music dictionary : Ad - Ad

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AD, A.D.abbreviation of Anno Domine (Latin: in the year of Our Lord) or Anno Domini. It is conventionally placed before a number to show that it refers to a year following the birth of Christ, although contemporary experts generally agree that Christ was probably born in 3 BCE. These are fundamentals of the Christian calendar. Other cultures designate years according to other schemes. An alternative term for AD is CE, standing for Common Era, a less traditional term, but preferred because it avoids the bias inherent in an insistance upon referring to Christ
in Spanish, después de Cristo, or when abbreviated d. de C. or d. de J.C.
a.D.abbreviation of außer Dienst (German: retired - the English equivalent abbreviations are ret. and retd.)
a.d.abbreviation of 'assistant director'
adabbreviation of 'advertisement', anuncios breves (Spanish small ads)
ad(Latin) to
(Spanish) anuncio (familiar)
ad absurdum(Latin) to the point of absurdity
adacquare(Italian) to water, to irrigate
Adacquatolo(Italian m.) watering-can
ad acta(Latin) on file, in the archives
ad acta legen(Latin) to shelve
adag.abbreviation of adagio (Italian: slow)
Adage(English, French m.) traditional maxim, proverb
adage(French, from the Italian adagio, literally 'slowly') in dance, synonymous with adagio
adagiare(Italian) to lay down gently, to set down, to make comfortable
adagiarsi(Italian) to lie down, to stretch oneself out, to make oneself comfortable
adagietto(Italian) as an indication of tempo, generally faster (i.e. less slow) than adagio
(Italian) as an indication of the duration of a piece of music, a short adagio, kleines adagio (German)
as a tempo marking, adagietto can mean a little slower than adagio or a little quicker than adagio. The latter meaning is considered the more correct
as the title of a musical work (for example, the fourth movement of Mahler's Fifth Symphony)
adagino(Italian) synonymous with adagietto
Adagio(Italian m., Spanish m.) adage, proverb
Adagio(Spanish m., German n. from adagio (Italian m.), literally 'at ease', 'leisurely') as an indication of tempo, slow, leisurely, solemnly, generally slower than andante and faster than largo, langsam (German), gemächlich (German)
(Italian) softly
the adagio movement, written in a slow tempo, is often the second movement of a sonata, symphony, etc.
English ballet teachers use adage, the French adaptation, while Americans prefer the original Italian, adagio. In dancing it has two meanings:
a series of exercises following the centre practicethese consist of a succession of slow and graceful movements which may be simple or of the most complex character, performed with fluidity and apparent ease. These exercises develop a sustaining power, sense of line, balance and the beautiful poise, which enables the dancer to perform with majesty and grace. The principal steps of adagio are pliés, développés, grand fouetté en tournant, dégagés, grand rond de jambe, rond de jambeen l'air, coupés, battements tendus, attitudes, arabesques, preparations for pirouettes and all types of pirouettes
the opening section of the classical pas de deuxthe ballerina assisted by her male partner, performs the slow movements and enlèvements in which the danseur lifts, supports or carries the danseuse. The danseuse thus supported exhibits her grace, line and perfect balance while executing développés, pirouettes, arabesques and so on, and achieves combinations of steps and poses which would be impossible without the aid of her partner
adagio adagio(Italian) or adagio di molto (Italian), very slow
adagio assai(Italian) or adagio di molto (Italian), very slow and expressive, sehr langsam (German)
adagio cantabile e sostenuto(Italian) very slow in a sustained or singing style
adagio con gravità(Italian) slow with gravity and majesty
adagio di molto(Italian) or adagio adagio (Italian), very slow
adagio, ma non troppo(Italian) not too slow
adagio molto(Italian) or adagio di molto (Italian), very slow and expressive, sehr langsam (German)
adagio non lento(Italian) slowly, but not dragging
adagio non molto(Italian) not very slow
adagio non tanto(Italian) not very slow
adagio patetico(Italian) slowly and plaintive
adagio pesante(Italian) slowly and heavily, schwer lastendes (German)
adagio religioso(Italian) slowly and in a devotional manner
adagiosissimo(Italian) or adagissimo (Italian), (as an indication of tempo) generally much slower than adagio (that is, excessively slowly), äußerst langsam (German), so langsam wie möglich (German)
adagio sostenuto(Italian) slow and sustained
adagissimo(Italian) or adagiosissimo (Italian), (as an indication of tempo) generally much slower than adagio (that is, excessively slowly), äußerst langsam (German), so langsam wie möglich (German)
Adai-adaifrom Brunei, a group work song sung by fisherpeople
Adalid(Spanish m.) leader
ad alta voce(Italian) aloud, in a louder voice, mit lauter Stimme (German), laut (German)
Adam and Eveone of the two-couple figures danced in a circle of four people traditionally associated with square dancing
adamascado(Spanish) damask
à damier(French) chequered
Adamo(Nigeria) a talking drum
(Italian m.) Adam
Adam's applethe visible projection of the thyroid cartilage of the larynx at the front of the neck
a raised larynx is a leading problem for many aspiring singers. If you put your finger on your Adam's apple and yawn, you will feel it move up and back down. The lower position is where you need it to stay. Try to sing up a scale with your finger lightly touching your Adam's apple; if it rises more than 1/2" then you have some problems. A raised larynx will make it so your throat closes making high notes impossible, it will also make it hard to produce resonance, vibrato, etc. It's something you need to work with a qualified vocal coach to verify and correct. Try singing in front of a mirror to make sure you do not develop any physical problems
  • How to sing from which the second text entry has been taken
Adam's professiongardening, agriculture
Adaptablecapable of becoming or being made suitable to a particular situation or use
adaptable(Spanish) adaptable
Adaptación(Spanish f.) adaptation, adjustment
Adaptación cinematográfica(Spanish f.) screen version, screen adaptation
Adaptación teatral(Spanish f.) dramatisation
Adaptador(Spanish m.) adapter
adaptar(Spanish) to adapt (machinery, book, play), to fit (adjust), to convert
adaptarse(Spanish) to adapt oneself
adaptarse a ...(Spanish) to adapt to ... (something)
adaptarse a hacer ...(Spanish) to adapt to doing ... (something)
Adaptation(English, French f., German f.) arrangement of a piece of music, play etc, that has been modified to suit available forces or conditions
also called 'aural fatigue' or 'habituation', the process by which the ear's sensitivity to sound is changed by the presence of a constant sound or drone. The state of fatigue caused by such a load on the sensory cells and nerve fibres results in a gradual decrease in the apparent loudness of a constant tone or noise
  • Adaptation from which the second entry has been taken
Adapted melodiesadapted melodies are formed when the composer, having to put a melody to a new text, uses an extant traditional melody which he adapts, with such modifications as are necessary, to the new text
Adaptador(Portuguese m., Spanish m.) crook (extra tubing for a brass instrument)
Adapter (s.), Adapter (pl.)(German m.) adaptor, adaptor unit
adapter(French) to adapt, to fit (in the technical sense)
adaptieren(German) to adapt
adaptierend(German) adapting
adaptiert(German) adapted
Adaptierung(German f.) adaption, adjustment, adaptation
Adaptionsynonymous with adaptation
Adaptionsfähigkeit(German f.) adaptability
adaptiv(German) adaptive
Adaptive musicsee 'interactive music'
adaptive Musik(German f.) adaptive music
Adaptor (unit)device for making equipment compatible, device for connecting several electrical plugs to one socket
Adäquanz(German f.) adequacy
Adäquanztheorie(German f.) adequation theory (of truth)
adäquat(German) suitable, appropriate, adequate (reward, payment, translation, etc.)
