoshpuluurTuvan two or three string banjo-like plucked instrument
Do-Si-Doin contradance, a basic figure where two dancers begin facing each other, move so as to pass right shoulders, then back-to-back, then left shoulders, ending where they began. Sometimes they do-si-do 1 1/2 times, exchanging places. As an embellishment, experienced dancers will often add a spin to this move. Often, newcomers ill-advisedly copy this flashy, but potentially disorienting
  • Do-Si-Do from which this extract has been taken
Do-Si-Do (back to back)one of the two-couple figures danced in a circle of four people traditionally associated with square dancing
Do-Si-Do (complex)one of the two-couple figures danced in a circle of four people traditionally associated with square dancing
Dosieren(German n.) metering
dosieren(German) to measure out, to meter, to dose, to dispense
dosierend(German) dosing
Dosiergerät(German n.) metering unit
Dosierinhalator(German m.) metered-dose inhaler
dosiert(German) doses
dosiert(German) dosed
dosierte(German) dosed
Dosierung (s.), Dosierungen (pl.)(German f.) dosage
Dosierungskunde(German f.) posology
dosificar(Spanish) to dose, to measure out (figurative)
dösig(German) dozy, drowsy (half-asleep)
Dosillo(Spanish m.) duplet, hemiola (group of notes)
Dosis (s.), Dosen (German pl.)(German f., Spanish f.) dose
Döskopp(German m. - Northern Germany) twit (colloquial)
dos meses atrás(Spanish) two months ago, two months previously
Doso(Benin) double pit wooden xylophone, where the resonator is a pit dug into the ground. It is the largest xylophone of its kind in the world. The longest keys are huge beams measuring 1.8 metres. The keys lie parallel to one another over and across the pit, which is about 70 centimetres deep and almost 2 metres wide
Dosongoni(Mali) a 'hunter's harp' with six strings, from which the modern kamelengoni or 'youth harp' is derived
Do sostenido mayor(Spanish m.) the key of 'C sharp major'
Do sostenido mayor(Spanish m.) the key of 'C sharp minor'
Döspaddel(German m.) dunderhead
Dos puntos(Spanish colon (punctuation: :)
Dossard(French m.) number (on the back of a sportsman's shirt)
Dossier (s.), Dossiers (pl.)(French m., German n.) file (documents, often those pertaining to the life and activites of an individual)
(French m.) back (of a chair)
döst(German) dozes, snoozes
döste(German) dozed, snoozed
Dotpunto (Italian), Punkt (German), point (French)
placed above or below the notehead:
on its ownstaccato : the note should be held for half its written length, the other half being silent (see also 'dead stroke')
together with -louré
together with Vmarcato/staccato or staccato duro
together with <accented staccato
together with ^martellato
multiple dots over a semibreve or half notetremolo, the repeated subdivisions of the written note determined by the number of dots placed in a horizontal row over the note. So, four dots placed above or below a semibreve or half note means play four crotchets or quarter notes, while two dots above or below a semibreve or half note mean play two minims or half notes
in percussion parts, a dead stroke, achieved by holding the mallet on the instrument after the attack to dampen the vibration. Dead strokes are commonly notated with a plus sign (+) over the note. Ringing notes in a passage with dead strokes can be indicated with a circle (o) over them; this is not necessary but can help to clarify. "D.S." or staccato dots are other common indications for dead stroke. These notations are not standard and should be explained at the top of the score and part
a dot over or under a note that also lies under a slur indicates that the note is to be played mezzo-staccato (that is, half-detached)
in modern notation dots serve a specific purpose. The dot, placed after a note adds to that note half again its duration. Placed over or under the note head, the dot subtracts half the value (which is actually what staccatto means: to shorten the note to half its length). However, in renaissance music, while the former of these meanings is exactly the same, some times it is impossible to notate a duration sequence. This is caused by the automatic 'perfecting' of a note due to preceding or following notes, in a case where that note should not be perfected, or visa versa. In these cases, copyists and composers would use the dot as a device of separation or division, marking a 'start over' place in the figuring of which notes get imperfected or perfected
in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, dots are placed over pairs of notes that must played égal, that is evenly, where in the absence of these dots the same notes would be played inégal, that is unevenly
placed immediately after a note, (it is called an 'augmentation dot' or 'dot of prolongation'), a dot indicates that the note should be extended by half as much again as its principal time value
a second dot placed after the note (it is called double-dotting), that is a note with two dots following it, indicates that the note should be extended by a further quarter of its principal time value, i.e. a total extension of three-quarters of its undotted time value
very rarely a third dot may be placed after a note (it is called triple-dotting), that is the note has three dots following it, in which case the total extension is now seven eighths of the notes undotted time value
in early mensural notation and placed between groups of notes, a dot or punctum marks off groups of notes in a manner similar to our modern day use of the bar-line
