music dictionary : Kk - Ko 

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Kkafter Ralph Kirkpatrick (1911-1984), the cataloguer of the music of Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
KKafter Krysztyna Kobylaska, the cataloguer of music by Frédéric François Chopin (1810-1849)
Kkwaenggwari(Korea) also kkwaengmaegi or soe, a suspended gong used in folk music performances
Kkwaengmaegisee kkwaenggwari
Kl.or Klar, abbreviation of Klarinette (German: clarinet - clarinette (French))
klabbreviation of klein (German: small - petit (French))
Klaaglied(Dutch) dirge
Klaagzang(Dutch) lamentation, plaint
Klafskyafter Anton Klafsky, the cataloguer of music by Michael Haydn (1737-1806) and Johann David Heinichen (1683-1729)
Klage(German) lamentation
Klagegedicht(German n.) elegy, lamentation, mournful song
Klagelied(German n.) elegy, lamentation, mournful song
klagend(German) wailing, lamenting, mournfully, plaintively
Klageton(German) plaintive tune or melody
kläglich(German) lamentable, mournful, plaintive
Klaglied(German n.) an elegy, a lament
Klamamusic and dance associated with puberty rites of the Krobo of Ghana. The celebration of this music and dance highlights the 'outdooring' of girls who have undergone intensive tutoring in mother craft. Klama is now performed on various social occasions
Klamme(Danish) brace
Klammer(German f., Swedish) brace
Klampfe(German f.) guitar
Klang (s.), Klänge (pl.)(German m.) a sound, a tune
(German m.) a composite musical note, the fundamental with its overtones
(German m.) a chord, as in Dreiklang, meaning 'triad'
Klangänderung(German f.) sound modification
Klangbild(German n.) a sound
Klangboden(German m.) sound-board
Klangeffekt(German m.) sound effect
Klangerzeugung(German f.) sound production
Klangfarbe(German f.) tone, tone-colour, tone quality, timbre
klangfarblich(German) timbral
Klangfarbenmelodie(German f., literally 'sound-colour-melody') coined by Arnold Schönberg (1874-1951) to describe a style of composition that employs several different kinds of tone colors to a single pitch or to multiple pitches, Klangfarbenmelodie is achieved by distributing the pitch or melody among several different instruments
Klangfülle(German f.) sonority, fullness of tone
Klanggedicht(German) sonnet
Klanggemisch(German n.) sound mixture
Klanggeschlecht(German n.) mode, scale, genus of sounds (i.e. the diatonic, chromatic and enharmonic genus)
Klangholz(German n.) tone wood
Klanghölzer(German n. pl.) claves
Klangköper(German m.) an orchestra, a chorus
klanglich(German) sonorous
Klanglied(German) sonnet
Klangmalerei(German f.) onomatopoeia
klangpolyfon(German) multitimbral
klangpolyphon(German) multitimbral
Klangquelle(German f.) sound source
Klangregler(German m.) tone control
Klangsaal(German m.) concert room, music room
Klangspeicherung(German f.) sound storage
Klangstäbe(German m. pl.) claves
Klangsteuerung(German f.) sound control
Klangsynthese(German f.) tone synthesis
Klangumwandlung(German f.) sound modulation
Klangvertretung(German f.) common tone substitution
klangvoll(German) sonorous
Klank(Dutch) sound, ring (for example, of a bell)
Klankbord(Dutch) table (of a stringed instrument), Decke (German), tavola armonica (Italian), table d'harmonie (French)
Klank-eigen(Dutch) idiom
Klankgat(Dutch) sound hole
Klankkast(Dutch) sound box, Schallkasten (German), Resonanzkörper (German), Resonanzboden (German), caisee de résonance (French), cassa armonica (Italian), cassa di risonanza (Italian)
Klankkleur(Dutch) tone colour, timbre
Klankrijk(Dutch) full-sounding, sonorous
klankrijk Stem(Dutch) rich voice
Klapa(Croatian, literally 'a group of people') klapa music is a Croatian form of a cappella singing that traces its roots to litoral church singing. The motifs in general celebrate love, wine (grapes), country (homeland) and sea. Main elements of the music are harmony and melody, with rhythm very rarely being very important. A klapa group consists of a first tenor, a second tenor, baritone and bass. It is possibe to double all the voices apart from the first tenor. Although klapa is a cappella music, on occasion it is possible to add a gentle guitar and a mandolin (instrument similar in appearance and sound to tamburitzas). In recent times, female vocal groups have been quite popular, but in general male and female groups do not mix. Klapa songs usually have a slow, free rhythm and are often without a time signature (libero). Sometimes, they may have complex measures. Although the songs are usually serenades, for example, love songs addressing a beloved's girl, satirical songs too also exist. Regardless of a theme, however, they are always in a major key
KlapitesLatvian clapper
Klappe (s.), Klappen (pl.)(German f.) (mechanical) key (of a wind instrument), chiave (Italian f.), clé (French f.), llave (Spanish f.)
(German f.) valve
Klappenflügelhorn(German n.) keyed bugle
Klappenhorn(German n.) see 'keyed bugle'
Klappenmechanik(German f.) key work, key mechanism, meccanismo delle chiavi (Italian m.) Klappenmechanik (German f.), m&eacuate;canisme des clefs (French m.), mecanismo de llaves (Spanish m.)
Klappentrompete(German f.) keyed trumpet
Klappholz(German n.) whip
Klapphut(German m.) (collapsible) opera hat
Klappsitz(German m.) folding seat, tip-up seat
Klaror K., abbreviation of Klarinette (German: clarinet - clarinette (French))
klar(German) clear, distinct
klären(German) to clarify
klare Stimme(German f.) clear voice
Klarheit(German f.) clarity, clearness, plainness, distinctness
Klarina(German f.) also Heckelklarina (German f.) or Heckel Klarina (German f.), a German alternative for Clarina (German f.)
[entry by Michael Zapf]
Klarinette (s.), Klarinetten (pl.)(German f.) clarinet, clarinetto (Italian m.), clarinette (French f.), clarinete (Spanish m.)
Klarinettenblatt(German n.) clarinet reed, ancia del clarinetto (Italian f.), anche de clarinette (French f.), lenguëta de clarinete (Spanish f.)