adäquater(German) more adequate
Adarga(Spanish f.) shield
adatare da(Italian) as from
à dater de(French) as from
adattabile(Italian) adaptable
Adattamento(Italian m.) reduction, adaptation, fitness, suitablity, arrangement
adattare(Italian) to adapt, to adjust, to apply, to fit (suitable for its purpose), to suit
adattarsi(Italian) to adapt oneself, to accommodate oneself, to resign oneself, to be applicable, to suit, to fit
adatto(Italian) suitable, right, proper, suitable, adapted
adatto al mare(Italian) sea-worthy, sea-going
ADCabbreviation of aide de camp (French: a confidential attendant)
ad captandum vulgus(Latin, 'to appeal to the crowds'') to make promises solely to appeal to popular sentiment or prejudice
a. d. Chorabbreviation of aus dem Chor (German: from the choir - tiré du choeur (French))
ad clerum(Latin) (a sermon or pastoral letter) addressed to the clergy
ADCM, A.D.C.M.abbreviation of 'Archbishop of Canterbury's Diploma in Church Music', 'Associate Diploma in Church Music'
ad crumenam(Latin) (an argument) intended to appeal to the listener's financial sense
addebitare(Italian) to debit, to charge
Addedadditional to, ajouté (French m.), ajoutée (French f.), adquisita (Greek)
Added numbersseparate songs added purely as display items at a time when singers were perceived to have a greater value than composers. Mozart supplied additional arias for other composers' works, while Melba used to have a piano wheeled onto the stage turning the scene into a ballad concert frequently ending with a performance of Home, Sweet Home
Added seventha minor or major seventh added to a concluding major triad, for example, in jazz, the minor seventh which is one of the blues notes, or the major seventh played in tremolo over a tonic major triad by jazz pianists
Added sixtharising from Rameau's harmonic theories, and particularly his analysis of two chords in which the bass, as written, descends one degree, which his theory does not allow (for example, passing from the chord D F A C to C E G C), Rameau's solution was to treat the first chord as being F A C with an added sixth D so that the fundamental bass moves from F to C
first used by Debussy and other early twentieth-century composers, where a sixth is added to the major tonic triad, preferably of the fourth degree (and therefore with a subdominant function), usually treated as a consonance at the end of a phrase, although according to the formal rules of harmony the chord should be resolved to the tonic or more usually to the dominant. In the key of C major, the major triad on the subdominant is F-A-C and the sixth is therefore D. The chord can be thought of also as the first inversion of the chord of the supertonic 7th chord. The added sixth was taken up later by jazz pianists
Added tone chorda triadic chord with an extra "added" note, such as the added sixth. This includes chords with an added thirteenth and farther "extensions", but that do not include the intervening thirds as in an extended chord
Addendum (s.), Addenda (pl.)(Latin, from addendus, 'that which is to be added') a thing to be added, an appendix
Addendum(German n.) addendum (Latin), Zusatz (German m.), Nachtrag (German m.)
addentare(Italian) to seize (with the teeth, etc.), to bite, to censure, to carp at, to indent
addentato(Italian) cogged, notched (machinery)
addentrare(Italian) to drive in, to put in
addentrarsi(Italian) to penetrate, to plunge into, to study deeply
addentro(Italian) inside, well within
Addestramento(Italian m.) training (exercising), instruction, drilling (exercising)
addestrare(Italian) to train (exercise), to drill, to exercise, to instruct, to discipline, to break in (a horse)
Addetto(Italian m.) employee, (diplomatic) attaché
addetto(Italian) assigned (to a role, position, etc.), attached, belonging (to)
addi(Italian) or a di, the day of, on the
addierbar(German) summable
addieren(German) to figure up, to add up, to add, to sum up, to add up figures, to sum
Addierende Taktartbezeichnungen(German f.) additive time signature (for example, 2+3+2/8)
addierend(German) adding
Addierfehler(German m.) adding mistake
Addiermaschine(German f.) adding machine
addiert(German) aggregated, figured up
addierte(German) added
Addietro(Italian m.) rear, hind part, stern (of a ship)
addietro(Italian) back, backward, behind, previously, ago
Addio(Italian m.) goodbye
additato(Italian) fingered
Additif(French m.) rider (note), additive (substance)
Additionin music, an addition is a dot at the right side of a note, indicating that its duration is to be lengthened one half
Addition(French f.) bill, check (in the US) (in a café, restaurant, etc.)
Addition(German f.) summation, addition
additional(English, German) additional, zusätzlich
Additional accompanimentinstrumental part or parts added to or modified in a composition by some person other than the original author, for example, a realisation of a figured bass
Additional keysthose keys that play notes higher than f''' (F in alt) on the piano
those keys that have been added to standardised key systems on wind-instruments, particularly flutes
Additionen(German pl.) additions
Additionsprinzip(German n.) summation principle
Additionszeichen(German n.) addition sign
Additiv(German n.) additive
additiv(German) additive
Additive colourred, green, and blue (RGB) are the three additive primaries. Additive colour theory is based on effects of projected light on human perception, and not the properties of light itself. Primates only have receptors in their retinas to perceive RGB colours. When additive primaries are equally mixed together they produce all visible wavelengths that are seen as white light. When only two additive colours are mixed, a third colour is made visible in the form of a secondary additive color; blue plus green makes cyan, red and green make yellow, and blue and red create magenta. All the colours of light can be made to the eye by combining different proportions of these additive primaries
Additive meteradditive time signature
or 'additive time signature', patterns of beats that subdivide into smaller, irregular groups, for example, 3 + 2 + 3 = 8; a meter common in certain types of Eastern European and African music
Additive monsterin contrast with the composite monster, mythologists and folklorists use the label additive monster to describe a creature from mythology or legend that has an altered number of body parts rather than body parts from multiple animals added together
Additive rhythmin music, additive rhythms are larger periods of time constructed from sequences of smaller rhythmic units added to the end of the previous unit. This is contrasted with divisive rhythms, in which a larger period of time is divided into smaller rhythmic units
see 'additive meter'
additiver Rhythmus(German m.) additive rhythm
additive Synthese(German f.) additive synthesis
Additive synthesisthe process of constructing a complex sound using a series of fundamental frequencies (pure tones or sine waves). Each of the fundamental frequencies usually has its own amplitude envelope which allows independent control of each partial (harmonic). Pipe organs or Hammond organs are both instruments which are based on additive synthesis
Additive time signaturesee 'additive meter'
Additivo(Italian m.) additive
addizionale(Italian) additional
addizionalmente(Italian) additionally
addlabbreviation of 'additional'
addn(s)abbreviation of 'addition(s)'
addobbare(Italian) to decorate (for example, a room)
Addobbo(Italian m.) decoration
addolcendo(Italian) becoming sweet, softening, soft or dolce, sanft werdend (German), abmildernd (German), en adoucissant (French)
addolcire(Italian) to tone down (a colour), to soften
addolcirsi(Italian) to mellow (figurative)
addolorare(Italian) to grieve
addolorato(Italian, literally 'pained' or 'grieved') plaintive, in a mournful manner, sorrowfully, sadly, with an expression of grief, wehmütig (German), schmerzerfüllt (German)
Addome(Italian m.) abdomen
addominale(Italian) abdominal
Add-on(German n.) expansion pack
addossarsi(Italian) to crowd, to shoulder (responsibility, burden)
addurre(Italian) to adduce
addurre esempi(Italian) to give examples
Add2 chords
Ad-duff(Mozambique) frame drum
Ade!(German) Good bye!
ade(German) goodbye
A. de C.(Spanish) abbreviation of antes de Cristo (Spanish: before Christ, in English usually expressed as BC)
adecentar(Spanish) to clean (up), to tidy (up)
adecentarse(Spanish) to tidy oneself up
a decir de todos(Spanish) by all accounts, according to all accounts, from all accounts
a decir verdad(Spanish) to tell the truth, as a matter of fact, being completely honest
à découvert(French) exposed, openly (figurative)
Adecuación(Spanish f.) suitability
adecuadamente(Spanish) suitably
adecuado (m.), adecueda (f.)(Spanish) suitable, right, adequate
adecuar(Spanish) to make suitable, to adapt
adecuar ... a ...(Spanish) to adapt ... to ...
