music dictionary : Zh - Zt

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z.H.abbreviation of zu Händen (German: for the attention of, care of, c/o)
ZhajiaoChinese curved trumpet
ZhaleikaRussian wind instruments with a single reed made of cow horn or wood
Zhanggu(China) hourglass drum
Zhangu(China) shallow barrel drum
z.Hd.abbreviation of zu Händen (German: for the attention of, care of, c/o)
Zhengsee guzheng
Zhong ruansee ruan
Zhong(China) bell
Zhong-huthe abbreviated name for the mid-toned er-hu (or 'chinese viola'), the zhong-hu was developed from the er-hu during the 1940s. Although both the structure and performing demands of these two hu-qin are quite similar, zhong-hu has a deeper-sounding timbre, and yet is not as agile, more often used as a tutti or accompanying instrument
Zhou(Chinese, literally 'axis') tuning pegs on a stringed instrument, e.g. a ruan
Zhu(China) box drum
Zhubanfrom China, two plates of bamboo that are tied together with the convex sides facing each other. The player holds one plate and, when the wrist is rotated, the loose plate strikes against the lower part of the other plate. Or, the player vigorously rotates his wrist to cause the one plate to hit against the top and then the bottom of the other in succession
  • Zhuban from which this extract has been taken
Zhudi(Chinese, literally 'bamboo flute') a flute with one blowing hole, below which a second hole, covered with a membrane (from bamboo or rushes) gives the instrument its characteristic sound. In addition there are six tone holes
  • Flute from which this extract has been taken
Zia(Italian f.) aunt
Zibaldone(Italian m.) a medley, a collection of notes or reflections
Zibellino(Italian m.) sable (fur)
Zibetto(Italian m.) civet (animal or scent)
Ziborium(German n.) ciborium (Latin)
[entry provided by Michael Zapf]
zickig(German) (in music) 'rhythmically wrong' or 'inadequate' when playing of Jazz, especially Swing [entry supplied by Uri Siepe]
(German) bitchy, unreliable, moody, unbalanced, obstinate, perverse, old-maidish
Zickzack(German m.) zigzag
Ziege(German f.) goat
Ziegel(German m.) brick, tile
Ziegelstein(German m.) brick
Ziehen(German n.) ache
ziehen(German) to draw out, to pull, to extract, to raise, to put on (hat), to move, to put up, to stretch, to make, to breed, to grow
ziehend(German) drawing, pulling, tirando, en tirant
Ziehharmonica(German f., literally 'pull-harmonika') accordion, armonica (Italian f.), Akkordeon (German n.), accordéon (French m.), acordeón (Spanish m.)
Ziehharmonika(German f., literally 'pull-harmonika') accordion, armonica (Italian f.), Akkordeon (German n.), accordéon (French m.), acordeón (Spanish m.)
Ziehung(German f.) draw
Ziel(German n.) destination, finish (sport), aim, goal
zielbewußt(German) purposeful, purposefully
zielen(German) to aim
zielend(German) transitive (grammar)
ziellos(German) aimless, aimlessly
Zielscheibe(German f.) target, butt (figurative)
zielstrebig(German) single-minded, single-mindedly
ziemlich(German) rather, somewhat, fair, fairly, pretty well, tolerably, moderately
ziemlich bewegt(German) rather moving
ziemlich bewegt und frei in Vortrag(German) in an animated and free style
ziemlich langsam(German) rather slow, fairly slow, moderately slow
ziemlich schnell(German) rather fast, rather quick
Zierde(German f.) ornament
zierden(German) to adorn
zierend(German) ornando (Italian), adornando (Italian), adorning, schmückend (German), en ornant (French)
zierlich(German) dainty, daintily, delicate, delicately, elegant, neat, graceful, petit (woman)
Zierrathen(German pl.) ornaments
Ziffer(German f.) figure, digit, numeral
Zifferblat(German n.) dial
Ziffersystem(German n.) number system, cipher system (usually a reference to 'numbered musical notation' or jianpu and not to be confused with 'integer notation')
zig(German) umpteen
Zigarette(German f.) cigarette
Zigarre(German f.) cigar