dots, called repeat dots, used vertically and in pairs (very rarely in fours) in front of or after a bar-line indicate that a section is to be repeated. If the section begins from the start of the piece there may be no matching repeat bar, however when repeating to any other point in the piece it is usually to find a matching bar-line but with two (or rarely four) dots placed vertically after the line
dots used vertically and in pairs as part of the F-clef sign lie on either side of the line denoting F below middle C
multiple dots after 8va or 8ve show how long the octave direction is to be observed
Dot(French f.) dowry, a marriage-portion (in English and in French, the t is sounded)
dotada para la música(Spanish) musically talented
dotado(Spanish) talented, gifted
dotar(Spanish) to give a dowry, to endow
Dotâr(Persian, târ means 'string') a two-stringed version of the ektar, it is a simple instrument that provides both rhythmic accompaniment as well as a drone for Indian folk music. However, in Bengal, there is an unrelated instrument also called dotar which is very similar to the Kabuli rabab
dotar de(Spanish) to endow with
Dotation(English, German f.) an endowment or the act of endowing
dotato(Italian) talented, gifted
Dotazione(Italian f., literally 'endowment') sets maintained and shared by smaller opera houses and theatres as a way of keep down costs
Dotcom-Blase(German f.) dot-com bubble
Dote(Spanish m.) dowry
doter de(French) to equip with
dotieren(German) to dope, to endow, to contaminate, to remunerate
dotierend(German) endowing
dotiert(German) endows, doped
dotierte(German) endowed
Dotierung (s.), Dotierungen (m.)(German f.) endowment, doping
Dotierung der Rücklagen(German f.) allocation to reserves
Dotierungsstoff(German m.) dopant, doping agent
Dot-Matrixanzeige(German f.) dot-matrix display
Dotmatrix-Anzeige(German f.) dot-matrix display
Dotmatrixanzeige(German f.) dot-matrix display
Dot necka type of guitar which has simple dot inlays in the neck to act as position markers
Dot of prolongationnotes and rests that are dotted have the value of their duration lengthened by 1/2. For example, a dotted crotchet (quarter note) is equal in duration to three quavers (eighth notes). Double-dotted notes increase the note's duration by 3/4 of the original
Dots(English, German f.) tiny round marks made by or as if by a pointed instrument, spots (of ink, paint, etc.)
Dottedbearing a dot, puntato (Italian), punktirt (German), pointé (French)
Dotted barlinesee 'dashed barline'
Dotted notenota con puntillo (Spanish), nota puntata (Italian), note pointée (French), punktierte Note (German)
a note followed by a dot - see 'dot'
Dotted resta rest followed by a dot - see 'dot'
Dotted slideor punktierter Schleifer, a musical ornament described by C. P. E. Bach. Written as a pair of grace notes slurred to a principal note, the duration of each of the grace notes being shown in the ratio 3:1, in performance, the first grace note is held for most of the duration of the principal, the duration of the second grace note and what time remains for the principal being equal and short
Dotter (s./pl.)(German m./n.) (egg) yolk, vitellus (Latin)
Dotterelthe European plover, a short-billed shore bird
dottergelb(German) egg yolk yellow
Dotterhaut(German f.) vitelline membrane
Dottersack(German m.) yolk sac
Dot timein jazz, a cross-rhythm based on dotted crotchets (quarter notes), extending through a passage
Douane(French f., German f.) custom-house, customhouse
Douanier (m.), Douanière (f.)(French) a customs officer
douanier (m.), douanière (f.)(French) customs
doubeln(German) to do stunts
Doubledoppio (Italian), doppelt (German), double (French)
(French m., literally 'duplicate') in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century French music, a variation
to repeat the words of a song
to take two roles as a singer, or to play two different instruments during a concert, for example piccolo and flute
(in film, theatre, etc.) stand-in, stunt double
to accompany the 8 ft. stop on an organ with a 16 ft. in the lower octave
in opera, a singer who substitutes for another
in change ringing, changes on five bells are called 'doubles'
a prefix used in place of contra, and with the same meaning (a contra-instrument that plays one octave lower than the standard instrument)
on keyboard instruments, to indicate two manuals, for example, double-manual harpsichord
to play any melody line with notes an octave higher or lower
in dance, used, for example, in pirouette double, indicating a double pirouette
multiply by two (size, quantity, strength, etc.), consisting of two parts, counterpart (of a person)
(German m.) diminution
Doublé(French, literally 'doubled') a turn
(German n.) rolled gold
Double A or AAsee 'double G'
Double accidental
double sharp double flat natural sharp sign double natural sign natural flat sign
double sharp sign double flat sign natural sharp sign double natural sign natural flat sign
accidental signs, the 'double sharp', the 'double flat', the 'natural sharp' sign used after a double sharp (and sometimes after a flat) to change the inflection to a single sharp, the double natural used to cancel a 'double sharp' or 'double flat' sign, the 'natural flat' sign used after a double flat (and sometimes after a sharp) to change the inflection to a single flat
Double actcomedy act by a duo
Double-action (pedal) harpDoppelpedalharfe (German), arpa a doppio movimento (Italian), harpe à double accrochement (French), harpe à double mouvement (French)