à défaut de(French) for lack of
Adefesio(Spanish m.) a ridiculous person, monstrosity (object), eyesore (object), an ugly person, a fright (to look a fright), a sight (pejorative: to look a sight)
adeguare(Italian) to adjust
adeguarsi(Italian) to conform
adeguato(Italian) adequate, consistent (conforms)
A. de J.C.(Spanish m.) abbreviation of antes de Jesucristo (Spanish: before Christ, the equivalent in English being BC)
Adekaha section of Genesis including Genesis 22:1-19, of foundational importance in the three Abrahamic traditions of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
Adel(German m.) aristocracy, nobility, for example mit Adel (German: in a lofty style)
Adelaidea song, Op. 46, by Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), written in 1794/5 for high voice and piano, to a poem by the German Romantic poet, Friedrich von Matthisson (1761-1831)
Adelantado(Spanish m.) the governor of a (Spanish) province, a grandee (hence any figure of importance)
in English usage, sometimes shortened to lantedo
adelantado (m.), adelantada (f.)(Spanish) advanced (in studies, for one's age), precocious (child), fast (clock, watch), well (making good progress in one's studies)
Adelantamiento(Spanish m.) advance(ment), overtaking (car, bus, lorry)
adelantar(Spanish) to advance, to gain, to move ... forward, to speed up (accelerate), to put ... forward (clock, watch), to bring forward, to overtake (car, bus, lorry), to pass (overtake), to pass ... forward (ball), to go forward, to gain (clock, watch), to be fast (clock, watch), to get on with (work, task), to make progress
adelantar a(Spanish) to be ahead of (one's time)
adelantarse(Spanish) to advance, to go ahead, to move forward, to gain (clock, watch), to overtake (car, bus, lorry), to be early, to arrive early
adelantarse a los acontecimientos(Spanish) to jump the gun (figurative)
adelante(Spanish) forward, at the front, in front (at the front), on (to go on)
¡adelante!(Spanish) come in!, carry on!, forward! (march)
adelante de(Spanish - Latin America) in front of
Adelanto(Spanish m.) advance, progress
Aadelfa(Spanish f.) oleander, rosebay
adelgazador(Spanish) slimming
Adelgazamiento(Spanish m.) slimming
Adelgazante(Spanish m.) slimming
adelgazante(Spanish) weight reducing, slimming
adelgazar(Spanish) to make thin, to reduce (dimensions of a piece of wood, walls, etc.), to make thinner (wall, piece of wood), to lose (weight), to lose weight, to slim, to slim down
adelgazarse(Spanish) to lose weight, to slim
adelig(German) noble, aristocratic
Adeliger (m.), Adelige (f.)(German) aristocrat
adeliger Herr(German m.) Lord
adeln(German) to ennoble
adelnd(German) ennobling
Adelserziehung(German f.) courtly education
Adelsfamilie(German f.) gentry family, noble family, aristocratic family
Adelsfamilien(German pl.) nobility
Adelsgeschlecht(German n.) nobility, noble family
Adelshaus(German n.) noble house
Adelskalender(German m.) Almanach de Gotha
Adelsklasse(German f.) gentry class
Adelspartei(German f.) aristocratic party
Adelssitz(German m.) aristocratic estate
Adelsstand(German m.) noble rank, peerage, nobility
Adelstitel(German m.) title (of nobility)
Adelswürde(German f.) peerage
adelt(German) ennobles
adelte(German) ennobled
Adel verpflichtet(German) noblesse oblige
Adem(Dutch) breath
Ademán (s.), Ademanes (pl.)(Spanish m.) expression, gesture, manners (mode of behaviour: plural form)
además(Spanish) besides, also, as well, what's more, anyway, moreover, furthermore, too (as well)
además de(Spanish) besides, apart from, as well as
además de eso(Spanish) besides this, apart from this, as well as this, furthermore
además habla ruso(Spanish) she speaks Russian too
a de menos que(Spanish) unless
Ademhalingstechniek(Dutch) breathing technique
à demi(French) (only) half
à demi détaché(French) or détaché (French), slightly separated, halb abgestoßen (German)
à demi-jeu(French) with (only) half the power or strength of the instrument, equivalent to mezza voce (Italian) and mezzo forte (Italian)
à demi-voix(French) with (only) half the power of the voice, equivalent to mezza voce (Italian) and mezzo forte (Italian)
a dentelladas(Spanish) with the teeth, with bites
adentrarse en(Spanish) to study thoroughly, to penetrate into, to go deep into, to go into (study thoroughly)
adentro(Spanish) in(side)
adentro de(Spanish - Latin America) in, inside
a Deo at Rege(Latin) from God and the King
A.Dep.abbreviation of anno depositionis (Latin: in the year of completion - a calendar used by some Royal and Select Masters (Masons) which begins at the completion of Solomon's Temple, where 1000 is added to the Christian Era date)
adept(from Latin adeptus, 'having reached', 'attained') thorough and accomplished
Adepto (m.), Adepta (f.)(Spanish) supporter, follower
adepto (m.) a, adepta (f.) a(Spanish) supporter of, follower of - as in, ser adepto a ... (Spanish, 'to be a follower of ...')
Ader (s.), Adern (pl.)(German f.) purfling (inlay), core, lode, strand, vein, reef, conductor, blood vessel, streak (figurative)
Aderbruch erleiden(German) to break a blood vessel
a derecha(Spanish) on the right-hand side
a derechas(Spanish) correctly, in a proper way, properly, rightly
Aderendhülse(German f.) ferrule, bootlace ferrule
Aderendhülsenzange(German f.) crimping pliers for end sleeves
Aderente(Italian m./f.) follower, adherent
aderente(Italian) adhesive, tight (fit of clothing)
Aderenza(Italian f.) adhesion
Aderenze(Italian f. pl.) connections
aderezar(Spanish) to flavour, to season (food), to dress (salad), to liven up
aderezarse(Spanish) to dress up
Aderezo(Spanish m.) flavouring, seasoning (condiments), dressing (for salads)
Aderlass(German m.) blood-letting, bloodletting, venesection, phlebotomy
Aderlasser(German m.) bleeder, bloodletter
Adernpaar(German n.) pair of conductors
Adernschluss(German m.) interwire short
Aderpresse(German f.) tourniquet
aderton(Swedish) eighteen
Aderumhüllung(German f.) conductor sheath (cable)
Äderung(German f.) veining
ade sagen(German) to say goodbye
a descubierto(Spanish) unsecured (loan, debt)
a descuento(Spanish) at a discount, below par
a desgana(Spanish) half-heartedly, reluctantly, without much enthusiasm, without much interest
a deshora(Spanish) at an inconvenient time, at the wrong moment, inopportunely
(Spanish) at the wrong time, at an unreasonable hour, at some unearthly hour, unexpectedly, untimely, prematurely
a deshoras(Spanish) at an inconvenient time, at the wrong moment, inopportunely
(Spanish) suddenly, unexpectedly
Adesione(Italian f.) adhesion, agreement
adesivo(Italian) adhesive
a desmano(Spanish) out of reach
a desnivel(Spanish) split-level
a despecho de(Spanish) in spite of, despite, in defiance of, in despite of
à dessein(French) intentionally
a destajo(Spanish) by the piece, by piecework, by the job
Adeste Fideles(Latin) O come, all ye faithful
a destiempo(Spanish) à contre-temps (French), against the beat, syncopated
(Spanish) at the wrong time, at the wrong moment, inopportunely, extempore
à destination de(French) (going) to
a destra(Italian) for the right hand, rechts (German), für die rechte Hand (German)
a detrimento di(Italian) detrimental to
adeudar(Spanish) to owe
adeudarse(Spanish) to get into debt
ad eundem gradum(Latin) (reference) to admission to the same degree at a different university
Adeudo(Spanish m.) debit
à deux(French) (a meeting, a meal) for two persons, two persons in private together without the presence of a third person (i.e. tête-à-tête), in zweistimmiger Besetzung (German: (music) scored for two (performers))
à deuxwith reference to meter, abbreviation of à deux temps (French: in duple time, i.e. two beats in a bar or measure), zu zweit (German: two at a time)
(French) the equivalent of a due (Italian), a dos (Spanish) - the exact meaning of which depends on context:
orchestral instrumentsnormally two on the same staff (for example flute 1 and flute 2the two instruments should play in unison and is often used after a divisi
group of instrumentsnormally all in unison, for example, all the first violinsthey should divide each half taking one of the two lines on the staff, that is they should divisi
vocal or instrumental musicindicates that the work has two independent parts
à deux choeurs(French) for two choirs, a due cori (Italian)
à deux claviers manuels(French) double manual, a due manuali (Italian)
à deux cordes(French) in string playing, playing on two strings, usually the same note played on both strings to strengthen the note, auf zwei Saiten (German), zweichörig (German), a due corde (Italian), sobre dos cuerdas (Spanish)
on the piano, using the left hand pedal, a half shift (so that two rather than the normal three strings per note are struck by the hammers), a due corde (Italian), beim Klavierspiel mit halber Verschiebung (German)
à deux cymballes(French) with two cymbals
à deux huit(French) in 2/8 time
à deux mains(French) for two hands, zu zwei Händen (German), zweihändig (German - piano music), a due mani (Italian)
à deux quatre(French) in 2/4 time
à deux temps(French) in common time, in duple time (usually 2/2 time), a due tempi (Italian)
à deux voix(French) for two voices, in two parts, für zwei Stimmen (German), zweistimmig (German), a due voci (Italian), a dos voces (Spanish)
ad finem(Latin) towards the end (of a page, chapter, etc.), bis zum Ende (German), gegen Ende zu (mit Musizieranweisung) (German)
ad fontes(Latin, 'to the sources') motto of Renaissance Humanism
adgoabbreviated form of adagio
adgoabbreviated form of adagio
Adhan(Arabic) the Islamic call to prayer, which is heard from the minaret (a tower attached to the mosque) at the times of prayer throughout the Arab and Muslim world
adhärent(German) adherent
