music dictionary : B - Baq

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Breferring to the catalogue prepared by István Homolya (b. 1940) & Daniel Benkö of the music of lutenist Balent Valentini Bakfark (1506-1576)
after Jarmil Burghauser, the cataloguer of music by Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904)
referring to Bernd Bäselt (1934-93), the cataloguer of music by Georg Frideric Handel (1685-1759)
after Allan Badley, the cataloguer of music by Leopold Hofmann (1738-1793)
or VB, after Bertil H. van Boer jr., the cataloguer of music by Joseph Martin Kraus (1756-1792)
referring to the catalogue prepared by Stewart R. Craggs of the music written by Arthur Bliss (1803-1869)
or Ben, referring to Rita Benton, the cataloguer of music by Ignaz Joseph Pleyel (1757-1831)
referring to Pola Baytelman-Dobry, the cataloguer of music by Isaac Albeniz (1860-1909)
referring to A. Peter Brown, the cataloguer of music by Karl von Ordoñez (1734-1786) (Carlos d'Ordoñez)
referring to Paul Robey Bryan, the cataloguer of the symphonies of Johann Baptist Vanhal (1739-1813)
Babbreviation of 'bass' (voice), basso or bassus, as, for example, in Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass, the four voices in a choir
abbreviation of 'bassoon', 'Bachelor' (in academic degrees), Beatus (Latin: blessed), basso primo (Italian: principal bass as opposed to basso continuo or basso secondo), basse chantante (French: principal bass as opposed to basso continuo or basso secondo)
on an alto part, and when preceded by the word col, signifies that the alto takes part or performs in unison with the bass
placed in the course of a basso continuo, a sign that the voice should sing alone
B(German n.) the flat sign
B, b
note B natural
(German n.) except in German, the seventh note (leading note or subtonic) in the scale of C major, which in 'fixed do' solfeggio is called ti, si (Italian, French)
note B flat
(German n.) in German (and in Icelandic), the flattened seventh note in the scale of C major, which in 'fixed do' solfeggio is called te
Bshort for 'black', indicating the softness of pencils, such that a larger number of B indicates a softer pencil which will produce a thicker, darker line with the same amount of writing or drawing pressure
Bthe second section of a piece in binary form, i.e. the B section
Bused in music theory to designate the B-major triad
a system of paper sizes
B01000 x 1414 mm
B1707 x 1000 mm
B2500 x 707 mm
B3353 x 500 mm
B4250 x 353 mm
B5176 x 250 mm
B6125 x 176 mm
B788 x 125 mm
B862 x 88 mm
B944 x 62 mm
B1031 x 44 mm
ISO International sizes intended primarily for posters, wall charts and similar items where difference in size of the larger sheets in the A series represents too large a gap
bused in music theory to designate the b-minor triad
babbreviation of 'bass' (instrument), 'born'
BAabbreviation of 'British Academy', 'Bachelor of Arts' (academic degree), 'British Association' (for example, reference to a standard screw thread)
baalthough no longer used, ba (pronounced bay) was the tonic sol-fa name for the sharpened sixth of the melodic minor scale
Baajin Indian classical music, a term meaning the 'style with which an instrument is being played'
Baaksimbasee 'Royal Music of the Kabaka of Buganda'
Baas(Dutch) master, employer (the origin of the American word 'boss')
Baazas(French) a type of guitar
Bab(Spanish f.) spittle, saliva (Italian f.), Spucke (German f.), crachat (French m.), crachats (French m. pl.)
Bab.abbreviation of 'Babylonia', 'Babylonian'
ba-ba, le(French m.) or les élements de base (French m. pl.), the basics, le basi (Italian f. pl.), Wesentliche (German n.), los conceptos básicos (Spanish)
Babalasee 'Jumbie drum'
Babarthe subject of a series of books for children written by Jean de Brunhoff, first published in French in 1931, Barbar is an elegantly dressed elephant. François Poulenc wrote a set of piano pieces inspired by these stories
Babashikobabashiko is a recreational music and dance of the Southeastern Anlo Ewe of Ghana, performed mostly at festivals, funerals and other social occasions
Baba Yagaan ogress of Russian folk-lore, who steals and eats young children. The ninth piece in the piano suite Pictures at an Exhibition by Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881) is entitled The Hut on Hen's Legs (Baba Yaga)
babbeln(German - Switzerland) to babble
Babbeo(Italian m.) idiot, Idiot (German m.), idiot (French m.), idiote (French f.), idiota (Spanish m./f.)
babbeo(Italian) foolish, dumm (German), idiot (French), tonto (Spanish)
Babbittthe eponymous subject of the satirical novel by Nobel prize winning American author Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951), published in 1922, which has come to mean 'middle American cultureless innocence'
Babbo(Italian m.) dad (familiar), daddy (children's use), Vati (German m. - both uses), papa (French m. - both uses), papá (Spanish m. - both uses)
Babbo Natale(Italian m.) Father Christmas, Santa Claus, der Weihnachtsmann (German m.), le père Noël (French m.), Papá Noel (Spanish m.)
Babbuccia(Italian f.) slipper, Hausschuh (German m.), pantoufle (French f.), zapatilla (Spanish f.)
babear(Spanish) to drool, to slobber, to dribble, sbavare (Italian: to dribble, to drool), sbavarsi (Italian: to slobber), geifern (German: to drool, to slobber, to dribble), sabbern (German: to dribble, to slobber), baver (French: to drool, to dribble, to slobber)
Babe in armsa baby too young to walk and must therefore be carried
Babel(English, German) a confusion of noises and voices, a hubbub (an allusion to the story of the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11:1-11)
(Spanish f.) bedlam, tumult, uproar and confusion, babilonia (Italian f. - figurative), baccano (Italian m. - figurative), chiasso (Italian m. - figurative), Tumultszene (German f. - figurative), tolle Durcheinander (German n. - figurative), chahut (French m.)
Babeo(Spanish m.) dribble (spittle, saliva), bava (Italian f.), Tröpfeln (German n.), petite goutte (French f.)
babeo(Spanish) drooling, dribbling
Babeurre(French m.) buttermilk, siero di latte (Italian m.), Buttermilch (German f.), suero de la leche (Spanish m.)
Babieca(Spanish m./f.) simpleton, sempliciotto (Italian m.), Dummkopf (German m.), Einfaltspinsel (German m.), Gimpel (German m.), Trottel (German m.), nigaude (French m.), nigaud (French f.), niais (French m.), niaise (French f.)
babieca(Spanish) stupid, stupido (Italian), dumm (German), stupide (French), bête (French)
Babil(French m.) chatter (babble, prattle, twitter), ciarle (Italian f. pl.: chatter), Geschwätz (German n: chatter), parloteo (Spanish m.: chatter)
Babillard(French m.) chatterbox, chiacchierone (Italian m.), chiacchierona (Italian f.), Plaudertasche (German f.), parlanchin (Spanish m.), parlanchina (Spanish f.)
babiller(French) to chatter, balbettare (Italian: to talk endlessly), plappern (German: to talk endlessly), parlotear (Spanish: to talk endlessly)
Babilonia(Italian f.) bedlam (figurative), tumult, uproar and confusion, manicomio (Italian m.), baccano (Italian m. - figurative), chiasso (Italian m. - figurative), Tumultszene (German f.), tolle Durcheinander (German n.), chahut (French m.)
Babinski-Reflex(German m.) Babinski reflex (an abnormal reflex in which the great toe moves upward and the toes fan upon stroking the bottom of the foot)
Babiole(French m.) knick-knack, trinket, small token, trifle (figurative), triviality (figurative)
Babonesee tromboon
Babosada(Spanish f.) a stupid thing, nonsense, rubbish
(Spanish/Mexico) silly remark, stupid action, illogical action
babosear(Spanish) to slobber over, to dribble over, to drool over
(Spanish) to daydream about a person or thing with which one is captivated or obsessed
Baboseo(Spanish m.) drooling, dribbling
(Spanish m. - figurative) state of being captivated by or obsessed with a person or object
Baboso(Spanish m.) a slobberer, person or thing that slobbers, slobber
baboso(Spanish) slimy, slobbery
(Spanish) moronic
Babouche(French f.) a Turkish or oriental slipper, babucha (Spanish f.)
Babu(Anglo-Indian, from the Hindi) a native clerk who writes English, a stilted, unidiomatic and florid style of English
Babucha(Spanish f.) Turkish or oriental slipper, babouche (French f.)
Babuina fanciful monster, silly creature, or a leering face drawn in the margins of a medieval manuscript. Our modern word baboon comes from this French term
Babuschka(English, German f., from Russian) babushka (old woman or grandmother)
Babyausstattung(German f.) layette
Baby-Ausstattung(German f.) baby's outfit
Babybett(German n.) baby cot
Babydoll(English, German m.) short dress or night dress often in light weight sheer fabrics like chiffon and sometimes trimmed with feathers, beads and ribbon and reminiscent of children's nightwear
Baby-Gequassel(German n.) baby talk, baby-talk
Baby granda piano with a horizontal frame, strung horizontally, that is smaller than a concert grand
Babykleidung(German f.) baby clothes, baby garments, babywear
Baby-Kleidung(German f.) baby wear, baby's garment
Baby-Körbchen(German n.) moses basket (for babies)
Babylonian captivitythe period 597 to 538 BC when the Jews were captives in Babylon. It is the story leading up to their freedom that forms the basis of William Walton's oratorio Belshazzar's Feast
Babylonien(German n.) Babylonia
Babylonier (m.), Babylonierin (f.)(German) Babylonian
babylonisch(German) Babylonian
babylonische Sprachverwirrung(German f.) Babylonian confusion, confusion of languages, confusion of tongues
Babynamen(German pl.) babies' names
Baby-Rassel(German f.) baby's rattle
Babysitten(German n.) baby-sitting, babysitting
babysitten(German) to baby-sit, to babysit
Babysitter (m.), Babysitterin (f.)(German) babysitter, badysitter
Babysprache(German f.) baby talk, nursery language, infant-directed talk, child-directed speech, baby language (as spoken by babies)
Babysprechanlage(German f.) baby monitor
Babyspeck(German m.) puppy fat (colloquial), baby fat
Baby-Stuhl(German m.) baby's chair, baby-chair
Babytrage(German f.) baby carrier
Babytragetasche(German f.) carrycot
Baby-Tragetuch(German n.) baby sling
baby vleugel(Dutch) baby grand piano
Babywagen(German m.) pram
Bac.abbreviation of baccaleuréat (French: a school examination), Baccalaureus (Latin: bachelor)
Baca(Spanish f.) luggage rack
Bacaladilla(Spanish f.) small cod
Bacalao(Spanish m.) cod
bacato(Italian) wormeaten
Bacbucthe sound of a bottle being poured or emptied, Rabelais' personification of 'The Oracle of Holy Bottle', which is consulted by Panurge
Bacca(Italian f.) berry
Baccalauréat(French m.) school-leaving certificate
Baccalaureus(German m.) bachelor of arts
Baccano(Italian m.) din
Baccara(French) or baccarat, a card-game
Bacchanal(English, German n. from Latin) song or dance pertaining to Bacchus, the Roman god of wine, who equates with the Greek Dionysus. His festival was celebrated on March 16 and 17. The Bacchanalia, orgies in honour of Dionysus, were introduced in Rome around 200 BCE. These infamous celebrations, notorious for their sexual and criminal character, got so out of hand that they were forbidden by the Roman Senate in 186 BCE. Bacchus is also identified with the old-Italian god Liber. The same term (or Bacchants or Bacchantes) is used for the priests and priestesses who participate in these celebrations
Bacchanale(French) Bacchanal
Bacchanaliaorgies, drunken revelries (originally Roman feasts held in honour of Bacchus, the Roman equivalent of the Greek Dionysus)
Bacchanalianor Bacchic, pertaining to the revelries of Bacchanalia
Bacchanalien(German pl.) bacchanalia
bacchanalisch(German, dated) bacchanalian
Bacchant (m.), Bacchante (f.), Bacchantes (pl.)(Latin) priestess of Bacchus, drunken women, man taking part in a bacchanalia
Bacchant (m.), Bacchantin (f.), Bacchanten (pl.), Bacchantinnen ( bacchant (m.), bacchante (f.)
bacchantisch(German) bacchanalian
Bacchetta (s.), Bacchette (pl.)(Italian f.) stick, beater, striker, conductor's baton
(Italian f.) rod, wand (magic)
Bacchetta da tamburo(Italian f.) drumstick
Bacchetta di cuoio(Italian f.) leather-headed stick
Bacchetta di feltro(Italian f.) felt-headed stick
Bacchetta di legno(Italian f.) wooden stick
Bacchetta di spugna(Italian f.) sponge-headed stick
Bacchetta imbottita(Italian f.) padded stick
Bacchetta per piatti(Italian f.) cymbal stick
Bacchetta per timpani(Italian f.) timpani stick
Bacchette(Italian f. pl.) claves, drumsticks
Bacchiaa Kamschatka dance in duple meter
Bacchicsee Bacchanalian
Bacchic songa drinking song, a chanson à boire (French)
the term is used more properly for a dithryrambic ode or hymn
Bacchius(English, German m., from Latin) a metrical foot of one short followed by two long syllables
Bacchus(English, German m.) in classical mythology, god of wine, the Roman equivalent of Dionysus
Bacchus cultthe initial intrusion of Dionysic ideas into Roman culture probably occurred during the early 3rd century B.C., as Rome took control of the areas of southern Italy which had been colonized by Greek farmers some three hundred years before. Its initial presence is now imperceptable: perhaps it was sustained only by word-of-mouth description among Rome's slave population. Ancient texts indicate clearly enough, however, that by 186 B.C. the Bacchic cult had gained sufficient popularity to be regarded as a threat to the stability of the State. It was then that an official purge was ordered
Bacchuskult(German m.) Bacchus cult
Bacchuslied(German n.) a Bacchanalian song
Bacciocolo(Italian) a musical instrument from Tuscany
Bach (s.), Bäche (pl.)(German m.) brook, stream, rivulet, runnel, ditch, back (Northern English), burn (Scottish), creek
B-A-C-Hor 'Bach motif', the letters making up J.S. Bach's surname, which in German nomenclature represent the notes B flat-A-C-B natural, which have been used by Bach and others as a melodic theme in fugues, etc.. Max Hinrichsen's Compositions Based on the Motive B-A-C-H (in Hinrichsen's Musical Yearbook: Vol. 7, ed. Max Hinrichsen, 379-81. London: Hinrichsen Edition, 1952) lists twenty-nine works the majority written by German composers. The first known example, however, is in a piece by Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck in the seventeenth century - it is possible, though not certain, that he used it in homage to one of Johann Sebastian's ancestors, many of whom were themselves musicians
  • BACH motif from which this information has been taken
Bachataa genre from the Dominican Republic that is played with guitars and percussion, usually with lyrics that focus on love, treachery, jealousy and desperation. The music that today is called bachata emerged from and belongs to a long-standing Pan-Latin American tradition of guitar music, música de guitarra, which was typically played by trios or quartets comprised of one or two guitars (or other related stringed instrument such as the smaller requinto), with percussion provided by maracas and/or other instruments such as claves (hardwood sticks used for percussion), bongo drums, or a gourd güiro scraper. Sometimes a large thumb bass called marimba or marimbula was included as well. When bachata emerged in the early 1960s, it was part of an important subcategory of guitar music, romantic guitar music--as distinguished from guitar music intended primarily for dancing such as the Cuban son or guaracha--although in later decades, as musicians began speeding up the rhythm and dancers developed a new dance step, bachata began to be considered dance music as well. The most popular and widespread genre of romantic guitar music in this century, and the most influential for the development of bachata, was the Cuban bolero (not to be confused with the unrelated Spanish bolero). Bachata musicians, however, also drew upon other genres of música de guitarra that accomplished guitarists would be familiar with, including Mexican rancheras and corridos, Cuban son, guaracha, and guajira, Puerto Rican plena and jíbaro music, and the Colombian-Ecuadorian vals campesino and pasillo--as well as the Dominican merengue, which was originally guitar based
  • Bachata from which this information has been taken
Bachblüten(German pl.) Bach flowers, Bach flower extracts
Bachblütenauszüge(German pl.) Bach flower extracts
Bachblütentherapie(German f.) Bach flower therapy, Bach flower remedy
Bachbogen(German m.) Bach bow
Bach bowa twentieth-century invention by Emil Telmányi that uses a system of levers to temporarily slacken the bow hair and allow sustained three or four note chords but which has no historical precedent
Bach Cantatas
Bach Compendiumbegun in 1985, by 1989 four volumes had appeared. This compendium gives source-critical and bibliographical information on all of Bach's works and was prepared by Schulze and Wolff
Bach-Compendium(German n.) Bach Compendium
Bach-Dokumenteproduced in three volumes (appearing 1963, 1969 and 1972), this collection contains every important documents by J. S. Bach and by his contemporaries about Bach
Bache(Spanish m.) hole, bad patch (figurative)
(German f.) wild sow, female wild boar
Bâche(French f.) tarpaulin
Bacheca(Italian f.) showcase
bâcher(French) to cover (with a tarpaulin)
Bachelier (m.), Bachelière (f.)(French) holder of the baccalauréat
Bacheloran unmarried man, an aspirant to the knighthood, the lowest rank of knighthood, one who has taken a first degree at a British university
(German m.) a first degree at a British university
Bachelor-Abschluss(German m.) bachelor's degree
Bachelorarbeit(German f.) bachelor thesis (a thesis written as part of the requirement for a bachelor's degree)
Bachelor of Musicabbreviated B.Mus., the lowest of three musical degrees, the other two being Master (abbrev. M.Mus.) and Doctor (abbrev. D.Mus.)
Bachelor's buttonsimilar to press-studs, used in dress-making and affixed without the need of sewing
Bachelor's porchan old name for the north door of a church, a reference to a time when old men and menservants and old women and maidservants entered the church through different doors and sat in different parts of the church
Bach flower therapya holistic treatment using extracts of flowers to calm emotions and promote healing
Bach-Gesellschaft(German f., literally 'Bach Society') initiated by Robert Schumann in 1850 (sponsored by the publishers Breitkopf & Härtel), dedicated to the revival and reprinting of Bach's music. In 1900, the Bach-Gesellschaft was transformed into the Neue Bachgesellschaft
[clarification by Michael Zapf]
Bachia term applied in Japanese music to a drum stick and to the plectrum used to play a shamisen
Bachianas Brasileirasa series of works written by the Brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887-1959) inspired by the music of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) and the folkloric music of Brazil
series numberscoringdate writtendate premiered
No. 1 for an orchestra of cellos193012 Sep. 1932
No. 2 for chamber orchestra1930-31 
No. 3 for piano and orchestra193819 Feb. 1947
No. 4 for piano1930-41 - orchestrated in 194215 Jul. 1942
No. 5 for voice and 8 cellos1938 and 1945 
No. 6 for flute and bassoon1938 
No. 7 for orchestra19421944
No. 8 for orchestra19441947
No. 9 for chorus or string orchestra1944 
Bachic footsynonymous with bachius
Bachic meterpoetry in which each foot is a three-syllable foot consisting of three heavy stresses, a form rare in English
Bachillerato(Spanish m.) school-leaving examination
Bachiusanother term for a bachic foot, a three-syllable foot of poetry consisting of a light stress followed by two heavy stresses
Bach-Jahrbuchfirst produced in 1904, this scholarly Bach Yearbook publishes collection of articles on Bach's works
Bachlandschaft(German f.) landscape with brook
Bachlauf(German m.) course of a stream
Bächlein (s/.pl.)(German n.) streamlet, brooklet, burn (small stream), little creek
Bachot(French) or bac, colloquial French name for the Baccalauréat
bachoter(French) to cram (for an exam)
Bach pitch
throughout his life, Bach worked with instruments at a number of pitches including Cornett-Thon (around 470 Hz.), Kammerton (about 418 Hz.) and Tief Kammerton (403-395 Hz.). The notation of various voices varied, depending on where he was at the time (all pitches given as a' in Hz.)
the organ was at Cornett-Thon, and during his first year he wrote a part for an 'oboe' a major second higher than the other voices (organ, vocal, strings), implying that the strings and vocals were pitched to the organ, and that the oboe was pitched a note lower than that of the organ, pitched at the highest version of Kammerton. By the end of 1714, this oboe disappears and has been replaced with an 'hautbois' which was pitched a minor third lower, as were the bassoon and the recorder. Their pitch was Tief Kammerton. All his Weimar works show this disposition
the pitch is the same for all instruments. In trying to establish what it was, the vocal scores help. The range of the parts is unusually high, and when Bach used Köthen material in Leipzig, he lowered the vocal parts to Tief Kammerton. One can assume therefore that this was the Köthen pitch. The problematic trumpet part in the 2nd Brandenburg would be much easier on an instrument at Tief Kammerton.
surviving sheet music for most of his vocal works shows that strings, vocals and woodwinds were all pitched at Kammerton, while the organ and the brass were higher by a major second. Bach's predecessor Kuhnau had mentioned in an earlier letter to Mattheson that the organs of the Thomas and Nikolai churches were at Cornett-Thon. But he had woodwinds at his disposal at both normal Kammerton and Tief Kammerton pitch, which therefore differed in pitch by a minor second. From the time of his appointment at Leipzig until 4th July 1724, Bach wrote a number of works in Tief Kammerton. In the 1730s, he transposed the Magnificat from E flat (Es) to D, most likely because he had no longer to deal with woodwinds pitched at Tief Kammerton.