Klarinettenkonzert(German n.) clarinet concerto
Klarinettenspiel(German n.) clarinet playing
Klarinettist (m.), Klarinettistin (f.)(German) clarinettist
KlarinoGreek clarinet
klärlich(German) clearly, distinctly
klarmachen(German) to make clear
klaroen(Dutch) bugle
Klarsichtfolie(German f.) transparent film, cling film
klarstellen(German) to clarify
Klärung(German f.) clarification
Klass(German f.) class, form (school), grade (school), classroom
klass(German) super (familiar)
Klassenarbeit(German f.) (written) test
Klassenbuch(German n.) (attendance) register
Klassenkamerad (m.), Klassenkameradin (f.)(German) class-mate
Klassenkampf(German m.) class struggle
Klassenzimmer(German n.) classroom
klassiek(Dutch) classical period, classicism
klassifizieren(German) classify
Klassifizierung(German f.) classification
Klassik(German f.) classicism, classical (for example, classical music, classical period)
[corrected by Brian A. Jefferies]
Klassiker(German m.) classical author, classical composer
Klassikmusik(German f.) classical music, music of the Classical era
klassisch(German) classical, classic
klassische Ära(German f.) classical period
[corrected by Brian A. Jefferies]
klassische Epoche(German f.) classical era
[corrected by Brian A. Jefferies]
klassische Literatur, die(German f.) the classics
klassische Musik(German f.) classical music
[corrected by Brian A. Jefferies]
Klassizismus(German m.) classicism
Klatsch(German m.) gossip
Klatschbase(German f.) gossip (familiar)
klatschen(German) to slap, to clap
Klausel(German f.) a cadence, a close, a regular section of a strain or movement
Michael Zapf writes: generally, Klausel means the ending of a single voice, and Kadenz the one of several voices, without necessarily implying a harmonic approach. However, this rule is not universally adhered to
Klav(Swedish) clef
Klavabbreviation of Klavier (German: piano)
Klavarskribo(Esperanto, literally 'keyboard writing') or 'Klavar', an alternative method of music notation, as introduced in 1931 by the Dutchman Cornelis Pot. In contrast to conventional notation, 'Klavar' writes the pitch horizontally instead of vertically and time vertically from top to bottom
Klavecimbel(Dutch) harpsichord, clavecin
Klaviatur(German f.) keyboard, a term usually reserved today for the piano
Klaviaturglockenspiel(German n.) carillon, keyed glockenspiel
Klaviaturxylophon(German n.) keyed xylophone
Klavichord(German n.) clavichord
Klavicitherium(German n.) variant spelling of Clavicytherium (English, German n.)
[entry by Michael Zapf]
Klavier(Dutch, German n.) keyboard (of a keyboard instrument)
(Dutch, German n.) a keyboard instrument, a term usually reserved today for the piano
"In the foreword to his twelve sonatas (published in 1773, six years before he arrived in Bonn), Neefe uses the term (and spelling) Klavier in two senses, first meaning 'keyboard instrument' in contrast to other instruments, and later indicating the clavichord (which he favored), to the exclusion of two other domestic keyboard instruments: the harpsichord (Flügel) and the pianoforte. To mark the switching point between these two meanings, he uses Klavichord once in the middle of the text."
[from Tilman Skowroneck, Beethoven and the Clavichord. In Essays in Honor of Christopher Hogwood: The Maestro's Direction, ed. Thomas Donahue. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, p. 203]
Klavierausbildung(German f.) piano studies
Klavierauszug(German m.) a piano reduction of a full score, piano arrangement
(German m.) a score of a vocal work or instrumental concerto with orchestra, in which the latter has been reduced to a piano accompaniment, generally used during rehearsal
Klavierbauer(German m.) piano makers
Klavierdeckel(German m.) piano lid
Klavierkonzert(German n.) piano concerto, piano recital
Klavierlehrer(German m.) piano teacher
klaviermässig(German) suitable for the piano, in a pianistic style
Klaviermusik(German f.) piano music
Klavierquartett(German n.) piano quartet
Klavierrolle (s.), Klavierrollen (pl.)(German f.) piano roll
Klaviersatzsee Satz
Klaviersonate(German f.) piano sonata
Klavierspiel(German n .) piano playing
Klavierstimme(German f.) piano part (usually one in a larger work)
Klavierstimmer(German m.) piano tuner
Klavierstück(German n.) keyboard piece, piano piece
Klavierstuhl(German m.) piano stool
Klavierstunde(German f.) piano lesson
Klaviertiger(German m.) a virtuoso pianist whose attack on his instrument appears ferocious
Klaviertrio(German n.) piano trio
Klavierübung(German f.) keyboard exercise
Klaxon(French m.) car horn
klaxonner(French) to hoot one's horn, to sound one's horn, to toot (the horn)
Klebebild(German n.) or Abziehbild (German n.), decal
kleben(German) to stick, to glue, to cement
Klebestift(German m.) Leimstift (German m.), glue stick
klebrig(German) sticky, gluey, gooey, tacky, glutinous, viscous, tenacious, vlammily, clammy, glutinously, ropily, ropy, stickily, tenaciously, viscously
Klebstoff(German m.) adhesive, glue
Klebstreifen(German m.) adhesive tape
Klecks(German m.) a stain, a blot, a dab
klecksen(German) to make a mess
Kleenex(English, French m.) the brand name for facial tissue, soft absorbent paper (usually two or more thin layers) used as a disposable handkerchief
Kleftika(Greek) heroic songs, from the early twentieth century, about brigands who fought the Turks, characterized by extensive vocal ornamentation
Kleid(German n.) a dress
kleiden(German) to dress, to suit
Kleider(German n. pl.) dresses, clothes
Kleiderbügel(German m.) coat-hanger
Kleiderbürste(German f.) clothes-brush
Kleiderhaken(German m.) coat-hook
Kleiderrock(German m.) a pinafore dress
Kleiderschrank(German m.) a wardrobe
kleidsam(German) becoming
Kleidung(German f.) clothes, clothing
Kleidungsstück(German n.) garment
klein, kleine(German) small, short
minor (when speaking of intervals, for example, kleine Terz, minor third)
Kleinarbeit(German f.) painstaking work
Klein-bass(German) violoncello
Klein-bass-geige(German) violoncello
klein beigeben(German) give in
Kleinbühne(German f.) little theatre
Kleinbürger(German m.) petty bourgeois
Kleinbus(German m.) minibus
kleine Bassgeige(German f.) minor triad
kleine Dezime(German f.) minor tenth (which is enharmonic to a sharp ninth)
kleine Diësis(German f.) a musical interval defined by the frequency ratio 128:125, equivalent to about 41.06 cent
kleine Drieklank(Dutch) minor triad
Kleine Finger(German m.) little finger
kleine Flöte(German f.) Pikkoloflöte (German f.), piccolo, ottavino (Italian m.), flauto piccolo (Italian m.), Pikkolo (German n.), petite flûte (French f.)flautín (Spanish m.)