Zigeuner (m.), Zigeunerin (f.)(German) a gypsy
zigeunerartig(German) the gypsy style
Zigeunerlied(German n.) gypsy song
Zigeunermoll(German n., literally 'gypsy minor') Hungarian minor
see 'gypsy scale'
Zigeunermoll-Tonleiter(German f., literally 'gypsy minor scale') Gypsy minor scale, also known as the Hungarian minor
Zigeunermusik(German f.) gypsy music
Zigeunerskala(German f.) resembling the harmonic minor scale, but with an augmented fourth, the 'Gypsy scale' is so named because of its exotic sound. It is also called 'Hungarian minor' because of its use in Hungarian music
Zigeunertonleiter(German f.) resembling the harmonic minor scale, but with an augmented fourth, the 'Gypsy scale', so called because of its exotic sound. It is also known as the 'Hungarian minor' because of its use in Hungarian music
Zigeunerweisen(German f. pl.) gypsy airs
Ziggurat(Assyrian) an Assyrian sacred tower, so constructed that each storey is smaller than the one below and has terraces all round it
ZiglibithyAfrican music style developed in the Ivory Coast in the 1970s. It is a fusion of Ivorian traditional musical styles with rhythms drawn from Congolese traditions
Zigomo(Italian m.) cheek-bone
Zigrino(Italian m.) shagreen (a kind of untanned granulated leather or sharkskin)
Zigzag(Italian m., English) thing having sharp turns (like the shape of the letter Z)
zigzaguear(Spanish) to zigzag
Zogomo(Italian m.) cheek-bone
Zograscopean optical device for enhancing the sense of depth perception from a flat picture. It consists of a large magnifying lens through which the picture is viewed. Some models have the lens mounted on a stand in front of an angled mirror
Zil(Turkish) pairs of small finger cymbals
Zilaphone(Italian) xylophone
ZíliaGreek term for finger cymbals
Zills(German) finger cymbals
Syrian finger cymbals
Zils(German) Zills
Zimarra(Italian f.) robe, cassock
Zimbabwean hip hop
Zimbal(German n.) sophisticated form of dulcimer (cimbalom) found in Hungary and Romania
Zimbalon(German n.) sophisticated form of dulcimer (cimbalom) found in Hungary and Romania
Zimbel(German f.) cymbal
Zimbello(Italian m.) laughing-stock, decoy, decoy-bird, lure
Zimbelstern(German m.) see Cymbelstern
Zimmafter Franklin J. Zimmerman, the cataloguer of music by Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
Zimmer(German n.) room
Zimmermädchen(German n.) chambermaid
Zimmermann(German m.) carpenter
Zimmermannsbleistift(German m.) carpenter's pencil
zimmern(German) to make, to do carpentry
Zimmernachweis(German m.) accommodation bureau
Zimmerpflanze(German f.) house plant
zimperlich(German) squeamish, soft, prudish
Zimt(German m.) cinnamon
Zin(Dutch) (musical) phrase
Zinale(Italian m.) an apron
Zinc(English, French m., Spanish m.) zinco (Italian m.), Zink (German n.), greyish-white metallic element used as a component of brass and in galvanizing sheet iron
zincare(Italian) to cover in zinc, to galvanize
Zincksee zinc
Zinco(Italian m.) zinc (metal), Zink (German n.), zinc (French m.), zinc (Spanish m.)
Zincographythe method of producing a lithograph from a zinc plate. The term zincography is also often used incorrectly to describe non-lithographic printing techniques that employ zinc plates
Zindaliian Algerian musical genre, a type of folk music from the city of Constantine
Zinfonia(Italian) sinfonia or symphony
Zingaresca(Italian f.) a song sung or a dance danced by people masked as gypsies during carnival time
zingaresco(Italian) gipsy
zingarese, alla(Italian) in the style of gypsy music
[corrected by Lars Hellvig]
Zingaro (m.), Zingara (f.), Zingari (pl.)(Italian) a gypsy
zingbaar(Dutch) cantabile
zingen(Dutch) to sing, to singing, to chant
zingende mis(Dutch) sung Mass
zingende zaag(Dutch) musical saw
ZinglaKosovar Albanian small metallic finger cymbals
Zink(German m.) cornetto
(German m.) zinc (metal), zinco (Italian m.), zinc (French m.), zinc (Spanish m.)