The combination of woodwind at pitches differing from that of the organ and stringed instruments offered Bach a way of exploring a wider range of keys in his orchestral writing
[information supplied by Michael Zapf]
see 'Venetian pitch'
Bach trumpeta trumpet made by the company founded by Vincent Bach, who, combining his unique talents as both a musician and an engineer, created brass instruments which remain the sound choice of artists worldwide. Born Vincent Schrotenbach in Vienna during 1890, initial musical training was received on the violin. However, young Vincent preferred the majestic sounds of the trumpet and eventually switched. Also displaying an aptitude in science, Vincent graduated from the Maschinenbauschule with an engineering degree. His heart remained in music, leaving an engineering career for an uncertain future in music. Success soon followed as he toured throughout Europe, adopting the stage name of Vincent Bach while in England
  • BachBrass from which the short extract immediately above has been taken
a name given to the clarino or valveless Baroque trumpet
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) used one or more trumpets in several of his works. His whole life, Bach had trumpet players around him. His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach was a string player, town piper and court trumpeter. His second father-in-law (the father of Anna Magdalena Wilcken) was also a court trumpeter. The most famous player connected to Bach was the Leipzig Stadtpfeifer, Gottfried Reiche
Bachüberquerung(German f.) creek crossing
Bachufer(German n.) brookside, bank of a stream
Bachwasser(German n.) water from the creek
Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis(German n.) thematic-systematic listing of the works of J.S. Bach
see 'BWV'
baciandola(Italian) kissing it
baciare(Italian) to kiss
baciarsi(Italian) to kiss one another
Bacile(Italian m.) basin
Bacio(Italian m.) kiss
Bacinella(Italian f.) small basin
Bacino(Italian m.) basin, pelvis, dock (port)
Bacitracin(Englisn, German n.) antibiotic ointment with an oily consistency, used for superficial burns
BackBoden (German m.), fond (French m.), fondo (Italian m., Spanish m.), the lower surface of the soundbox of a stringed instrument, that is arched on members of the violin family and flat on members of the viol family
in printing, the back of a book is the binding edge. To back a book is to shape the back of a previously rounded book, so as to make a shoulder on either side against which the front and back covers fit closely
Back, toto support with money (as well as with influence and encouragement), to lay money on a horse, etc.
Back and forward bowsGanassi's Regola Rubertina (1542) employs the Italian tablature for viol that showed the fingering, the upper finger-position above the frets and the bowing. A dot placed well below a symbol indicates a back bow (the weaker stroke) and a dot placed well above a symbol indicates a forward bow (the stronger stroke)
Backbeat(English, German m.) or 'off-beat', the 2 and 4 beats in a four beat bar (measure)
to play with a continuous heavy accent on beats 2 and 4 in jazz and rock and roll music
Backblech (s.), Backbleche (pl.)(German n.) baking tin, baking plate, baking sheet, baking tray, griddle
backbord(German) on the port side, to port
Backbord(German n.) larboard (archaic), port (side)
Backbord-(German) port, portside (prefix)
backbords(German) on the port side, to port
Backbordseite(German f.) port side
backbordseitig(German) port, larboard (archaic)
Back bowon a viol, the weaker bow stroke, where the bow travels from frog to point
Backbrett(German n.) bread board, bread-board, breadboard
Backbuch(German n.) baker's book, baking (recipe) book
Back burner, theto put something on the back burner is to put something aside for the present, with the intention of returning to it at a later date
at first glance, putting something on the back-burner may seem similar to procrastination, a type of behavior which is characterized also by deferment of actions or tasks to a later time. Psychologists often cite procrastination as a mechanism for coping with the anxiety associated with starting or completing any task or decision. However, putting something on the back-burner is, generally, without the psychological undertones of procrastination, being a rational setting of priorities
Backdoor pilotTV-pilot episode filmed as a standalone movie
Backdoor progressionin jazz music theory, the cadential chord progression from iv7I, or flat-VII7I has been nicknamed the 'backdoor progression'. This name derives from an assumption that the normal progression to the tonic (V7I, or the authentic cadence) is, by inference, the front door
Back down, toto yield a point (in argument), to withdraw an earlier claim (or assertion)
Backe (s.), Backen (pl.)(German f.) cheek, jaw (chuck on a lathe)
Backe des Schraubstocks(German f.) cheek or jaw of a vice
Backen(German f.) or Flanke (German f.), fianco (Italian m.), flanc (French m.), flank, side of a body (in the human body, the side between ribs and hip, the side of the waist)
backen(German) to bake, to fry
(German) to stick
Backenbart (s), Backenbärte (pl.)(German m.) whiskers, whisker, muttonchops (side whiskers)
backenbärtig(German) whiskery
backend(German) baking
Back end (of the year), theAutumn
Backeneinzelverstellung(German f.) individual jaw adjustment (lathe chuck)
Backenhörnchen (s./pl.)(German n.) chipmunk
Backenknochen(German m.) maxillary bone, cheekbone
Backennerv(German m.) buccal nerve (Nervus buccalis) (a nerve in the face)
Backenschnellwechselsystem(German n.) quick-change jaw system (lathe chucks, vises)
Backenschnellwechsel-System(German n.) quick-change jaw system (lathe chucks, vises)
Backenstreich(German m., dated) slap (in the face)
Backenverstellung(German f.) jaw adjustment
Backenwechsel(German m.) change of jaws, jaw change (lathe chuck, vise)
Backenzahn (s.), Backenzähne (pl.)(German m.) back tooth, molar (tooth)
Bäcker (s.), Bäckerin (f.)(German) baker
[correct by Michael Zapf]
Bäckerallergie(German f.) flour allergy
Bäckerasthma(German n.) baker's asthma
Bäckerei (s.), Bäckereien (pl.)(German f.) bakery, bake-house, bakehouse, baker's, small pastry (Austria)
Bäckergehilfe(German m.) baker's assistant
Bäckergewerbe(German n.) bakery trade
Bäckerhefe(German f.) baker's yeast
Bäckerjunge(German m.) baker's boy, baker's apprentice
Bäckerladen(German m.) baker's shop, bakery
[correct by Michael Zapf]
Bäckerlied(German n.) baker's song
Bäckermaschine(German f.) dough mixer
Bäckermusik(German f.) a brass band formed of bakers
Bäckermütze(German f.) baker's cap
Bäckerschaufel(German f.) baker's shovel
Bäckersdutzend(German n.) thirteen to the dozen, baker's dozen
Bäckersfrau(German f.) baker's wife
Bäckerwagen(German m.) baker's van
Bäckerwaren(German pl.) bakery products
Backfalla descending appoggiatura (seventeenth-century England) as opposed to a 'forefall' or an ascending appoggiatura
on an organ part of the mechanism which intervenes between a key and the corresponding pallet, a horizontal lever which, when raised at the one end by a sticker, draws down with the other end (which 'falls back') the tracker communicating with the pallet
see 'fall-board'
Backfett(German n.) shortening (a white, flavourless, solid fat formulated for baking or deep frying)
Backfisch(German m., literally 'fried fish') bobby-soxer, bobbysoxer
(German m., literally 'small fry', now obsolete) a girl in her teens
Backflip(German m.) back flip
Backfolie(German f.) baking foil, baking wrap, cooking foil
Backform(German f.) baking dish, baking tin, earthenware baking mould
Back frame(in German, Rast) on the piano, the foundation, consisting of top and side-members and back posts, upon which other basic components such as wrest-plank, soundboard and plate depend for proper support
Backgrounda term used in jazz and popular music to describe lines played by melody instruments that accompany rather than lead
Background musicmusic that accompanies film or theatre productions but does not contribute to the action
piped music, often intrusive, to be heard in shopping malls, supermarkets, etc.
Background-Musiker(German pl.) background musicians
Backgroundsänger (m.), Backgroundsängerin (f.)(German) backing vocal, backing singer
Background-Sänger(German m.) backing vocal, backing singer
backhalten(German) to backwind, to wind back
Backhaus(German n.) bakehouse
Backhefe(German f.) yeast, baker's yeast
Backhendl(German n. - Austria) breaded fried chicken, fried chicken
Backhuhn(German n.) fried chicken
Backing-Sänger(German m.) backing vocal, backing singer, choriste (French m./f.)
Backing-upsee 'perfecting'
Backleadingor 'anticipation', which, in social dancing that strongly relies on 'leading' and 'following', is considered a bad dancing habit, where the 'follower' executes steps without waiting for or contrary to the lead of the 'leader'
see 'hijacking'
Back lista publisher's list of books that were previously published and remain in print and therefore available
Backmischung(German f.) baking mixture
Backmulde(German f.) kneading trough
Backnatron(German n.) baking soda
Back-Natron(German n.) baking soda
Back numberback issues of a magazine or newspaper with the assumption that they contain news that is now stale (i.e. out of date)
Backoblate (s.), Backoblaten (pl.)(German f.) wafer paper, wafer papers for baking (sometimes called rice paper)
Back-Oblaten(German pl.) wafer papers for baking (sometimes called rice paper)
Backobst(German n.) dried fruit
Backofen(German m.) oven, furnace, baking oven
backofenfest(German) ovenproof
Backofenthermometer(German n. - in Austria and Switzerland m.) oven thermometer
Back out, toto withdraw from an undertaking
Backpacker (m.), Backpackerin (f.), Backpacker (pl.), Backpackerinnen ( backpacker
Backpapier(German n.) parchment paper, baking paper, baking parchment
Backpfeife(German f.) slap in the face
Backpfeifengesicht(German n.) someone to slap around
Backpflaume(German f.) prune
Backpinsel (s./pl.)(German m.) pastry brush
Backplane(English, German f.) physical connection between an interface processor or card and the data buses and the power distribution buses inside a chassis
Backplatte(German f.) baking surface (of a waffle iron, griddle, etc.)
Back-pluckedstring plucked far from the nut, close to the bridge, to produce round, flute-like tones (i.e. flageolet tones, so-called because the sound has relatively few overtones)
Backpfeife(German f.) slap in the face
Backpflaume(German f.) prune
Backpulver(German n.) baking powder, bicarbonate of soda, sodium bicarbonate
Backrezeptbuch(German n.) baking recipe book
Backrohr(German n., used particularly in Austria) oven
[clarified by Michael Zapf]
Backsawa handsaw that is stiffened by metal reinforcement along the upper edge
Backschüssel(German f.) baking-dish
back seat, to take a (or the)to play no direct role in managing a project, concern, etc. (figurative)
Back-seat driversee armchair critic
Backskiste(German f.) locker
Back slanga form of slang in which words are pronounced as the word is spelt backwards
Backslash(German m.) a line sloping backwards from the upright, i.e. \
Backslide(English, German m.) although when most people think of the moonwalk they think of the signature Michael Jackson move, a variation of the modern-day moonwalk was invented by Cooley Jackson who calls it the 'backslide'
Backspace-Taste(German f.) backspace key
Backstagethat region of the theatre that lies behind the stage, often where the dressing rooms are to be found
Backstein(German m.) brick, clinker, bakestone
Backsteinarchitektur(German f.) brick work
Backsteinbau(German m.) brick building, red-brick building
Backsteingebäude(German n.) brick building
Backsteingotik(German f.) brick Gothic, red brick Gothic
Backsteinhaus(German n.) brick house
Backsteinkäse(German m.) brick cheese
Backsteinmauer(German f.) brick wall
backt(German) bakes
Backtag(German m.) baking day
backte(German) baked
Backteig(German m.) batter (for pancakes, waffles etc.)
Backtemperatur(German f.) baking temperature
Backtest(German m.) back test
Back testa method for determining the predictive validity of an investment strategy using historical data
Back to Bach movementalso called 'neo-baroque', a movement in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century composition to seek inspiration from the forms and styles associated with the baroque period including the works of J.S. Bach
Back to square oneback to where one started
Back to the walla desperate situation
Backtriebmittel (s./pl.)(German n.) baking agent, leavening agent, rising agent, raising agent, leaven
Backtrog(German m.) baking tray, baking-tray, kneading trough
Backturnan ornament that begins on a lower note, for example, an inverted turn
Back- und Bratformen(German pl.) cooking tins
Back upor 'back-up', an approach made by a vehicle moving in reverse gear
a copy of electronic data, usually on removeable media, in order that should the original data become corrupted, the user may recover an earlier, hopefully, uncorrupted version of the data thus avoiding significant data loss
or 'perfecting', in printing, printing the second side of a sheet already printed on one side
Backup-Fazilitäten zur Verfügung stellen(German) to provide backup facilities
Back up, toto give support to someone
Back vowela vowel made with the topmost portion of the tongue in the back of the oral cavity. These include the vowel sounds found in ooze, oomph, go, law, and father
Backward blessinga curse
Backware (s.), Backwaren (pl.)(German f.) pastries, baked goods (plural form)
Backwerk(German n.) cakes and pastries
Backzeit(German f.) baking time
Backzutaten(German pl.) baking ingredients
bâcler(French) to botch, to botch up
Baco(Italian m.) worm
Baco da seta(Italian m.) silkworm
bacucco(Italian) decrepit
Bad(German n.) bath, bathroom, pool, spa, watering place (spa), (swimming) baths, balneary (a bathing room) (archaic)
Badagourd drum from the Ivory Coast made from a large gourd with the top third cut off, a goatskin is fastened to the gourd with rope and tuned using Mali woven tension ropes
Badajazo(Spanish m.) stroke (of a bell)
Badajo(Spanish m.) clapper (of a bell), chatterbox
badare(Italian) to take care, to look out
badare a(Italian) to take care of
Badarmaturen(German pl.) bathroom fittings
Badaud (m.), Badaude (f.)(French) onlooker (pejorative term)
Bad bloodill-feeling, vindictiveness
Bad debtsdebts unlikely to be paid
Badeanstalt(German f.) swimming baths, baths, public baths, bath-house, bathhouse, swimming pool
Badeanzug (s.), Badeanzüge (pl.)(German m.) swim-suit, bathing costume, swimsuit, bathing-dress, one piece swimsuit
Badearzt (m.), Badeärztin (f.)(German) spa doctor, balneologist (a practitioner of the science of baths or bathing, especially of the therapeutic use of mineral baths)
Badebekleidung(German f.) swimming wear, bathing wear, swimwear
Badeeinrichtungen(German pl.) bathing facilities
Badeente(German f.) rubber duck
Badegast (s.), Badegäste (pl.)(German m.) bather, spa visitor, visitor at a watering place, swimmer
Badehandtuch(German n.) bathing towel, bath towel
Badehaube(German f.) bathing cap, swimming cap, swimming hat
Badehaus(German n.) bathhouse, bath
Badehocker(German m.) bath seat
Badehose(German f.) swimming trunks, bathing drawers, bathing slip, bathing trunks
Badehütte(German f.) bathing hut, bathing-hut
Badekabine(German f.) bathing hut, bathing cabin, bathing cubicle, changing cubicle
Badekappe (s.), Badekappen (pl.)(German f.) bathing-cap, swimming hat, bathing cap
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Badekarren(German m.) bathing machine
Badekleidung(German f.) swimwear, bathing wear, swimming wear
Badekostüm(German n.) bathing costume, swimming costume
Badekur(German f.) spa therapy
Badekurort(German m.) spa
Badelatschen(German pl.) flip-flops
Bademantel (s), Bademäntel (pl.)(German m.) bath robe, bathing gown, beach robe, bathing wrap, bathrobe (morning wear), dressing gown
Badematte(German f.) bath-mat, bathmat
Bademeister(German m.) bath attendant, (pool) attendant, pool supervisor
Bademode (s.), Bademoden (pl.)(German f.) beach fashion
Bademöglichkeiten(German pl.) bathing facilities
Bademütze(German f.) bathing-cap, bathing cap, swimcap, swimming cap, swimming hat
Baden(English, German) a historical region of southwest Germany which, in the 1840s it was a centre of the German liberal movement
baden(German) to take a bath, to have a bath, to bath
Baden-Baden(English, German) a city of southwest Germany in the Black Forest near the French border that was founded as a Roman garrison in the third century A.D and is noted as a health resort and spa
badend(German) bathing, imbruing (wetting or moistening)
Badender(German m.) bather
badend in(German) imbruing (wetting or moistening)
baden gehen(German) to be totally unsuccessful
Badenixe (s.), Badenixen (pl.)(German f.) bathing beauty, bathing belle
Baden verboten(German) bathing forbidden, bathing prohibited
Baden-Württemberg(English, German n.) a Land of the Federal Republic of Germany in the southwestern part of the country to the east of the Upper Rhine
baden-württembergisch(German) of or from Baden-Württemberg
Badeofen(German m., dated) geyser (water heater)
Badeort (s.), Badeorte (pl.)(German m.) bathing resort, spa, bathing place, bathing-place, (seaside) resort
Badepantoffel (s.), Badepantoffeln (pl.)(German m.) bathing slipper
Badepantolette (s.), Badepantoletten (pl.)(German f.) bathing slipper
Badeplatz(German m.) bathing place, place for bathing
Bader (s./pl.)(German m.) barber surgeon, bath, bathhouse
Bäderbehandlung(German f.) medical treatment using therapeutic baths
Bäderdampfer(German m.) sea-side excursion steamer, tourist steamer
Badereise(German f.) trip to a spa, visit to a spa
Bäderkunde(German f.) balneology (the science of baths or bathing, including the study of the therapeutic use of mineral baths)
Badesachen(German pl.) bathing things, swimming things
Badesaison(German f.) spa season
Badesalz(German n.) bath salts
Badesandalen(German pl.) flip-flops
Badeschönheit(German f.) bathing beauty
Badeschuh (s.), Badeschuhe (pl.)(German m.) bathing shoe, sandal, (bath) slipper
Badeschwamm(German m.) bath sponge
Badesee(German m.) lake for bathing, bathing lake, bathing pond
Badessa(Italian f.) abbess, Äbtin (German f.), Äbtissin (German f.), abbesse (French f.), abadesa (Spanish f.)
Badesteg(German m.) bathing jetty
Badestrand (s.), Badestrände (pl.)(German m.) beach, bathing beach, strand
badet(German) bathes, imbrues (wets or moistens)
badete(German) bathed
Badeteich(German m.) bathing pond
Badetherapie(German f.) balneotherapy (the therapeutic use of mineral baths)
Badethermometer(German n.) bath thermometer
Badetuch (s.), Badetücher (pl.)(German n.) bath-towel, bath towel
Badeumhang(German m.) bath robe, bath wrap, bathing wrap
Badeunfall(German m.) bathing accident
Badeurlaub(German m.) holiday at the seaside, vacation by the sea
Badeurlaub machen(German) to go to the seaside for one's holiday
Badeverbot(German n.) bathing ban
Badewanne (s.), Badewannen (pl.)(German f.) bath, bathtub, bath tub
Badewannengriff(German m.) bath rail
Badewärter(German m.) bathing attendant
Badewasser(German n.) bathwater, bath water
Badewasser einlassen(German) to draw a bath
Badeweiher(German m.) bathing pond, swimming pond
Badezeit(German f.) bathing hours
Badezeug(German n.) bathing gear, bathing things, swimming things, bathing clothes
Badezimmer (s./pl.)(German n.) bathroom, bath room, bath, bath-room, powder room
Badezimmerfenster(German n.) bathroom window
Badezimmerfliesen(German pl.) bathroom tiles
Badezimmermatte (s.), Badezimmermatten (pl.)(German f.) bath mat
Badezimmerschrank(German m.) bathroom cabinet
Badezimmerspiegel(German m.) bathroom mirror
Badezimmerwaage (s./pl.)(German f.) bathroom scale
Badezimmerwaschbecken(German n.) bathroom sink, bathroom washbasin
Badezimmerwaschtisch(German m.) bathroom vanity (sink, mirror and all the storage necessary for cosmetic activity in a bathroom)
Badgerin English, a term of uncertain derivation (possibly derived from bagger, a bag or person carrying one) for a dealer in food or victuals which he had purchased in one place and carried for sale in another place. The Oxford English Dictionary gives the earliest entry as being from Bristol in 1500, but there were bager(s)gates at York in 1243 and in Lincoln in by 1252. It continued in use until the nineteenth century in Great Britain
Badia(Italian f.) abbey
Badigeon(French m.) whitewash
Badigeonner(French) whitewash, daub
Badile(Italian m.) shovel
Bad im Freien(German n.) bathe
badin (m.), badine (f.)(French) light-hearted (also 'cheerful', 'frivolous')
Badinage(French, meaning 'jest') chaff, playfulness, banter, raillery, jesting, light-heatred fooling
"Badinage [the act of bantering] is an innocent amusement in itself and agreeable to society; in order to badiner with bonne grâce [graciously], one must be extremely polite. One does not badiner about serious and respected things."