Adhärenz(German f.) adherence
Adhäsion(German f.) adhesion
adhäsionsarm(German) low adhesion
Adhäsionskraft(German f.) adhesive force
adhäsiv(German) adhesive, anhaftend (German)
Adhäsivpaste(German f.) adhesive paste
Adherencia(Spanish f.) adhesion, grip (roadholding), roadholding, adherence (figuratively), adhesiveness
Adherencia absoluta(Spanish f.) perfect bond
Adherendone of the surfaces held to another by an adhesive
Adhérent (m.), Adhérente (f.)(French) member
Adherente(Spanish m.) adherent, follower
adherente(Spanish) adhesive, joining
adhérer(French) to adhere, to stick
adhérer à(French) to stick to
adherir(Spanish) to stick, to stick on, to stick
adherirse(Spanish) to stick, to follow (figurative), to give one's support, to join (club, movement)
adherirse a(Spanish) to give one's support to
Adhésif(French m.) adhesive
adhésif (m.), adhésive (f.)(French) adhesive
Adhesionabnormal union of bodily tissues (most common in the abdomen), union of the sides of a wound, attachment, the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
Adhésion(French f.) membership, support
Adhesión(Spanish f.) adhesion, joining, adherence, support (figuratively)
Adhesivemanmade product used to bond and fasten materials together. Although they may do the same or similar jobs, adhesives differ from glue in one fundamental way; adhesive is made from synthetic materials while glue is made from organic material, such as horses' hooves. Many adhesives can be used on a variety of jobs but some are very specific
Adhesive bindinga term used in the printing industry, a style of threadless binding in which the leaves of a book are held together at the binding edge by glue or synthetic adhesive and suitable lining
Adhesivo(Spanish m.) adhesive, sticker
adhesivo (m.), adhesiva (f.)(Spanish) adhesive, sticky
ad hoc(Latin, 'for this purpose') for a particular reason or purpose, hastily improvised, made up at the time
ad hoc decisions are made as and when a situation demands, ad hoc committees are formed to address a particular issue, ad hoc meetings would take place to discuss specific matters
in Spanish, also adecuado, apropiado
Ad-hoc-Ausschuss(German m.) ad hoc committee
ad-hoc-Gesellschaft(German f.) consortium
Ad-hoc-Lösung(German f.) workaround
Ad-hoc-Mitteilung(German f.) ad-hoc message, ad-hoc report
ad hominem(Latin, literally 'to a man') appealing to someone's sentiments or prejudices rather than to their intellect
Ad hominem fallacyan argument that attacks a person because of the similarity between the views of someone making an argument and other proponents of the argument
ad honorem(Latin) honour that carries no material advantage
adiacente(Italian) adjacent
adiacente a(Italian) next to
Adiaphonean instrument developed from the Adiaphonon, a keyboard instrument in which hammers strike tuning forks instead of strings or metal rods
Adiaphononan instrument invented by the watchmaker Schuster of Vienna in 1819, a keyboard instrument with a range of six octaves in which hammers strike metal rods instead of strings
a diario(Spanish) daily, every day
a diario una manzana es cosa sana(Spanish) an apple a day keeps the doctor away
a diario una manzana es una cosa sana(Spanish) an apple a day keeps the doctor away
a días(Spanish) from time to time, now and then, sometimes
a días alternos(Spanish) on alternate days, every other day
Adiastematie(German f.) adiastematic (notation)
Adiastematicnotation that gives an idea of how a melody moves (i.e. up or down) but without specify exact pitch, for example adiastematic neumes
adiastematisch(German) adiastematic (for example, neumes)
adibire a(Italian) to put to use as
Adicción(Spanish f.) addiction
Adicción a la cocaína(Spanish f.) cocaine addiction
Adicción a la heroína(Spanish f.) heroin addiction
Adicción al ajenjo(Spanish f.) absinthe addiction
Adicción a la nicotina(Spanish f.) nicotine addiction
Adicción a los somníferos(Spanish f.) addiction to sleeping pills
a dicha(Spanish) by luck, by chance
Adición(Spanish f.) addition (mathematics)
(Spanish f. - Argentina, Uruguay) bill (at the end of a meal)
adicionado(Spanish) added to
adicional(Spanish) additional
adicionar(Spanish) to add
adictivo (m.), adictiva (f.)(Spanish) adjetivo addictive
Adicto (m.), Adicta (f.)(Spanish) follower, addict, supporter
adicto (m.), adicta (f.)(Spanish) devoted, addicted
adicto a ...(Spanish) addicted to ... (something)
Adicto al trabajo(Spanish m.) workaholic
Adictos a la cocaína(Spanish cocaine addicts
ad idem(Latin) of the same mind
a dieittura(Italian) directly, straight
Adience(in psychology) an urge to accept or approach a situation or an object
Adient(in psychology) of or pertaining to acceptance or approach
adiestrado(Spanish) trained
Adiestramiento(Spanish m.) training
adiestrar(Spanish) to train
adiestrarse(Spanish) to practise
a diestra y siniestra(Spanish) right and left
a diestro y siniestro(Spanish) right and left, at large
a dieta(Spanish) on a diet
Adieu (s.), Adieux (pl.)(French m., from the phrase à Dieu vous commant, I commend you to God) goodbye, farewell
originally 'farewell' was said to a person leaving, while 'adieu' was said to the person remaining
'Adieux' Sonata(in full Les adieux, l'absence et le retour) the title given by the publisher to Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 26, in E flat major, Op. 81a, written in 1809-1810, dedicated to Archduke Rudolph on his departure from Vienna arising from the French attack on the city by Napoléon Bonaparte, and which Beethoven called Das Lebewohl
a diferencia de(Spanish) unlike, as distinguished from, in distinction from
a differenza di(Italian) unlike
a digiuno(Italian) on an empty stomach
Adinerado (m.), Adinerada (f.)(Spanish) wealthy person, rich person
adinerado (m.), adinerada (f.)(Spanish) wealthy, rich, moneyed
ad infinitum(Latin) endlessly, to infinity, without end, forming an infinite series
in Spanish, also infinitamente, ilimitado, sinfín
ad initium(Latin) at the beginning, am Anfang (German), zu Beginn (mit Musizieranweisung) (German)
ad inquirendum(Latin) ordering an inquiry to be made into some matter of public interest
ad interim(Latin) for the time being, temporary, provisional, provisionally
Adiós(Spanish, from the phrase a dios vos acomiendo, I commend you to God) goodbye, bye (colloquial), bye-bye, farewell, adieu, hello (when passing somebody)
¡adiós!(Spanish) oh blast! for goodness sake!
Adiós a nuestras ilusiones(Spanish) end of all our dreams and hopes
a Dios gracias(Spanish) thanks to God, God be thanked
a Dios mi dinero(Spanish) another thing gone down the drain, another thing gone to pot
a Dios rogando y con el mazo dando(Spanish) Heaven helps those who help themselves, God helps those who help themselves, there is no gain without pain
adipös(German) adipose, obese
Adipositas(German f.) obesity, adiposity
adiposo (m.), adiposa (f.)(Spanish) adipose
Adipsia(medical term) absence of thirst or avoidance of drinking
adiratamente(Italian) angrily, sternly, wrathful, zornig (German), aufgebracht (German), coléreusement (French)
adirato(Italian) stizzito (Italian), angry, angered, in an angry manner, irate, irritated, infuriated, erzürnt (German), wütend (German), zornerfüllt (German), en colère (French)
adire(Italian) to resort to
adire le vie legali(Italian) to take legal proceedings
a discapito di(Italian) to the detriment of
a discreción(Spanish) at one's discretion, ad lib. (Latin), at will
a discreción de(Spanish) at the sole discretion of
a discreción de él(Spanish) at his discretion
a discreción de ella(Spanish) at her discretion
a discreción de ellas(Spanish) at their discretion
a discreción de ellos(Spanish) at their discretion
a discreción de las partes(Spanish) at-will
a discreción de uno(Spanish) at one's discretion
a discreción mía(Spanish) at my discretion
a discreción nuestra(Spanish) at our discretion
a discreción suya(Spanish) at your discretion
a discreción tuya(Spanish) at your discretion
a discreción vuestra(Spanish) at your discretion
à discrétion(French) as much as one desires
a disgusto(Spanish) reluctantly, against one's will, unwillingly, begrudgingly, with regret
a dismisura(Italian) excessively
a dispetto di(Italian) in spite of
a disposición(Spanish) at hand, close at hand
(Spanish) at your service
a disposición de(Spanish) at the service of, at the disposal of
a disposición de él(Spanish) at his disposal
a disposición de ella(Spanish) at her disposal
a disposición de ellas(Spanish) at their disposal
a disposición de ellos(Spanish) at their disposal
a disposición de usted(Spanish) at your disposal
a disposición mía(Spanish) at my disposal
a disposición nuestra(Spanish) at our disposal
a disposición tuya(Spanish) at our disposal
a disposición vuestra(Spanish) at our disposal
a distancia(Spanish) from a distance, from afar, at a distance, distantly, far, afar, far afield
(Spanish) remote, long-distance
a distancia segura(Spanish) at a safe distance
a distinción de(Spanish) as opposed to, as distinct from, as distinguished from, in contrast to, in distinction to, in distinction from
Adit(from the Latin, aditus, approach, entrance) entrance
Aditamento(Spanish m.) addition, accessory
Aditivo(Spanish m.) additive
aditivo (m.), aditiva (f.)(Spanish) additive
adito(Italian) entrance (delight)
Aditus(Latin) an approach, the opening to some interior space or cavity
adiuvare(Latin) assist
Adivinación(Spanish f.) divination, guessing (conjecture)
Adivinador(Spanish m.) fortune-teller
Adivino (m.), Adivina (f.)(Spanish) fortune-teller
Adivinanza(Spanish f.) riddle, puzzle
adivinar(Spanish) to foretell, to guess, to predict
adivinar el pensamiento(Spanish) to read thoughts, to mind-read
adivinarse(Spanish) to be visible (lights, moon, etc.)