the strings of the diatonic harp are tuned with seven notes per octave. To change key or play additional chromatic notes, the pitch of selected strings must be changed. In the simplest case, this is done with rotating disks. The pedal harp uses a pedal mechanism to do this, allowing both hands to continue to play. The most recent phase of development was the introduction of the double-action pedal mechanism at the beginning of the nineteenth century. With the help of seven pedals, all the notes of the scale can be tuned one or two semitones higher, enabling the harp to play in all keys
Double agentspy working for rival countries
Double appoggiaturaapoyatura doble (Spanish), appoggiatura doppia (Italian), appoggiature double (French), doppelter Vorschlag (German), Doppelvorschlag (German)
double appoggiatura
two notes of a chord that are initially dissonant and then both resolve by step, in other words, two simultaneous appoggiaturas. The best example of a double appoggiatura is the cadential six-four. Unlike accented and unaccented passing notes, the appoggiatura is not approached by step, but by leap. Although it still resolves by step, the dissonance is more prominent as a result
another name for a coulé, slide or 'conjunct double appoggiatura', an ornament consisting of two short notes rising by step to the main note. It may be indicated by a sign or by small notes
Anschlag or 'disjunct double appoggiatura', so-called from the last half of the eighteenth century, C P. E. Bach's name for a pair of grace notes, the first of which is to be played on the beat and may be any distance from the principal note but second of which is only one degree removed from it
Doublé-Armband(German n.) rolled gold bracelet
Double-articulation(French f.) double tonguing
Double B or BBsee 'double G'
Double backfallsee 'conjunct double appoggiatura'
Double bar linedoppia barra (Italian), doppia linea (Italian), double-barre (French), Doppelstrich (German), Doppeltaktstrich (German)
double baralso called 'double bar', a pair of vertical lines at the end of a section of a work which if preceded by a pair of vertical dots, called repeat dots, indicate that the section should be played twice, that is, should be repeated
the double bar is also used to mark where there is a change of key signature or a change of time signature, and in hymns to mark the end of a verse line
Double barre de mesure(French f.) double bar line, Doppelstrich (German)
Double barre de mesure (1 barre fine et une barre large)(French f.) final double bar line (with one thin and one thick line)
Double-barrelled(of a gun) having two barrels, (of a surname) hyphenated
Double basscontra basso (Italian), Kontrabass (German), contre-basse (French)
known by several other names (especially when used in folk, bluegrass, and jazz music), including string bass, upright bass, standup bass, acoustic bass, bass viol, contrabass viol, bass violin, doghouse bass, dog-house, bull fiddle, hoss bass, and bunkhouse bass. It is the largest member of the string family, that plays the lowest notes in a symphony orchestra, it has three, four or five strings and is bowed either over-arm (called the 'French bow/grip') or under-arm (called the 'German bow/grip'). Because the unfretted double bass violin existed beside the fretted double bass member of the viol family, called the violone, there are some difficulties when determining which tunings apply to which instrument. What is clear, however, is that over time the number of strings fitted to the double bass violin reduced from 5 to 3, although today 4-string basses have again become popular. The double bass also features in jazz and in dance orchestras, although here, it is as commonly, if not more, played pizzicato. In bluegrass music, most bassists use the 3/4 size bass
names used for the largest of the bowed string instruments include both those such as Bass Viol de Braccio, Bass-Geig de braccio, Grossbassgeige and Groß-Quint-Baß, which in the opinion of some experts point to kinship with the violin, and others which seem to speak more of membership of the viol family: Viola grande, Subbass, Violone grosso, Contrabasso di viola, Contraviolon, Basse de viole, Violone grande, to list but a few of those that derive from the early history of the instrument. All of these designated thoroughly different instruments that nevertheless, because of their common features, belong to the category "double bass".
[quoted from Chameleon Double Bass]
the tuning (lowest to highest) on various models of double bass are:
five stringsPrinner tuning (1677)F1 - A1 - D - F# - B
five stringsAlbrechtberger tuning (1790)F1 - A1 - D - F# - A
five stringsevidence from repertoireprobably as many as 50 different tunings in use during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
four stringsearly twentieth century (UK)E1 - A1 - D - G
four stringsearly twentieth century (UK)D1 - G1 - D - G
four stringsmilitary tuning (UK)
to faciliate playing in flat keys
Eb1 - Bb1 - Eb - Ab
three stringsItalian tuningG1 - D - A
three stringsEnglish tuningA1 - D - G
Double bass clarinetsynonymous with 'contrabass clarinet'
Double bassistdouble bass player
Double bassoonalso called the contrabassoon, the lowest member of the bassoon family, sounding an octave below the bassoon
a 16 ft. or 32 ft. scale organ reed stop of smaller scale and softer tone than the double trumpet
Double-bass saxhorntuba contrabbasso (Italian f.) Kontrabasstuba (German f.), contrebasse à pistons (French f.), saxhorn contrebasse (French m.), tuba contrabajo (Spanish m.), saxhorn contrabajo (Spanish m.)