Abbé Roubaud (1785)
badiner(French) to joke, to banter, to trifle with, to toy with, to tease in fun, to jest
the verb can be used about clothing or decorations attached to clothing, for example ils badinet, meaning 'they are fluttering'
badiner avec(French) to joke about
badiner sur(French) to joke about
Badinerie(French, meaning 'jest') playfulness
a quick eighteenth-century piece in 2/4 time, for example, a movement from Bach's Suite in B minor for flute and strings, light and playful in character
badisch(German) Baden, associated with Baden (Germany)
Badische Küche(German f.) cuisine of Baden, Baden cuisine
Badman balladssongs that tend to romanticise the outlaw whether Robin Hood, Dick Turpin or Jesse James
Badminton(English, German n.) a game played on a court with light long-handled rackets used to volley a shuttlecock over a net
badnerisch(German) Baden
Bad noteor nota cativa (Italian), a note that falls on the unaccented part of a bar (or measure)
the opposite, a good note or nota buono (Italian), is one that falls upon the accented part of a bar (or measure)
Bad patcha difficult time, a troubled period
Bad quarter of an hourmauvais quart d'heure (French), a brief unpleasant experience
Bad quartoin the jargon of Shakespearean scholars, a "bad quarto" is a copy of the play that a disloyal actor would recreate from memory and then submit for publication in a rival publishing house without the consent of the author. These bad quartos are often grossly inaccurate, but may contain useful stage directions not included in the original
Badvorleger(German m.) bath mat
Bad way, in agravely ill, in serious trouble
Baedeker, Karl
author of a famous series of guidebooks, modelled on John Murray's Handbooks
Baerpfeife(German f.) a stopped organ pipe of 8ft. or 16ft. tone
baff(German) open-mouthed, gobsmacked (colloquial)
Baffe(French f.) slap
Baffi(Italian m. pl.) moustache, whiskers (animal)
Baffinbai(German f.) Baffin Bay
Baffin Bayan ice-clogged body of water between northeast Canada and Greenland
Baffinbucht(German f.) Baffin Bay
Baffininsel(German f.) Baffin Island
Baffin Islandan island off eastern Nunavut, Canada, west of Greenland, and which is the fifth-largest island in the world
Baffle(French m.) speaker
baff sein(German) to be flabbergasted
baffuto(Italian) moustached, whiskered
BafokoWest African calabash drum, covered by a goat skin
Bafoué (m.), Bafouée (f.)(French) at person who is never going to be taken seriously
bafoué (m.), bafouée (f.)(French) mocked at, derided
bafouer(French) to scoff at
bafouiller(French) to stammer
BAFTAacronym for 'British Academy of Film and Television Arts'
Bagabhasee bagana
Bagad(Breton) one or more specified number of pipe bands, composed of biniou (Breton bagpipes), bombardes and snare drums (one source suggests huit biniou, huit bombardes, quatre caisses claires, deux toms, une grosse caisse), that play mainly Breton music. However, for an unspecified number greater than one, the plural is bagadoù
Bagage(French m.) bag, (store of) knowledge
(German f.) rabble, baggage (dated)
Bagages(French m.) luggage, baggage
Bagages à main(French m.) hand luggage
Bagaglio(Italian m.) luggage
Bagagliaio(Italian m.) luggage van (train), boot (car)
Bagaje(Spanish m.) baggage, beast of burden (animal), knowledge (figurative)
Baganaor bagabha, a large eight to ten-string Ethiopian plucked lyre with a trapezoidal wooden frame
Bägännasee bagana
Bagarre(French f.) fight, rumpus, racket, scuffle
bagarrer(French) to fight
Bagasse(English, German f.) the dry, fibrous residue remaining after the extraction of juice from the crushed stalks of sugar cane, used as a source of cellulose
Bagatela(Spanish f.) trifle, bagatelle
Bagatelldelikt(German n.) minor offence, petty crime, petty offence
Bagatelldiebstahl(German m.) petty theft
Bagatelle(French f.) trifle, trifling amount, something of no importance
(French f.) a type of billiards
Bagatelle (s.), Bagatellen (German pl.)(English, German f., French f., from Italian bagattella) trifle, unpretentious, unimportant, triva (plural form)
(French f.) a sketch
a short, light instrumental piece of music of no specified form, usually for piano, although François Couperin (1668-1733) composed Les Bagatelles for the harpsichord
(German f.) fleabite (figurative)
bagatellisieren(German) to minimize, to trivialise
Bagatellschaden(German m.) minor loss, petty damage
Bagatellverlust(German m.) trivial loss
Bagattella(Italian f.) trifle, bagatelle (musical)
Bagdad(German) Baghdad
Båge(Swedish) slur
Bagel(English, German m./n.) a ring-shaped bread roll
Baggagea term applied to an immoral or flirtatious woman
Bagger (s./pl.)(German m.) excavator, dredger, excavating machine, mechanical digger, earthmover, backhoe
Baggergut(German n.) dredged material, spoil
Baggerloch(German n.) flooded gravel-pit, quarry pond
Baggermaschine(German f.) couloir (a steep chute, which may have snow or ice)
Baggern(German n.) sharking (luring an employee from one restaurant to another)
baggern(German) to scoop, to excavate, to dredge, to put the make on a girl (colloquial)
Baggerpumpe(German f.) dredging pump
Baggerschiff(German n.) dredger
Baggerschute(German f.) hopper barge, mud lighter, mud boat, dredging barge
Baggersee(German m.) flooded gravel-pit, quarry pond
baggert(German) excavates
baggert aus(German) dredges
baggerte aus(German) dredged
Baggya British music scene popular in the early 1990's. The scene was extremely influenced by Madchester, although the scene was not geographically local to Manchester as was its predecessor. Baggy was characterised by psychedelia & acid house influenced guitar music, often with a "funky drummer" beat
  • Baggy from which this extract thas been taken
Baglamasee baglamás
Baglamás (s.), Baglamades (pl.)(Greek) a family of long-necked Turkish lutes, with a pear shaped body that is also found in Greece. This is the most common stringed instrument in Turkey. In Greece it is classified as a scaled-down version of the bouzouki. It is known as baglama, meydan sazi, divan sazi (court saz), bozuk, tambura, cura, üçtelli (three-string), onikitelli (twelve-string), çarta, irizva, cögür etc. depending on its size and region
Bagliore(Italian m.) glare, flash (inspiration), gleam (figurative)
Bagnante(Italian m./f.) bather
Bagnard(French m.) convict
bagnare(Italian) to wet, to soak, to dip, to water, to bathe, to wash, to flow through
bagnarsi(Italian) to get wet, to bathe
bagnarto(Italian) wet, soaked
Bagnino(Italian m.) life-guard
Bagnio(English, from the Italian bagno, 'bath') a brothel, an Oriental slave prison
Bagno (s.), Bagni (pl.)(Italian m.) bath, bathroom, bathe
Bagnole(French f.) car
Bagpipegaita (Spanish), cornamusa (Italian), cornemuse (French), Dudelsack (German), tibia utricularis (Latin)
very old musical instrument with a reed chanter, with fingerholes and/or keys operated by the player's fingers, one or more tunable drone pipes playing pre-set notes, powered by air generated either by a bag squeezed under the arm and refilled by the player's breath, or a mechanical bellows
Bagstrousers (slang)
Bags under the eyespuffy bulges under the eyes
Bague(French f.) ring (finger, etc.)
baguer(French) to ring (encircle)
Baguette (s.), Baguettes (French pl.)(French f., German n.) an ornament in the form of a half cylinder, a small jewel cut into a thin rectangular shape
(French f.) drumstick, baton of the conductor, the stick of a bow for a violin, etc.
(French f., German f./n.) French loaf, French stick (loaf)
Baguette de batterie(French f.) drumstick
Baguette de bois(French f.) wooden drum stick
Baguette (de chef d'orchestre)(French f.) conductor's baton
Baguette de cuir(French f.) leather-headed stick
Baguette de cymbales(French f.) cymbal stick
Baguette de feutre(French f.) felt-headed stick
Baguette d'éponge(French f.) sponge-headed stick
Baguette de tambour(French f.) drum stick
Baguette de timbales(French f.) timpani stick
Baguette de triangle(French f.) triangle beater
Baguette en bois(French f.) wooden drum stick
Baguette rembourée(French f.) padded stick
Baguettes de percussion(French claves
Baguettes entrechoquées(French claves
Baguettes moyennes(French medium (hardness) sticks
Baguettes rigides(French hard sticks
Baguettes souples(French soft sticks
Bäh!(German) Yuck! Ugh! (colloquial)
Bah.abbreviation of 'Bahamas'
Baha(Island of Saint Kitts and Nevis) a blown metal pipe
Bahaismus(German) Baha'i (religion), Bahaism
Bahamaer (m.), Bahamaerin (f.), Bahamaer (pl.)(German) Bahamian (person born in or living in the Bahamas)
bahamaisch(German) Bahamian
Bahamas(English, German pl.) island country in the Atlantic east of Florida and Cuba, that is a popular winter resort
Bähen(German n.) fomentation (incitement, substance or material used as a warm, moist medicinal compress, poultice)
bähen(German) to foment (to incite, to apply a substance or material as a warm, moist medicinal compress, to apply a poultice)
Bahia(Spanish f.) bay
Bahn (s.), Bahnen (pl.)(German f.) path, pathway, course, web, way, track, orbit, width (cloth, paper), railway, train, tram, (bowling) alley
Bahnanlage(German f.) railway system
Bahnbeamter (m.), Bahnbeamtin (f.)(German) railway official
Bahnbeförderung(German f.) rail transport
Bahnbeschleunigung(German f.) path acceleration, tangential acceleration
Bahnbetreiber(German m.) train operator
Bahnbetriebswerk(German n.) depot, engine facilities, engine shed
Bahnbogen(German m.) railway arch
Bahn brechen(German) to break fresh ground, to break ground
bahnbrechend(German) pioneering (figurative), epoch making, groundbreaking, trailblazing, seminal, innovative
bahnbrechendes Ereignis(German n.) tectonic shift (figurative)
bahnbrechendes Urteil(German n.) landmark decision
Bahnbrecher(German m.) pathfinder, pioneer, trailblazer
Bahnbrecher (für)(German m.) spearhead (of) (figurative)
Bahnbrücke(German f.) railway bridge
Bahndamm(German m.) railway embankment
Bahnebene(German f.) ecliptic (the plane in which the Earth orbits the Sun)
bahneigen(German) railway-owned
Bahneinschnitt(German m.) railway cutting
Bahnellipse(German f.) elliptical trajectory
Bahnen schwimmen(German) to swim laps
Bahnenkleid(German n.) panel dress
Bahnenrock(German m.) panel skirt, gored skirt (skirt with a flirty, full hemline, flat front with elastic back and sides)
Bahnfahrkarte(German f.) train ticket, rail ticket
Bahnfahrplanauskunft(German f.) train schedule information, train timetable information
Bahnfahrt (s.), Bahnfahrten (pl.)(German f.) train journey, rail ride, train ride, rail journey
Bahnfracht(German f.) rail carriage, rail freight, railway freight
Bahnfrachtunternehmen(German n.) freight train operator
Bahngeschwindigkeit(German f.) speed (of trains)
Bahngesellschaft(German f.) railway company, train company, train operator
Bahngleis(German n.) track, rail track
Bahnhof (s.), Bahnhöfe (pl.)(German m.) railway station, train station, station
Bahnhof mit Personal(German m.) staffed station
Bahnhofbuffet(German n. - Switzerland) station buffet
Bahnhofplatz(German m.) station square
Bahnhofsbuchhandlung(German f.) station bookshop
Bahnhofsbuffet(German n. - Austria) station buffet
Bahnhofseingang(German m.) railway station entrance, station entrance
Bahnhofsgaststätte(German f.) station restaurant
Bahnhofshalle(German f.) station concourse
Bahnhofsplatz(German m.) station square
Bahnhofspolizei(German f.) station police
Bahnhofspostamt(German n.) (railway) station post office
Bahnhofsrestaurant(German n.) station restaurant
Bahnhofsuhr(German f.) station clock
Bahnhofsviertel(German n.) area around the station
Bahnhofsvorplatz(German m.) station forecourt
Bahnhofsvorstand(German m. - Austria) stationmaster
Bahnhofsvorsteher(German m.) stationmaster
Bahnhofswerbung(German f.) railway station advertising
Bahnhofswirtschaft(German f.) station bar
Bahnhofvorstand(German m. - Switzerland) stationmaster
Bahnknotenpunkt(German m.) rail hub, rail junction
Bahnkunde(German m.) rail passenger
Bahnkurve(German f.) trajectory
Bahnlesung(German f.) course reading
Bahnlinie(German f.) railway line, rail line, line
bahnmäßig verpackt(German) packed for carriage by rail, packed for railway transport
Bahnnetz(German n.) rail network, railway network
Bahnpassagier(German m.) rail passenger
Bahnpolizei(German f.) railway police
Bahnpost(German f.) Travelling Post Office
Bahnpostamt(German n.) railway post office
Bahnreisen(German n.) rail travel
Bahnreisender (s.), Bahnreisende (pl.)(German m.) rail traveller, railway passenger, train traveller
Bahnreservierung(German f.) train reservation
Bahnspediteur(German m.) rail forwarding agent
Bahnspedition(German f.) rail forwarder (company), rail freight forwarder (company)
Bahnsteig(German m.) (railway) platform, track (US)
Bahnsteiggleis(German n.) platform line
Bahnsteighalle(German f.) platform hall
Bahnsteigkarte(German f.) platform ticket
Bahnsteigüberführung(German f.) footbridge between platforms
Bahnsteigunterführung(German f.) subway between platforms
Bahnstrecke(German f.) railway line, railway track, rail route, track
Bahnstreik(German m.) rail strike
Bahnsystem(German n.) railway system, rail system
Bahntarif (s.), Bahntarife (pl.)(German m.) train fare
Bahntransport(German m.) carriage by rail, transport of goods by rail
Bahntrasse(German f.) railway line
Bahntunnel(German m.) rail tunnel
Bahnübergang(German m.) railway crossing, level crossing
Bahnübergang mit Schranken(German m.) railroad crossing with gates, gated railway crossing
Bahnverbindung(German f.) rail service, rail link
Bahnverlauf(German m.) trajectory
Bahnwärter(German m.) signalman, level crossing keeper, linesman, line-keeper
Bahnwärterhäuschen(German n.) line-keeper's lodge
Bahrain(English, German n.) island nation in the Arabian Gulf
Bahrainer (m.), Bahrainerin (f.), Bahrainer (pl.), Bahrainerinnen ( Bahraini (person born in or associated with Bahrain)
Bahraini hip hop
bahrainisch(German) Bahraini
Bahre (s.), Bahren (pl.)(German f.) stretcher, bier, barrow, litter, gurney (US)
Bahrtuch(German n.) pall (burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped, synonymous with shroud, cerement, winding-sheet, winding-clothes)
Baht(English, German m.) a weight measurement for gold (0.47 troy ounces = 14.6 grammes) used in Thailand, a currency used in Thailand
bäht(German) foments
bähte(German) fomented
Baismall hand clappers from Ghana
see hora
(German f.) bay
Baia(Italian f.) bay
Baiãoa slow samba rhythm from Brazil. The traditional instrumental baião is a musical form based on an ancient figure dance or ballroom dance of European origin. Ceará, a Northeastern state in Brazil, seems to be the point of origin for this form, although it developed through most of Northeast Brazil. Here it was played by local bands that performed in salons and in private parties and various celebrations. The original instrumentation would have been one or two lead pífanos (small hand-carved bamboo flutes), a zabumba (a large bass drum), together with other smaller percussion instruments. This instrumentation became standard in the performance of traditional instrumental baião, for which these bands got to be known as bandas de pífanos. Luiz Gonzaga is credited with being the inventor of modern baião as we know it today. During the 1940s he got into a radio program in which he played baião with the accordion, accompanied by an orchestra with chorinho instrumentation (guitar and cavaquinho) and some minor percussion. They also incorporated wood blocks (taken from the American Westerns) and later the triangle for a fast polyrythmic music good for dancing typical lively Brazilian music
Baie(French f.) bay (geographical feature), berry (fruit), picture window
Baie vitrée(French f.) picture window
Baïf's AcademyL'Academie de Poesie et de Musique was the first French academy officially instituted by royal decree. In 1570, Charles IX gave Jean-Antoine de Baïf and Joachim Thibault de Courville permission to found an academy that would endeavor to bring into use "both the kind of poetry and the measure and rule of music anciently used by the Greeks and Romans". Baïf and Courville had already been working toward this end, some three years before the royal decree, and had completed some attempts at "measured verses set to measured music in accordance with or as near as may be with the laws of the masters of music in the good old times". Turning to all available sources in an attempt to systematically determine the rules which governed the composition of ancient music, but working without extant material evidence, they were forced to theorize on what the modes of ancient music actually sounded like and how they achieved such diverse and wondrous effects. Based on his readings of ancient texts, Baïf believed that the effects of ancient music were dependent on a close union between poetry and music. He attempted to bring about such a union by experimenting with vers mesurés (measured verse). In addition to its artistic aims, Baïf's Academy also had an underlying moral objective which was informed by strong Neo-Platonist beliefs. Charles IX was no doubt well acquainted with the writings of Plato and Aristotle that related the powerful moral and psychological effects that music had on men's souls. He chose to support the work of the academy on political grounds because he hoped that the revival of ancient music and poetry would bring about a moral and spiritual reformation in his kingdom. The humanist belief in the restorative effects of "ancient" music and verse also stems from that Pythagorean philosophy which endeavored to explain the physical universe in terms of harmony and number, and which spoke of a relationship between the harmony of the universe and the structure of the human soul
Baignade(French f.) bathing, swimming
baigné(French) or, in Italian, campanella, in which neighbouring notes or repeated notes are plucked on different strings of the lute so that the first note continues to sound even while the second is being played
baigné de(French) bathed in (sweat), soaked in (blood)
baigner(French) to bathe, to bath
baigner dans(French) to soak in, to be steeped in
Baigneur (m.), Baigneuse (f.)(French) bather
Baignoire(French f.) bath, bath-tub
(French f.) a stage-box, a box at the theatre on the same level as the stalls
Baikalsee(German m.) Lake Baikal (situated in south-east Sirberia, the largest freshwater lake in Asia or Europe and the deepest lake in the world)
Bail (s.), Baux (pl.)(French m.) lease
Bailawhen the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in the fifteenth century, they brought with them cantiga ballads, ukuleles and guitars, along with African slaves, who further diversified the musical roots of the island. These slaves were called kaffrinha, and their dance music was called baila, originally consisting of songs to the accompaniment of a guitar and handclaps or other improvised percussion. Baila remains at the roots of modern Sri Lankan music
bailable(Spanish) dance
Bailador(Spanish m.) dancer
bailador(Spanish) dancing
Bailantas(Spanish) tropical dance parties
Bailaor (m.), Bailaora (f.)(Spanish) flamenco dancer
bailar(Spanish, Portuguese) to dance
bailar agarrado(Spanish) to dance closely
Bailarín(Spanish m.) professional dancer, danseur (French), ballerino (Italian)
Bailarina(Spanish f., Portuguese f.) dancer, ballerina (classical dance), danseuse (French)
Bailarina principal(Spanish f.) principal dancer
Bailarino(Portuguese m.) danseur (French)
Bailarino nobre(Portuguese m.) danseur noble (French)
Baile(Spanish m.) also bayle or ballet (French, Spanish), dance, ballo (Italian)
(Spanish m.) flamenco dance
(Spanish m.) knees-up
Baile a lo agarrado(Catalan, literally 'embracing in order to dance') one of the Catalan dance forms
Bailecitotypical festive Bolivian handkerchief dance
Baile de candil(Spanish m., literally 'candle dance') a ball given in a room lit by candlelight or, later, by oil lamp
(Spanish m.) a dance associated with Andalusia
Baile de etiqueta(Spanish m.) ball (formal dance)
Baile del maní(Spanish m.) only known from engravings and writings, a fighting dance from Cuba, danced by two Bantu men moving to the yuka drums, that is similar to capoeira
Baile di Sinta(Bonaire, Spanish m.) a popular fertility dance, performed around a maypole
Baile Funka term that through mistranslation, has earned a dual meaning, where usage depends largely on geography and native language. Most English speakers believe 'Baile Funk' is a type of street music from Brazil, basically, Brazil's version of 'Miami Bass'. However, this is a mistranslation. Brazilians are quick to point out that 'Baile' loosely translates to "ball", as in "a dance party", and "funk" describes what type of dance party is in question. The actual term for the music is itself is 'Funk Carioca', which translates to "Funk from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil". Alternatively, it is simply referred to as "Funk" by most Brazilians
Baile popular(Spanish m.) traditional dance (as distinct from formal, court or stage dancing)
Baile por sevillanas(Spanish m.) a four-section dance that is not part of the flamenco tradition but rather is associated with the sevillanas, a type of folk music, sung and written in Seville, Spain. Schools teaching baile por sevillanas may be found in nearly every town in Spain
Baile suelto(Catalan, literally 'dancing alone') one of the Catalan dance forms
Baile típico de Auvernía(Spanish m.) a dance from the Auverne, particularly the bourrée
Bailiff's Daughter of Islingtona ballad given in Percy's Reliques. In this case Islington refers to a place near King's Lynn, Norfolk
Baîllement(French m.) yawn
baîller(French) to yawn, to gape
Bailleur de fonds(French m.) (financial) backer
Baîllon(French m.) gag
baîllonner(French) gag
Bain(French m.) bath, bathe
Bain de bouche(French m.) mouthwash
Bain de soleil(French m.) sunbathing
Bain-marie(French m.) a flat-bottomed vessel of boiling water into which saucepans, etc. are placed to simmer or to keep food hot
Bain-Marie(German f.) bain-marie, double boiler
Baionsee baião
bairisch(German, dialect) Bavarian
Bairisch-Österreichisch(German n.) Austro-Bavarian
Baiser(French m.) kiss
(German n.) meringue
baiser(French) to kiss (hand)
Baisergebäck(German n.) meringue pastry
Baiserkuchen(German m.) meringue cake
Baiser mit Eiscreme(German n.) ice-cream meringue
Baiser mit Schlagsahne(German n.) meringue chantilly
Baisertorte(German f.) meringue cake
Baisha xiyue(Chinese, literally 'Baisha fine music') a classical orchestral musical form, with 24 qupai (tunes), played on antique Chinese musical instruments, such as flute, shawm, Chinese lute, and zither. It is derived from the ritual music of Taoist and Confucian ceremonies from the fourteenth century and is one of the two surviving forms of traditional music of the Naxi (Nakhi or Nahi) of Lijiang, China. The Naxi are believed to be the descendants of the nomadic Qiang, an ethnic group inhabiting the Tibetan plateau
Baisse(French f.) fall, drop
(German f.) slump, bear market, depression, downturn, fall
baisser(French) to lower (as 'to tune down a violin string', 'lower the volume on a sound system'), to turn down (light, radio, etc.), to go down, to fall, to fail
Baithakan informal Hindustani classical music session where the listeners sit in close proximity to the performer
Baixi(China) in effect a 'variety show' in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), with performances being held in entertainment houses called washe and goulan, which served generally as arenas for folk arts
Baixo(Portuguese) bass (instrument or voice)
Baixo cifrado(Portuguese) figured bass
Baizeusually green woollen-felted material, used for coverings (for example, card tables, snooker tables, etc.)