adj.abbreviation of 'adjective' (word used to describe or modify a noun or pronoun), adjetivo (Spanish)
Adja(Brazil) metal bell
Adjectiveword used to describe or modify a noun or pronoun
Adjektiv (s.), Adjektive (pl.)(German n.) adjective
adjektivisch(German) adjectivally, adjective, adjectival
adjetivar(Spanish) to describe, to use as an adjective
Adjetivo(Spanish m.) adjective
adjetivo (m.), adjetiva (f.)(Spanish) adjectival
adj invabbreviation of adjetivo invariable (Spanish m.: invariable adjective)
adjoindre(French) to appoint (a person)
Adjoint (m.), Adjointe (f.)(French) assistant, deputy
Adjudicación(Spanish f.) award, sale (in an auction), allocation, awarding (contract)
¡adjudicado!(Spanish) sold!
adjudicar(Spanish) to award, to allot, to allocate
adjudicarse(Spanish) to appropriate, to take over
Adjudicatario(Spanish m.) the winner of an award
adjudizieren(German) to adjudge
adjuger(French) to award, to auction
Adjunct(from the Latin, adjungere, joined to) closely related, as, for example, scales or keys to one another
Adjunct notesnotes not essential to the harmony (that is, auxiliary notes) whether they occur on accented or unaccented parts of the bar, although some authors restrict the term only to those non-essential notes that occur on unaccented parts of the bar
adjungiert(German) adjoint, adjunct
adjuntar(Spanish) to enclose
Adjunto (m.), Adjunta (f.)(Spanish) assistant (teacher)
adjunto (m.), adjunta (f.)(Spanish) enclosed, attached, assistant (auxiliary), associate (professor), deputy (director)
Adjunto dirección técnica (m.), Adjunta dirección técnica (f.)(Spanish m.) assistant to the technical director, technical director's assistant
Adjurationa solemn and earnest appeal to someone to do something
Adjuster(English) or Feinstimmer (German m.), also called a 'string adjuster', a device fitted to stringed instruments to assist in the fine tuning of individual strings
adjustieren(German) to adjust
Adjutant (m.), Adjutantin (f.)(German) adjutant, aide-de-camp
Adjuvans(German n.) adjuvant
adjuvant(German) adjuvant
Adjuvant (s.), Adjuvanten (pl.)(German m.) assistant(s)
Adjuvantchor(German m.) see Adjuvantenchor (German m.)
Adjuvantenchor (s.), Adjuvantenchöre (pl.)(German m.) community church choir or chorus. An Adjuvantenchor can consist both of vocalists and instrumentalists
although the Adjuvanten choirs existed sporadically in various parts of German during times when the interest in these organizations was growing, the main activities of such groups originated and were centered in Saxony and Thuringia with only some instances where they spread northwards to reach as far as Hamburg where records for such organizations were also found. In rural areas, where the Kantoreien were practically non-existent, the Adjuvantenchöre became the counterpart to the Kantoreien in the larger towns and villages and sang during the church services following the musical trends established by the Kantoreien elsewhere in more populated areas
Adjuvanten-gesellschaften(German, literally 'company of assistants') professional associations of men who sang in Lutheran choirs
it was usual for school boys who had graduated and whose voices had changed to continue to sing for the church as adult tenors and basses. These singers were largely professionals who were moved by musical interests and devotion to continue singing. Membership fees were charged and members were entitled to elaborate music at their funerals. Rehearsals always closed with food and drink and wives were invited to these "collationes". They were most active from 1648 to 1700. The decline of Adjuvantenchöre came as a result of the attitudes promulgated by Pietism and later the Enlightenment, both of which frowned upon the activities of these organizations for different reasons. Nevertheless, some of them persisted well into the late eighteenth century. In all male choirs, the high soprano and alto parts were sung by falsettists
ad l.abbreviation of ad libitum (Latin: at will)
Adler(German m.) eagle
Adler-(German) aquiline
Adlerauge(German n.) eagle eye (figurative)
Adleraugen haben(German) to be hawk-eyed
adleräugig(German) eagle-eyed
Adlerfarn(German m.) bracken
Adler, Guido (Hugo)
Bohemian-Austrian musicologist and writer
Adlerhorst(German m.) eyrie
Adlerjunges(German n.) eaglet
Adlernase(German f.) hooked nose, aquiline nose
adlernasig(German) aquiline-nosed
Adlerschnabel(German m.) eagle's beak
Adlersuchsystem(German n.) hunt and peck (colloquial)
ad lib.abbreviation of ad libitum (Latin: at will)
Ad Libbingacting without having planned what to do or say, often done to cover up for something having gone wrong or for forgotten lines
ad libit.abbreviation of ad libitum (Latin: at will)
ad libitum(English, French, Spanish, ad-libitum (German), from Latin, literally 'at will' - most commonly abbreviated ad lib.) nach Belieben (German), at pleasure, as much as desired, as you wish it, synonymous with a piacere (Italian), recitativo (Italian), senza misura (Italian), senza tempo (Italian), a suo arbitrio (Italian), a capriccio (Italian), a piacimento (Italian), a bene placito (Italian), the opposite of obbligato. In other words, to depart from the written notes or script and improvise
ad-libitum Besetzung(German f.) ad libitum instrumentation
ad libitur(Latin) as desired
adlig(German) aristocratic, aristocratical, noble
adlig von Geburt(German) of noble birth
adlige Familie(German f.) noble family
adlige Persönlichkeit(German f.) noble personality
Adliger (m.), Adlige (f.), Adlige (pl.)(German) nobleman, aristocrat, patrician, member of the upper class, member of the ruling class
adliger Abstammung sein(German) to descend from aristocracy
ad litem(Latin, 'for the suit') a temporary appointment which continues for the duration of a suit or action at law
ad locum(Latin) at the place
Ad longum(Latin) or Gros-Fa, applied by early authorities to compositions consisting of notes of equal duration, and those the longest in use (breves or semibreves)
Adm(Spanish) abbreviation of Administración (Spanish f.: Administration)
ad maiorem Dei gloriam(Latin) for the greater glory of God, the motto of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits)
ad majorem Dei gloriam(Latin) for the greater glory of God, the motto of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits)
admettre(French) to pass (a candidate in an examination)
Adminiculo(Spanish m.) thing, gadget
Administración(Spanish f.) administration, management, authorities, administrator's office, manager's office
Administración central(Spanish f.) central government
Administración pública(Spanish f.) civil service
Administracion regional(Spanish f.) regional government
Administrador (m.), Adminstratora (f.)(Spanish) administrator, manager
administrador (m.), adminstratora (f.)(Spanish) administrating, managing
administrar(Spanish) to run ( a business, etc.), to manage, to give (to administer medicine, sacraments, etc.), to administer
administrarse(Spanish) to adminster one's money
administrarse bien(Spanish) to adminster one's money well
administrarse mal(Spanish) to adminster one's money badly
Administrateur (m.), Administratrice (f.)(French) administrator, director
Administration (English, German f.) the individual or collective management (direction) of any commercial or political office, business, or organization
administrativ(German) administrative, administratively
Administrativo (m.), Adminstrativa (f.)(Spanish) functionary, official, office worker, adminstrative assistant, adminstrative officer, clerk
administrativo (m.), adminstrativa (f.)(Spanish) administrative
Administrator(German m.) adminstrator
administrieren(German) to manage
administrieren(German) to administer
admirabel(German) admirable
Admirabledeserving of the highest esteem or admiration
admirable(Spanish) admirable
Admiración(Spanish f.) admiration, amazement, exclamation mark (!)