(German f.) a small flute-stop on the organ, of 4 ft. and 2 ft. pitch
kleine Intervalle(German n. pl.) minor intervals
kleine Klarinette(German f.) soprano clarinet, clarinetto piccolo (Italian), petite clarinette (French f.), clarinete soprano (Spanish)
kleine None(German f.) minor ninth, flat ninth
kleine Orgel(German f.) regal
kleine Partitur(German f.) a musical score not primarily intended for performance use, with the notation and/or text reduced in size, i.e. a pocket or study score
kleine Pauke(German f.) small timpano, small kettle-drum
kleiner Barrégriff(German m.) half barre, partial barre
kleiner Bass(German m.) violoncello, cello
kleiner chromatischer Halbton(German m.) minor 5-limit semitone, chromatic diesis, semitone minimus, lesser chromatic semitone or minor chroma, an interval with the ratio 25/24
kleiner Ganzton(German m.) minor whole tone, an interval with the ratio 10/9
kleiner Halbton(German m.) minor semitone
kleiner Mollseptakkord(German m.) minor seventh chord
kleine Sekunde(German f.) minor second
[entry provided by Brian A. Jefferies]
kleine Septime(German f.) minor seventh
kleine Sesonde(Dutch) minor second
kleine Sexte(German f.) minor sixth
kleines Intervall(German n.) minor interval
kleine Terts(Dutch) minor third
kleine Terz(German f.) minor third
[entry provided by Brian A. Jefferies]
kleine Tredezime(German f.) minor thirteenth
kleine Trom(Dutch) side drum, snare drum
kleine Trommel(German f.) small drum, side drum, snare drum
Kleinflügel(German m.) baby grand
Klein-gedact(German) a small covered stop in an organ, a stopped flute
Kleingeld(German n.) changes (small denomination coins)
Kleinhandel(German m.) retail trade
Kleinheit(German f.) smallness, shortness of stature
Kleinholz(German n.) firewood
Kleinigkeit(German f.) a trifle, a snack
klein Interval(Dutch) minor interval
Kleinkind(German n.) an infant
Kleinkram(German m.) odds and ends, trivia
kleinlaut(German) subdued
kleinlich(German) petty
Kleinlichkeit(German f.) pettyness
kleinmütig(German) faint-hearted
Kleinod(German n.) jewel
Kleinstadt(German f.) a small town
kleinstädtisch(German) provincial
Kleinwagen(German m.) small car
Kleister(German m.) paste
kleistern(German) to paste
Kleistos horos(Greek) a circle dance from Thessaly
Klemme(German f.) a hair-grip
klemmen(German) to jam
Klempner(German m.) a plumber
klemtoon(Dutch) stress
Klenengan(Javanese) a gamelan genre, both soft and contemplative, that emphasizes dialogue between performers rather than as an accompaniment to a theatrical production
Kleos(Greek, 'What others hear about you') renown, honour, glory, and fair reputation achieved through great deeds, especially battle but to a lesser extent in Olympic games, poetry contests, and literature
Klep(Dutch) key, valve
Kleptomane(Frrench m./f.) kleptomaniac
Kleptomaniaan irrational urge to steal in the absence of an economic motive
Kleptomaniacsomeone with an irrational urge to steal in the absence of an economic motive
Kleptomanie(Frrench f.) kleptomania
Klerus, der(German m.) the clergy (collective)
Klette(German f.) burr
Kletterschuh (s.), Kletterschuhe (pl.)(German m.) a climbing boot
Klezmer(English, German f., from Hebrew, Kly Zemer meaning 'vessel of song' actually referring to the musicians rather than their instruments) a musical style characteristic to Eastern European Jewish culture, performed by a small band comprising 3 or 4 musicians who play double bass with two melodic instruments, often a violin and a clarinet
Kl.Fl.abbreviation of kleine Flöte, the piccolo
Klick(German m./n.) a click
Klicken(German m.) a clicking
klicken(German) to click
klimmend(Dutch) ascending
Klingel(German f.) a small bell
klingen(German) to sound, to ring
klingend(German) resonant, sounding, ringing, sonorous
short for klingend notiert, indicating that an instrumental part is notated as it sounds
many church musicians in Germany who conduct Posaunenchöre teach young people to play B flat instruments klingend (i.e. klingend notiert). While this convention is fine if they play only in church music ensembles, it will cause them problems if they later join a "conventional" orchestra when their parts are transposed so that a written C sounds as a B flat, an E flat or, for F-horns, an F
[note provided by Brian Jefferies]
klingendes Becken(German) ringing cymbals
klingend notiert(German) it is notated as it sounds (that is, the part is not transposed)
klingen lassen(German) to let sound, let it ring
Klinggedicht(German) sonnet
Klingstein(German m.) clinkstone
[entry provided by Michael Zapf]
Klinkers(Dutch) vowels
Klischeevorstellung(German f.) stereotyped idea
Klobotoshort open-bottom barrel drum from Ghana, although still larger than the totodzi
Klok(Dutch) bell
Klokkengieter(Dutch) bell founder
Klokkespel(Dutch) chimes, carillon
Klokkenspeler(Dutch) carillonneur
Klokketoren(Dutch) bell tower
Klong awesee klong tueng
Klong nora(Southern Thailand) a barrel shaped drum used for the nora dance. It is played with hardwood beaters
Klong pong(Thailand) a double sided drum
K'longputthe k'longput is another instrument unique to Vietnam. It is made from a series of large bamboo pipes of varying lengths, each closed at one end. The pipes are placed on their sides with the open ends facing the musician, who has no direct contact with the instrument. Instead, the performer cups both hands and claps quietly in front of the open ends of the pipes, forcing air down the pipes to produce low resonant sounds. The k'longput is native to the Bahnar people of the central highlands, who are said to have created it after hearing the wind blowing into the openings of bamboo in the forest
Klong tueng(Thailand) also called klong awe, a drum about 3.5 metres long, with a single drumhead, which is beaten with a wooden stick. It is played in the temples and in ensembles
Klopfen(German) tap (foot)
(German) Anton Bernard Fürstenau's 1844 term for flattement technique (flattement is a finger vibrato)
Klopfgeräusch(German n.) knocking noise
Klöppel(German m.) clapper (of a bell), tongue (of a bell)
Klotz(German m.) tasseau (French m.), tassello (Italian m.), small pieces of wood (block) glued between the belly and back to strengthen members of the violin and viol family
Kluster(German m.) cluster
kmabbreviation of 'kilometre', 'kilometres' (unit of length)
km/habbreviation of 'kilometre/hour', 'kilometres/hour', kilometre/heure (French: kilometre/hour), kilometres/heures (French: kilometres/hour) (unit of speed)
Knalso K or WKO, after Walter Knape (b. 1906), the cataloguer of the music of Karl Friedrich Abel (1723-1787)
Knabenchor(German m.) boy's choir
Knabenstimme(German f.) boy's voice
Knaben Wunderhorn(German n.) the publication in 1805-8 of this collection of folk poems, collected by Clemens Brentano (1778-1842) and his brother-in-law Ludwig Achim von Arnim (1781-1831), began a debate that lasted the whole of the nineteenth century between those who wished to preserve the German 'folk' heritage in its purest form and those who saw it as a malleable commodity for a politico-cultural end. Art, too, exhibited this tension between 'folk' and 'folk-like' material, and Mahler's Wunderhorn songs, which manipulate pre-existing folk material in a 'high-art' setting, fall on the latter side of the debate
Knackgeräusch(German n.) click
Knall(German m.) a bang, a crack (sound), a snap (sound), a pop (sound)
Knallbonbon(German m.) cracker
knallen(German) to go bang, to crack, to chuck
knallig(German) gaudy
knallrot(German) a bright red
knapp(German) scant, short, scarce, bare, tight
knapphalten(German) keep short
Knappheit(German f.) scarcity
Knarre(German f.) rattle
knarren(German) to creak
knattern(German) to crackle, to stutter
Knee levera device found on harpsichords and early pianos, operated by the knee of the player, which is linked to the register, the coupler, or the buff stop to turn it off and on
on the harmonium, knee levers placed under the manual: and shut the swell box (so varying the volume level)
b.draw all the stops
kneifend(German) plucking, pizzicato
Kneifzange(German f.) or Flachzange (German m.), pliers
Knellthe tolling of a bell on the occasion of a death or at a funeral
knicken(German) to curtsy
Knickerbockersor bloomers, full loose trousers, cropped and secured at the knee with a buckle or band of fabric, popular sports attire for women in the 1860s
Knicks(German m.) a curtsy
Knie(German n.) knee
Kniegeige(German f., literally 'knee violin') viola da gamba, violoncello
Knieguitarre(German f.) see guitarre d'amore
Knieröhre(German) a pipe or tube that is bent like a knee
Knife pleatvery narrow pleats turned in one direction pressed to form regular sharp pleats to skirts and dresses - particularly popular from the 1920s to the 1950s
Knighta military aristocrat in medieval Europe and England who swore service as a vassal to a liege lord in exchange for control over land
Knismesisscientific term, coined in 1897 by psychologists G. Stanley Hall and Arthur Allin, used to describe the light tickle of a feather
Knopf(German m.) endpin, bottone (Italian), bouton (French)
Knopfgriff-Akkordeon(German m.) button accordion
Knopfregal(German n.) synonymous with Apfelregal
Knoten(German m.) node
Knout(English, French m.) a whip with a lash of leather thongs twisted with wire, used for flogging prisoners
Knowledge hounda person who seeks out information, etc.