Baja(Spanish f.) drop, fall
Baja calidad(Spanish f.) low quality
Bajada(Spanish f.) slope, descent
Bajamar(Spanish m.) low tide
Bajan(English, German n.) see bayan
Baja por maternidad(Spanish f.) maternity leave
bajar(Spanish) to lower, to get down, to bow (of the head)
bajar el diapasón(Spanish) to lower the tone of one's voice
bajar la escalera(Spanish) to go downstairs, to go down, to fall (temperature, price)
bajar la mano(Spanish) to lower one's hand
bajarse(Spanish) to bend down
bajarse de(Spanish) to get out of, to get off (bus, horse, etc.)
bajarse uno los pantalones(Spanish) to give in
Baja sexto(Spanish) an acoustic bass guitar, with six pairs of strings, that resembles a twelve-string guitar tuned an octave lower. The heavy gauge strings generate a large string tension, yet the guitar is built relatively lightly. The baja sexto began to be used in Texas in the 1920s with the rise of 'Tex-Mex' music. The standard tuning is: E-e-A-a-D-d-G-g-C-c-F-f (capital letters are an octave below the smaller letters)
Bajeza(Spanish f.) vile deed
Bajiaogu(China) a single-headed frame drum, used in tan xian pai zi qu, a popular style of narrative music of the Beijing region
  • Bajiaogu from which this extract has been taken
Bajio(Spanish m.) sandbank
Bajflöjt(Swedish) drone flute
Bajo(Spanish m.) lowland, sandbank, bass
bajo(Spanish) low, short, small, lowered, humble, vile, pale (colour), deep
(Spanish) quietly, low, deep, below (temperature)
(Spanish) bass, as in cantado el bajo meaning bass singing
bajo arresto(Spanish) under arrest
Bajo cantante(Spanish m.) best described as basse-taille (French), a tenor voice strong in the lower register, the baritone voice, a high bass voice, basso cantante (Italian), basse chantante (French)
Bajo cifrado(Spanish m.) figured bass, basse chiffrée (French), basse continue (French)
Bajo continuo(Spanish m.) basso continuo
Bajo de Alberti(Spanish m.) Alberti bass, basse d'Alberti (French)
Bajo de la una(Spanish m.) a bass guitar with 8 strings with a large body that is played with a plectrum, called at the time una del perro, hence its name de la una
Bajo de viola(Spanish m.) viola da gamba, the bass viol, viole de gambe (French)
Bajo eléctrico(Spanish m.) electric bass (guitar)
bajo el sol(Spanish) under the sun
bajo la lluvia(Spanish) in the rain
bajo llave(Spanish) under lock and key
bajo los auspicios de(Spanish) sponsored by
bajo los efectos de la anestesia(Spanish) under (the) anesthetic
Bajón(Spanish m.) drop, decline (health), slump (business)
(Spanish m.) also baxón, bassoon
Bajonett (s.), Bajonette (pl.)(German n.) bayonet
Bajonettangriff(German m.) bayonet charge
bajonettförmig(German) bayonet-shaped
bajonettierend(German) bayoneting
bajonettierte(German) bayoneted
Bajonettstift(German m.) bayonet pin (a pin which plays in and out of holes made to receive it)
Bajonettverbindung(German f.) bayonet joint (a form of coupling similar to that by which a bayonet is fixed onto a rifle)
Bajonettverschluss(German m.) bayonet joint (a form of coupling similar to that by which a bayonet is fixed onto a rifle)
Bajonettzange(German f.) bayonet rongeur (surgical instrument)
Bajo sexto(Spanish m., literally 'lower sixth') a Mexican twelve-string (six courses) acoustic bass guitar. The standard tuning is E-e-A-a-D-d-g-g-b-b-F-f (capital letters are an octave lower than the small letters)
Bajazzo, Der(German m., 'clowns') the German title of the opera Pagliacci, an opera in two acts written and composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo (1857-1919). It is the tragedy of a jealous husband in a commedia dell'Arte troupe. It premiered in Milan in 1892, and it is Leoncavallo's only successful opera. The title is sometimes incorrectly rendered I Pagliacci (The Clowns)
  • Pagliacci from which most of this information has been taken
BajsIstrian double-bass
Bakformed of up to six pieces of wood bound together at one end by a strip of leather, sound is produced by spreading and closing the bundle
Bakchich(French m.) bribe
Bake(German f.) marker buoy, beacon
Bake-Hardening-Stahl(German m.) bake-hardening steel
Bakelit(German n.) bakelite
BakeliteBakelite (TM) is the original name for phenol plastic; but now usually covers a range of different types of plastic. This material has featured in a number of musical instruments including the Dolmetsch 'Dolonite' plastic recorders made between 1947 and 1967
Bakelitfeile(German f.) file for plastics
Bakerinsel(German f.) Baker Island
Baker Islandan atoll, located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean, with an area of approximately 1 square mile and about 1650 miles from Hawaii
Baker's biographical dictionary of musiciansthe standard US biographical dictionary of music which primarily covers figures from the western classical tradition and includes composers, performers, and scholars. Published by Schirmer Books, NY, USA
Bakersfield sounda genre of country music developed in the mid- to late 1950s in and around Bakersfield, California
Baker's kneeknock-knee
Bakewell tarta jam pastry with an egg and ground almond enriched filling which is also called a Bakewell pudding, particularly in the Derbyshire town of Bakewell in which it originated
Bakewell-Törtchen(German n.) Bakewell tart
Bakewell-Torte(German f.) Bakewell tart
Bakkalaureat(German n.) baccalaureate
Bakkalaureus(German m.) bachelor
Bakkalaureus der Chirurgie(German m.) Bachelor of Surgery
Bakkalaureus der Ingenieurwissenschaften(German m.) Bachelor of Engineering
Bakkalaureus der Literatur(wissenschaft)(German m.) Bachelor of Literature
Bakkalaureus der Medizin(German m.) Bachelor of Medicine
Bakkalaureus der Musik(German m.) Bachelor of Music
Bakkalaureus der Naturwissenschaften(German m.) Bachelor of Science (natural sciences)
Bakkalaureus der Philosophie(German m.) Bachelor of Arts
Bakkalaureus der philosophischen Fakultät(German m.) Bachelor of Arts
Bakkalaureus der Theologie(German m.) Bachelor of Divinity
Bakkalaureus der Wirtschaftswissenschaften(German m.) Bachelor of Economic Science
Bakkalaureus des Rechts(German m.) Bachelor of Laws
Bakkarat(German n.) baccarat (a game of chance)
Bakoutrilling vocals that accompany Wolof wrestling
Bakschisch(German m.) baksheesh, bakshish
Baksheesh(English, from the Persian) or bakshish, a gratuity, a tip
Bakshish(English, from the Persian) or baksheesh, a gratuity, a tip
BakshyTurkmen folk music made by travelling musicians also called bakshy
see ashiq
Baksimbaa royal dance of the Baganda people from Uganda
Bakst, Léon Nikolayevich
Russian painter and scene- and costume- designer who revolutionized the arts he worked in
Bakterie (s.), Bakterien (pl.)(German f.) bacterium, bacteria (plural form)
bakteriell(German) bacterial, bacterially
bakterielle Infektion(German f.) bacillus infection, bacterial infection
Bakterien-(German) bacterial (prefix)
bakterienabtötend(German) bactericidal,bactericidally
bakterienfrei(German) abacterial, free from bacteria
Bakterieninfektion(German f.) bacterial infection
Bakterienkunde(German f.) bacteriology
Bakteriologe (m.), Bakteriologin (f.), Bakteriologen (pl.)(German) bacteriologist
Bakteriologie(German f.) bacteriology
bakteriologisch(German) bacteriological, bacteriologically, bacterial
Bakterium(German n.) bacterium
Bakterizid (s.), Bakterizide (pl.)(German n.) bactericide
bakterizid(German) bactericidal, antibacterial, bactericidally
Baktrien(German n.) Bactria (an ancient country of southwest Asia which was an eastern province of the Persian Empire before its conquest by the Greeks in 328 BC)
Baktrisches Kamel(German n.) Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus)
Bal(French m.) ballo, dance, ball, dance-hall
bal.abbreviation of 'balance' (in book-keeping)
bal(s)abbreviation of 'ballad opera(s)'
Balaalso balo or balofon, a West African xylophone made with strips of wood, increasing in length, connected together with thread, and with hollow gourd resonators of varying sizes attached to the bottom to achieve a greater tonal range
Bala(German n.) Bahla (a town in Ad Dakhiliyah, Oman, famous for its its ancient fort and its pottery)
Balaamin printing, matter kept in type for filling up odd spaces in periodicals, also called 'fill-ups'
(English, German m.) a Biblical character
an island in Northern Russia
Balaam's basketor 'Balaam's box', printer's slang for the recepticle for storing 'Balaam'
Balabanor balaman, a short Persian cylindrical oboe
Balada(Spanish f.) or balata, ballad, ballade (French), torch song
Balade(French f.) stroll
a common misspelling of the French word ballade
Baladeur(French m.) personal stereo
baladi(Spanish) trivial
baladrón(Spanish) boastful
Baladronada(Spanish f.) boast
baladronear(Spanish) to boast
Balafo(Spanish m.) bala
Balafon(French m.) bala
Balafre(French f.) gash, scar
balafré (m.), balafrée (f.)(French) gashed, scarred
balafrer(French) to gash
Balai (s.), Balais (pl.)(French m.) wire or steel brush (drumming), broom (for sweeping)
Balai-brosse(French m.) garden broom
Balais de batterie(French m. pl.) brushes, special sticks used when playing the drums
Balais de jazz(French m. pl.) wire or rhyhtm brushes
Balakadria traditional quadrille music that was performed for balls in Guadeloupe called balkadri or simply kadri
Balakovoa town in Saratov Oblast, Russia, founded in 1762
Balakowo(German n.) Balakovo
Balalaica(Italian f., Spanish f.) balalaika (English, French), Balalaika (German)
Balalaika(English, German f., French f., from the Russian) or balalaica (Italian , Spanish), established since the seventeenth century, the balalaika, a triangular guitar-like instrument with a fretted finger-board normally bearing three strings, was, by the ninteenth century, seen as being old fashioned. During this period its use waned as the seven-stringed guitar and concertina were introduced into Russia. In the 1880s, Vladimir. V. Andreev, aristocrat, folklorist and musician, heard the balalaika while collecting folk songs, fell in love with its sound, and decided to become its champion. Working with two violin makers and a carpenter, Andreev created a new, improved version of the instrument, took it into the salons of St. Petersburg, and was greatly encouraged by its acceptance. With even grander plans, he went back to his collaborators, created six different sizes of balalaika, and arranged some of the folk songs he had collected for this new ensemble. To save other endangered native instruments, Andreev revised and added the fifteenth-century domra, a round-bodied, three-stringed mandolin, the gusli, a type of zither, and various folk wind instruments. These instruments formed the Great Russian Orchestra which performed Western classical music as well as arrangements from the folk literature. In the meantime, the smaller balalaika ensemble, consisting of just balalaika, domra, and guitar, kept alive a more intimate performance of traditional folk songs and dance tunes
namehow played
piccolo balalaikathe smallest and rarely seen, played with the fingers
prima balalaikaplayed with the fingers
sekunda balalaikaeither with the fingers or a pick depending on the music being played
alto balalaikaeither with the fingers or a pick depending on the music being played
bass balalaikaare played with leather picks
contrabass balalaikaare played with leather picks
all have three-sided bodies, spruce or fir tops and backs made of from three to nine wooden sections, and all have three strings
the bass and contrabass are equipped with extension legs which rest on the floor
the prima balalaika strings are tuned: A, E, E (1st-3rd), all notes immediately above middle C. The 1st string is the thinnest, and passes over more frets than the 2nd or 3rd string
Balalajkaalternative transliteration of balalaika
BalamanAzerbaijani short cylindrical oboe
see balaban
Balance(English, French f.) scales (weighing)
(English, Spanish m., German f.) swinging, balance, equilibrium, balance sheet
(English, German f.) the adjustment of volume and timbre between instruments or voices so that, when required, each is clearly heard through the general texture
(English, German f.) in contradance, a basic figure in which the couple faces each other with both hands joined (less commonly with one hand joined) and, in time to the music, takes two steps toward each other, and then two steps apart; often followed by a swing. Balances may also be done in lines or circles
  • Balance from which the last entry has been taken
Balancé(French, literally 'balanced') balanceado (Portuguese), in dance, this step is very much like a pas de valse and is an alternation of balance, shifting the weight from one foot to the other. Balancé may be done crossing the foot either front or back. Fifth position R foot front. Demi-plié, dégagé the R foot to the second position and jump on it lightly in demi-plié, crossing the L foot behind the R ankle and inclining the head and body to the right. Step on the L demi-pointe behind the R foot, slightly lifting the R foot off the ground; then fall on the R foot again in demi-plié with the L foot raised sur le cou-de-pied derrière. The next balancé will be to the left side. Balancé may also be done en avant or en arrière facing croisé or effacé and en tournant
  • Balancé from which this information has been taken
balanceado(Portuguese) balanced, balancé (French)
Balanceakt(German m.) juggling act (figurative), balancing act (figurative)
Balance Allone of the big circle figures danced by all couples in one large circle facing the centre which are traditionally associated with square dancing
balancear(Spanish) to balance, to hesitate
balancearse(Spanish) to swing, to hesitate
Balanced phrasingphrases of the same length paired together so that the first sounds like a question and the second like an answer
Balanced tensionon the piano, a system of piano back construction, wherein iron levers replace the conventional wood posts. The back is tremendously strong and rigid, thereby permitting greater string tension which results in better piano tone
balancement(French, literally 'wavering') or tremblement (French), the French term for tremolo, particularly Bebung on the clavichord and vibrato in music for strings or for the voice
balancement sur deux accords(French) alternating chords
Balanceo(Spanish m.) swinging
balancer(French) to swing, to sway, to chuck, to chuck out
Balance railon a piano, the hard maple member of the key frame, wherein the balance pin is set, which in turn is the fulcrum point of the piano key
Balance swell-pedala foot-lever in an organ, which enables the tone of certain manuals to be increased or diminished, and which will remain in any fixed position
Balanchine, George (1904-1983)Russian-born US choreographer whose work with Diaghilev's Ballet Russe was followed by his work with the New York City Ballet (from 1948) which made him, with his 'American Neo-Classic' style, probably the most influential twentieth-century choreographer of ballet in the USA
Balancier(French m.) pendulum (of a clock), pole (wire-walker)
balancieren(German) to poise, to balance
balancierend(German) balancing
balanciert(German) poises, balanced, poised
balancierte(German) poised
Balançoire(French f.) swing, see-saw
Balan-rusynonymous with bala
Balaschicha(German n.) Balashikha
Balanyisynonymous with bala
Balanza(Spanish f.) scales, balance
Balaphonesee bala
balar(Spanish) to bleat
Balashikhaa city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Pekhorka River 25 km east of Moscow
Balata(Spanish f.) or balada, ballad, ballade (French)
Balaustra(Italian f.) balustrade
Balaustrada(Spanish f.) balustrade, railing, railings, banisters
Balaustrata(Italian f.) balustrade
Balay(Spanish, Latin America) wicker basket
Balayage(French m.) sweeping, highlights (hair)
balayer(French) to sweep, to sweep up, to sweep away, to sweep aside
Balayeur (m.), Balayeuse (f.)(French) (road-)sweeper
Balazo(Spanish m.) shot, bullet wound
balbettando(Italian) stammering
balbettare(Italian) to stammer, to babble (baby)
Balbettio(Italian m.) stammering, babble (baby)
Balboaa form of swing dance that emerged in the 1930s and 1940s
balbucear(Spanish) to stammer, to babble
Balbuceo(Spanish m.) stammering, babbling
balbuciente(Spanish) stammering, babbling
balbucir(Spanish) to stammer, to babble
balbutier(French) to stammer, balbettare (Italian), stottern (German), tartamudear (Spanish), balbucear (Spanish)
Balbutiement(French m.) stammering
Balbuzie(Italian f.) stutter, Stottern (German n,), bégaiement (French m.), tartamudeo (Spanish m.)
Balbuziente(Italian m./f.) stutterer
balbuziente(Italian) stuttering
Balcken(German m., archaic spelling) the bass-bar which lies under the fourth string in a violin, etc.
the modern word in Bassbalken (German m.)
[clarification by Michael Zapf]
Balcon(French m.) balcony, dress circle (theatre)
Balcón(Spanish m.) balcony
Balconada(Spanish f.) row of balconies
Balconaje(Spanish m.) row of balconies
Balcone(Italian m.) balcony
Balconettesee 'balcony'
Balconette-BH(German m.) balcony bra
Balconnet-BH(German m.) balconette bra, balconnet bra
Balconyor 'balconette', a balcony is a platform that projects from the wall of a building and is surrounded by a railing, balustrade, or parapet. Where the balcony is so small, projecting shallowly and from only one window, it may be called a balconette. The same terms may be applied to a gallery that projects over the main floor in a theatre or an auditorium
Bal costumé(French m.) fancy-dress ball
bald(German) soon, almost, presently, shortly, at the earliest opportunity, ere long (archiac), in a hurry (colloquial), before long, going on (age)
Balda(Spanish f.) shelf
Baldachin(German m.) canopy
Baldacchino (s.), Baldacchini (pl.)(Italian m.) canopy of brocade (or wool and metal in a similar form), placed over an altar, throne or doorway
Baldado(Spanish m.) disabled person, cripple
baldado(Spanish) disabled, crippled, shattered
baldamente(Italian) audaciously, boldly
Baldaquino(Spanish m.) canopy
Baldanza(Italian f.) audacity, boldness
baldar(Spanish) to cripple
bald danach(German) soon after, soon afterwards
bald darauf(German) by and by (old-fashioned)
bald das eine, bald das andere(German) sometimes this, sometimes that, first this, then that
bald dies, bald das(German) one moment this, the next that, now this, now that
Balde(Spanish m.) bucket
balde(German) soon
baldear(Spanish) to wash down
bald eine Woche(German) almost a week
Baldezza(Italian f.) audacity, boldness
baldig(German) early, speedy
baldige Genesung(German f.) speedy recovery
baldige Rückantwort(German f.) early answer
baldigst(German) at soonest, at the soonest
baldigst kommen(German) to come as soon as may be
Baldini, Vittorio
(died 1618)
an Italian printer and engraver. He started publishing in Venice, where he was born, and later moved to Ferrara, joining the court of Duke Alfonso II d'Este in mid-to-late 1582, where he was the official ducal music printer. He may have met the duke through Giulio Cesare Brancaccio, whose translation and commentary on Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico Baldini printed in early 1582
baldio(Spanish) waste (ground), useless (figurative)
baldmöglichst(German) as soon as possible, earliest possible, soonest possible, at earliest convenience, soonest
bald nach Anfang(German) soon after the beginning of
baldo(Italian) bold
Baldoria(Italian f.) merrymaking
Baldosa(Spanish f.) floor tile, flagstone
Baldósa(Italian, mentioned in John Florio's Queen Anna's New World of Words (1611)) bolde, saucie
a kind of croud or country fiddle
a country dance
Bal drabcesa carnival dance
Baldrian(German m.) valerian (a plant of the genus Valeriana, especially V. officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine. The dried rhizomes of this plant are used medicinally as a sedative)
Baldrianöl(German n.) oil of valerian, valerian oil
Baldriantee(German m.) valerian tea
Baldrianwurzel(German f.) valerian root
Baldrickcoloured bands worn crossed over a moris man's chest and back, worn over whites
Balduque(Spanish m.) red tape (also used figuratively)
bald werdend(German) soon-to-be
Balé(Portuguese m.) ballet
Balear(Spanish m.) native of the Balearic Islands
balear(Spanish) Balearic
Balearen(German pl.) Balearic Islands, Balearics
Baleareninsel(German f.) Balearic island
Balearic Islandsor Balearics, an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea off the eastern coast of Spain, noted for their scenery and mild climate
Balearische Inseln(German pl.) Balearic Islands
Balearic Beata style of electronic dance music that emerged in the late 1980s and was popular into the mid-1990s. The style was named for its popularity among European nightclub and beach rave patrons on the Balearic island of Ibiza, a popular tourist destination. Some dance music compilations referred to the style as "the sound of Ibiza," even though many other, more aggressive and upbeat forms of dance music could be heard on the island
Balé clássico(Portuguese m.) ballet
Balefirean outdoor fire, a bonfire, a beacon fire, a funeral pyre
Balé moderno(Portuguese m.) contemporary or modern ballet
Balen(German n.) Baelen (a Belgian municipality located in the Walloon province of Liège)
balenare(Italian) to lighten, to flash (figurative)
Baleno(Italian m.) flash, lighting (lamp)
Baleo(Spanish, Mexico) fan
Balestra(Italian f.) crossbow
Balg (s.), Bälge (pl.), Bälger (North German plural for brats)(German n./m.) brat
(German m.) bag, pod (pea, etc.), pelt, skin
(German n.) kid (colloquial), bantling (an infant or young child )
(German pl., literally 'bellows', archaic word) originally, on the organ, bellows produced the air supply for the pipes. Today, fans are used, giving a constant air stream, and most old organs have changed over to this system
today Balgen, meaning bellows, is used only for the bellows of a camera
[clarification by Michael Zapf]
balgen(German) to struggle
balgen sich(German) to tussle
Balgengerät(German n.) bellows (camera)
Balgentreter(German m.) bellows-treader, in old German organs (the man who by 'pumping' the bellows with his feet kept the organ suppied with wind)
Balgerei(German f.) tussle, scrap, struggle, kerfuffle, romp, scramble
Bälgetreter(German m.) bellows-treader, in old German organs (the man who by 'pumping' the bellows with his feet kept the organ suppied with wind)
Balgmanometer(German n.) bellows pressure gauge
Balgpumpe(German f.) bellows pump
Balgtremolo(German n.) bellow shake (accordion), bellowshake (accordion)
Balgtreter(German m.) bellows-treader (organ)
Balgtreter(German m.) bellows-treader
Balgventil(German n.) bellows release (accordion)
Balgwerk(German n.) or Windwerk (German n.), blower (that part of the organ that provides the wind)
Balian island of southern Indonesia in the Lesser Sundas just east of Java, that is largely mountainous with a tropical climate and fertile soil
Balia(Italian f.) wet-nurse
Bali-BH(German m.) Bali (flower) bra
Balido(Spanish m.) bleat, bleating
Bali-ingPhilippine nose flute
Balinese musicBalinese Gamelan music is very similar to Javanese Gamelan music. The music is also cyclical but it is usually quicker. One characteristic of Balinese gamelan music is that there are a lot of sudden changes in tempo and dynamics. Like the Javanese gamelan, the instruments in Balinese gamelan include both metallophones and gongs. However, there are more metallophones than gongs in Balinese gamelan. The metal keys on Balinese metallophones are thicker than those of Javanese, so that they produce a much brighter sound. Another characteristic of Balinese Gamelan music is the used of cymbals, which are used to create the fast rattling sound that is usually absent from Javanese Gamelan music
Balinesisch(German n.) Balinese
Balingbingfrom the Philippines, a bamboo the lower end of which the player holds with one hand while strikes the upper part against the wrist of the other arm. A split running down the center of the tube causes a distinctive buzzing sound. The tone quality may be altered by opening and closing the finger hole for the thumb
Balise(English, German f.) an electronic beacon or transponder placed between the rails of a railway as part of an Automatic Train Protection system
baliser(French) to mark out with beacons, to signpost (route)
Balisong(English, German n.) a knife produced in the Phillipines, also known as a 'butterfly knife'
Balivernes(French f. pl.) balderdash
Balje(German f.) tidal channel
Balk(Swedish) beam
(Dutch) see notenbalk
Balk at, toto stop suddenly at an obstacle in one's way
Balkadrisee balakadri
Balkan(German m.) the Balkans (the countries in the Balkan Peninsula: Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey)
Balkanfieber(German n.) Q fever (an acute febrile illness due to Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii), a species of bacteria. Q fever is a zoonotic disease, that is it is contracted from animals)
Balkan folk danceBalkan folk dance includes the folk dances of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and all other countries of the Balkans. The most distinctive feature of Balkan folk dance music is its complex rhythms (compared to Western music), which are built using combinations of groups of 2 ("quick") and 3 ("slow") beats. All of the basic folk dances use a distinct combination of these rhythmic "units". Some examples are the rachenitsa (7 beats divided 2-2-3), kopanitsa (11 beats divided 2-2-3-2-2), and pravo horo, which can either be standard 4/4 or 6/8. Some rhythms with the same number of beats can be divided in different ways: for example, 8-beat rhythms can be divided 2-3-3, 3-2-3, 3-3-2, 2-2-2-2, 2-2-4, 2-4-2, 4-2-2, or even 4-4
Balkangebirge(German n.) Balkan Mountains
Balkan-Grippe(German f.) Balkanfieber (German n.)