Zink-blässer(German m.) player of the cornetto
Zinke (s.), Zinken (pl.)(German f.) prong, tooth (gear wheel)
Zinken(German m. pl.) the family of cornetti
(German m. pl.) in an organ, hollow-toned reed-stops with short resonators, usually of 8ft. pitch
Zinkenist(German m.) player of the cornetto
Zinkspiel(German n.) cornetto playing
Zinn(German m.) tin, pewter
Zinnpfeife(German f.) tin whistle
Zinsen(German m. pl.) interest
Zinsen tragen(German) to earn interest
Zinseszins(German m.) compound interest
Zinsfuß(German m.) interest rate
Zinssatz(German m.) interest rate
Zinzino(Italian m.) a little bit, a small quantity
Zio (s.), Zii (pl.)(Italian m.) uncle
zipabbreviation of 'zone improvement plan', which forms the basis for US postcodes, also called 'zip codes'
Zip codeshort for 'zoning improvement plan code', a series of designated numbers added to the address on correspondence in the UNited States of America, to aid in sorting and speed delivery. As mail volume increased and service became less personal, the U.S. Post Office Department found its ability to match address to location ever more difficult. After Germany started coding their mail in 1941 the United States came up with its own two-digit zone number system in May of 1943. It did not take long for this system to become inadequate. A whole new distribution system was then developed based on a five-digit number added to the address. Zip Codes would make use of new sectional mail centres set up only for sorting. The first digit represents a basic geographical area within the United States. The next two digits designate a population centre such as a city or one of the newly created postal sectional centres in more rural areas. The last two digits designate specific small town post offices or postal zones within cities. This system was instituted on July 1st, 1963 and remained voluntary until 1967 when sorting requirements began to be imposed. In 1983 ZIP+4 was introduced adding an additional four numbers onto the ZIP code. The 6th and 7th numbers are a delivery sector, which can be a group of streets, or a single high-rise. And the final two numbers are a delivery segment, which can be as small as one floor of an office building
Zipfel(German m.) corner, point, tail-end
Zipizape(Spanish m.) row
Zipolo(Italian m.) a spigot (a small peg or plug, especially in a cask)
Zirbaghalian Afghan goblet-shaped drum with a single head
Zirka(German) about
Zirkel(German m.) pair of compasses, circle (group)
Zirkelkanon(German m., literally 'circle canon') perpetual canon
Zirkuläratmung(German f.) circular breathing
Zirkularatmung(German f.) circular breathing
zirkulär gewundene Trompete(German f.) coiled trumpet
[entry provided by Michael Zapf]
Zirkulation(German f.) circulation
Zirkulationsatmung(German f.) circular breathing
zirkulieren(German) to circulate
zirkulierendes Atmen(German) circular breathing
Zirkus(German m.) circus
Zirkusvorstellung(German f.) circus performance
zirlare(Italian) to whistle (like a thrush), to cry like a thrush, to sing like a thrush
Zirlo(Italian m.) a thrush's cry or song
zirpen(German) to chirp
Ziryâb (798-853)(Arabic, literally 'black song-bird') the freedman poet and courtier Abu 'l-Hasan 'Alî Ibn Nâfi' who in 822 came from Baghdad, where he had fallen out with his teacher Ishâk al-Mawsilî, to Córdoba in Al-Andalus (Moorish Spain) then the centre of the independent Umayyad dynasty. Escaping to Tunisia, Ziryâb procured an invitation to the Andalusian court, arriving with the aid of the Jewish musician Mansûr. He brought to Córdoba a new Persian-inspired musical movement that departed from classical Arabic tradition. The caliph at Córdoba, 'Abd al-Rahmân II, whose court boasted an extraordinary group of singers of the Medina school as well as an important singer from Alexandria, developed an extraordinary infatuation with Ziryâb. He presented him with wealth, pensions, and gifts, and, writes al-Makkarî, "When in the course of time his attachment for him became still stronger, he caused a private door to be made, by which Ziryab might enter his apartment [unperceived]." Ziryâb was famed not just for his poetry, singing, and lute playing, but also for his style and his wide-ranging knowledge. Musicians would follow Ziryâb's musical rules for generations to come, not only in Córdoba, but in Sevilla, Toledo, Valencia, and Granada. Between the innovations in Baghdad and Córdoba, the 9th-century is remembered as the golden age of Islamic music, determining the course of music in the Arabic-speaking world for a thousand years to come
zischen(German) to hiss, to sizzle (of fat)
Zitat(German n.) a quotation, a quote