Koabbreviation of kilo-octet (French: kilobyte)
Koala(English, French m.) sluggish tailless Australian arboreal marsupial with grey furry ears and coat, that feeds on eucalyptus leaves and bark
Kobozsee kopuz
Kobsaplucked lute
Kobushithe many different kinds of melisma characteristic of traditional Japanese songs
Kobuzsee kopuz
Kobyzsee kopuz
a traditional Ukrainian stringed musical instrument, from the lute family. The term has a Turkic origin: kobyz or khomus. There are a number of types in current use:
traditional twelve-string kobzasix strings are strung along the neck and six treble strings strung along the treble side of the instrument
the four-stringed kobzadesigned for orchestral use, which is made in various sizes and uses violin tunings
the six or seven-stringed kobzawhich uses several guitar tunings
the instrument was also known as the bandura. The terms were interchangeable until about 1800. Eventually the unfrettable starosvitska bandura, which developed in the early nineteenth century, appropriated the bandura name, but continued to be referred to as kobza
  • Kobza from which this extract has been taken
Kobzara Ukrainian wandering bard of Cossack times, who played a stringed instrument called a kobza to accompany the recitation of epic dumas. The stereotypical kobzar was a blind war veteran of Cossak wars
  • Kobzar from which this extract has been taken
Kocakenlied(German n.) Cossack song
Köchelafter Ludwig Ritter von Köchel (1800-1877), the cataloguer of music by Johann Joseph Fux (1660-1741) and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
Kochlos(ancient Greece) shell-type instrument, sounding like a trumpet
Köcsögdudaa large wooden or pottery vessel over which is streched leather or parchment to which is fastened a length of reed or horsehair. In the latter case, the instrument is called bika (bull) by the Csángós. A wet hand moved up and down the reed or horsehair creates an unique sound, similar to that produced by the Iberian zambomba
Kodálythe Kodály philosophy is a system of music education that has evolved from the inspiration and creativity of Zoltán Kodály. This philosophy was not invented by Kodály, but became famous because of his personal guidance of the Hungarian schools. In 1950 the first 'music primary' school began in Kesckmet, Hungary. It was in this school that children received daily singing lessons, which in turn taught them the foundations of music. From 1950 to the present, this Kodály philosophy has influenced music education in over eighteen nations
Kodály handsignssee 'Curwen handsigns'
Koechelsee Köchel
Ko e fasi 'o e tu'i 'o e 'Otu Tongathe national anthem of Tonga. The title literally means "song of the king of the Tonga Islands" in the Tongan language but is daily life better known as fasi fakafonua, which translates to "national song". The lyrics of the anthem were written by Prince Uelingatoni Ngu Tupoumalohi, with the music by Karl Gustavus Schmitt
Koenig hornsthe original Koenig horns belonged to the Fluegel family of instruments, having the same type of bore and taper, and using a deep V-cup mouthpiece. The soprano member of this family was a C instrument, 4 feet in length, that came with mouthpiece crooks for B flat and A, and was played using a "French" horn mouthpiece. The tenor F Koenig horn is the progenitor of the instrument we know today as the mellophone, which has a larger bell, a somewhat altered bore and taper, and today employs the use of a tenor Saxhorn mouthpiece, though originally, like the Koenig and Ballad horns, it employed the use of a deep V-cup mouthpiece
Koda(German f.) coda
Ko-daikoa small Japanese drum
Kodak(English, Italian m.) a brand of camera
Kode(German m.) code
Kodhok ngoreksee laras
Koftosa Greek dance, danced in Thessaly, Epirus and central Greece
Kogiria xylophone, the principal instrument of the Lobi people of Northern Ghana
Kohl(English, from Arabic) also 'kol', kehal (in the Arab world), 'kohal', known as surma or kajal in South Asia, and, in many parts of West Africa, known as kwalli, a mixture of soot and other ingredients (often including powdered antimony) used predominantly by Middle Eastern, African and South Asian women, and to a lesser extent men, to darken the eyelids and as mascara for the eyelashes
Kohlenstoffaser(German f.) carbon fibre (material)
Kohlezeichnung(German f.) charcoal drawing
Koholsee 'kohl'
Kohotahti(Finnish) anacrusis, upbeat, the initial note of a melody that occurs before the first barline
Koine(Greek, 'common') the common literary language of the ancient Greeks
now used more generally for any standard literary language accepted over a wide area, i.e., a lingua franca
Kojang-buksee sori-buk
kokett(German) coquettish, coquettishly
Kokin(Japan) this instrument is somewhat smaller than the Chinese-erfu which closely resembles the jing-hu used in Peking opera. It is used in minshingaku ensemble music, in which it plays a melody almost identical to that of the gekkin
  • Kokin from which this information has been taken
Kokkinnasee finguru sanshin
KokleLatvian lap zither or kantele
Koko(Central Africa pygmies) wooden clappers of the Mbuti people
Kokoaskel(Finnish) whole tone, the interval of a major second
semibreve(Finnish) whole note, semibreve
Kokopelli(Native American) 'the humpbacked flute player', mythical Hopi symbol of fertility, replenishment, music, dance, and mischief. The mysterious Kokopelli character is found in a number of Native American cultures, being especially prominent in the Anazasi culture of the 'Four Corners' area. The figure represents a mischievous trickster or the Minstrel, spirit of music. Kokopelli is distinguished by his dancing pose, a hunchback and flute. His whimsical nature, charitable deeds, and vital spirit give him a prominent position in Native American mysticism
semibreve rest(Finnish) a semibreve rest, a whole rest
Kokoxa(Angola) a guitar
KokyuJapanese four-string fiddle
Kolsee 'kohl'
Koleda(Polish) Christmas song, carol
Kolenda(Romanian) koleda
Koliosnaya lirasee kolyosnaya lira
Kolitongsee saludoy
Kolkhoz(Russian) Russian collective farm
Kolkhoze(French m.) kolkhoz
kolkhozien (m.), kolkhozienne (f.)(French) of or pertaining to the kolkhoz
Kolkkalia folk art mainly of the agrarian classes, kolkkali is a highly rhythmic dance in which the dancers never miss a beat. In Malabar, kolkkali is more popular among Muslim men
Kollektivtritt(in the organ) composition pedal (invented by J. C. Bishop, a pedal that draws out or pushes in several stops at once)
[German term supplied by Michael Zapf]
Kollectivzug(German m.) composition stop (amended by Michael Zapf)
Kollegiatkirchesee Stiftskirche
[entry provided by Michael Zapf]
Kollema (s.), Kollemata (pl.)places in a papyrus manuscript in which additional strips of papyrus have been added so as to join together another page or sheet
demisemiquaver(Finnish) a demisemiquaver or thirty-second note, a note one thirty-second the time value of a semibreve or whole note
demisemiquaver rest(Finnish) a demisemiquaver rest or thirty-second rest, a rest one thirty-second the time value of a semibreve rest or whole rest
Kolmijakoinen(Finnish) triple meter
Kolmisointu(Finnish) triad
Kolo(Balkans) a round dance in which a group hold each other by the hands or around the waist, dancing, in a circle. Although these days, kolo is performed to an instrumental accompaniment, the old mute circle dance (nijemo kolo) without musical accompaniment is typical of the dance repertoire of the mountainous region of Croatia
Kolomyikaa quick duple-time Polish dance
Kolophonium(German n.) bow resin, bow rosin, colofonia (Italian f., Spanish f.), colophane (French f.)