Balkanhalbinsel(German f.) Balkan Peninsula
balkanisch(German) Balkan
Balkanisedivide a territory into small, hostile states
balkanisieren(German) to Balkanise
Balkanisierung(German f.) balkanisation
Balkankrieg(German m.) Balkan War
Balkanländer(German pl.) Balkan countries (Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey)
Balkan music
Balkans, Thecountries in the Balkan Peninsula: Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, and the European part of Turkey
Balkanstaaten(German pl.) the Balkans
Balken ( m.) beam, joist, timber, baulk, arbor
(German m.) bass-bar placed under the fourth string of a violin, etc.
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
(German m.) corpus callosum (a white-matter bundle of 200-300 million nerve fibres that connect the left and right hemispheres of the brain)
Balkenanzeige(German f.) bargraph
Balkenbreite(German f.) beam width
Balkenbrücke(German f.) beam bridge, girder bridge
Balkencode(German m.) bar code, barcode
Balkendecke(German f.) beam ceiling, wood-beamed ceiling, joist ceiling
Balkendiagramm(German n.) bar graph, bar diagram, bar chart
Balkengalaxie(German f.) barred galaxy (a galaxy with a bright central bar of stars)
Balkengraphik(German f.) bargraph
Balken-Gruppierung(German f.) beam grouping
Balkenhöhe(German f.) beam height, beam depth (vertical extent)
Balkenkode(German m.) bar code
Balkenkopf(German m.) abutment, joist end
Balkenplan(German m.) bar chart
Balkenpumpe(German f.) beam pump
Balkenspiralen(German pl.) barred spirals
Balkenspiralgalaxie(German f.) barred spiral galaxy
Balkenüberschrift(German f.) streamer headline (a newspaper headline that runs across the full page)
Balkenwaage(German f.) beam and scales, beam balance
Balkenwulst(German m.) Splenium corporis callosi, splenium of the corpus callosum (the posterior end of the corpus callosum which is the thickest part)
Balkon (s.), Balkone (pl.)(German m.) balcony, gallery, circle (theatre seating area)
Balkonfenster(German n.) balcony window
Balkonpflanze(German f.) balcony plant
Balkontür(German f.) balcony door, French window
Ball (s.), Bälle (pl.)(German m.) ball, ball (formal dance), ballo (Italian m.), bowl, prom (school dance)
Balla(Italian f.) tall story
Ballabile(Italian) a piece of dance or ballet music, particularly a dance interlude in a nineteenth-century opera
(Italian) in a dance style, to be danced
(English, German f., derived from the Italian, ballata, 'a dancing song', which is derived from Latin, ballare, 'to dance') a narrative song, often sentimental, with verses alternating with a refrain, originally to be danced, but now generally without dance associations, a ballad has five characteristics:
it tells a story, typically in third person narrative
it focuses on actions and dialogue rather than characteristics and narration
it has a simple metrical structure and sentence structure
it is sung to a modal melody
it is of oral tradition, passed down by word of mouth, undergoes changes and of anonymous authorship
in jazz or 'pop', a slow tune, for example a 'torch song'
a form of traditional narrative poetry, most of which, in England, date from the fifteenth century, although the genre experienced a revival at the hands of the early nineteenth-century English and German Romantics
see 'folk ballad', 'broadsheet ballad'
see moritat
Ballade (s.), Balladen (German pl.)(French f.) one of the thirteenth-, fourteenth- and fifteenth-century formes fixes, strophic, each stanza having an initial repeated section followed by a second section played only once, and a final four-line refrain (envoy). In a typical ballade, the last lines of each stanza and of the envoy are the same. The ballade first rose to prominence in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, popularized by French poets like Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377) and Eustache Deschampes (1346-1406). It was perfected in the sixteenth century by François Villon (1431-after 1463), but it later fell into disrepute when sevententh-century poets like Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (1622-1673), also known by his stage name Molière, and Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux (1636-1711) mocked its conventions
(French f.) a species of chanson de danse
a dramatic heroic piano piece often inspired by poetry
a setting of a poem to music
(French f., Dutch, German f.) ballad, lay
Balladenbüchlein(German n.) chapbook
Balladendichtung (s.), Balladendichtungen (pl.)(German f.) balladry
Balladenform(German f.) ballad metre
balladenmäßig(German) in the style of a ballad
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Balladenoper(German f.) ballad opera
Balladensammlung(German f.) book of ballads, collection of ballads
Balladensänger (m.), Balladensängerin (f.), Balladesänger (pl.)(German) balladsinger, minstrel, ballad singer, balladeer
balladesk(German) balladic
Ballad horn(brass instrument) in 1868, a virtuoso musician and long-time friend of Adolphe Sax named Henry Distin sold an instrument design to Boosey & Co along with his own company, and Boosey subsequently manufactured a family of bell-up brass instruments under the name ballad horn
Ballad horn(organ stop) an 8' manual Reed stop whose timbre is quite like that of the Waldhorn. On theatre and concert organs this name is used to designate a whole series of mellow, somewhat brassy, pleasant-toned horns voiced for the Solo manual. The Ballad Horn's smooth and pungent effect combines the best elements of the brass-like timbre and the warm quality of the Orchestral Horn. It is a very effective tone or playing the melody line, especially as heard in the popular and sentimental songs of the day. Most examples are harmonically full and a little on the big side in loudness. This is not a French or Orchestral Horn, and cannot be used for the same type of effects. Neither does it have any of the Baryton's thin tone. The resonators are of full length and may be flared in their top halves in addition to the normal flare in Horn stops
Balladicof the nature of a ballad
balladisch(German) balladic
Ballad measuretraditionally, ballad measure consists of a four-line stanza or a quatrain containing alternating four-stress and three-stress lines with an ABCB or ABAB rhyme scheme. Works written in ballad measure often include such quatrains
Ballad meter(US) ballad metre, also known as 'common meter'
Ballad metrethe metre of a four-line stanza with eight, six, eight and six syllables per line, commonly found in four-line hymn verse, and also known as 'common metre'
Balladmongersomeone earning his or her living writing and selling ballads either as songsheets (broadsides) or as a booklet (chapbook)
Ballad opera(English, Ballad-Opera (German f.)) eighteenth-century English comic drama with songs, based on popular tunes but set to new words, and spoken dialogue, the form derived from the French opéras comiques en vaudevilles
the first example of this form was The Beggar's Opera (1728) written by John Gay (1685-1732) and Johann Christoph Pepusch (1667-1752), a satire of the Italian opera seria then popular in London
the eighteenth-century form inspired the twentieth-century cabaret operas of Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) and Kurt Weill (1900-1950) including their Dreigroschenoper (1928)
Ballad-Opera(German f.) ballad opera
Ballad poema narrative, in poetic form, used as the basis for a romantic or sentimental song which will have the same melody for each stanza
Balladryballad poems, the subject or style of ballads
Ballads and Blues ClubBritain"s first-ever folk club, founded,in 1951, by Ewan MacColl (1915-1989), Alan Lomax (1915-2002), Albert Lancaster Lloyd (1908-1982), Seamus Ennis (1919-1982) and others. MacColl was a marxist who believed that Britain's traditional music, that collected by Cecil Sharp and Ralph Vaughan Williams at the turn of the twentieth century, might be a means of countering German cultural influence in the period just before the Second World War. Later, in the 1950s, MacColl, hoped that it could be used to propagate communism
ballant (m.), ballante (f.)(French) dangling
ballare(Italian) to dance
Ballarella(Italian) an alternative name for the salterello (Italian)
Ballaríno(Italian, mentioned in John Florio's Queen Anna's New World of Words (1611)) dancer, teacher of dance
Ballast (s.), Ballaste (German pl.)(English, German m.) material used to stabilize a structure, for example, coarse stone that lies under railways lines, road surfaces, etc. or finer aggregate used in concrete, burden (figurative)
Ballast {m} der Tradition(German m.) weight of tradition
ballasten(German) to ballast
Ballaststoff (s.), Ballaststoffe (pl.)(German m.) (dietary) fibre, roughage (for example, in one's diet) (plural form)
ballaststoffreich(German) fibre-rich, high fibre
ballaststoffreiche Kost(German f.) high fibre diet
Ballata(Italian f., 'ballad' from ballare, 'to dance') one of the three poetic forms used in Italian secular songs from the late 13th- to the early 15th-centuries, the other two being the 'madrigal' and the caccia. It has the musical structure AbbaA, with the first and last stanzas having the same words. The first and last A is called a ripresa, the b lines are piedi (feet), while the fourth line is called a volta
a fourteenth-century Italian secular piece related to the French virelai
Ballate (s.), Ballate (pl.)originally a song to accompany dancing, the thirteenth-century Italian ballata were monophonic dance songs with choral refrains
Ballatella(Italian f.) a short balleta
Ballatetta(Italian f.) a short balleta
Ballatina(Italian f.) a short balleta
Ballatore (m.), Ballatrice (f.)(Italian) dancer
Ballawatsch(German m. - Austria) chaos
Ball change
Bällchen(German n.) small ball
Ballematia(Italian f.) songs or melodies in a dance style
Ballen (s./pl.)(German m.) ball (of the foot, hand, toe), bunion (medicine), bale, pad (of a paw)
ballen(German) to agglomerate, to clot
Ballen Baumwolle(German m.) bale of cotton, bolt of cloth
Ballendraht(German m.) bale wire
Ballen Papier(German m.) bale of paper
Ballenschnur(German f.) bale twine
Ballen Stroh(German m.) bale of straw, straw bale
Ballen Tuch(German m.) bale of cloth, bolt of cloth
ballenweise(German) in bales
Ballen Wolle(German m.) bale of wool, pack of wool
Ballenzeh(German m.) bunion (Hallux valgus)
Ballerei(German f.) shoot-up, shoot-out
Ballerfilm(German m.) shoot-'em-up (film) (colloquial)
Ballerina (English s., Italian s., German s.), Ballerine (It. pl.), Ballerinen (German pl.), Ballerinas (English pl., German pl.)(English, Italian f., German f.) a principal female dancer in a ballet company or dancing-mistress. In the days of the Russian Imperial Theatres the title was given to the outstanding soloists whodanced the chief classical roles. Although the term ballerina is used for any female ballet dancer, it was originally a rank given to an exceptional ballet soloist in the Russian Imperial Ballet. The rankings, from highest to lowest, were ballerinas (prima ballerina assoluta, prima ballerina and ballerina), premiers danseurs, first and second soloists, coryphées and corps de ballet
Ballerinafrisur(German f.) ballerina (bun) hairstyle
Ballerinaknoten(German m.) ballerina bun (hairstyle)
Ballerina-Länge(German f.) ballerina length (skirt)
Ballerinarock(German m.) ballerina skirt
Ballerina-Rock(German m.) ballerina skirt
Ballerinaschuh(German m.) ballerina shoe
Ballerinaschühchen(German n.) small ballerina shoe
Ballerine(German f. (rare), French f.) ballerina
Ballerino(Italian m.) male dancer, dancing-master
ballern(German) to (take a) pop (colloquial), to bang away (with a gun)
ballern auf(German) to (take a) pop at (colloquial: to shoot at)
Ballerspiel(German n.) shoot-'em-up (colloquial) (computer game)
Balles de poussiéres(French f., dust dances) see djongo
Ballet(English, French m., Spanish m.) balletto (Italian m.), Ballett (German n.)
a dance form, originally Italian (balletto, where it first referred to a song (ballad) that was set to a tune that might be danced to), that was established at the French court in the sixteenth century, that was formal and courtly, originally danced both by professionals and guests but now danced by professionals. The term also applies to a company performing such works
some dance purists argue that the term 'ballet' should be used only for works based on the danse d'école, the codified academic theatrical dance and its legitimate extensions. However, folkloric ensembles and jazz dance groups call themselves ballet companies, and even works based on modern dance are often termed ballets
Ballet, abstractsee 'Abstract ballet'
Ballet blanc(French m., literally 'white ballet') ballet in which the female dancers (danceuses) wear calf-length white dresses, a costume introduced by Marie Taglioni (1804-1884) in La Sylphide (1832)
Ballet d'action(French m., literally 'ballet with a plot') developed by the creator of modern classical ballet, Jean-Georges Noverre (1727-1810) and described in his Lettres sur la danse et les ballets (1760)
Ballet chanté(French m.) a ballet in which the performers accompany their actions with song
Ballet d'action(French m.) a ballet in which the whole action is designed to tell a story rather than just to provide a graceful spectacle
Ballet de cour(French m., literally 'court ballet') ballet de cour or court ballet incorporate verse, song, dance, music, scenery and spectacle with a unifying plot that could be allegorical, mythological, or both. Elements of ballett de cour were borrowed from French entrement (in England called a 'sotelty') and the Italian intermedio. The incorporation of ballet de cour into opera originated in France with Lully and continued through until the second half of the nineteenth century as a feature of grand opéra
Ballet d'operasynonymous with ballet
Balletknoten(German m.) ballet bun
Ballet masterthe person in a ballet company whose duty is to give the daily company class and to rehearse the ballets in the company repertoire
Ballet Mécanique(French m.) composed in 1924 by George Antheil (1900-1959), an American composer then living in Paris, this work was scored for player pianos, percussion, and airplane propellors. A scandalous success at its first performance in 1926, it is known for its outrageous orchestration and the idea of using non-traditional sounds in a musical context
Ballet mistressthe person in a ballet company whose duty is to give the daily company class and to rehearse the ballets in the company repertoire
Balletomanea ballet fan or enthusiast (the word was invented in Russia in the early nineteenth century)
Ballets aux chansons(French m. pl.) ballets or dances accompanied with songs
Ballett (s.), Ballette (pl.)(German n.) ballet
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Ballettänzer (m.), Ballettänzerin (f.), Ballettänzer (pl.)(German, old spelling) dancer, ballerina
[clarification by Michael Zapf]
Ballettaufführung(German f.) ballet performance
Ballettbekleidung(German f.) ballet apparel
Ballettensemble(German n.) ballet ensemble
Balletteuse(German f.) danseuse, ballet dancer (female)
Ballettfanatiker(German m.) balletomane
Ballettfilm(German m.) ballet film
Ballettfrisur(German f.) ballet (bun) hairstyle
Ballettgruppe(German f.) corps de ballet
Ballettimpresario(German m.) ballet impresario
Ballettkomödie(German f.) comic ballet
Ballettkompanie(German f.) corps de ballet
Ballettkorps(German n.) corps de ballet
Ballettmädchen(German n.) ballet girl, young ballerina
Ballettmeister (m.), Ballettmeisterin (f.)(German) ballet master, ballet mistress
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Ballettmusik(German f.) ballet music
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Balletto(Italian m.) an early form of ballet
(Italian m.) in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, an Italian dance
(Italian m.) in the sixteenth century, a lively part-song, in the madrigal style, for several voices, with a fa la burden
(Italian m.) an instrumental piece, many being for organ
Ballettratte(German f.) ballet pupil, chorus girl, budding young ballerina, ballet girl
Ballettrock(German m.) ballet skirt
Ballettröckchen(German n.) (ballet) tutu
Ballettsaal(German m.) ballet hall
Ballettschuh (s.), Ballettschuhe (pl.)(German m.) ballet shoe, ballerina shoe
Ballettschühchen(German n.) little ballet shoe
Ballettschule(German f.) ballet school
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Ballettsocke(German f.) ballet sock
Ballettstange(German f.) ballet bar, ballet barre
Balletttänzer (m.), Balletttänzerin (f.), Balletttänzer (pl.)(German, modern spelling) dancer, ballerina, ballet girl (f.), figurant, opera dancer
[clarification by Michael Zapf]
Balletttruppe(German f.) ballet (company), corps de ballet
Ballettunterricht(German m.) ballet classes
Ballflowercarved decoration in the form of a globular three petalled flower
ballförmig(German) ball-shaped
Ballhupe(German f.) bulb horn (hand-operated rubber bulb operated horn, found of vintage cars, etc.)
Balli(Italian dances
Balli della Stiria(Italian Styrian dances resembling waltzes
ballig(German) spherical, crowned
Balligkeit(German f.) convexity
Balli inglesi(Italian m. pl.) English country dances
Ballismor ballismus, large-amplitude flinging, flailing movements, often associated with damage to the subthalamic nucleus, often seen on only one side of the body in which case it is called hemiballism or hemiballism
Ballismus(English, German m.) ballism
Ballista (s.), Ballistae (Latin pl.)(English, German f., from Latin) an ancient siege-engine that projected missiles by the release of energy stored in a spring
Balliste(German f.) ballista
Ballistia(Italian f.) songs or melodies in a dance style
Ballisticsthe study of the dynamics of projectiles, the study of the flight characteristics of projectiles
Ballistik(German f.) ballistics
ballistisch(German) ballistic, ballistically
Ballistophobiaan abnormal fear of projectiles or missiles
Ballistophobie(German f.) ballistophobia
Balli ungaresi(Italian m. pl.) Hungarian dances, in duple time and generally syncopated
Balljunge(German m.) ball-boy (tennis, etc.)
Ballkenstamm(German m.) Truncus corporis callosi, truncus of the corpus callosum
Ballkleid (s.), Ballkleider (pl.)(German n.) ball dress, ball gown
Ballkleid-BH(German m.) backless bra
Ballkönigin(German f.) belle of the ball, queen of the ball
Ballmädchen(German n.) ball girl (tennis, etc.)
Bal mirrorsee 'disco ball'
Ballnacht(German f.) ball night
Ballo (s.), Balli (pl.)(Italian m.) Domenico da Piacenza (1390-1470) is credited with the first use of the term ballo (in De Arte Saltandi et Choreas Ducendi) instead of danza (dance) for his baletti or balli which later came to be known as 'Ballets'. The first 'Ballet' per se is considered to be Balthasar de Beaujoyeulx's Ballet Comique de la Royne (1581) and was a ballet comique ('ballet drama'). 1581 also saw the publication of Fabritio Caroso's Il Ballarino, a technical manual on ballet dancing that helped to establish Italy as a major centre of ballet development
(Italian m.) a specific type of fifteenth-century Italian dance that is often marked by changes of tempo and style
(Italian m.) a ball (for social dancing), a formal court dance of the 15th-, 16th- and 17th-centuries
(Italian m.) music for a ball, an ordered set of instrumental pieces designed to be performed at a single sitting, comprising branles, pavans, galliards, courentes, salterellos, etc., what in the Baroque period would be called a 'suite'
Ballo di baraben(Italian m.) a ritual dance
Ballo di marinai(Italian m.) hornpipe
Ballo inglesi (s.), Balli inglesi (pl.)(Italian m.) English country dance(s)
Ballon, Ballone (German pl.), Ballons (English, German pl.)(French m., literally 'bounce') the elastic quality of a jump
(German m.) balloon
(French m., German m.) large globe-shaped brandy-glass (in Switzerland, the glass containing wine)
Ballonaufstieg(German m.) ascent of a balloon, balloon ascent
Ballónchio(Italian, mentioned in John Florio's Queen Anna's New World of Words (1611)) a country hopping round or morice dance
Ballonciuólo(Italian, mentioned in John Florio's Queen Anna's New World of Words (1611)) a merry skipping dance
Ballon d'essai(French m.) a project designed to test public feeling
Ballonetone of the two-couple figures danced in a circle of four people traditionally associated with square dancing
Ballonett(German n.) ballonet
Ballonfahren(German n.) ballooning
Ballonfahrer(German m.) balloonist
Ballonfahrt(German f.) balloon voyage, balloon trip, balloon flight, balloon ride
Ballonflasche(German f.) balloon flask, carboy, demijohn
Ballonflieger(German m.) balloonist
Ballonführer(German m.) balloon pilot
Ballonhupe(German f.) bulb horn (hand-operated rubber bulb operated horn, found of vintage cars, etc.)