Double-bass trombonecontrabass trombone
Double bécarre
double natural sign(French m.) double natural sign
double flat sign(French m.) double flat sign, Doppel-B (German), the sign that lowers a note by two semitones
Double bluffgenuine action or statement disguised as a bluff
Double-bookreserve (the same seat, room, etc.) for two people at once
Double bourdonan organ stop of 32 ft. tone
Double Bow Knotone of the two-couple figures danced in a circle of four people traditionally associated with square dancing
Double-breasted(of a coat etc.) overlapping across the body
Double buzza multiphonic effect on the trumpet or other brass instruments. During normal play, the upper and lower lips will vibrate at the same speed. If, however, the lips are set to vibrate at different speeds two pitches may be perceived
Double Cor CC, see 'double G'
Double cadencein French baroque music, a trill terminating with a two-note turn figure
Double chanta simple harmonised melody, in four strains or phrases, to be sung to two verses of a psalm or canticle
Double-checkverify twice
Double chinchin with a fold of loose flesh below it
Double choirone or two choirs, formed as two distinct bodies of singers, usually to perform music in eight parts
Double chorussynonymous with 'double choir'
Double clarinetor zummara, a Middle Eastern musical instrument consisting of two parallel cane or bamboo pipes, with five or six holes each. The reeds are either cut from the body of the instrument, or created by inserting smaller, slit tubes into the ends of the pipes. The player typically uses circular breathing. The instrument is known as the mitbiq in Iraq and the mijwiz in Lebanon and its neighbours. The Palestinian yarghul is similarly played, but instead of two melody pipes it has one melody pipe and a longer drone pipe (without holes)
Double clarinetan organ stop, also known as the bass clarinet or bass clarionet, 'double' here used in the old-fashioned sense of a double-length and hence lower-pitched version of an instrument, as, for example, 'double bassoon' meaning contrabassoon
Double clavecin(French m.) double-manual harpschord
Double combsused in disc music boxes, two separate combs played by separate star wheels
Double concertoa concerto for two solo instruments and orchestra
Double contre-octave (French f.) sub-contra octave, Subkontra-Oktave (German)
Double contrepoint(French m.) double counterpoint
Double corde(French f.) double stop, double stopping, doppia corda (Italian f.), Dopplegriff (German m.)
Double counterpointcontrapunto doble (Spanish), doppio contrappunto (Italian), Doppelter Kontrapunkt (German), double contrepoint (French)
a method of counterpoint in which a second melody is added to an existing melody, which fits well when either above or below the first, i.e. invertible counterpoint
Double creamthick cream with a high fat-content
Double croche
semiquaver(French f.) the semiquaver (sixteenth note), Sechzehntelnote (German), a note one sixteenth the time value of a whole note or semibreve
Double-crossto deceive or betray (a supposed ally), the act of deceiving or betraying (a supposed ally)
Double-crossera person who deceives or betrays (a supposed ally)
Double D or DDsee 'double G'
Double dactyla comic verse written with two quatrains, with each line written in dactylic dimeter. The second line may be a name, and the sixth or seventh line may be a single word
Double-dealingdeceit, especially in a business relationship
Double décimètre(French m.) ruler
Double-deckerbus having an upper and lower deck, sandwich with two layers of filling (colloquial)
Double demisemiquaveran archaic term for the semidemisemiquaver or hemidemisemiquaver, a sixty-fourth note
Double demisemiquaver restalso halfdemisemiquaver rest, a semidemisemiquaver rest, a sixtyfourth rest
Double Devisethe opening period of an aria or instrumental movement in which the initial solo phrase (the motto) is repeated following a brief interjection by the accompaniment
Double diapasonan organ stop tuned one octave below the diapasons. It is called a 16 ft. stop on the manuals and a 32 ft. stop on the pedals
Double dièse
double sharp sign(French m.) double sharp sign, Doppelkreuz (German), the sign that raises a note by two semitones
Double diminished chordin jazz, two diminished 7th chords played together, which produces an eight-note chord made up of all the notes of a diminished scale
Double dotsee 'dot'
Double dotted notenota con dos puntillos (Spanish), nota doppiamente puntata (Italian), note doublement pointée (French), doppelt punktierte Note (German)
Double-dottingsee 'dot'
Double-dottinga practice associated with certain types of slow movement from the Baroque period, particularly overtures written in the French style, where the notated rhythmic ratio 3:1 is performed as though written 7:1, in other words, as though the longer note was written with a double dot
Double druma drum beaten on both ends, used in military bands, and which is carried horizontally in front of the performer
Double dulcianaan organ stop of small 16 ft. scale and with a delicate tone
Double Dutchgibberish (colloquial)
Double E or EEsee 'double G'
Double eaglefigure of a two-headed eagle
Double échappement(French m.) double escapement
Double-edgedpresenting both a danger and an advantage, (of a knife etc.) having two cutting-edges
Double emploi(French) a term coined by Rameau to describe a concept whereby chords can have two different roots simultaneously. An example of this would be the added 6th chord based on the subdominant (in C major: F-A-C-D). According to Rameau, this chord could be interpreted either as being a subdominant chord (root: F) with an added 6th or a supertonic chord (root: D) with an added 7th
Double entendre(English, from old French, literally 'double meaning') ambiguous, double meaning (a phrase having two meanings, often with one of them being indecent)
in French, the more correct term is double entente
Double entente(French) ambiguous, double meaning (a phrase having two meanings, often with one of them being indecent)
Double entrysystem of bookkeeping with entries debited in one account and credited in another
Double expositionin a concerto, when the theme is stated twice, once by the orchestra and once by the soloist
Double expressionan effect, invented in 1855 and inspired by the Barker lever, found on harmonia produced by Victor Mustel (1815-1890), the 'double expression' or 'double touch' is a mechanism which causes the reeds no. 3 and no. 4 to speak when the keys are pressed about a third of the distance down, and the reeds nos. 1 and 2 to speak also when the key is fully depressed, thereby producing a contrast of tone colour but with only one keyboard
Double F or FFsee 'double G'
Double featurecinema programme with two full-length films
Double figuresnumbers from 10 to 99
Double flageoleta flagolet with two pipes. On some double flageolets there is a mechanism to slience one of the pipes so the other can be played alone
Double flatdoble bemol (Spanish), doppio bemolle (Italian), double bémol (French), Doppel-B (German)
double flatthe sign that lowers the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones
Double flutesee Doppel-flöte