Koloratur(German f.) coloratura
Koloraturjodler(German m.) coloratura yodeller
Koloraturmezzosopran(German m.) coloratura mezzo-soprano
Koloratursopran(German m.) coloratura soprano
Koloratursoubrette(German m.) coloratura soprano
kolossal(German) colossal, huge, splendid (colloquial), excellent (colloquial)
Kolo sv. Tripuna(Croatia) a chain dance with kerchiefs instead of swords performed by members of the Boka mariners, a male society hundreds of years old from Boka Kotorska
Kolumnentitel(German f.) heading, running title
Kolyosnaya liratraditional Russian hurdy-gurdy with a violin body, also called the drehleier, leier or vielle à roue. The instrument came to Russia from Europe. It has a single melodic string, that is shorten by keys, and few drone strings that are tuned according to need
Koma-bueone of the three side-blown flutes used in gagaku, the other two being ryuteki and kagura-bue
Koma-gaku(Japanese) music of the three Korean kingdoms that found its way to ancient Japan
Komal swarain Indian classical music, a flattened note
Kombination(German f.) combination, choice of organ registration
Kombinationston (s.), Kombinationstöne (pl.)(German m.) a combination tone
Kombu(Malayalam) a long trumpet or horn, usually played as part of Panchavadyam performances
Komediaan arts and entertainment company that operates venues in in the United Kingdom at Brighton and Bath,[1] in addition to sometimes operating temporary venues in Edinburgh during the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. It presents a diverse programme of comedy, music, cabaret, theatre and kids shows, featuring local, national and international performers
  • Komedia from which this extract has been taken
Komhalsluitinstrumenten(Dutch) necked bowl lutes (for example, lute, theorbo and mandoline)
komisch(German) comic
Komische Oper(German f.) the opera house in Berlin
[entry by Michael Zapf]
komische Oper(German f.) comic opera (genre)
Kommaafter Karl Michael Komma, the cataloguer of music by Jan Zach (1699-1773)
(German f., Finnish, Swedish, Danish, Dutch) comma
in Arabic music a komma is the interval of 1/9 of a tone (whole step)
(German f.) a musical section, or division
Kommata(German f. pl.) plural of Komma
komma van Pythagoras(Dutch) Pythagorean comma
kommende(Norwegian) forthcoming
Komödiant (m.), Komödiantin (f.)(German) comedian
[entry by Michael Zapf]
Komödie(German f.) comedy, play
Komori uta(Japanese) children's lullabies
Kompaa popular style of Haitian tropical music created in the 1950s, heavily influenced by Dominican merengue and Cuban music, the word kompa deriving from the Spanish word compás, meaning 'rhythm' or 'beat'
see Compas Direct
Kompaß(German n.) compass
Komplementærinterval(Danish) complementary interval
Komplementärintervall(German n., Swedish) complementary interval
Komplet(German f.) Compline
[entry by Michael Zapf]
komponieren(German) to compose
komponiert(German) composed
komponiren(German, archaic spelling) to compose
komponirt(German) composed
Komponist(German m.) composer
Komponist des Wiederaufbaus(German literally 'composer of the reconstruction') title given to Werner Egk who is best remembered for the role he played in rebuilding the musical landscape of a physically devastated and culturally demoralized postwar Germany. Appointed director of the Berlin Music Academy, president of German Composers' Association, and holder of numerous other positions of influence in musical associations in West Germany until his death in 1983
  • Werner Egk from which this information has been taken
Komposition(German f.) a composition
Kompositionslehrer (m.), Kompositionslehrerin (f.)(German) teacher of composition
Kompositionstechnik(German f.) compositional technique
kompositorisch(German) compositional
Kompressor(German m.) compressor (electronics)
Komtur(German m.) commendator, or commander, of an order of knights
[entry by Michael Zapf]
Komturei(German f.) commandries (or commanderies) of the Teutonic Knights
[entry by Michael Zapf]
see 'commandery'
Komun-goalso called hyon'gum and hyonhakkum, a Korean six-string zither, the middle three strings have kwae (fixed frets) while the outer three strings have anjok (movable frets)
in 2000, her goal to achieve a convergence of cultures, bringing traditional Korean musical instruments together with the sounds and aesthetics of the electronic world, Jin Hi Kim worked at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute to develop an electronic processing system for her komungo
Komuso(Japanese, literally 'priests of nothingness') wandering Buddhist priests who played the shakuhachi as a spiritual discipline, and who, during the Edo Period, had exclusive license to play the instrument
Komuza three stringed lute from Kyrgyzstan
Kondensatormikrophon(German n.) condenser microphone
Kondilyésmusic for mandinades (improvised rhymed couplets of fifteen-syllable lines), performed mainly in Eastern Crete
KonghouChinese harp
Kongoof all the collective terms used to specify Afro-Cuban origins, Kongo encompasses the greatest diversity of peoples brought to Cuba during the years of slavery. The names of the myriad Cuban Kongo cabildos reflect the geography of the slave trade or else include African ethnic designations. Sometimes they bore the names of slaving ports (Loango, Benguela and Cabinda, the last also very important for Brazil), and sometimes they specified clan origins, such as the Nsobo (Bazombo) and Mayombe (Yombe),who also gave their name to a Cuban-Kongo religion. Members of one surviving Kongo cabildo, San Antonio de los Congos Reales in the old colonial city of Trinidad, are still performing such archaic pantomime dances as the Danza de la Culebra (Serpent Dance), which was well known in colonial Havana as Matar la Culebra (Killing the Snake), and was performed by Kongo comparsas on January 6, the 'Day of the Kings'. Many forms of contemporary Cuban music, including many of the rumba and carnival styles, are full of Kongo references and influences and display continuity with older Kongo forms