Admirador (m.), Admiradora (f.)(Spanish) an admirer
admirador (m.), admiradora (f.)(Spanish) admiring
Admiral(German m.) admiral
Admiralität(German f.) admiralty
admirar(Spanish) to admire, to amaze, to surprise, to astound, to astonish
admirarse(Spanish) to be astonished, to be amazed
admirarse de ...(Spanish) to be astonished at ..., to be amazed at ..., to be amazed about ...
Admirateur (m.), Admiratrice (f.)(French) admirer
Admirationoriginally meaning 'a wondering at', the meaning has weaken over time
admirativo (m.), admirativa (f.)(Spanish) admiring
ad misericordium(Latin) (an argument) appealing to the compassion of the listener, (a plea) for mercy
Admisibilidad(Spanish f.) admissibility
admisible(Spanish) acceptable, admissible
Admisión(Spanish f.) admission, acceptance
(Spanish f.) inlet, intake (technical)
reservado de delrecho de admición (Spanish: the management reserves the right to refuse admission)
admissible(French) eligible (candidate for a job, course, etc.)
admitir(Spanish) to admit, to accept, to let in, to allow, to acknowledge, to hold (the capacity of a room)
admito que hice una tontería(Spanish) I admit I did a silly thing
Admittanz(German f.) admittance
admón.(Spanish) abbreviation of administración (Spanish: administration - the English equivalent is 'admin.')
Admonición(Spanish f.) warning, admonition, admonishment
admonitorio (m.), admonitoria (f.)(Spanish) admonitory, warning
ADMT, A.D.M.T.abbreviation of 'Associate Diploma in Music Teaching'
ADNabbreviation of acide désoxyribonucléique (French m.: DNA)
abbreviation of ácido desoxirribonucleico (Spanish m.: DNA)
ad nauseum(Latin, 'to a sickening extent') to the point of making one sick
in Spanish, also ad násueam
adoabbreviated form of adagio (Italian: at leisure)
adobar(Spanish) to pickle (culinary), to marinade, to cure (meat), to twist (figurative)
Adobe(Spanish m., German m.) an unbaked brick dried in the sun
Adobera(Spanish f.) mould for making (sun-dried) bricks
a doble espacio(Spanish) double-spaced
a doble página(Spanish) double-page (as in 'double-page spread')
Adobo(Spanish m.) pickle, marinade
adocchiare(Italian) to eye (look at), to covet
adocenado (m.), adocenada (f.)(Spanish) ordinary, commonplace, common-or-garden, run of the mill
adocenarse(Spanish) to become commonplac, to become common
Adoctrinamiento(Spanish m.) indoctrination
adoctrinar(Spanish) to indoctrinate
Adodo(Ghana) a cluster of non-resonant bells forged to each end of a metal rod
a doisee a duoi
adolecer(Spanish) to be ill, to suffer from, to lack (suffer from a lack of)
adolecer de(Spanish) to suffer with (some complaint), to suffer from ... (something)
adolecer de falta de nervio(Spanish) to lack vigour
adolecer de pesimismo(Spanish) to suffer from pessimism
Adolescencia(Spanish f.) adolescence
Adolescente (s.), Adolescentes (pl.)(Spanish m./f.) adolescent (general and technical use), teenager (non-technical use)
adolescente(Spanish) adolescent, teenage
Adoleszent (m.), Adoleszentin (f.)(German) adolescent
adoleszent(German) adolescent
Adoleszenz(German f.) adolescence
adombrare(Italian) to darken, to veil
ad omnem tonum(Latin) from every note
à domicile(French) at home
a domicilio(Spanish) at home
adonde(Spanish) where
a dónde(Spanish) where
adónde(Spanish) where (to)?
a donde el corazón se inclina el pie camina(Spanish) home is where the heart is
adondequiera que vayas(Spanish) wherever you go
a donde sea(Spanish) anywhere, anyplace
Adondo(Ghana) a talking drum
Adoniasee 'Adonic feasts'
Adonic feastsor Adonia, ancient feasts instituted in honour of Aphrodite and Adonis, and observed with great solemnity in Assyria, Alexandira, Egypt, Judea, Persia, Cyprus, Greece and Rome. They that lasted two days, and were celebrated by women exclusively. On the first day, they brought into the streets statues of Adonis, which were laid out as corpses; and they observed all the rites customary at funerals, beating themselves and uttering lamentations, in imitation of the cries of Venus for the death of her paramour. The second day was spent in merriment and feasting; because Adonis was allowed to return to life, and spend half of the year with Aphrodite
  • Adonia from which some of this extract has been taken
Adonidie(Greek) a song of the ancient Greeks dedicated to Adonis
Adonie(Greek) or adonion (Greek), a melody performed on flutes (tibiae embaterie) by the Lacedaemonians when led to battle
Adonis(Greek, English, German m., Spanish m.) figure from Greek mythology
(English, German m., Spanish m., reference to Adonis, a figure from Greek mythology) hunk (a beautiful man)
Adopción(Spanish f.) adoption
a doppio(Italian) with two, paired, à deux, mit zwei
adoptar(Spanish) to adopt (child, nationality, attitude, custom), to take (decision, position, medicine)
adoptar una actitud firme (con ...)(Spanish) to be firm (with ...)
adoptieren(German) to adopt, to adopt a child
adoptierend(German) adopting
Adoptierender (m.), Adoptierende (f.)(German) adopter
adoptiert(German) adopts, adopted
adoptierte Tochter(German f.) adopted daughter
adoptierter Erbe(German m.) adopted heir
adoptierter Patensohn(German m.) adopted godson
adoptiertes Kind(German n.) adopted child
Adoption(German f.) adoption
Adoptionsagentur(German f.) adoption agency
Adoptiv-(German) adopted, adoptive
Adoptivbürger(German m.) citizen by adoption
Adoptiveltern(German pl.) adoptive parents, parents by adoption
Adoptivfamilie(German f.) adoptive family
Adoptivkind(German n.) adopted child, adoptee, adoptive child
Adoptivkinder(German pl.) adoptees, adoptive kids (colloquial), adoptive children, adopted kids (colloquial), adopted children
Adoptivmutter(German f.) adoptive mother
adoptivo (m.), adoptiva (f.)(Spanish) adoptive (mother, father), adopted (son, daughter, homeland, country)
Adoptivsohn(German m.) adoptive son, adopted son
Adoptivsöhne(German pl.) adoptive sons, adopted sons
Adoptivtochter(German f.) adoptive daughter, adopted daughter
Adoptivtöchter(German pl.) adoptive daughters, adopted daughters
Adoptivvater(German m.) adoptive father
Adoquín(Spanish m.) idiot (figurative: stupid or silly person), paving stone, cobblestone, cobble, ice lolly (Peru)
adoquinado (m.), adoquinada (f.)(Spanish) paved, cobbled
adoquinar(Spanish) to pave
adorabel(German) adorable
adorabile(Italian) adorable
Adorableworthy of adoration, admiration or affection
adorable(Spanish) adorable
Adoración(Spanish f.) adoration (of a person, of a thing, of a diety), worship
(Spanish f.) religious folksong from Latin America, for example, aguinaldo or villancico
Adorador(Spanish m.) worshipper
adorador(Spanish) adoring
Adorant(German m.) worshipper
adorar(Spanish) to adore (diety, person, thing), to workship (diety)
adorare(Italian) to adore
Adoration(English, German f.) act of worship, profound love or regard
Adorazione(Italian f.) adoration
adorer(French) to adore, to worship
adorieren(German) to adore
a Dorio ad Phrygiuman aphorism from ancient Greece, referring to two ancient modes, for the behaviour of those who, when engaged in argument, shift from one side to the other without sufficient grounds
adormecedor(Spanish) soporific, sedative
adormecer(Spanish) to send to sleep, to calm (figurative), to soothe (figurative), to make (...) sleepy, to make (...) drowsy, to make ... drowse off, to numb (senses), to dull (senses)
adormecerse(Spanish) to fall asleep, to doze off, to drowse off, to go to sleep (part of the body)
adormecido (m.), adormecida (f.)(Spanish) sleepy, drowsy, dulled, numb (part of the body)
Adormecimiento(Spanish m.) sleepiness, drowsiness, dullness (of part of the body), numbness (of part of the body)
Adormidera(Spanish f.) (opium) poppy
adormilarse(Spanish) to doze (short sleep), to drowse, to snooze, to sleep lightly, to be half asleep
a dormir(Spanish) bedtime, to bed
adornamente(Italian) gaily, neatly, elegantly
Adornamento (s.), Adornamenti (pl.)(Italian m.) ornament, embellishment
adornando(Italian) ornando (Italian), adorning, zierend (German), schmückend (German), en ornant (French)
adornar(Spanish) to adorn, to decorate, to embellish
adornar con(Spanish) to adorn with
adornar de(Spanish) to adorn with
adornare(Italian) to adorn (head, hair)
adornato(Italian) embellished, decorated, ornamented, florid, adorned, verziert (German), orné (French)
Adorno(Spanish m.) (musical) ornament, decoration
Adornos de Navidad(Spanish Christmas decorations
Adornos musicales(Spanish musical ornamentation, ornamentation signs
Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund (1903-1969)the theories and opinions of the German philosopher Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno on popular music and the culture industry are still highly influential in the domain of media studies. His thoughts about these subjects were very critical, pessimistic even. Adorno analysed the workings of the culture industry in terms of "standardization" and used the concept of "pseudo-individualization" to describe its effects on the listeners
to understand what he meant by these qualifications, the best you can do is to read his own writings. Here below you'll find links to some of these: On popular music, The culture industry, and The culture industry reconsidered
a dos(Spanish) a due (Italian), à deux (French)
Adosado(Spanish m.) terraced house
adosado (m.), adosada (f.)(Spanish) adjacent, semidetached (house), terraced (house)
adosado a ... (m.), adosada a ... (f.)(Spanish) fixed to ...