Double fuguea fugue which has two separate subjects that are each treated fugally
a double fugue should properly consist of two different themes, introduced separately, which eventually are combined so the second theme forms a countersubject. However, the term is also applied to a fugue in which the theme and countersubject appear simultaneously at the beginning of the composition and are regularly associated throughout
Double für Kunststücke(German n.) stuntman
Double für Nacktaufnahmen(German n.) body double
Double G or GGan octave naming convention that is not the same as that employed by Helmholtz and that bears his name. The Double-A to double G convention used in England and particularly related to the organ sets Double G in the space below the third leger lines below the bottom of the bass clef. This octave runs from Double G up to Double F (on the space below the bass clef)
Double glazingtwo layers of glass in a window (used for sound and thermal insulation)
Double grand pianoan instrument invented by James Pirsson, a piano manufacturer in New York (USA) which has two sets of keys, one at each end
Double guitara guitar with two necks each strung to a different tuning thus avoiding the destabilizing effect of retuning the instrument during a concert
Double handeda player who can play two different instruments
Double harmonic major scaledouble harmonic major scale
also called the 'Gypsy scale' or the 'Byzantine scale'
Double harmonic minor scaledouble harmonic minor scale
Double harpa harp with two sets of strings
Double harpsichorda harpsichord with two manuals, also called a 'double-manual harpsichord'
Double hautboya 16 ft. reed stop, of small scale, in an organ
Double head drumNative American frame drum
Double helixpair of parallel helices with a common axis, especially a reference to the structure of a DNA molecule
Double holeson the recorder, these enable you to play the low C# and D# with more security. Two adjacent small holes are provided for the lowest two fingers. It is a feature which came into recorders relatively late, having been invented for G/G# on the oboe, (hole III) where it has not survived. Most players in the UK expect double holes for historical reasons. The revival production of recorders in this country was almost always of the double hole variety. In Germany there has always been a following for single holes, particularly for the low cost educational market. Some makers believe that double holes are a contributary factor for burbles on low G and A (on the treble/alto)
Double hornthe single F horn had a rather irksome flaw. As the player played higher and higher notes, the distinctions a player had to make with his or her embouchure from note to note became increasingly precise. An early solution was simply to use a horn of higher pitch -- usually B-flat. The relative merits of F versus B-flat were a hotbed of debate between horn players of the late nineteenth century, until the German horn maker Kruspe produced a prototype of the "double horn" in 1897. The double horn combines two instruments into a single frame: the original horn in F, and a second, higher horn keyed in B-flat. By using a fourth valve operated by the thumb, the horn player can quickly switch from the deep, warm tones of the F horn to the higher, brighter tones of the B-flat horn (commonly called "sides"). Double horns in B-flat/High F (or High E-flat) are increasingly popular for works that only use the upper and upper-middle registers of the instrument
Double Hundred Campaignsee 'Hundred Flowers Campaign'
Double-jointedhaving joints that allow unusual bending
Double leading-note cadence
double leading note cadence
in three voice progression, where the outer two parts move by step from leading notes (whether upper or lower) to the octave or fifth. Adam de la Hale (1245/50-?1285/8), in his Bonne amourette, provides probably one of the earliest instances of a double-leading-note cadence. Rarely to be found in late thirteenth century repertoire, the formula was to grow in importance significantly during the fourteenth century, in France as well as in Italy
Double L Swingone of the figures unique to, or traditionally associated with, square dancing
doublement(French) doubly
Double mordent
double mordent(English, French) also called, in English, the 'long mordent', a double mordent has two repercussions
Double mouvement(French) twice as fast, as fast again
Double natural
double naturalan accidental used to cancel a double sharp or a double flat
Double neck guitara guitar that has two necks. The most common type has 12 strings on the top neck, while the bottom neck has the normal six. Combination six-string and 4-string are also used. This allows the guitarist to switch quickly and easily between the two necks without taking the time to change guitars
Double negativea negative statement containing two negative elements (for example, he couldn't do nothing)
brevea breve (double whole note) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Double ocarinaan ocarina with two chambers and two fipples
Double octavean interval composed of two octaves, an interval of a fifteenth
Double open diapasonsee 'double diapason'
Double organan organ having two manuals
Double-parkpark (a vehicle) alongside one already parked at the roadside
breve rest(French) a breve rest (double whole rest) equal to two semibreve rests (whole note rests)
Double pedalsee 'double pedal-point'
Double pedal CC, three octaves below 'middle C'
see 'octave'
Double pedal-pointor 'double pedal', the sustaining of the tonic and dominant by two parts whilst other parts above them move on in various harmonies
Double phrasingthe use of a long slur mark over a passage in which there are already other articulation marks so as to show that, whatever their individual character, they should be treated as a larger group
Double pickingsee 'tremolo picking'
Double piston valvethe double-piston valve is first recorded in 1821 in connection with a trumpet by Christian Friedrich Sattler of Leipzig. In this valve type the simultaneous movement of two pistons introduces an additional valve loop. Double-piston valves come in a great variety of operating and return mechanisms. The only city in which double-piston valves are still in use today is Vienna. Therefore, double-piston valves are often called "Vienna Valves." However, this over-simplifies the great variety of constructions found in the past, most of which were developed outside of Vienna
Double plotwhen an author uses two related plots within a single narrative
Double pneumoniapneumonia affecting both lungs
Doublepoint(French m.) double dot, a double augmentation dot, a double dot of prolongation
double pointée(French) double-dotted
Double quarteta work written for eight voices or eight players, for example Louis Spohr (1784-1859) wrote four works for a 'double quartet' of strings
Double-quickvery quick or quickly (colloquial)
doubler(French) double, overtake, line (clothing), dub (film), repeat, round (course)
Double reedlengüeta doble (Spanish f.), caña doble (Spanish f.), ancia doppia (Italian f.), Doppelrohrblatt (German n.), Doppelzunge (German f.), anche double (French f.)