the most common form of secular Kongo music during the nineteenth century incorporated the use of Yuka drums. Played in groups of three, they were made by hollowing out tree trunk sections of various sizes and nailing on cowhide heads. The largest and master drum is called the caja, which in typical Kongo fashion is held between the legs of the drummer. Another musician plays a pair of sticks against the body of the caja, often on a piece of tin that has been nailed to the base of the drum. This stick is called the guagua or cajita, which may also be played on a separate instrument. The middle drum is called the mula, and the smallest is the cachimbo. A guataca is played as a time-keeper, and the caja player often wears a pair of wrist rattles. Yuka dancing featured the vacunao, a pelvic movement also found in Kongo-derived dance styles elsewhere in the Americas
  • Kongo from which this information has been taken
Kongthathe Jew's harp of Bhutan, made from very thin bamboo
KongzhengChinese whistling top
Koni(Gambia) a small traditional four-stringed lute in the form of a teardrop, also known as ngoni in Mali
Ko nithe ko ni, or koni, is a special form of stick fiddle found only in Vietnam. It was developed from the one-string violin of the Jarai people who live in the south central highlands of Vietnam. The modern ko ni has two strings. The player sits, holding the instrument between both legs. The ko ni does not have a resonating chamber or sound box. Rather, the strings are attached by silk cords to a small bamboo or plastic resonating disc that is held in the player's mouth. The player's mouth acts as the resonating chamber, and precise movements of the lips and tongue create a broad range of tonal colors and emotional expressions, giving the ko ni its unique sound
Konina Manding guitar
Koniseti(Tonga) concert, a display of dance and song, usually to raise funds for some worthy cause, such as a sports team or a local congregation. Usually, the musicians will consist of singers, guitarists and possibly a church brass band
Konkomaa circular dance of the Central and North Ewe of Ghana and Togo, the precursor to the boboobo
konkordantes Intervall(German n.) consonant interval
Konkrete Musik(German f.) musique concrète
Konnakolsee solkattu
Könner (m.), Könnerin (f.)(German) an expert
[corrected by Brian Jefferies]
Kono(Ghana) a strummed lute
(Mali) see wasoulou
Konpasee kompa, Compas Direct
Konpa direksee kompa, Compas Direct
Konservatorium(German n.) music school, conservatory (US, Australia), conservatoire (English, French m.), conservatorio (Sanish m., Italian m.)
konsonans(Danish, Swedish) consonance
konsonanssi(Finnish) consonance
Konsonant(German m.) consonant
konsonantes Intervall(German n.) consonant interval
Konsonanz(German f.) consonance
konsonieren(German) to concord, to match one's sound with that of another, to be consonant (with regard to intervals)
[additional information by Michael Zapf]
konstruktive Kritik(German f.) constructive criticism
Konsularabteilung(German f.) consulate
Kontakariona codex containing a collection of kontakia (sing. kontakion)
Kontakionaccording to Dimitri Conomos, the kontakion is a "long and elaborate metrical sermon, reputedly of Syriac origin, which finds its acme in the work of St. Romanos the Melodos (sixth century)". Like other hymnographical works, these are paraphrases of biblical scripture and were sung during the Orthros, known as the service of the Laudes in Western English churches. The kontakion was sung in a syllabic style. There are eighteen to twenty-four stanzas contained in the kontakion, all of which follow traditional musical formulae. The first stanza in the set, the heirmos, sets the cantillational melody which every other stanza follows with extremely limited musical liberty, for all the stanzas have the same meter as the heirmos. Consequently, any but the most conservative musical alteration would result in a notable mispronunciation of a word in the text, or an error in the well-known melody of the heirmos
the task, then, of the church artist or musician is not self-expression, not creation that reflects individual, personal feelings, attitudes, and principles, but "the comprehension and reproduction of heavenly songs, the re-creation of divine images that were transmitted by means of ancient religious archetypes"
Kontaktabzug(German m.) contact print
[entry by Michael Zapf]
Kontaktmikrophon(German n.) contact microphone
Kontingo(Gambia) the Mandinka 5-string version of the West African lute, also known as xalam, halam, ngoni and koni
Kontrasee contra
Kontinuo(German m.) continuo
Kontoeingang(German m.) credit to account
KontraMichael Zapf writes "Hungarians make a distinction between the normal 4-string viola (bracs, pronounced 'brotsch') and the 3-string viola (called kontra or contra) which when referring to the tuning is called the zsido bracs (literally, the 'Jewish viola'). The role of the kontra can be performed by a violin"
Kontraalt(German m.) contralto
kontra-altto(Finnish) contralto
Kontrabass (s.), Kontrabässe (pl.)(German m.) double-bass, bass, contrabbasso (Italian), contrebasse (French), contre-bass (French)
Kontrabaßist (m.), Kontrabaßistin (f.)(German) double-bass player, bass player
Kontrabassklarinette(German f.) contrabass clarinet, clarinetto contrabbasso (Italian m.), clarinette contrebasse (French f.)
Kontrabasskonzert(German n.) contrabass concerto
Kontrabassposaune(German f.) trombone contrebasse (French m.) contrabass trombone, double-bass trombone, trombone contrabbasso (Italian m.), trombón contrabajo (Spanish m.)
Kontrabassspiel(German n.) contrabass playing
Kontrabasstuba(German f.) double-bass saxhorn, tuba contrabbasso (Italian f.), contrebasse à pistons (French f.), saxhorn contrebasse (French m.), tuba contrabajo (Spanish m.), saxhorn contrabajo (Spanish m.)
Kontrafagott(German n.) double bassoon, contrabassoon, contrafagotto (Italian m.), contrebasson (French m.), contrafagote (Spanish m.)