a dos aguas(Spanish) ridged
adosar(Spanish) to lean, to enclose (Mexico: documents), to attach (Mexico: documents)
adosar a(Spanish) to lean against
adosar a ...(Spanish) to fix to ...
adosar ... a ...(Spanish) to fixed ... to ...
a dos caras(Spanish) hypocritically
(Spanish) on both sides, on both faces
à dos de(French) riding on
a dos dedos(Spanish) within a hairbreadth
a dos dedos de(Spanish) within an inch of, on the verge of, within an ace of
a dos haces(Spanish) with an ulterior motive
a dos luces(Spanish) ambiguously
a dos manos(Spanish) readily, eagerly, with open arms
a dos pasos(Spanish) close by, very near, a few steps away, a few steps forward
a dos pasos de(Spanish) within an inch of, a short distance from, a stone's throw from
adosser(French) to lean back (against)
a dos visos(Spanish) with a double motive, with a double purpose
(Spanish) double-view
a dos voces(Spanish) for two voices, a due voci (Italian), für zwei Stimmen (German), zweistimmig (German), à deux voix (French)
à double entente(French) with a double meaning
A double flat
note A double flat
the double flattened sixth note of the scale of C major
A double sharp
note A double sharp
the double sharpened sixth note of the scale of C major
adoucir(French) to mellow
Adoucissant(French m.) fabric softener
Adowaadowa is by far the most widespread and frequently performed social dance of the Akan people of Ghana. The Akan are located in Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Eastern , Central and parts of the Volta Regions of Ghana. It is best described in Akan musical traditions as a women's dance because they dominate the performance. The few men that are seen during any performance handle the musical instruments. This dance is mostly performed at funerals, but can also be seen at yearly festivals, visits of important dignitaries, and other celebrations
Adowa drumscarved drums from Ghana with peg tuning. Fontomfrom and antumpan are headed with cowskin while the others are headed with the skin of antelope
ad personam(Latin) (an argument) designed to appeal to the personal sentiments or prejudices of the listener
adquirido(Spanish) acquired
adquirir(Spanish) to acquire (house, car, fortune, knowledge, collection, experience), to buy, to purchase, to attain (fame), to achieve (fame), to gain (experience)
adquirir carta de naturaleza(Spanish) to become widely accepted (figurative)
adquirir malas costumbres(Spanish) to get into bad habits
Adquisición(Spanish f.) acquisition, purchase, buy (as in 'a good buy')
Adquisidor (m.), Adquisidora (f.)(Spanish) purchaser, buyer, acquirer
adquisitivo (m.), adquisitiva (f.)(Spanish) acquisitive, purchasing
Adquista(Greek) added (applied by the Greeks to the note added at the bottom of the scale in each of the modes)
Adrastea(from the Greek Adrasteia a reference to the daughter of Zeus, distributor of rewards and punishments, literally 'she from whom there is no escape') nemesis
adrede(Spanish) on purpose, deliberately
ad rem(Latin) to the point, relevent to the subject under discussion
Adrenalin(German n.) adrenaline
Adrenalina(Spanish f.) adrenaline
Adrenalinstoß(German m.) adrenaline rush
Adreßabstand(German m. - old form) displacement
Adressabstand(German m.) offset
Adressanhängung(German f.) address label
Adressat(German m.) addressee, recipient
Adressatenkreis(German m.) addressed audience (also figurative)
Adressaufkleber(German m.) address label
Adressbuch(German n.) table of addresses, address book, directory
Adressbüchlein(German n.) address book
Adresse(Danish, German f.) address
(French f.) address, skill
(German f.) location
Adresse der Bank(German f.) address of the bank
Adressen(German pl.) addresses
Adressen austauschen(German) to exchange addresses
Adressen- und Informationsdienst(German m.) address and information service
Adressenänderung(German f.) change of address, address modification
Adressenanhänger(German m.) tie-on label
Adressendruck(German m.) address printing
Adressenformat(German n.) address format
adressenfrei(German) addressless
Adressenkarte(German f.) address card
Adressenkartei(German f.) address file, mailing list
Adressenliste(German f.) mailing list, directory
adressenlos(German) addressless, no-address, without address
Adressenverlage(German pl.) directory publishers
Adressenverzeichnis(German n.) address-book
adresser(French) to send, to address (an envelope, etc.), to address (a remark)
adresser la parole à(French) to speak to
Adressieren(German n.) addressing
adressieren (an)(German) to address (to)
adressierend(German) addressing
Adressiermaschine(German f.) mailing machine, addressing machine, addresser, Addressograph
adrett(German) dapper, dapperly, trim, neat, neatly, smart, smartly
adretter(German) neater
adretteste(German) neatest
Adria(German f.) Adriatic
Adriagebiet(German n.) Adriatic region
Adriaküste(German f.) Adriatic coast
Adrianalia(Latin) Hadrianea (Latin) or Hadrianalia (Latin), games (including music and theatre) that took place in several cities of the Roman empire during the reign of Adrian (in English, Hadrian (76-138)). There were two sorts of Hadrianalia, the one held every year, and the other every five years
adriatico(Italian) Adriatic
adriatisch(German) Adriatic
Adriatisches Meer(German n.) Adriatic Sea
adroit (m.), adroite (f.)(from the French phrase à droit, 'to right') skilful, clever, dextrous
à droitie(French) on the right, to the right
adroitement(French) skilfully, cleverly
adscribir(Spanish) to appoint, to attach, to ascribe (attribute)
adscribirse(Spanish) to affiliate
adscribirse a(Spanish) to affiliate to
adscribirse al marxismo(Spanish) to become a Marxist
adscriptus glebae (s.), adscripti glebae (pl.)(Latin, literally 'bound to the land') in feudal servitude
Adsorbent(German m.) adsorbent
adsorbieren(German) to adsorb
adsorbierend(German) adsorbing, adsorbent
adsorbiert(German) adsorbs
adsorbierte (German) adsorbed
Adsorption(German f.) adsorption
Adsorptionschromatographie(German {f} adsorption chromatography
adsorptiv(German) adsorptive, adsorptively
ADSR envelope(English, ADSR (German m.)) see 'Attack Decay Sustain Release'
Adstringens(German n.) astringent (lotion)
Adstringenzien(German pl.) astringents
adstringierend(German) astringent
adsum(Latin) I am present
A.d.Üabbreviation for Anmerkung des Übersetzers (German f.: translator's note)
Aduana(Spanish f.) customs, duty (import tax)
Aduanero (m.), Aduanara (f.)(Spanish) customs officer
aduanero (m.), aduanera (f.)(Spanish) customs
aducir(Spanish) to allege, to adduce
a due
(Italian) or a duoi (Italian), the equivalent of à deux (French), zu zweit (German: for two), doppelt besetzt (German: two part), in zweistimmiger Besetzung (German: in two parts), a dos (Spanish) - depending on context, the meaning varies:
orchestral instrumentsnormally two on the same staff
(for example flute 1 and flute 2)
the two instruments should play in unison and is often used after a divisi or where one instrument has played solo
group of instrumentsnormally all in unison
(for example, all the first violins)
they should divide each half taking one of the two lines on the staff, that is they should divisi
vocal or instrumental musicindicates that the work has two independent parts
a due corde(Italian) playing on two strings, usually the same note played on both strings to strengthen the note, auf zwei Saiten (German), zweichörig (German), à deux cordes (French), sobre dos cuerdas (Spanish)
on the piano, using the left hand pedal, a half shift (so that two rather than the normal three strings per note are struck by the hammers), beim Klavierspiel mit halber Verschiebung (German), à deux cordes (French)
a due cori(Italian) for two choirs, à deux choeurs (French)
a due mani(Italian) for two hands, zu zwei Händen (German), zweihändig (German - piano music), à deux mains (French)
a due manuali(Italian) double manual, à deux claviers manuels (French)
adueñarse(Spabnish) to take possession, to take hold (emotions, situation)
adueñarse de(Spabnish) to take possession of, to take over, to take control of
a due stromenti(Italian) for two instruments
a due tempi(Italian) two beats in a bar, à deux temps (French)
a due violino(Italian) for two violins
a due voci(Italian) for two voices, für zwei Stimmen (German), zweistimmig (German), à deux voix (French), a dos voces (Spanish)
a due volte(Italian) twice, zweimal (German)
AduféPortuguese and Brazilian tambourine, traditionally played by women, with a double-headed membrane covered with goat skin, and a frame made of pine within which seeds, grains or small pebbles may be placed
Aduk-aduk(Brunei) a ceremonial dance performed by the Kedayan people during holidays, especially at the end of the harvest season
Adulación(Spanish f.) flattery, adulation
Adulador (m.), Aduladora (f.)(Spanish) flatterer, fawner
adulador (m.), aduladora (f.)(Spanish) flattering, fawning
adular(Spanish) to flatter, to adulate
adulare(Italian) to flatter (praise)
Adulation(from the Latin aduliari, 'to flatter' although the original meaning refers to the the wag of a fawning dog) flattery
Adulatore (m.), Adulatrice (f.)(Italian) flatterer
Adulazione(Italian) flattery, adulation
aduler(French) to adulate
adult(English, German) having attained full size and strength, grown up, mature
Adult album alternativealso called 'Triple-A', 'AAA' or 'Adult Alternative', a radio format which has a broader, more diverse playlist than most formats and tends to appeal more to adults than to teenagers
Adult contemporary musicalso Adult Contemporary (German n.), frequently abbreviated AC, a type of radio format that plays mainstream contemporary pop music, excluding hip hop and rap (mainly since it is geared more toward adults than teens, despite the fact that most singers are adults, yet perform music for all ages.)