Ballonkatheter(German m.) balloon catheter
Ballonkleid(German n.) bubble dress, balloon dress
Ballonkorb(German m.) nacelle
Ballonluftfahrt(German f.) ballooning
Ballonmacher(German m.) balloon-maker
Ballonmodellierer(German m.) balloon sculpturer
Ballonmütze(German f.) baker's boy cap
Ballonné(French) in dance, a bouncing step in which the dancer lands on one leg in a demi-plie with the working foot sur le cou de pied
ballonné(French) bloated
Ballonrock(German m.) balloon skirt, bubble skirt
Ballonschirm(German m.) ballute
Ballonseide(German f.) balloon fabric, balloon silk
Ballonsperre(German f.) barrage balloon
Ballontine(French) a boned stuffed leg of poultry or game bird, it may be poached or roasted and served cold or hot
Ballonvalvuloplastie(German f.) balloon valvuloplasty, a procedure used in the surgical repair of damaged valves in veins
Ballonwerbung(German f.) balloon advertising
ballonzare(Italian) to dance artistically
ballonzolare(Italian) to skip about
Ballot(French m.) bundle, idiot
Ballotade(English, German f.) a leap of a horse, as between two pillars, or on a straight line, so that when his four feet are in the air, he shows only the shoes of his hind feet, without jerking out
Ballotté(French) in dance, this step consists of coupé dessous and coupé dessus performed in a series with a rocking, swinging movement. Ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrière to the place from which the dancer made the first jump
ballotter(French) to shake about, to toss
Ballo ungaresi (s.), Balli ungaresi (pl.)(Italian m.) Hungarian dance
Ballroom dancinga collective term for a form of social dancing, in particular dances usually performed by couples, including the fox-trot, waltz, tango, rumba, swing, mambo, samba and cha cha
Ballsaal(German m.) ballroom, ball room
Ballsaalunterhaltung(German f.) ballroom conversation
Ballschuh(German m.) dancing shoe, evening shoe
Ballspiel (s.), Ballspiele (pl.)(German m.) ball game
Ball spielen(German) to play ball, to play at ball
Ballspieler (m.), Ballspielerin (f.)(German) ballplayer
ballt sich zusammen(German) agglomerates
balltragend(German) carrying the ball
Ballung(German f.) agglomeration
BallunganJavanese term for the basic melody of gamelan music, a melody used as the basis for a gamelan gending, i.e. the basis for the various contrapuntal musical lines
Ballungsgebiet(German n.) congested urban area, agglomeration area, conurbation, overcrowded area, overcrowded region
Ballungsraum(German m.) megalopolis, agglomeration
Ballungszentrum(German n.) centre, congested area, overcrowded area, area of high population density
Ballutea cross between a balloon and a parachute, used to brake the free fall of sounding rockets, used to make observations anywhere within the earth's atmosphere
Ballu tundutraditional popular dance from Sardinia
Ballwechsel(German m.) rally (in tennis)
Ballwerfer(German m.) bowler (cricket), pitcher (baseball)
Ballwurf(German m.) ball-throwing
Ballwurfmaschine(German f.) tennis ball serving machine
Ballyhooalthough popularly associated with Ballyhooly, a village in County Cork, Ireland, the word ballyhoo, a noisy demonstration designed to attract attention, originates from the U.S.A.
Ballzauberer(German m.) magician with the ball
Balman aromatic, resinous gum extruded from certain trees and used in perfumery and medicine
Bal masqué(French m.) a masked ball
Balmoral bonnetor 'bluebonnet', a Scottish brimless hat, often of blue wool, with a cockade and a plume on one side
Bal musette (s.), Bals musette (pl.)(French m.) a style of French popular music which arose in 1880s Paris especially the 5th, 11th and 12th districts. It was in these districts that Auvergnats settled in large numbers in the nineteenth century, opening cafés and bars where patrons danced the bourrée to the accompaniment of musette (a bellows-powered bagpipe) and grelottière. In addition to the local Auvergnats, these drew many Parisians and Italians. The Italians settled in the 19th district of Paris, and already played the diatonic accordion which was used in the Auvergnat bars
Bal musette populaire(French) a style of French popular music that was associated particularly with Italian musicians
balnéaire(French) seaside
balneare(Italian) bathing
Balneario(Spanish m.) spa, seaside resort
Balneologe (m.), Balneologin (f.)(German) balneologist
Balneologie(German f.) balneology
Balneologistperson who determines or supervises the use of various baths for therapeutic purposes
Balneologythe therapeutic use and effects of various baths
Balneotherapie(German f.) balneotherapy
Balneotherapytherapeutic use of various baths
BaloWest African xylophone made with wooden bars, also known as bala or balafon
Balocco(Italian m.) toy
Balofonsee balo
Baló-Krankheit(German f.) Baló's disease
Balompié(Spanish m.) football, soccer
Balón(Spanish m.) ball, football
Baloncesto(Spanish m.) basketball
Balonmano(Spanish m.) handball
Balónvolea(Spanish m.) volleyball
balordo(Italian) foolish, stunned
Baló's diseasea rare progressive form of multiple sclerosis with a strong viral association that primarily affects young adults
Balourd (m.), Balourde (f.)(French) oaf
balourd (m.), balourde (f.)(French) oafish
Balsa(Spanish f.) pool (swimming), raft (floating platform)
(English, German n.) a tropical American tree (Ochroma pyramidale) having wood that is soft and very light in weight
Balsabrett(German n.) balsa sheet, sheet of balsa wood
Balsaholz(German n.) balsawood, balsa wood, balsa
Balsam(German m.) balm, balsam (any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes), ointment, cream, remedy, soothing medication
Balsam erzeugend(German) balsamiferous
Balsamapfel(German m.) balsam apple
Balsam applea tendril-bearing annual Old World vine (Momordica balsamina) grown as an ornamental for its yellow flowers and orange warty fruits
Balsambaumgewächse(German pl.) incense tree family of the genus Burseraceae
Balsamessig(German m.) balsamic vinegar
Balsamfichte(German f.) balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
Balsam firmedium-sized fir of northeastern North America (Abies balsamea) with leaves that smell of balsam when crushed. It is much used for pulpwood and Christmas trees
Balsamico-Essig(German m.) balsamic vinegar
Balsamic vinegaran aromatic vinegar of Modena, Italy, made from white Trebbiano grape juice that is heated and aged in wooden barrels
Balsamierflüssigkeit(German f.) embalming fluid
balsamiert ein(German) embalms
balsamierte ein(German) embalmed
Balsamiferousproducing balsam
Balsamine(German f.) yellow balsam (yellow transparent exudate of the balsam fir, used as a transparent cement in optical devices)
balsamisch(German) balmy, balsamic, balsamous
balsamischer Wohlgeruch(German m.) balm
Balsamo(Italian m.) balsam, remedy
Bálsamo(Spanish m.) balsam, balm (figurative)
Balsampappel(German f.) balsam poplar
Balsam poplara poplar tree of northern North America (Populus balsamifera) having ovate leaves and large buds coated with a sticky, fragrant resin
Balsamstrauch(German m.) balm of Gilead (any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Commiphora, especially C. opobalsamum, of Arabia and Somalia, known to be soothing medication for skin and used for fragrance in perfumes)
Balsamtanne(German f.) balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
Baltenstaat(German m.) Baltic state
Balthasar(German) Balthazar
Balthazarone of the three sages from the east who cam bearing gifts for the infant Jesus (from which comes the name for an oversized bottle which holds the equivalent of 12 to 16 standard bottles)
Baltican east-European branch of the Indo-European language family, that is usually grouped with the Slavic languages as "Balto-Slavic"
Baltic languagesa group of related languages belonging to the Indo-European language family and spoken mainly in areas extending east and southeast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. The language group is sometimes divided into two sub-groups: Western Baltic, containing only extinct languages, and Eastern Baltic, containing both extinct and the two living languages in the group: Lithuanian (including both Standard Lithuanian and Samogitian) and Latvian (including both literary Latvian and Latgalian). While related, the Lithuanian, the Latvian, and particularly the Old Prussian vocabularies differ substantially from each other and are not mutually intelligible. The now-extinct Old Prussian language has been considered the most archaic of the Baltic languages
baltico(Italian) Baltic
Baltic Seaan arm of the Atlantic Ocean in northern Europe bounded by Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Germany
Baltic StatesEstonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
Baltikum(German n.) Baltic states, Baltic countries
baltisch(German) Baltic, Balt
baltische Sprachen(German pl.) Baltic languages
baltische Staaten(German pl.) Baltics, Baltic States
Baltisches Meer(German n.) Baltic Sea
Balto-Slavica branch of Indo-European including the Slavic and Baltic languages
Baluardo(Italian m.) bulwark
Balumba(Spanish f.) mass, mountain
Balùn(Italian) a folk dance
Balustervertical member in a railing used between a top rail and bottom rail or the stair treads. Balusters are sometimes referred to as 'pickets' or 'spindles'
Balustersäule(German f.) newel post (the large starting post to which the ends of a stair guard railing or balustrade is fastened)
Balustrade(French f., German f.) railing, railings, balusters
(English) the rail, posts and vertical balusters along the edge of a stairway or elevated walkway
Balut(English, German n.) a speciality in the Philippines, these fertilised duck eggs are believed to be beneficial to pregnant women and men whose libido needs bolstering. Balut are eaten when the chick has formed
Balwoa style of Somali popular music that began in Boorame and then spread throughout the area, a mixture of modern poetry and Arabian dance music
Balz(German f.) mating season, courtship display
Balza(Italian f.) crag, flounce
balzare(Italian) to bounce, to jump
balzato(Italian) springing (bowing), bouncing (bowing), mit (dem) Springbogen (German), fliegendes Staccato (German), bondi (French), staccato volant (French)
balzellato(Italian) or saltellato (Italian), springing, bouncing, gehüpft (German), sautillé (French)
balzen(German) to perform the courtship display, to croon (singer)
Balzo(Italian m.) bounce, jump, cliff
Balzritual(German n.) courtship ritual
Balztanz(German m.) a courtship display involving dance, known in the middle of the nineteenth century but whose origins probably go back to the middle ages
Balzverhalten(German n.) courtship behaviour
BAMabbreviation of 'Bachelor of Arts in Music'
Bamaayabamaaya, meaning 'The river (valley) is wet', is the most popular social music and dance of the Dagbamba of Northern Ghana. It began as a religious musical performance, but now functions during funerals, festivals, national day celebrations, and other social occasions. Dancing the bamaaya requires a lot of waist movement and twisting. The maiden name for this music and dance, tubankpeli, is now the main dance movement. Originally, only men took part in the dance while the women would sing, shout praises, and encourage the dancers. Now, bamaaya is for both genders
Bambaan old Mexican air from the province of Veracruz, Mexico
Bambagia(Italian f.) cotton wool
Bamberas(from bamba meaning 'swing') an Andalucian folk song of medieval tradition which may be Celtic in origin, one of the more obscure flamenco singing styles, also known as 'swing songs'
Bambi effectan informal name used primarily by hunters and trappers to criticise what they feel are irrationally emotional objections to the killing of "adorable" animals, regardless of what the hunters consider are environmental and economic realities
Bambi-Effekt(German m.) Bambi effect
Bambin(French m.) tot
Bambinaia(Italian f.) nursemaid, nanny
Bambino (m.), Bambina (f.), Bambini (pl.)(Italian) child, a baby wrapped in swaddling-clothes as a representation of the infant Jesus
Bambocciadesgrotesque pictures of country wakes, penny weddings and so forth, named for the Dutch painter Pieter van Laar (1592-c.1675) nicknamed bamboccio, who painted such scenes
Bamboccio(Italian m.) chubby child, simpleton, rag doll
Bambol(Guinea-Bissau) a calling drum
Bambola(Italian f.) doll
bambolear(Spanish) to sway, to wobble
bambolearse(Spanish) to sway, to wobble
bamboleo(Spanish m.) swaying, wobbling
Bambooa fibrous plant that grows into poles comprised of segments with hollow cores, gradually tapering to their upper tips. Leaves grow from the ridges at the ends of its segments. These ridges are distinctively dark in color. It can be found in widths up to several inches in diameter. Commonly grown in many parts of Asia, bamboo has been used for millennia as a material in architecture, sculpture, furniture, and the making of a wide variety of implements, including brushes, pipes and parts for other musical instruments
Bamboo bandoriginally from the Solomon Islands, music played by hitting bamboo tubes with sandals
Bamboo brasilenea percussion instrument made of bamboo specified in the score of Mysteria op. 30 for organ and percussion by Elena Firsova (born 1950)
Bamboo saxophonesa family of instruments made by Ángel Sampedro del Rio, made of bamboo, fitted with keys and played with a conventional saxophone mouthpiece
Bambou(French m.) bamboo
Bambou brésilien(French m.) bamboo brasilene
Bamboulaa tambourine of African descent from the West Indies, a dance accompanied by instrument
Bambù(Italian m.) bamboo
Bambú(Spanish m.) bamboo
Bambucathe national dance of Colombia, South America. It is characterized by cross accents in the music. It was formerly danced only by the natives but became a ballroom dance to be added to the gentle pasillo, a favorite with Colombian society
Bambucoa form of song and dance in 6/8 and 3/4 meter (similar to the European waltz or polska, not polka) from the Colombian Andes. Often considered the national music of Colombia
Bambule(German f.) shindy (slang), shindig (a large and noisy party of people)
Bambule machen(German) to go on a rampage
Bambus (s.), Bambusse (pl.)(German m.) bamboo
Bambus-(German) bamboo (prefix)
Bambusanpflanzung(German f.) bamboo plantation
Bambusblatt(German n.) bamboo leaf
Bambusboden(German m.) bamboo flooring, bamboo floor
Bambusbodenbelag(German m.) bamboo flooring
Bambusflöte(German f.) bamboo flute
Bambusgras(German n.) bamboo grass
Bambushain(German m.) bamboo grove
Bambushütte(German f.) bamboo hut
Bambusleiter(German f.) bamboo ladder
Bambusmatte(German f.) bamboo mat
Bambusraspel(German f.) bamboo scraper
Bambusrohr(German n.) bamboo cane, cane
Bambusschüttelrohr(German n.) bamboo brasilene
Bambussprößling(German m.) bamboo shoot
Bambussprosse (s.), Bambussprossen (pl.)(German f.) bamboo shoot
Bambusvorhang(German m.) Bamboo Curtain (an ideological barrier around communist China especially in the 1950s and 1960s)
Bambuswald(German m.) bamboo grove
Bambuszaun(German m.) bamboo fence
Bammel(German m.) jitters (colloquial), funk (colloquial), pre-exam jitters (colloquial)
Bamoums of Cameroona kingdom established in the sixteenth century in Bamoum which rose to become a powerful centralised state during the nineteenth century and whose spectacular court music reached its peak during the reign of Sultan Njoya (c.1876-1933)
BA(Mus), B.A. (Mus.)abbreviation of 'Bachelor of Arts in Music'
Ban(French m.) round of applause
a proclamation given by the sound of a trumpet
(China) clappers that are of two kinds: one is made of two pieces, usually of hardwood, and the other consists of two pieces of what are called 'half-moon' copper or steel strips, which give the instrument its alternative name of 'mandarin duck' clappers
Bañador(Spanish m.) swimming costume, swimming trunks
Banal(English, German) boringly commonplace and predictable, trite and obvious. A 'ban' once meant a widely proclaimed order, originating in the Indo-European bha, meaning 'speak'. Marriage banns, proclaiming a couple's engagement, are still publicly posted by some Christian churches. A French boulin à ban or four à ban was a mill or an oven which the lord of the manor provided for his tenants to use in common in return for a share of the output. To the French, and later the English, banal is derived from this example of the 'common' or 'usual'
(German) banally, hackneyed, commonplace, trite, tritely, platitudinously, mundane, facile (remark)
banale(Italian) banal
Banalidad(Spanish f.) banality
banalisieren(German) to banalise (to make mundane or commonplace)
Banalità(Italian f.) banality
Banalität (s.), Banalitäten (pl.)(German f.) banality, triteness
Banalité(French f.) banality
Banana bellEwe name is Toke, Ashanti name is Dawuro; a hand-forged bell that produces tonal variations depending on where it is struck and whether or not the hand is used to damp the sound
Banana boatoften referred to simply as a banana, an unpowered recreational boat designed to be pulled by a larger boat
a ship designed to transport bananas
Banana chignonor 'chignon banana', a hairstyle (or coiffure) in which the hair is gathered together in a bun (the standard chignon), but with the placing of a fabric roll in the chignon to give the hair additional volume
Banana papera paper made from the bark of the banana plant, mainly used for artistic purposes, or paper made from banana fibre, obtained from an industrialized process, from the stem and the non utilizable fruits. This paper can be either hand-made or made by industrialized machine
Banana republica small country (especially in Central America) that is politically unstable and whose economy is dominated by foreign companies
Banana saddlean elongated seat, on a lowrider bicycle, that curves upward at the rear
Banana seatan elongated seat, on a lowrider bicycle, that curves upward at the rear
Banane (s.), Bananen (German pl.)(French f., German f.) banana
(German f.) banana chignon (hairstyle)
Bananenanbau(German m.) banana cultivation
Bananenblatt (s.), Bananenblätter (pl.)(German n.) banana leaf
Bananenbrot(German n.) banana bread (a type of bread that usually contains mashed yellow bananas, one of several types of quick bread)
Bananenbuchse(German f.) banana jack (a jack that fits a banana plug)
Bananenchignon(German m.) banana chignon (hairstyle)
Bananen-Chignon(German m.) banana chignon (hairstyle)
Bananendampfer(German m.) banana boat (also figurative)
bananenförmig(German) banana-shaped
Bananenknoten(German m.) banana chignon (hairstyle)
Bananenmilchmix(German m.) banana milkshake
Bananenmilchshake(German m.) banana milkshake
Bananenpflanzer(German m.) banana grower
Bananenplantage(German f.) banana plantation
Bananenrepublik(German f.) banana republic
Bananenröckchen(German n.) banana skirt (associated particularly with Josephine Baker)
Bananensattel(German m.) banana seat, banana saddle
Bananenschale(German f.) banana peel, banana skin
Bananensplit(German n.) banana split
Bananen-Split(German n.) banana split
Bananenstaude(German f.) banana tree
Bananenstecker(German m.) banana jack
Bananenstecker(German m.) banana plug
bañar(Spanish) to bathe, to immerse, to bath (a child), to coat (cover)
bañarse(Spanish) to go swimming, to have a swim, to have a bath
Banasta(Spanish f.) large basket
Banasto(Spanish m.) large round basket
Banat(English, German n.) a region of southeast-central Europe extending across western Romania, northeast Serbia, and southern Hungary
Banatankaa Serbian dance
Banater Schwaben(German pl.) Banate Swabians
Banate Swabiansan ethnic German population in Southeast Europe, part of the Danube Swabians, who immigrated over 200 years ago to the Banat, which had been left sparsely populated by the wars with Turkey. This once strong and important German minority has now become quite small, most of its members having moved to Germany and elsewhere as a result of the Soviet Union's actions during the World War II and again for economic reasons after 1990. An attempt was made to establish an independent Banat Republic in 1918, however the province was divided against the population's wishes by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, and the Treaty of Trianon of 1920. The greater part was annexed by Romania, a smaller part by Yugoslavia, and a small portion around Szeged by Hungary
Banause (s.), Banausen (pl.)(German m.) philistine, low-brow
banausenhaft(German) low-brow, philistine
Banausentum(German n.) philistinism
banausisch(German) philistine, low-brow
Banbury mana proverbial name for a Puritan
Banc(French m.) bench, (in law) judge's bench
Banca(Italian f.) bank
(Spanish f.) banking, bank
bancaire(French) to bank (place money in a bank)
bancal(French) wobbly, shaky (reasoning)
Bancarella(Italian f.) stall
bancario(Spanish) bank, banking
Bancario (m.), Bancaria (f.)(Italian) bank clerk
bancario (m.), bancaria (f.)(Italian) banking
Bancarotta(Italian f., Spanish f.) bankruptcy
Banc d'essal(French m.) test bed, testing ground
Banchetto(Italian m.) banquet
Banchiere(Italian m.) banker
Banchina(Italian f.) quay, platform (station), path
Banco(Italian m.) desk (school), counter, bench, bank, stall
(Spanish m.) bench, bank, sandbank
Banconota(Italian f.) banknote
Band (s.), Banden (German plural)(English, German f.) orquesta (Spanish), banda (Italian, Spanish), Kapelle (German), orchestre (French)
a group of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of or improvising off a musical arrangement:
all-women bandwhere women sing and play all the instruments. They are distinct from girl groups, where the women sing but do not play any instruments
big bandalso known as a jazz orchestra, a large musical ensemble that plays swing music
brass banda musical group consisting mostly of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. In some traditions other types of instruments like a clarinet or saxophones may be added, but other traditions do not accept woodwinds as part of a brass band
bluegrass bandlike jazz, bluegrass is played with each melody instrument switching off, playing the melody in turn while the others revert to backing which is in contrast to old-time music, where all the instruments play the melody together or one instrument carried the lead throughout while the others provide the accompaniment
boy banda boy band (American English) or boyband (British English) is a style of pop group featuring between three to six young male singers who are usually also dancers
chamber orchestraa development of the twentieth century, a group of about 35 or so musicians, mustering the forces of a eighteenth-century orchestra, to the repertoire of which many twentieth-century composers have made a special contribution
girl groupa musical group featuring a group of young female singers, singing usually pop songs. It is essentially the female equivalent of a boy band
concert band
wind band
symphonic band
a performing ensemble consisting of woodwind, brass, percussion instruments, and often string bass
jazz banda musical ensemble that plays jazz music. Jazz bands usually consist of a rhythm section and a horn section
jug banda band employing a jug player and other traditional and homemade instruments, such as rhythm guitar, washtub bass, washboard, jug, mandolin, spoons and kazoo (see also skiffle group)
marching banda group of instrumental musicians who generally perform outdoors, and who incorporate movement - usually some type of marching - with their musical performance
military banda group of soldiers assigned to musical duties, a typical military band consists mostly of string and wind instruments
on-stage bandssee banda
orquesta típicaa large ensemble, often including violin, piano, guitar, flute and especially bandoneón, and which, in Argentina, is particularly associated with the tango
pit banda band employed to perform the music for shows, operettas, etc. which for reasons of cost and space is generally much reduced from the forces required for grand opera which can involve a full symphony orchestra
pop groupa band or other musical ensemble that makes or performs pop music, such as a boy band
rock group
rock band
rock group (or later rock band) is a generic name to describe a group of musicians specializing in a particular form of electronically amplified music
salsa bandthe most important instrumentation in salsa is the percussion, which is played by a wide variety of instruments, including claves, cowbells, timbales and conga. Apart from percussion, a variety of melodic instruments are commonly used as accompaniment, such as a guitar, trumpets, trombones, the piano, and many others, all depending on the performing artists
school banda group of student musicians who rehearse and perform together, under the direction of a conductor (band director)
skiffle grouppopular in Britain during the 1950s and 60s, performers of folk music with a strong jazz and blues flavour, the bands usually used homemade or improvised instruments such as the 'washboard', 'tea-chest bass', 'kazoo', 'cigar-box fiddle', or a 'comb and paper', and so forth. Skiffle and jug band music are closely related
steel bandsee 'steel band' and 'steelpan'
symphony orchestra
philharmonic orchestra
a typical symphony orchestra consists of four groups of musical instruments: the strings (violins, violas, cellos, double basses), the woodwinds (flutes, piccolos, oboes, cor anglais, clarinets, bass clarinets, bassoons, contrabassoons), the brass (trumpets, trombones, french horns, bass trombones, tuba) and the percussion (timpani, snare drum, bass drum, celesta, piano, etc.)