Kontrafaktur(German f.) contrafactum
Kontra-Oktave(German f.) see 'octave'
Kontrapunkt(German m., Danish, Swedish) counterpoint
Kontrapunkti(Finnish) counterpoint
kontrapunktisch(German) contrapuntal
Kontrapunktlehrer(German m.) teacher of counterpoint
Kontrasubjekt(German n.) countersubject
Kontratanz(German m.) Kontretanz
Kontratenor(German m., Danish, Swedish) countertenor
Kontratenori(Finnish) countertenor
Kontretanz(German m.) a country dance derived from the French contredance which in turn came from the English 'country dance'
Kontrollabteilung(German f.) inspection department
kontroverse Frage(German f.) contentious issue
Konturenstift(German m.) lipliner pencil
Konustrommel(German f.) conical drum
Konvalenor calinda, a Guadeloupean art of stick-fighting
Konversationslexikon(German n.) encyclopedia
Konzentrat(German n.) concentrate
Konzentration(German f.) concentration
Konzentrationsfähigkeit(German f.) power of concentration
Konzentrationsmangel(German m.) lack of concentration
Konzentrationsschwäche(German f.) lack of concentration
Konzert(German n.) concert, recital
(German n.) concerto
konzertant(German) concertante
Konzertband(German n.) concert band
Konzertbesucher(German m.) concert-goer
Konzertflügel(German m.) concert grand
Konzerthalle(German f.) concert hall, sala da concerto (Italian), sala da concerti (Italian), Konzertsaal (German m.), salle de concert (French f.), sala de conciertos (Spanish)
KonzertinaChristian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmann (1805-1864) discovered that free-reeds could be played both soft and loud without affecting the pitch of the sound. In 1822 he constructed a 'free reed' instrument with hand operated bellows, valves to aid compression, and buttons to operate the reeds. This was the Hand-Aeoline, the first prototype of the 'accordion', which Buschmann himself called Konzertina
Konzertkartenpreis(German m.) price of a ticket to a concert
Konzertmeister (m.), Konzertmeisterin (f.)(German) concertmaster
Konzertpause(German f.) intermission (in a concert)
Konzertreise(German f.) concert tour
Konzertsaal(German m.) concert hall, sala da concerto (Italian), sala da concerti (Italian), Konzerthalle (German f.), salle de concert (French f.), sala de conciertos (Spanish)
Konzertsaison(German f.) concert season
Konzertsänger (m.), Konzertsängerin (f.)(German) concert singer (as distinct from an opera, theatre or church singer)
Konzertstück(German n.) concertino , an informal 'concert piece' designed to display the virtuosity of the performers, usually in one movement, for solo instruments and orchestra, Konzertstück, Op. 79 by Carl Maria von Weber (1786-1826)
Kooauau(Maori) end-blown flute
Koodiyattamalternative transliteration of kootiyattom
Kooleafter Arend Johannes Christiaan Koole, the cataloguer of music by Pietro Antonio Locatelli (1695-1764)
Koor(Dutch) choir, chorus
Koordirigent(Dutch) choral director, choirmaster
Koothua socio-religious art performed in the Koothambalam or the Koothuthara of temples, either independently or as part of kootiyattam. It is a solo narrative performance interspersed with mime and comic interludes
  • Koothu from which this extract has been taken
Kootiyattam(kootiyattam literally means 'acting together') the earliest classical dramatic art form of Kerala, in Southern India. Based on Natyasasthra written by Sage Bharatha, who lived in the second century, kootiyattam evolved in the ninth century AD. Kootiyattam is enacted inside the temple theatre: there are two or more characters onstage at the same time, with the Chakkiars providing the male cast and the Nangiars playing the female roles. The Nangiars beat the cymbals and recite verses in Sanskrit, while in the background Nambiars play the mizhavu, a large copper drum
Kopanitsasee 'Balkan folk dance'
Kopeck(English, French m., Italian m.) also copeco (Italian m.), or copeck, a Russian monetary unit (100 kopecks equal 1 ruble)
je n'ai plus un kopeck (French: I haven't got a sou - equivalent to the English expression, 'I haven't got a brass farthing')
Koperblazers(Dutch) brass
koperblazers Orkest(Dutch) brass band
Koper-instrument(Dutch) brass instrument
Kopf(German m.) head
(German m.) or Schnecke (German f.), testa (Italian f.) or riccio (Italian m.), tête (la volute et le cheviller) (French f.), the scroll, that part of the violin, etc. where ornmental carving is normally found. On the violin and related stringed instruments it lies at the end of the neck just above the pegbox
Kopf an Kopf(German m.) shoulder to shoulder
Kopfhöer(German m.) headphone
Kopfstimme(German f.) head voice, falsetto, voce di testa
Kopfstück(German n.) head joint
Kopfstück mit Schnabel(German n.) head joint with beak
kopfüber(German) headlong (as in 'rush headlong')
Kopfzeile (s.), Kopfzeilen (pl.)(German f.) header (text that appears at the top of each page of a score, etc.)
Kopie(German f.) copy
Kopiefolie(German f.) overhead transparency
Kopierstift(German m.) or Tintenstift (German m.), indelible pencil
Kopist (m.), Kopistin (f.)(German) copyist
Kopje(Dutch) a small rounded hill in South Africa
Koppel(German f., literally 'coupler') the mechanical combination of different voices of the organ, as in Basskoppel, Melodiekoppel, Manualkoppel and Pedalkoppel. As a rule, coupling links a louder sound to a weaker one to produce a stronger combination tone, or engage the pipes usually linked to one keyboard (or the pedalboard) so that they can be played on another
Koppel ab(German) off coupler
Koppel an(German) on coupler
Kopstem(Dutch) falsetto, head voice
koptische Gesang(German m.) Coptic chant [entry by Michael Zapf]
koptischer Gesang(German m.) Coptic chant [entry by Michael Zapf]
Kopuza Central Asian Turkic short lute. The term kopuz has long been used to mean 'instrument' in Central Asia, and is today used to represent instruments that may or may not resemble one another, and appears in different Turkish dialects as komis, kobuz, kobiz, kubuz etc. What is presently referred to as the kobuz has survived in very different form among Turkish communities in Central, Western and Northern Asia
the same instrument, called the kobuz, has a long history of use in Hungary. It is not known if it was this instrument, described as a lyre by the Csángós, is the same as that used in the 16th to 18th centuries. According to French tradition, after the battle between the combined Roman and Visigoth forces and the Huns at Catalaunum (Chalons sur Marne, nr Reims), one-thousand 'lyre' players accompanied the dead Huns to their graves. This made such an impression on the French, that in this single village they have continued to play the koboz since the time of Attila, who died in 453 AD
  • Kopuz from which this extract has been taken
Kor (s.), Köe (pl.)(German) choir, chorus
Koraa West-African harp-lute with strings numbering from 7 (as on most traditional instruments) to 21 (on the instrument of the Gambian griot Madi Woulendi). It is popular throughout Gambia, Senegal, Burkina Faso and Mali. It has a skin stretched across a large half-calabash (gourd), a wooden neck and gut or nylon fishwire strings stretched across a tall bridge. It is played in a similar way to a harp. The Gambia has more kora players than Mali, Guinea and Senegal. In these countries they sometimes use the French spelling cora
Koraal(Dutch) chorale
Koraalzang(Dutch) choral song
Koran(English, French m.) Muslim scripture
Kore (s.), Korai (pl.)(Greek) a statue of a young girl
Korean court musicmodern orchestral Korean court music began its development with the beginning of the Choson Dynasty in 1392
there are four kinds of Korean court music:
aakan imported form of Chinese ritual music
hyangaka pure Korean form of ritual music
tangakritual music that has a combination of Chinese and Korean influences
chongaka genre of aristocratic chamber music
Korean dance
Korean hip hop
Korean musicKorea is rich in musical culture, and its music is distinctive despite tremendous influences from China. The same is true for Japanese music despite Korean influence. Evidence of these influences can presently be found in the existence of Koreanized-Chinese music called tang-ak in Korea and of Japanized-Korean music called komagaku in Japan. The Korean term tang-ak literally means music from T'ang Dynasty China. Similarly the Japanese term komagaku signifies music from the Koryo Dynasty in Korea. Korean traditional music can be roughly divided into two major categories, chong-ak and sog-ak: music for the ruling class and for the common people
Korean temple blocksee 'temple block'
KorintsanaMalagasy rattle or shaker, usually made from either a sealed bamboo tube or a tin can on a stick, filled with dried beans
Koriste(French m./f.) player of the kora
Kork(German m.) cork
Korkea miesääni(Finnish) tenor voice
Korkea naisääni(Finnish) soprano voice
Kornett(German n.) the modern cornet is called cornet (English, French m.), cornetta (Italian f.) or cornetín (Spanish m.)
the early wooden cornet is called Zink (German m.), cornetto (Italian m.) or cornet à bouquin (French m.)