Adulteración(Spanish f.) adulteration
adulterar(Spanish) to adulterate (food, wine), to falsify (information, document), to commit adultery
adulterino(Spanish) adulterous
Adulterio(Spanish m.) adultery
Adúltero (m.), Adúltera (f.)(Spanish) adulterer (m.), adulteress (f.)
adúltero (m.), adúltera (f.)(Spanish) adulterous
Adulto (m.), Adulta (f.)(Spanish) adult, grown-up
adulto (m.), adulta (f.)(Spanish) adult, grown-up
ad una corda(Italian) for or upon one string, auf einer Saite (German), einchörig (German)
a term used on the piano to mean use the una corda (Italian), una corde (French) or soft pedal (that is, to fully depress the left hand pedal, beim Klavierspiel mit voller Verschiebung (linkes Pedal) (German))
ad una mano(Italian) for one hand, für eine Hand (German), einhändig (German - keyboard music)
ad una voce(Italian) for one voice, für eine Stimme (German), einstimmig (German)
Adungua seven to ten stringed harp of the Alur people from Uganda
ad uno ad uno(Italian) one by one, one after another
ad un tratto(Italian) suddenly
a duoi(Italian) or a doi, for two
key of A major(German n.) the key of 'A major', La majeur (French), La maggiore (Italian)
a duras penas(Spanish) with great difficulty, hardly, by a hair, by a hair's breadth, by the skin of one's teeth, just barely, with difficulty, with much ado, with utmost difficulty
A-Dur-Tonleiter(German f.) the 'A major' scale
adusto (m.), adusta (f.)(Spanish) austere (lifestyle), severe, harsh (landscape), stern (personality), sullen (gesture), bleak (landscape)
ad usum Delphini(Latin) bowdlerized
ad usum filioli(Latin) bowdlerized, expurgated, made suitable for use by a child
adv.abbreviation of 'adverb' (word indicating manner, degree, circumstance, etc., used to modify an adjective, verb, or other adverb), adverbio (Spanish)
ad valorem(Latin, literally 'in proportion to value') used in reference to taxation, particularly duty
Advenedizo (m.), Advenediza (f.)(Spanish) upstart, social climber
advenedizo (m.), advenediza (f.)(Spanish) upstart
Advenimiento(Spanish m.) advent, coming, arrival, accession (to the throne)
Advent(English, German m.) Christian religious observance which in the Western church takes place in the four weeks immediately before Christmas (commencing the Sunday nearest to St. Andrew's Day, 30th November), and in Eastern churches, where it is also called the 'Nativity Fast', 'Winter Lent', or the 'Christmas Lent', it lasts forty days, beginning on November 15 (for those churches using the Julian calendar this is equivalent to November 28)
adventicio(Spanish) accidental
Adventismor second adventism, any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
Adventismus(German m.) adventism
Adventist (m.), Adventistin (f.), Adventisten (pl.)(German) Adventist
Adventista(Spanish m./f.) Adventist
Adventitiousassociated with something by chance rather than as an integral part, extrinsic
adventiv(German) adventitious
Adventkalender(German m. - Austria) Advent calendar
Advent musicin Italy, among other Advent celebrations, is the entry into Rome in the last days of Advent of the Calabrian pifferari, or bagpipe players, who play before the shrines of Mary, the mother of Jesus, the Italian tradition being that the shepherds played these pipes when they came to the manger at Bethlehem to pay homage to the Messiah
Adventsbotschaft(German f.) Advent message
Adventsdekoration(German f.) Advent decoration
Adventsingen(German n. - Austria) Advent choral concert
Adventskalender(German m.) Advent calendar
Adventskerze(German f.) Advent candle
Adventslied(German n.) Advent carol
Adventsonntag(German m. - Austria) Advent Sunday
Adventssonntag(German m.) Advent Sunday
Adventswochenende(German n.) weekend in Advent
Adventszeit(German f.) Advent season
Adventzeit(German f. - Austria) Advent season
Adverb, Adverbien (German pl.)(English, German n.) a grammatical part of speech for words that modify or describe verbs
Adverbialhaving the same function as an abverb
in English, a noun for a word or group of words that function as an adverb
adverbial(Spanish) adverbial
adverbial(German) adverbial, adverbially
Adverbialbestimmung(German f.) adverbial phrase
Adverbialsatz(German m.) adverbial clause
adverbiell(German) adverbial
Adverbio(Spanish m.) adverb
Adversario (m.), Adversaria (f.)(Spanish) opponent, adversary
adversario (m.), adversaria (f.)(Spanish) opposing
adversat.abbreviation of 'adversative' (expressing antithesis or opposition)
Adversidad(Spanish f.) adversity, setback
Adversité(French f.) adversity
adversativ(German) adversative
Adversativeexpressing antithesis or opposition
adverso (m.), adversa (f.)(Spanish) adverse, unfavourable
Advertenceheedfulness, the action of being attentive
Advertencia(Spanish f.) warning, (prefatory) note, foreward, prologue
advertido (m.), advertida (f.)(Spanish) informed, warned
advertir(Spanish) to warn, to notice, to realize, to advise, to inform
advertirle a ... de ...(Spanish) to warn ... about ...
Adviento(Spanish m.) Advent
ad vitam(Latin) for life
ad vitam aut culpam(Latin) during good behaviour
ad vitam aeternam(Latin) for all time
ad vivam(Latin) from the living model, life-like
Advocación(Spanish f.) dedication
Advocatus Diaboli(German m., from Latin) the devil's advocate, a fault-finder
Advokat (m.), Advokatin (f.)(German) advocate, solicitor, lawyer
Advokatenstift(German n.) Inn of Court
Advokatur(German f.) advocacy
Advokatur(German f.) law office, Anwaltschaft (German), Büro eines Anwalts (German)
Advokaturbüro(German n. - Switzerland) lawyer's office
Advokaturskanzlei(German n. - Austria) lawyer's office
Adyá(Cuba) metal rattle
adyacente(Spanish) adjacent, next to
Adytum (s.), Adyta (pl.)(Latin) the sanctum or holy of holies of a pagan temple
Adzogboadzogbo originated from Benin (Dahomey) as a dzovu (spiritual/religious music and dance). It was called dzovu, because during any performance, the men participants would display their dzoka (juju/charms) especially the so-called 'love charms' to seduce women. When this music was brought to Togo and later Ghana in the late nineteenth century, its function changed. The southeastern Ewe of Ghana now performs it for entertainment during festivals and other social occasions. The women's section or phase of the dance is called kadodo