a device consisting of two pieces of cane bound together at the base but where the upper thinner parts touch and are free to vibrate when air is forced between them by the player; double reed instruments include oboes, bassoons, crumhorns, English horn, etc.
a reed-stop, in the organ, of 16 ft. tone
Double repetition marks
double repetition marka symbol that divides a work into two parts, each to be repeated
Double rhymea rhyme that involves two syllables rather than one. For instance, rhyming lend/send is a single rhyme, in which each word consists of a single syllable. However, the words lending/sending constitute a double rhyme because two rhyming syllables are used
doubler le cap de(French) to go beyond, to go beyond the point of
breve(French f.) a breve (double whole note) equal to two semibreves (whole notes)
Doublesarchaic term for 'variations'
doublessaid of a player who is able to play two different instruments, for example, a violinist who can play on occasions might the viola or a flautist who can when required will play the saxophone. So one says the violinist doubles on violin and viola or the flautist doubles on flute and saxophone
doubles-cordes(French) double-stops
Double shaketwo notes shaken simultaneously
Double sharpdoble sostenido (Spanish), doppio diesis (Italian), double dièse (French), Doppelkreuz (German)
double sharpthe sign that raises the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones
Double shiftsee 'shift'
Double sonataa sonata composed for two instrument concertante
Double standardrule or principle not impartially applied
Double stemwhen two voices or parts are written on the same staff and play the same note, the note head will have two stems, one going up (representing the upper voice) and one going down (representing the lower voice)
Double stopor 'double-stopping', a string-instrument technique in which the player, placing two fingers on adjacent strings and bowing the two strings simultaneously, produces two notes at the same time - the term may also by used even when one of the two sounding strings is unstopped, i.e. open
double stopping can be achieved on the musette de cour by making use of both of the two keyed chanters simultaneously
Double stopped diapasonalso called bourdon, an organ stop of 16 ft. scale, on the manuals, the pipes being stopped or covered at the top. On the pedals this stop is called the double-bourdon or sub-bourdon and is of 32 ft. register
Double-stoppingsee 'double stop'
Double-strung harpsee 'harp'
Double superlativedouble use of the superlative degree, for example, the word foremost, which uses both the superlative suffix -m and -est
Double suspensiona dissonance caused by two notes that are held over and resolve to the chord note by a tone or semitone after the chord is played
Doubleta masculine tunic worn especially from the fifteenth to seventeenth century. Originally of quilted manufacture, although its style changed over the years, it remained a fundamental outer body garment
one of a pair of similar things
in linguistics, a pair of words that derive from the same etymon, but since they were adapted at different times or by different routes, take on two different meanings
Double takedelayed reaction to a situation etc.
Double-talkambiguous or misleading speech (usually with deliberate intent)
Double temps(French) duple time
Double the speedor, double the tempo, doppio movimente (Italian), doppelte Geschwindigkeit (German)
Double-thinkcapacity to accept contrary opinions at the same time
Double tierceor decima, an organ stop tuned a tenth above the diapasons, or a major third above the principal
Double timein music, playing the music twice as fast so that bars last half as long as they did originally - in this case the chordal progressions also move twice as quickly
in general, wages paid at twice the normal rate
Double time feelpacking twice as many notes in a bar (measure) as were there in the preceding bar (measures), so that the tempo appears to gain a great deal of momentum but the chord progressions played by the rhythm guitarist, bass and piano remain the same
Double tonguinga particular use of the tongue to produce fast notes on wind-instruments
Double tonica chord progression, melodic motion, or shift of level consisting of a "regular back-and-forth motion", in melody similar to Bruno Nettl's 'pendulum type' though it uses small intervals, most often a whole tone though may be almost a semitone to a minor third
Double top CC, three octaves above 'middle C'
see 'octave'
Double touchsee 'double expression'
Double transfersee 'reverse negative'
Double treble clefsee 'octave clef'
Double trilltrino doble (Spanish), doppio trillo (Italian), trille double (French), Doppeltriller (German)
a trill between two notes more than a tone apart
Double-triolet(French m.) a pair of successive triplets played so that a stress is placed on the first and fourth note of the six note sequence
Double-triple(French) 3/2 time
Double trumpeta 16 ft. organ stop. When the bottom octave of the scale is omitted, it is then called Tenoroon Trumpet. The tone is weaker than that of the Unison Trumpet, to which it sounds an octave lower
Doublette(French f.) a 2 ft. organ stop, which in England is called the Fifteenth
a term used by English organ makers for an organ stop of two ranks of pipes sounding a fifteenth and a twenty-second above the diapasons
(German f.) doublet (counterfeit gem made of two pieces)
Double twelfthan organ stop sounding a fifth above the foundation stops. It is more commonly formed of stopped pipes although open ones can be employed. On the manual it is usually 5 1/3 ft. and on the pedal 10 2/3 ft.