Korng tauchsmall Cambodian gong circle
Korng thommlarge Cambodian gong circle
Kóróhegedü(Hungarian, sunflower stalk violin) with a body is made of 40-50 cm long sunflower stalks, an a twig acting as pegs, the bow a bent rod, and the strings and bow-hair made of stripped fibres of sunflower stalks, it is possible to play simple tunes on this primitive violin
Korostus(Finnish) accent
sharp(Finnish) a sign to show that a note should be raised one semitone in pitch
Körperbehinderte(German m.) a disabled person
körpergerecht(German) body-flattering
Körpergewicht(German n.) weight of the body
körperliche Bewegung(German f.) physical exercise
körperliche Stöung(German f.) disorder
Körpermerkmal(German n.) a birth-mark
Körperpuder(German m.) talcum power
Körperschaden(German m.) disability
Körpertemperatur(German f.) boy temperature
Korpus(German n.) body
coffre (French m.), cassa (armonica) (Italian f.), body of a musical instrument
Korrektor(German m.) proof-reader
Korrektur(German f.) correction
Korrekturabzug(German m.) a (printer's) proof
Korrekturbogen(German m.) a (printer's) proof
Korrekturfahne(German m.) a galleyproof (typography)
Korrepetitor (m.), Korrepetitorin (f.)(German) a coach (particularly of singers)
Korrespondenz(German f.) correspondence
korrigering(Swedish) correction
korrigert(Norwegian) corrected
korrigieren(German) to correct
korrigiert(German) corrected
korrigiertes Druckexemplar(German n.) corrected or altered print edition
sharp(Swedish) a sign to show that a note should be raised one semitone in pitch
Kortholtshort German Renaissance reed instrument
kort Melodietje(Dutch) lick
Koru(Finnish) ornament
Korukuvio(Finnish) turn (ornament)
Korunuotit(Finnish) grace notes
Korvinkuultava ero äänenkorkeudessa(Finnish) comma
Koryagaa one stringed instrument with a string fixed on a curved branch of a tree. The sound is made by a violin bow or plucked, and the notes are changed with the use of a wire bent over the branches' ends. It was created at the end of the twentieth century by Moscow designer Uri Balashov
Koryphaeus(Greek) chief, or leader of the dancers
Korzenn(Breton) reed
kosackisch(German) in a Cossack style
Kosackischer Tanz(German m.) Cossack dance
Kosakea national dance of the Cossaks
Kosha kosharattle from Mozambique
Kosher(Hebrew) (food) prepared in accordance with Jewish dietary laws
the word has entered the English language, meaning 'right' or 'correct', which is its literally meaning in Hebrew
Koshikan ancient Uzbeck percussion instrument, made of wood of a mulberry, apricot or juniper tree and resembled two pairs of spoons. It is interesting that even nowadays in the valleys of Surkhandarya province women accompany their dances by tapping painted wooden spoons
Kosh-nagoraan Uzbeck double drum which consists of two baked clay pots-resonators with their wide open mouths being covered with tight leather membrane
kosmetische Operation(German f.) cosmetic surgery
kosmopolitisch(German) cosmopolitan
Kostenka(German) a type of Serbian dance
köstliches Buch(German n.) delightful book
kostnadsfri(Swedish) free (as in 'free sample')
Kostüm(German n.) costume (in theatre or opera)
Kotak(Javanese) a rectangular chest in which wayang puppets and other props are kept, on top of which, and attached to it, are small wooden or metal plates called keprak or kekrek, which are used to provide various sound effects. The inside of the chest may be tapped with a small horn, cempala, or a wooden hammer, tabuh keprak, to guide the gamelan orchestra
Kotekana style of playing fast interlocking parts in most varieties of Balinese gamelan music that is in many ways similar to hocket in medieval music or imban in Javanese gamelan
Kothorni(Greek) elegantly laced boots worn by actors in ancient Greek tragedy
Koto(English German n.) a 13-string Japanese zither of Chinese origin. It is the longest of the long zithers of East Asia, about 1.8 metres (6 feet) long. The instrument is laid horizontally with waxed silken strings stretched tightly over movable bridges along the length of the instrument. The koto is plucked using ivory picks called tsumen
Kotoba(Japanese) recitation
Kotsaria Greek dance originally from the Kars region of Pontos, which is now in Turkey
Kotsuzumismall Japanese hand drum
Kottabosa rowdy Greek drinking game
Koudi(China) a horizontal pipe in which the player covers the openings at both ends of the tube with his thumbs and directs his breath into the mouth hole in the centre. It is mainly used as a solo instrument to imitate bird song
Kouglof(French m.) Kugelhopf, Kugelhupf, Gugelhopf, Gugelhupf are southern German, Austrian, Swiss and Alsatian terms for a particular type of cake traditionally baked in a special fluted ring mold
Koumpaneiaa Turkish-inspired musical genre that is popular among Greek Roma and Jews (the latter being some of the most popular performers before World War 2)
Kouqin(Mandarin Chinese, literally 'mouth instrument') the generic name for the Jew's harp
Kouros (s.), Kouroi (pl.)(Greek) a statue of a boy or of a young man
Kouseftosa Thracian dance, whose name is derived from kousevo ('to run' in the Thracian language), performed, not in a circle, but in the form of a labyrinth
Kouta(Japanese, literally 'small song') so called to distinguish them from the more formal o-uta used in the ceremonies of the imperial court, kouta were popular songs which have survivied in written form from the sixteenth century. They were sung to the rhythm of a closed fan. Songs in the printed collections also spread and developed into a number of typical Edo period singing styles like Nagebushi
Koutirnbaone of the drums in a Mandingo serouba ensemble
see serouba
Koutirndingone of the drums in a Mandingo serouba ensemble
see serouba
Koweit(French m.) Kuwait (a country of the northeast Arabian Peninsula at the head of the Persian Gulf)
Koweitien (m.), Koweitienne (f.)(French) a native or inhabitant of Kuwait
koweitien (m.), koweitienne (f.)(French) of or pertaining to Kuwait
Kowtow(Chinese) or kotow (which is a more accurate representation of the Chinese form), to bow deeply so that the forehead strikes the ground in token of submission to a superior, a display of obsequiousness
Koyemsi(Native American Hopi Tribe) the Koyemsi is a Hopi sacred clown. He is also commonly known as the Mudhead, who portrays several personalities. He can be a leader, spokesman, clown, singer, dancer, and can dress like other katsinam and accurately portray them
  • Jester from which this extract has been taken
Kozatus(Croatia) a folk dance with energetic jumps, found in the northern part of Croatia
Kozuka(Japanese) a knife carried in the scabbard of a sword