windbanda group of about 50 instrumentalists typically including piccolo and flute; oboe and English horn (cor anglais); clarinets in Eb and Bb, bass clarinet and contra-alto clarinet; bassoon and contra-bassoon; alto, tenor and baritone saxophones; French horn, trumpet, euphonium and tuba; string bass (double bass); timpani and percussion; keyboard
worship bandsometimes referred to as a praise band, a worship leads singing in Christian worship. Along with new styles of music is the incorporation of non-traditional church instruments such as guitars, synthesisers and drum kits in place of the more traditional organ/piano combinations
the term 'band' can also be used as a synonym for 'section', i.e. those instruments of the same type in a larger body of instrumentalists; for example, 'string band' for 'string section' of a symphony orchestra
Band (s.), Bänder (German pl.)(Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish) volume (of a periodical)
(Dutch, Norwegian) band, binding
(German n.) ribbon, tape, ligament, strap, reel, ribbon, tie, assembly line, bar, belt, bond, brace, cord, line, shackle, band (radio), ligature, sliver, production line, (magnetic) tape, hinge, (video) tape, shackles (plural form), bands (plural form)
Band (s.), Bände (pl.)(German m.) volume (of a periodical), number (of a periodical), tome
Banda(Italian f.) a military band, gang
(Italian f.) a band of wind instruments with percussion in the Italian opera orchestra
(Italian f.) the percussion section in an orchestra
(Spanish f.) band, gang, group
(Portuguese) band
(Vojvodina, Serbia & Montenegro) an orchestra that often accompanies a small tamburitza in traditional music from this region. The format of that orchestra can vary. In its most common form, it usually has one or two tamburitzas, a violin, a guitar and a contrabass (colloquially referred to as beges). Sometimes it may also include an accordion
see banda music
band(German) ligated, bound
Bandabschnittsmarke(German f.) tape mark
Bandabstand(German m.) band gap (in the physics of semiconductors, a region between the valence band and the conduction band devoid of allowed energy states)
Bandabwicklung(German f.) tape-unwinding
Banda crítica(Spanish f.) critical band (in acoustics)
Bandada(Spanish f.) flock (of birds), shoal (of fish)
Banda d'atterraggio(Italian f.) landing strip
Banda de sonido(Spanish f.) sound-track
Banda di frequenza(Italian f.) frequency band
Bandage (s.), Bandagen (German pl.)(English, French m., German f.) ligature or strip of material used to bind a wound, etc.
Bandage herniaire(French m.) truss (a device that provides abdominal support)
bandagieren(German) to bandage
bandagierend(German) bandaging
Bandagiernadel(German f.) tape needle (one type of surgical needle)
bandagiert(German) bandaged
Band-Aida trademark used for an adhesive bandage with a gauze pad in the centre, employed to protect minor wounds
Banda militar(Portuguese f., Spanish f.) military band
Banda musica brass-based form of traditional Mexican music. Established in the late 1960s in Sinaloa, a state in northern Mexico, banda music exploded in popularity in the late 1990s throughout Mexico and in the southwest United States, primarily in Texas and California, but also in the Midwest states of Iowa, Kansas, and Illinois. Bandas play a wide variety of songs, including rancheras, corridos, cumbias and boleros
band an(German) tethered
Bandanfang(German m.) beginning of tape
Bandanfangsetikett(German n.) tape header label
Bandanfangsmarkierung(German f.) beginning-of-tape marker, begin of tape (magnetic tape)
Bandantenne(German f.) band aerial
Bandantrieb(German m.) tape drive
Bandarchiv(German n.) tape library
Bandarchivar(German m.) tape librarian
Bandaridance-like instrumental music from Iran, bandari means 'from the harbours' and it is thought to represent Bushehrs' oldest instrumental musical form
Banda sinfônica(Portuguese) symphonic band
Bandas Mochas(Ecuador) from the Chota Valley, a desert zone in the Andes, ensembles that use primitive instruments such as leaves doubled over and blown through
Banda sonora(Spanish f.) sound-track
Banda turca(Italian f.) see 'janissary music'
Bandauflösung(German f.) band break-up
Bandaufnahme (s.), Bandaufnahmen (pl.)(German f.) tape recording
Bandaufzeichner(German m.) tape recorder
Bandaufzeichnungsdichte(German f.) tape density (the number of bytes that are included in each unit of magnetic tape)
B & Babbreviation of 'bed and breakfast'
Bandblock(German m.) tape block (data is written to tape in blocks with inter-block gaps between them)
Bandblockierung(German f.) tape jam
Bandbreite (s.), Bandbreiten (pl.)(German f.) spectrum, bandwidth, range, fluctuation band
Bandbreite der Wechselkurse(German f.) spread of exchange rates
Bändchen (s.), Bändchen (pl.)(German n.) booklet, frenum, frenulum, frnula (plural form)
Bändchendraht(German m.) ribbon wire
Bändchenhochtöner(German m.) ribbon tweeter
Bändchen-Hochtöner(German m.) ribbon tweeter
Bändchenlautsprecher(German m.) ribbon loudspeaker
Bändchen-Lautsprecher(German m.) ribbon loudspeaker
Bändchenmikrofon(German n.) ribbon microphone
Bändchen-Mikrofon(German n.) ribbon microphone
Banddatei(German f.) tape file
Band der Ehe(German n.) bond of matrimony
Band der Freundschaft(German n.) bond of friendship
Band der Liebe(German n.) bond of love
Band der Zuneigung(German n.) bond of affection
b & eabbreviation of 'beginning and ending'
Bande, Banden (German pl.)(French f.) strip (of paper), stripe, reel (of film), (radio) band, bandage
(Italian f. pl.) plural of banda
(French f.) bunch, band, gang
(German f.) caboodle, gang, band (of robbers, outlaws, smugglers, etc.), posse, cushion (pool, billiards), edge (bowling), clique
Bandeau (s.), Bandeaux (pl.)(French m.) headband, blindfold
Bandeau-BH(German m.) bandeau bra
Bande de fréquences(French f.) frequency band
Bande de la Grande Ecurie(French f.) founded in 1543 by Francis I, the purpose of the Bande de la Grande Ecurie was to supply the musique militaire for court celebrations such as anniversaries of military victories, triumphal royal entries etc. They also played for outdoor entertainment held for example in woods, gardens or on the water. The band consisted of hautbois et musettes de Poitou (soprano, tenor and bass hautbois de Poitou (a type of shawm) and one musette de Poitou (bagpipe) which doubled the soprano hautbois part
Bande der Freundschaft(German pl.) bonds of friendship
Bande der Liebe(German pl.) bonds of love
Bande dessinée(French f.) comic strip
bändefüllend(German) voluminous
bändefüllende Ausgabe(German f.) voluminous edition
Bandeinheit(German f.) tape drive, tape station, tape unit
Bandeisen(German n.) band iron, band-iron (a thin metal strap used as a form tie, a hanger, etc.)
Bandeja(Spanish f.) tray
Bandel(German n. - Austria, Southern Germany) ribbon
Bändel(German m./n.) ribbon
Bande magnétique(French f.) magnetic tape
Bandenchef(German m.) bandit chief
Bandende(German n.) trailer, end of tape, end of tape, trailing end, tape-out
Bandendeetikett(German n.) tape trailer label
Bandenführer(German m.) bandit chief
Bandenkämpfer(German m.) guerrilla
Bandenkrieg (s.),Bandenkriege (pl.)(German m.) gang war, gang warfare (plural form)
Bandenkriminalität(German f.) gang crime
bandenmäßiger Raub(German m.) dacoity (robbery by a gang of armed robbers or murderous highway-men)
Bandenmitglied(German n.) gangster
Bandenwerbung(German f.) perimeter advertising boards, perimeter advertising
Bandenwesen(German n.) gang culture
bander(French) to bandage, to bend (curve), to tense (muscle)
Bandera(Spanish f.) flag, banner, standard (flag)
Bänderdehnung(German f.) sprained ligaments
Banderder(German m.) earthing strip, earth strip
Banderilla(Spanish f.) a decorated dart thrust into the neck or shoulder of a bull during a bull-fight
Banderillero(Spanish m.) a bull-fighter whose function is to use the banderilla
Banderín(Spanish m.) pennant, small flag, banner
Banderkennung(German f.) tape recognition
bander les yeaux à(French) to blindfold
Banderolsee 'banderole'
Banderolealso banderol, bandrol, bandrole, a small flag or streamer fastened to a lance, masthead, etc.
a narrow scroll, usually bearing an inscription
(especially in Reinaissance architecture) a sculpted band, as on a building, adapted to receive an inscription
(German f., French f.) banner
(German f.) ball of wool, ball of yarn
Banderolierer(German m.) banding machine (packing)
Bänderriss(German m.) torn ligament, ligament rupture
Bändertanz(German m.) ribbon dance
Banderuola(Italian f.) weathercock, pennant
Bänderzaun(German m.) tape fence
Bänderzerrung(German f.) pulled ligament
Bande sonore(French f., from band, the French word for 'tape') sound track
Bände sprechen(German) to speak volumes
Bandetikett(German n.) volume label
Bande turque(French f.) see 'janissary music'
Bandfehlstelle(German f.) bad spot on tape
Bandfilter(German m.) bandpass filter
[information provided by Michael Zapf]
Band flutethe band flute, properly speaking, best refers to any eighteenth- or early twentieth-century transverse flute, in at least two sections, most often conical bore, and equipped with one or more keys of any system. It is usually in a flat key and intended for use in wind ensembles composed mostly of transposing instruments, including, of course, the flute band consisting exclusively of such flutes with percussion
Bandgerät(German n.) tape deck, tape recorder, tape unit, tape machine
Bandgeschwindigkeit(German f.) tape speed, belt speed
bandgesteuert(German) tape-controlled, tape-operated
Bandiera(Italian f.) flag (part of a note symbol)
bändigen(German) to subdue, to control (anger, thoughts, etc.), to restrain, to tame
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
bändigend(German) subduing
Bändiger (s./pl.)(German m.) tamer
bändigt(German) subdues
bändigte(German) subdued
Bändigung(German f.) taming, repression
Bandingin printing, method of packaging printed pieces of paper using rubber or paper bands
Bandirhand-held round frame with snares lining the underside of the drum skin
bandire(Italian) to banish, to publish, to dispense with (figurative)
Bandisha Hindustani classical music composition that is bound within the frame of a raga. The text, normally in Brijbhasha, provides space for musical elaboration through a felicitous selection of vowels
Bandisti(Croatia) brass bands
Bandit (s.), Banditen (German pl.)(English, German m.) badman, bravo, brigand, outlaw, dacoit (armed robber or highwayman), desperado
Banditentum(German n.) banditry
Banditenwesen(German n.) brigandism
Bandito(Italian m.) bandit
Banditore(Italian m.) town crier, auctioneer
Bandkabel(German n.) ribbon cable, tape level
Bandkante(German f.) band edge
Bandkantenschaden(German m.) tape edge damage
Bandkapazität(German f.) tape capacity
Bandkassette(German f.) tape cartridge
Bandkatalog(German m.) catalogue in book form
Bandkollegen(German pl.) bandmates (members of the same band)
Bandkontakt(German m.) head-to-tape contact, strip contact
Band leaderor 'band master', Dirigent (German), Kapellmeister (German), a figure positioned on the facade of a band organ, many of which beat time with a small baton, the movement of which is often mechanically linked to the bass drum
band los(German) unclamped, untied
Bandlöten(German n.) fillet brazing
Bandlücke(German f.) bandgap, band gap
Bandmacher(German m., dated) ribbon weaver
Bandmaß(German n.) tape-measure, measuring tape, tape measure
Bandmaß aus Stahl(German n.) pull-push rule
Bandmasterthe conductor of a military band
Bandmesserzuschneidemaschine(German f.) band-saw-type cloth cutter (used in the textile industry)
Bandmitglied (s.), Bandmitglieder (pl.)(German n.) band member
Bandname(German m.) band's name, name of the band
Bandnudel (s.), Bandnudeln (pl.)(German f.) tagliatelle, ribbon noodle
Bandnummer(German f.) (tape, film) reel number
Bando(Italian m., Spanish m.) proclamation, banishment
Bandoersee Bandora
Bandöffnung(German f.) band opening (amateur radio)
Bandola(English, German f.) the Venezuelan bandola is similar to the cuatro, but is shorter, often pear-shaped, and more percussive or stronger-sounding due to the manner in which it is played, with a plastic pick. The bandola is strung differently in different regions of the country, but, in general, has four courses of strings
(English, German f.) also bandora, bandore or bandurria: of the cittern family, Spanish with six pairs (courses) of strings
Bandola andina colombianaalthough made in many different styles, all have 6 courses; the 12 string versions have each course doubled; the 14 string versions have the first two courses tripled and the remainder doubled; the 16 string versions where the first four courses are tripled and the last two are doubled; the 18 string version with 6 triple courses
Bandola llaneraprobably the oldest South-American bandola it has 4 strings and 7 frets. More modern version have been made with 10 frets and 14 frets
Bandola oriental(English) similar to the bandola llanera but having a deeper body and 8 strings arranged in 4 double courses
Bandolim(Portuguese) mandolin
Bandolín(Spanish) small South American Creole lute, pear shaped, and with a fretted neck, that comes in various sizes and ranges and has from 8 to 15 steel strings
BandolimPortuguese mandolin
Bandolina(Spanish f.) mandolin
Bandoneon(Italian m., English, German n.) bandoneón
Bandoneón(French m., Spanish m., German n.) also called the 'tango concertina', a bisonoric concertina, member of the free-reed family of musical instruments, a variant of the classical concertina developed by Heinrich Band in the 1840s. It had a reputation for being very difficult to master. The bandoneon became synonymous with the Argentine tango (although there it was called the bandonion). In 1924, the number and positions of the buttons were standardized to include 72 buttons that cover a five octave range. The keyboard offers three full octaves on either side. The left hand plays the two lower octaves, the right hand plays the two higher ones, and they share the remaining middle octave
Bandonion(Argentina, German n.) bandoneon
Bandorasometimes called bandore, or pandora, a plucked chordophone with metal strings and a distinctive scalloped body outline. The first bandoras were made in London in the 1560s. It was used as part of the mixed consort, as an accompaniment to songs, and as a solo instrument. The bandora was normally strung with six courses (pairs of strings) tuned to the following intervals: second, fourth, fourth, major third, fourth (from bass to treble). There is also a seven course instrument with an extra bass course
Bandoresee bandora
Band organa term used mainly in the US, for an automatic music player usually consisting of a pipe organ, although sometimes found with the addition of brass trumpets, trombones and piccolos, in which case it is termed a 'military band organ'
bandorientiert(German) tape-oriented
Bandpass filtera device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range. An example of an analogue electronic band-pass filter is an RLC circuit (a resistor-inductor-capacitor circuit). These filters can also be created by combining a low-pass filter and a high-pass filter
Bandpaß(German m., old form) bandpass
Bandpass(German m.) bandpass
Bandpassfilter(German m.) bandpass filter
Bandproduktion(German f.) line production
Bandrauschen(German n.) band noise
Bandrolsee 'banderole'
Bandrolesee 'banderole'
Bandrolle(German f.) reel (tape, film, etc.)