Double variationa musical form used in classical music. It is a theme and variations that employs two themes and is also known as 'alternating variations'. In a double variation set, a first theme (A) is followed by a second theme (B), followed by a variation on A, then a variation on B, and so on with alternating A and B variations. The work usually ends with a coda. The double variation form is strongly associated with Joseph Haydn
Double virginala virginal with an ottavino inserted in the side next to the keyboard
Double whole note
brevea note equal to two semibreves (whole notes) or one breve
Double whole rest
breve resta rest equal to two semibreve rests (whole rests) or one breve rest
doublieren(German) to double (fold something double)
Doublierung(German f.) doubling
Doublingwhere two instruments play the same part in ensemble playing, or where an accompanying instrument plays the same notes that a singer is singing
where a double bass has no separate part but is told to play the 'cello part an octave lower
the common [Renaissance] practice of having one actor play multiple roles, so that a play with a large cast of characters might be performed by a relatively small company
[quoted from Stephen Greenblatt]
Doublure(French) an elaborately decorated leather flyleaf in a book
Doubly augmented intervala perfect or major interval is said to be doubly augmented if it is chromatically widened by two semitones (two half-steps)
Doubly augmented six four three chorda German sixth chord with the perfect fifth above the sounding root spelled enharmonically as a doubly augmented fourth
Doubly augmented sixth chordan augmented sixth chord, which contains a sharpened second from the tonic
Doubly diminished intervala perfect or minor interval is said to be doubly diminished if it is chromatically narrowed by two semitones (two half-steps)
Douçaine(French f.) synonymous with dolciano
(French f.) dulcian, dulciana (Italian f.), Dulzian (Getrman m.)
doucesee doux
douceâtre(French) sickly sweet
doucement(French) sweetly, softly, gently, amiably, smoothly, quietly
terms equivalent to doucement meaning soft or softly include leise (German), piano (Italian)
"Also means without brilliance, muted and delicately. They say: "He approaches his task doucement," when someone acts slowly and with great circumspection." - Trévoux (1771)
doucement baigné de pédales(French, literally 'gently bathed in pedals') a marking used by Francis Poulenc to indicate the use of the sustaining pedal through a particularly passage
Douceur(French m.) a gratuity (in French, the word is less ungracious than 'tip' or 'bribe')
douceur(French) softness, mildness, gentleness, sweetness
Douceur de vivre(French m.) the enjoyment of the good things of life (particularly, a reference to the period before the 1789 French Revolution)
Douche(French f.) a shower-bath
doucher(French) to give a shower to
Doudezilliarde(German f.) quattuorvigintillion
Doudoumaa large Manding drum
Doudoumbasee dudumba
Doudoumnia small Manding drum
Doudoune(French f.) anorak (familiar)
doué(French) gifted, talented
doué de(French) endowed with
Doughnut(English, German m.) see 'donut'
Douglasfichte(German f.) Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Douglasie(German f.) Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Douille(French f.) (electrical) socket
douillet (m.), douillette (f.)(French) cosy, comfortable, soft (person)
Doula(from Greek: the most important female slave in an ancient Greek household) Geburtsbegleiterin (German f.), a woman trained to give nonmedical assistance to a woman during labour, providing emotional and physical support throughout the process of childbirth
Doulce mémoirea poem attributed to the French king, François I (1494-1547), France's first Renaissance monarch. The earliest musical work based on this poem was written by the French composer Pierre Sandrin (c.1490-c.1561) and was first published in about 1537-8. It was to spawn many textual and musical parodies. The textual parodies include: a "response" by Certon which draws heavily on the text and rhyme scheme of the original; numerous contrafacta, especially for spiritual purposes; and references in the French theatre. There are at least ten musical parodies: two- and three-part versions, likely meant for pedagogical purposes, as well as four- and six-part settings. Its material is used in Mass and Magnificat settings by Clemens non Papa, Cipriano da Rore, and Orlando de Lassus. Lastly, Doulce mémoire was turned into many instrumental intabulations and divisions
Douleiaor dulia, the veneration of saints
Douleur(French f.) sadness, grief, pain, sorrow, pathos
Douloureuse, la(French f.) the bill (i.e. the painful part of a commercial transaction!)
douloureusement(French) sadly, painfully, grievously, plaintively, pathetically
douloureux (m.), douloureuse (f.)(French) sad, painful, sorrowful, tender, plaintive, doleful
Doumbecsee dumbek
Doumbeksee dumbek
Doundounsee danun
Douniasafter Minos Dounias, the cataloguer of music by Giuseppe Tartini (1692-1770)
Douroua large Manding drum made from a hollowed trunk and beaten with big wooden sticks
Doussie(German f.) doussie (wood from Afzelia spp.)
Doute(French m.) doubt
douter de(French) to doubt
douteux (m.), douteuse (f.)(French) doubtful
Douvres(French m./f.) Dover
down(German) downcast
Down Under(English, German) the Antipodes (colloquial)
Downgrade(English, German m./n.) the process of rating something lower (value, esteem)
Download(English, German m./n.) a piece of software that is acquired electronically over the Internet, etc.
downloadbar(German) downloadable
Downloadbereich(German m.) download area
Downloaden(German n.) downloading
downloaden(German) to download
Downsizing(English, German n.) retrenchment, the reduction of expenditures in order to become financially stable
Down-Syndrom(German n.) Down's syndrome, trisomy 21 (syndrome)
doux(French) amorevole (Italian), amoroso (Italian, Spanish), lovingly, tenderly, gently, fondly, affectionately, liebevoll (German), tendre (French)
doux (m.), douce (f.)(French) sweet, soft, gentle, mild, tranquil, smooth, dolce, piano, slow
Lully used the marking doux to indicate piano or soft, and fort for loud or strong
"In music this word [doux] is the opposite of fort and is written above the staves in French music, and below then in Italian music, in places where the volume should be decreased, where the brilliance and vehemence of the sound should be tempered and softened, as for echoes and in accompaniments. The Italians mean the same thing when they write dolce and more commonly piano; but musical purists maintain that these two words are not synonymous and that a number of composers are incorrect in using them as if they were. They say that piano means simply a moderation of the sound, a decrease in volume, but that dolce indicates, in addition, a manner [of expression]." - Rousseau (1768)
Douzaine(French f.) about twelve, a dozen or so
Douze(French m.) twelve
douze(French) twelve
Douzième(French m./f.) twelfth, an interval of a twelfth
douzième(French) twelfth
Down-beatil movimento accentato della battuta (Italian), Niederschlag (German), temps frappé (French)
or 'downbeat', the motion of a conductor's hand or baton to mark the stronger beats in the bar, for example in 4/4, the first beat and, to a lesser extent, the third beat of each bar
the strong beat itself
Down-bowarco in giù (Italian m.), arcata in giù (Italian f.), Herabstrich (German m.), Abstrich (German m.), Herunterstrich (German m.), tiré (French)
down bow markas when the bow, held below the hand, is pulled across the string on a member of the violin family, or conversely, as when the bow, held above the hand, is pushed across the string on a member of the viol family
the reverse manoeuvre is called the 'up-bow', arco in su (Italian), Aufstrich (German), Anstrich (German m.), pouseé (French)
Downhome bluessee 'country blues'
Downpickinga technique used by musicians that perform on plucked string instruments in which the plectrum, or pick, is moved in a downward motion, relative to the position of the instrument, against one or more of the strings to make them vibrate
Downsampling(in signal processing) or "subsampling", the process of reducing the sampling rate of a signal
Downstagetowards the front of the stage, in the direction of the audience
Downtempothe name used to describe chilled-out beats on a slower, groovier tip. Under this broad genre heading, chunky rhythms based on hip hop beats rule supreme. Downtempo is usually instrumental-based music in the hip hop vein, but can also draw from jazz, film scores, dub and reggae, and world music. Its overall form depends on bass and funk. Like house and drum and bass musicians, downtempo artists create morphed soundscapes that draw from a long history of musical genres. Downtempo is constantly reinventing itself, spawning new and unique variations like the "British sound," "French trip hop," and the hip hop-heavy U.S. approach
Downtuningthe lower of the pitch of one or more strings on a plucked string instrument, for example, to facilitate chordal progressions, to change the timbre of the instrument, to increase the range, or to make it easier to barre
Doxasticof, pertaining to, or depending on opinion (i.e. conjectural)
doxastisch(German) doxastic
Doxologia(Latin) doxology
Doxologia major(Latin) or Greater Doxology, the Gloria in excelsis Deo, sung at the celebration of the Holy Eucharist
Doxologia minor(Latin) or Lesser Doxology, the Gloria patri sung at the end of Psalms and Canticles in the Anglican service
Doxologie(German f.) doxology
Doxology(from the Greek Doxa, 'glory', and logos, 'saying') liturgical formula of praise and honour to God. There are two forms, the doxologia major (Greater Doxology - the Gloria in Excelsis Deo in the Communion Service) and the doxologia minor (Lesser Doxology - the Gloria Patri at the end of each psalm)
Doxastariona codex containing doxastika (Greek: hymns in the Orthodox rite) set to unique melodies
Doxastikon (s.), Doxastika (pl.)iin the Orthodox rite, a hymn commencing with the Lesser Doxology (Doxa Patri)
Doyen (m.), Doyenne (f.)(German, French) dean, most senior person (of the diplomatic corps)
doyenné(French) the state of being the senior member of a body, institute, etc.
doze(Catalan) twelve
Dozent (m.), Dozentin (f.), Dozenten (pl.)(German) of Docent, (university) lecturer (particularly a foreigner employed to teach his own language), reader (university reader)
Dozentenstellung(German f.) readership
Dozentur(German f.) lectureship
Dozer(German m.) bulldozer
Doze sons(Portuguese) twelve tones, in reference to the principles of dodecaphony
dozieren(German) to pontificate, to lecture
d.p.abbreviation of 'director of photography'
DPCacronym for 'digital page composition'
DPhilabbreviation of 'Doctor of Philosophy'
Dpplgr.abbreviation of Doppelgriff (German: double stop)
Dpto.abbreviation of departamento (Spanish m.: department)