Bandrollenende(German n.) end of reel
Bandrückspulung(German f.) tape rewind
Bandruptur(German f.) ligament rupture
Bandsäge(German f.) band saw, band-saw, bandsaw, belt saw, ribbon saw
Bandsägemaschine(German f.) band saw
Bandsalat(German m.) tangled-up tape, spaghettied tape, tape jam
Bandsatz(German m.) tape record
Band sawa power saw used in woodworking, consisting essentially of a toothed metal band coupled to and continuously driven around the circumferences of two wheels
Bandscheibe (s.), Bandscheiben (pl.)(German f.) disc (anatomical)
Bandscheibenvorfall (s.), Bandscheibenvorfälle (pl.)(German m.) slipped disc (anatomical)
Bandschelle(German f.) ribbon clip
Bandschieflauf(German m.) belt misalignment
Bandschleife(German f.) loop of tape, bow (of cloth or tape)
Bandschleifer(German m.) belt sander
Bandschleifmaschine(German f.) belt sander
Bandschräglauf(German m.) tape skew
Bandschreiber(German m.) strip chart recorder
Bändsel(German n.) marline, earing, lanyard (of a knife)
Bandspannung(German f.) tape tension
Bandspule(German f.) spool, reel, tape reel, tape spool, ribbon coil
Bandspüle(German f.) conveyor dishwasher, conveyer-type dishwasher
Bandspur(German f.) tape track
Bandstacheldraht(German m.) razor barbed wire, razor barb wire
Bandstahl(German m.) steel strip, strip steel
Bandstahlschnitt(German m.) steel rule die
Bandstahlstanze(German f.) steel rule punch press
Bandstandsometimes called a 'music pavilion', a covered structure, often found in public spaces, where a small band might perform music at week-ends for an ad-hoc non-paying audience
the first network television series devoted to rock and roll and the longest running musical show in television history, American Bandstand, was hosted by Dick Clark and was created to made rock music palatable to the mainstream American public and help promote the careers of many rock and roll artists of the 50s, both the talents and no talents
Bandstärke(German f.) tape thickness
Bandsystem(German n.) tape system
Bandtrockner(German m.) belt drier, conveyor drier
Bandübertragung mit Kreuzung(German f.) cross ribbon feed
Bandura(English, German f.) or kobza, a fretless plucked dulcimer found in the Ukraine, with a short neck, an oval flat body and which is held vertically
Bandurria(English, German f., Spanish) small flat-backed 12-string mandolin-type instrument, played with a pick, with a very short wide neck and 14 metal frets, popular in Spain and Spanish America
Bandurria sonoraa bandurria with 6 metal strings instead of guts strings
Bandverzögerung(German f.) tape delay
Bandvorsatz(German m.) tape leader
B&Wabbreviation of 'black and white' (photography)
Bandweberei(German f.) ribbon weaving
Bandwebmaschine(German f.) ribbon loom
Bandwechsel(German m.) reel swapping, tape swapping
Bandwidtha measure of frequency range, measured in hertz (Hz.), of a function of a frequency variable
  • Bandwidth from which this extract has been taken
band wieder(German) reattached
Bandwurm (s.), Bandwürmer (pl.)(German m.) tapeworm
Bandwurmsatz(German m.) run-on sentence
bandy words, toto argue, to wrangle
Bandzuführung(German f.) tape feed
Bañera(Spanish f.) bath-tub
Bañero(Spanish m.) life-guard
BangChinese slit drum
bang(German) anxious, afraid, anxiously
Bangalore(English, German n.) an industrial city in south central India (west of Chennai, formerly Madras)
Bangdi(China) a transverse bamboo flute with a bamboo membrane over a resonance hole, which produces a buzzing effect
  • Bangdi from which this information has beene taken
bange(German) funky (colloquial), anxious, afraid, apprehensive, fearful, scared, frightened, chicken-livered (colloquial)
Bange haben(German) to be afraid
Bange machen(German) to alarm
Bangemachen(German n.) scaremongering
bangemachen(German) to be scare-mongering
Bangemacher(German m.) scaremonger, alarmist
Bangen(German n.) trepidation
bangen(German) to tremble, to headbang (slang)
bangend(German) trembling, distressingly or anxiously, restlessly, breathlessly, agitatedly, affannosamente (Italian), con angustia (Italian), con affanno (Italian), affannoso (Italian), anxious, with anxiety, tourmenté (French), anxieusement (French)
bangen um(German) to fear for
banger(German) more scared
bangeste(German) most scared
Bang'guor bangu, Chinese small single-membrane drum, used in the accompaniment of traditional theatre and in folk instrumental ensembles
  • Bangu from which this information has been taken
Banghyang(Korean) constructed in a similar way to the pyeonjong and pyeongyeong, the banghyang is a set of sixteen iron slabs, half the slabs placed on the upper and the other half on the lower part of a supporting frame. It is also called cholhyang (literally, 'iron sound'). Each slabs is identical in length and width, but their thickness varies according to the required pitches
Bangigkeit(German f.) apprehension, trepidation (old fashioned)
Bangkok(English, German n.) the capital city of Thailand
Bangladesch(German n.) Bangladesh
Bangladescher (m.), Bangladescherin (f.), Bangladescher (pl.)(German) Bangladeshi
bangladeschisch(German) of Bangladesh
Bangladesh(English, German n.) a country of southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal
Bangnis (s.), Bangnisse (pl.)(German f.) fear
Bangor Pontificalthe only complete liturgical manuscript known to survive from the medieval diocese of Bangor, and one of just two extant books from medieval Wales as a whole to contain substantial plainchant notation. Inscribed as belonging originally to Anian, bishop of Bangor, it is now confidently dated to the first quarter of the fourteenth century. (Anian 'Sais' was bishop of Bangor between 1309 and 1328.) It contains texts and detailed instructions for liturgical observances conducted by a bishop: the dedication of churches, altars and cemeteries; the enthronement and consecration of an archbishop; and special blessings given during the canon of the Mass and on other specific occasions. The manuscript also contains a very substantial corpus of plainchant, all copied onto a four-line stave. Several of these chants are known from no other source
Bangsawana form of traditional Malay opera. It was known to developed from a sort of Indian theater performance during the nineteenth century by visiting Indian travellers
  • Bangsawan from which this extract has been taken
bangt(German) trembles
bangte(German) trembled
Bangusee bang'gu
BangzidiChinese transverse flute
Ban-huthe two string ban-hu, also called pang-hu, bang-hu, qin-hu, hu-hu and da-xian, among many others, is the leading accompanying instrument for bang-zi and other northern tunes or ballads. Similar to jing-hu, the timbre of ban-hu is bright, which makes it hard to use with other instruments. For this reason its use is reserved for solo performances of a joyful and passionate character. It is called ban-hu because it is made of pieces of wood that are bonded together. Since the 1940s, many new types of banhu have been created, including the mediant banhu, alt banhu, 'three-stringed banhu', 'bamboo banhu and so on
Bañista(Spanish m./f.) bather
Bañisto(Spanish m.) bath, swim, bath-tub, coat, coating
Banjarthe gourd banjo, a stringed folk instrument, used in the music of Antigua and Barbuda
Banjeaurine(English, German n.) see 'banjo'
Banjelelesee 'banjolele'
Banjo(Italian m., English, German n., French m., Spanish m.) a plucked, four to nine wire- (occasionally gut-) strung instrument with a circular body to which is attached an generally un-fretted neck, the strings lying on a low bridge over a resonator made of a metal hoop over which parchment is tensioned, popular in early jazz and country music. The traditional banjo has five strings. The fifth string, also called the "thumb string" or "melody string", is situated above the other strings and runs only about two-thirds of the way up the fingerboard. The precursors to the early banjos were brought to America by African slaves. The penetrating tones of the banjo are among the most recognizable qualities associated with country and bluegrass music
many banjo-based instruments have been made:
gourd banjoAfricans transported to the Caribbean and Latin America were reported playing banjos in the 17th- and 18th-centuries, before any banjo was reported in the Americas. Africans in the US were the predominant players of this instrument until the 1840s. Originally the banjos were rudimentary, unfretted, lightweight instruments, made out of gourds and skins. The strings, gut not steel, numbered between three and nine, with four-and five-string banjos being popular. A distinguishing feature was one or more short drone strings sounded with the thumb
fretted banjothe most important development of the banjo was the addition of frets to the banjo fingerboard. Up until the mid-1870s, banjo necks were fretless. The first frets were actually flush strips of wood laid perpendicularly to the strings, making it easier for the banjoist to accurately play past the fifth-string position, greatly expanding the musical potential of the instrument. Raised metal frets came into use about 1880, which made for even more accurate noting while increasing the volume of the banjo. Volume became an especially important issue as the banjo entered the concert hall
banjeaurinea hybrid banjo (or to use Stewart's preferred spelling 'banjeau') invented by Samuel Swain Stewart in around 1885. The 'banjeaurine' had a rim which was about the same size as a regular banjo (10 1/2"-11 1/2" although some models have bodies up to 13" in diameter) but it had a shorter neck and was tuned a fourth higher, like capoing at the 5th fret of a standard banjo. In the banjo orchestral setting it took most of the leads, like the violin in traditional orchestras
piccolo banjoa banjo with a body of about 5" diameter and tuned an octave higher than the standard banjo, used to play obbligato parts in a banjo orchestra
second banjofound in a banjo orchestra, often tuned to open C tuning, used rhythmically or to play inner contrapuntal lines
banjo cellotuned one octave below that of the regular banjo, with a large body (about 14" in diameter) that plays the bass lines in a banjo orchestra
banjo-bassa banjo with a large body (around 20" diameter is not unusual) which usually has an end spike or extendable legs. Models may be fretted or fretless, the latter often used in place of a string bass
guitar-banjoa banjo strung and tuned like a guitar
mandolin banjoa banjo tuned and strung like a mandolin (i.e. double strung) developed in the period 1880-1914
contra-bass banjoa rarely used behemoth that stood over five feet tall
samba banjoa Brazilian instrument, first introduced by sambista Almir Guineto in the late 1970s and early 1980s, which is derived from the four-stringed cavaquinho and is associated particularly with a samba subgenre called pagode. The samba banjo has the same tuning and range as the cavaquinho, but its timbre is quite different, sounding like a traditional banjo, but pitched higher. It is played with a pick
zither banjoinvented in approximately 1888 by an American composer and performer, Alfred D. Cammeyer, the zither banjo had a relatively small rim, usually eight to nine inches in diameter, as opposed to the eleven- or twelve-inch rims of regular banjos. This rim was set into a deep resonator and the instrument was strung with steel on the first, second and fifth strings, and gut on the third and fourth. This set-up provided a more sustained, ringing tone than the regular open-back banjo. In addition, it had geared tuning machines instead of the more usual friction pegs, and a closed back which reflected the sound outwards through spaces between the head and rim, functioning much like a modern resonator
plectrum banjosteel-strung four-string banjo with the fifth drone string removed, an offshoot of the 5-string instrument (4 plus the short chanterelle string) developed in the period 1880-1914
tenor banjoshort-necked, steel-strung four-string banjo with the fifth drone string removed, tuned c-g-d'-a', that could be played with a plectrum or pick, developed in the period 1880-1914
five-string banjowhile most often associated with bluegrass, the banjo in old-time music is commonly played 'clawhammer' or with two fingers, rather than the three-finger Scruggs style common in 'bluegrass', and is usually open-back, i.e. it lacks the resonator found on most bluegrass banjos. However, important figures such as Uncle Dave Macon and Dock Boggs often played in idiosyncratic three finger styles, that were clearly distinct from the Scruggs rolls. Some, such as Scrugg's influence Snuffy Jenkins, played in a style that blurred the line between oldtime and bluegrass, using a three-finger roll that was idiomatically more oldtime than bluegrass
five-string classic banjothe classic banjo was orginally gut-strung and the performer did not use fingerpicks. Today classical banjoists play with bare fingers or fingernails on nylon strings, which have replaced the gut strings originally used long ago. Most players use instruments with plastic heads, rather than tempermental skin heads
banjo-ukelele or banjo ukea banjo tuned like a ukelele, an offshoot of the 5-string instrument (4 plus the short chanterelle string) developed in the period 1880-1914
concert banjotuned a whole tone above the standard banjo
ladies' banjotuned a whole tone below the standard banjo
Vega 'Pete Seeger' model banjoan extended neck five-string banjo, first made in the 1950s by the Vega Company
six-string banjo
a banjo strung and tuned like a six-string guitar. There are a number of tunings (low to high):
standard (guitar) tuningE A D G B E
open G tuningD G D G B D
drop D tuningD A D G B E
open D tuningD A D F# A D
twelve-string banjoa banjo strung and tuned like a twelve-string guitar
Banjoistbanjo player
Banjolasee 'mandolin, mandoline'
Banjolelea brand-name for a ukulele-banjo, banjo ukulele or banjo uke. Sometimes also spelled 'banjelele' or 'banjulele', banjolele is a generic nickname given to the instrument, which was derived from the 'banjulele-banjo,' introduced by Alvin D. Keech in 1917
  • Banjolele from which this information has been taken
Banjolin(English, German n.) a type of mandolin-banjo, although the banjolin is single-strung, while a true mandolin-banjo is double-strung, like a mandolin
[information provided by Glen Jordan]
a type of banjo, the 'younger brother' of the tenor banjo
a type of banjo patented by John Farris in 1885
a type of bowed fretless zither
  • Banjolin from which this information has been taken
Banjoline(English, German f.) a type of electric guitar developed by Eddie Peabody in conjunction with Rickenbacker. Although its name suggests a combination of banjo and mandolin, it is most closely related - in appearance and construction - to the electric guitar, resembling the banjo and mandolin only in terms of stringing and tuning
  • Banjoline from which this information has been taken
Banjologe(German m.) banjologist
Banjologist(a neologism, a new word, made up for The Simpsons an US produced cartoon series) an expert banjo player. In the episode Home Away From Homer, Lisa listens to a radio program on obscure music, and hears the host refer to a guest as a 'banjologist'
Banjo-lutesee 'mandolin, mandoline'
Banjo-mandolinesee 'mandolin, mandoline'
Banjo positiona term used to describe the holding of a violin or viola so that it rests horizonally on the lap, a position that may be adopted if a string player has to play pizzicato for a long period of time
Banjospieler(German m.) banjoist, banjo player
Banjulele(English, German f.) see 'banjolele'
Bank(German f.) bench, settle, layer, stratum, bar (river, etc.), bank (commerce), board (in a betting shop or a bookmaker, showing the odds), pew (church), reef, stool, sandbank, desk (scholl), banquette, seat (chair), bank (of clouds), bed (oyster, etc.)
MIDI devices divide patches into groups, or banks, of 128. One bank of patches from a MIDI device can be accessed at a time by a MIDI computer program or another MIDI device
Bankabrechnung(German f.) bank statement
Bankangestellter (m.), Bankangestellte (f.), Bankangestellte (pl.)(German) bank employee, bank clerk, bank assistant, bank staff (plural form)
Bankauflage(German f.) bench cushion
Bankauskunft(German f.) bank reference, banker's reference, credit report from a bank
Bankauszug(German m.) bank statement, banking statement
Bankauszüge erhalten(German) to obtain bank statements
Bankautomat(German m.) cash dispenser, cash machine
Bankbeamter (m.), Bankbeamte (f.), Bankbeamte (pl.)(German) bank clerk, bank officer, bank official
Bankdienstleistungen(German pl.) financial services, banking services
Bankdirektor (s.), Bankdirektoren (pl.)(German m.) bank director, bank manager, manager of a bank, bank directors (plural form)
Bankeinzug(German m.) direct debit (payment)
Bänkellied (s.), Bänkellieder (pl.)(German n.) broadside ballad, blackletter ballad, street ballad, broadsheet ballad
[corrected by Michael Zapf]
Bänkelsang (s.), Bankelsänge (pl.)(German m. from Bänk, a reference to the 'bench' on which the performer stood) or Bänkellieder, originating in the sixteenth century, a German song-form performed at fairs, markets, ports and various fesitvals, that incorporated news about accidents, tragedies, natural catastrophes and folk tales, performed by itinerant singers often to the accompaniment of a small Drehorgel
Bänkelsänger(German m.) an itinerant ballad singer, ballad-monger, (wandering) minstrel, balladeer, balladmonger
Bankert(German m.) bastard (child)
Bankett (s.), Bankette (pl.)(German n.) banquet, (road) shoulder, verge (road)
Banketteilnehmer (s.), Banketteilnehmer (pl.)(German m.) banqueter
bankettieren(German) to banquet
Bankettisch(German m.) banquet table
Bankettpalast(German m.) Banqueting House, the only remaining component of Whitehall Palace, is found at the Trafalgar Square end of Whitehall, London
Bankettsaal(German m.) banquet hall
Bankfach(German n.) bank deposit safe, safe-deposit box
bankfähig(German) bankable, negotiable
Bankfeiertag(German m.) bank holiday, bank-holiday
bankfrisch(German) in mint condition (coins, banknotes)
Bankgebühren(German pl.) bank charges, banking charges
Bankgeschäfte am Telefon(German pl.) phone banking
Bankgeschäfte rund um die Uhr(German pl.) 24-hour banking
Bankgeschäfte übers Telefon(German pl.) phone banking, telephone banking
Bankgewerbe(German n.) banking industry
Bankgewölbe(German n.) bank vault
Bankhalter(German m.) banker (gambling games)
Bank holidaysalthough properly when banks are legally closed, the term is now applied to specified general public holidays
Bankier (s.), Bankiers (pl.)(German m.) banker, fancier
Bankiersfamilie(German f.) family of bankers, banking family
Bankkarriere(German f.) career in banking
Bankkarte(German f.) bank card, banker's card, cash card, ATM card (US)
Bankkonto (s.), Bankkonten (pl.)(German n.) bank account
Bankkrach(German m.) bank failure
Bankkrise(German f.) bank crisis
Bankleitzahl(German f.) bank code, bank identification number, Bank identifier code, bank routing number, bank sorting code, bank code number
Banknote (s.), Banknoten (pl.)(German f.) banknote
Banknoten fälschen(German) to counterfeit notes
Banknotenfälschung(German f.) counterfeiting
Bankomat(German m. - Austria) cash dispenser
Bankomat ®(German m. - Austria, Switzerland) cash machine
Bankpleite(German f.) bank failure
Bankraub(German m.) bank robbery, bank heist
Bankräuber (m.), Bankräuberin (f.)(German) bank raider, bank robber, bank-robber
Bankreferenz (s.), Bankreferenzen (pl.)(German f.) bank reference
Bankreihen(German pl.) rows of benches, pews (in a church)
Bankrott (s.), Bankrotte (pl.)(German m.) bankruptcy, smashup,
bankrott(German) bankrupt, broke (bankrupt), on the rocks (financially)
bankrott erklären(German) to declare insolvent
Bankrotterklärung(German f.) declaration of bankruptcy
Bankrotteröffnungserklärung(German f.) bankruptcy notice, bankrupty notice
Bankrotteur(German m.) bankrupt
Bankrottfall(German m.) bankruptcy
bankrottgehen(German) to go belly-up (colloquial: bankrupt)
bankrott gehen(German) to go bust (colloquial), to go bankrupt, to go to the wall (colloquial), to go belly-up (colloquial: bankrupt)
Bankrott machen(German) to go bankrupt, to become bankrupt
Bankrott machend(German) bankrupting
Bankrupt(from banca rotta (Italian: broken bench)) financial ruined
Bankschalter(German m.) bank counter, counter
Bankscheck(German m.) bank cheque, cashier's cheque
Bankschließfach(German n.) safe, safe deposit box, safe-deposit box
Banksinsel(German f.) Banks Island
Banks Islandone of the larger members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, situated in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada
Bankspesen(German pl.) bank charges
Banksystem(German n.) bank system, banking system
Bank Top
founded by Ashworth Bros., a village comprising basic cottages and detached house was built around the mill by the owners Ashworth Bros. A library and school were provided - in 1833 all but 7 out of 532 workers could read
Banktratte(German f.) bank draft, bankdraft, banker's draft, cashier's cheque
Banktresor(German m.) bank vault
Banküberfall(German m.) bank hold-up, holdup in a bank, raid on a bank, bank robbery, bank heist, bank raid
Banküberweisung(German f.) bank transfer, bank credit transfer, bank giro transfer, giro transfer, bank wire transfer
Banküberziehung(German f.) bank overdraft
Banku-rabanframe drum from Sri Lanka
Bank von England(German f.) Bank of England
Bankwesen(German n.) banking
Bankzusammenbruch(German m.) bank collapse, bank crash, bank failure
Banlieue(French f., singular in French but the English equivalent is plural) suburbs
Banlieusard (m.), Banlieusarde (f.)(French) (suburban) commuter
Bann(German m.) spell (influence), ban
Banna máirseála(Gaelic) marching band
Bannatyne Cluba literary club founded in 1823 by Sir Walter Scott and others and named for George Bannatyne (c.1545-1608) whose manuscript preserves much fifteenth and sixteenth century Scottish poetry. The club printed 116 rare works of Scottish history and literature and was dissolved in 1861
Bannbulle(German f.) (Papal) bull of excommunication
bannen(German) to allay, to charm, to spellbind, to captivate, to entrance (captivate), to avert, to ward off, to excommunicate, to exorcise
Banner (s.), Banner (German pl.)(English, German n.) originally a piece of cloth attached to a staff and used as a standard by a monarch, military commander, or knight, although today more commonly used for decoration or advertising
Banneretone who leads his vassals to battle under his own banner, an order of knighthood conferred on the field of battle for deeds of valour
Bannerflagge(German f.) banner flag
Bannerträger(German m.) standard bearer
Bannerwerbung(German f.) banner advertisement, banner advertising, banner ad (colloquial)
Bannfluch(German m.) excommunication
Banngut(German n.) contraband
Bannière(French f.) banner
bannir(French) to banish
Bannkreis(German m.) no-protest zone (an area in which the right to engage in public protest is legally restricted or forbidden)
Bannmeile(German f.) no-protest zone (an area in which the right to engage in public protest is legally restricted or forbidden)
Banns of marriagethe giving of notice, by publication in a suitable church, of an intention to marry
Bannware(German f.) contraband, prohibited goods
Banqiangtithe music of dagu, which originate chiefly from folk music in the locality where the particular type of dagu, sung in the local dialect, is popular. The difference in vocal music is the chief distinction between different kinds of dagu
Banque(French f.) bank, banking
Banquero(Spanish m.) banker
Banqueroute(French f.) (fraudulent) bankruptcy
Banquet(French m., from banchetto (Italian: little table)) dinner, feast, dessert (original meaning)
in La civil Conversatione (1574) by Stefano Guazzo, the author purports to describe a small banquet held at Casale in honour of Duke Vespasiano Gonzaga. The meal is merely a pretext to show off elegance in manners and speech; banqueting becomes an exquisite exercise of finesse. The guests listen to music, recite poetry, act out theatrical declarations of love, and pose riddles.
[extracted from Ritual in Early Modern Europe by Edward Muir; pub. Cambridge University Press, 2005]
Banqueta(Spanish f.) stool
Banquete(Spanish f.) banquet, wedding reception
banquetear(Spanish) to banquet
Banquette(French m.) seat, piano stool, a long cushioned seat with a cushioned back found against a wall in restaurants as a substitute for a series of individual seats
Banquier(French m.) banker
Banquillo(Spanish m.) bench, footstool
Bansangoa Mandinka (West African) dance rhythm for young women
Bansheethe bean-sidhe (woman of the fairy may be an ancestral spirit appointed to forewarn members of certain ancient Irish families of their time of death. According to tradition, the banshee can only cry for five major Irish families: the O'Neills, the O'Briens, the O'Connors, the O'Gradys and the Kavanaghs. Intermarriage has since extended this select list
  • Banshee from which this extract has been taken
Bansibamboo flute of the divine cowherd, Sri Krishna
Bansuri(bans literally 'bamboo', and swar, literally 'musical note') bansuri and venu are common Indian flutes, typically made of bamboo or reed, that come in two forms, 'transverse' and 'fipple. The transverse variety is nothing more than a length of bamboo with holes cut into it. This is the preferred flute for classical music because the embouchure gives added flexibility and control. The fipple variety is found in the folk and filmi styles, but seldom used for serious music, being usually considered to be no more than a toy because the absence of any embouchure limits the flexibility of the instrument. The bansuri is used in the North Indian system. It typically has six holes; however there has been a tendency in recent years to use seven holes for added flexibility and correctness of pitch in the higher registers. It was previously associated only with folk music, but today it is found in Hindustani classical, filmi and numerous other genre. Venu is the south Indian flute and is used in the Carnatic system. It typically has eight holes. The venu is very popular in all south Indian styles
the tonic (Indian sa) of the bansuri is the note sounded when 3 finger holes are closed. 6 holes closed determines the key. The same flute may be referred to by either its tonic or key
Bantlingan illegitimate child, a brat
Bantowbola central and southern Cameroon traditional music, a combination of bikutsi and bol, a traditional dance from southern Cameroon
  • Bantowbol from which this extract has been taken
Banyathe bass Indian tabla drum played by the left hand
BanyanEast Indian fig tree (Ficus bengalensis) that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
a gentleman's banyan was a half-length man's jacket in Indian linen cloth. Influenced by Oriental fashion, these popular robes were also called 'Indian gowns', 'nightgowns', or 'wrappers'
a Hindu merchant, or shopkeeper - the term banyan is used in Bengal to denote the native who manages the money concerns of the European, and sometimes serves him as an interpreter
Banyanbaum(German m.) banyan (Ficus bengalensis), banyan tree
Banyan daya day on which no meat is served
Banzai(Japanese, literally '10,000 years') a cry used by the Japanese in battle or to greet the Emperor
bap.abbreviation of 'baptized'
BapóBrazilian maracas
bapt.abbreviation of 'baptized'
Baptême(French m.) baptism, christening
baptiser(French) to baptize, to hristen
Baptismthe rite admitting an individual to the Christian church; after the missionising period carried out in early infancy
Baptist (s.), Baptistin (f.), Baptisten (German pl.)(English, German m.) a member of an evangelical Protestant church of congregational polity, following the reformed tradition in worship, and believing in individual freedom, in the separation of church and state, and in baptism of voluntary, conscious believers
Baptisterio(Spanish m.) baptistry, baptistery, font
Baptisterium(German n.) baptistry, baptistery
Baptisteryor baptistry, a separate building or separate area in a church which contains the font and where the rite of baptism is carried out
Bapu, Bapujimeaning 'Father', term of affection used for Gandhi
Baqa-Dschatt(German n.) Baqa-Jatt
Baqa-Jattan Israeli-Arab city in the Haifa District of Israel established in 2003 through a merger of Baqa al-Gharbiyye and Jatt
Baquba(German n.) Ba'qubah
Ba'qubahthe capital of Iraq's Diyala Governorate, this city is located some 50 km (30 miles) to the northeast of Baghdad, on the Diyala River
Baquet(French m.) tub
Baqueta(Portuguese f., Spanish f.) mallet, drumstick, ramrod (for a rifle)
baquetear(Spanish) to bother
Baqueteo(Spanish m., literally 'nuisance' or 'bore') the rhythmic pattern played by the timbalero in the danzón. A style developed by Cuban timpanists, of playing beats on the shell or bead while the fingers of the other hand 'filled in'