Zitcoma television comedy aimed at teenagers (colloquial)
Zitella(Italian f.) a spinster, an unmarried girl, an old maid (perjorative)
Zitellona(Italian f.) old maid, spinster
Zitellone(Italian m.) old batchelor
Zither(English, German f.) also cithare (French) or cetra da tavolo (Italian), a Tyrolean dulcimer bearing about 40 strings stretched over a closed wooden box: 4 or 5 melody strings are fretted with the left hand while the remainder are accompaniment strings
the term is applied generally to any instrument with strings running parallel to and along the full length of the soundbox (resonating body)
zithers can be divided into two classes, the fretted zithers (also called 'concert zithers') and fretless zithers
Zither, bowedsee 'bowed zither'
Zither, chordsee 'chord zither'
Zither, concertsee 'concert zither'
Zitherista zither player
Zitherschläger(German) an obsolete term for a guitar player
zither-violthe 18th-century double-strung bowed guitar
Zitisee riti
zitieren(German) to quote, to summon
Zitrone(German f.) lemon
Zitronenlimonade(German f.) lemonade
Zitteran early German name for the 'cittern'
zittern(German) to tremble, to shiver (cold), to shake
zitternd(German) trembling, tremulous, tremolano
zitternde Stimme(German f.) a quiver (trembling)
zittire(Italian) to hiss
zitto(Italian) silent
zittrig(German) shaky, shakily
zivil(German) civilian, civil, reasonable
Zivilcourage(German f.) courage of one's convictions
Zivildienst(German m.) community service
Zivilisation(German f.) civilization
zivilisieren(German) to civilize
zivilisiert(German) civilized, in a civilized manner
Zivilist(German m.) civilian
Zivilstandsregister(German n.) births, marriages and deaths
[entry provided by Michael Zapf]
Ziyia(Greek) a term applied to 'paired groups', that is instruments that traditionally are used together, thus, the pear-shaped Macedonian lira and the large dachares (tambourine), violi and laouto on the Greek islands, and the zourna and daouli
Zizhu dongxiao(Chinese) where zizhu means a kind of bamboo, a bamboo end-blown flute
Zizzania(Italian f.) dissension (figurative), discord (figurative), darnel (grass growing in a cereal crop)
Znabbreviation and chemical symbol for 'zinc'
Znamenasee 'Znamennïy'
Znamennïystyle of liturgical chant, that originated in Russia, and developed during the Middle Ages and Baroque periods, its name deriving from the Russian word meaning neume. It is written using special signs, called znamena (archaic for 'marks', 'signs') or kryuki ('hooks'), notation that evolved from the Byzantine Kondakarion notation, which to this day remains undecipherable
Znamennysee Znamennïy
Zócalo(Spanish m.) skirting board, plinth
Zoccolaio(Italian m.) a maker of wooden shoes or clogs
Zoccolante(Italian m.) a Franciscan friar
zoccolare(Italian) to clatter, to tramp about in clogs
Zoccolo(Italian m.) clog, sabot, wooden shoe, hoof, wainscot or dado, skirting board
(Italian m.) pedestal, base or plinth of a column as on a harp, Fuß (German m.), cuvette (French f.), socle (French m.)
zodiacale(Italian) pertaining to the Zodiac
Zodiaco(Italian m.) Zodiac
zoeken van de noot(Dutch) to seek the note
Zögern(German n.) hesitation
zögern(German) to hesitate
zögernd(German) lingered, hesitant, hesitantly, delayed, rallentando, stentando
Zögernder(German) a continual retarding of the time, slower and slower
Zolfa(Italian) synonymous with sol-fa
Zolfa degli Armeni(Italian) church music of the Armenian rite
Zolfanello(Italian m.) a (sulphur) match
Zolfara(Italian f.) a sulphur mine
Zolfatara(Italian f.) a sulphur mine
Zolfatura(Italian f.) sulphuration
Zolfo(Italian m.) sulphur
Zoll(German m.) inch
(German m.) (customs) duty, customs
Zolla(Italian f.) clod, sod, turf, lump (of soil)
Zollabfertigung(German f.) customs clearance
Zollbeamte, Zollbeamter(German) customs office
Zolletta(Italian f.) a small lump (sugar, etc.)
zollfrei(German) duty-free
Zollkontrolle(German f.) customs check
Zollverein(German m.) a customs union
zombare(Italian) to thumb
Zombie(West Afrian) a copse revivified and compelled to carry out certain actions by the magical power of Voodoo, hence, an automaton, a person whose actions appear mechanical and involuntary
Zona(Italian f., Spanish f.) zone, region, area, belt (geographical)
(French m.) shingles (medical)
Zona comercial(Spanish f.) commercial district
Zona de acampada(Spanish f.) camp site
Zona de acceso(Spanish f.) access area
Zona de carga y descarga(Spanish f.) loading and unloading only
Zona de castigo(Spanish f.) penalty area
Zona de daños por humos(Spanish f.) smoke-damaged area, area showing damage caused by smoke (from a fire)
Zona de obras(Spanish f.) work area
Zona de operaciones(Spanish f.) operational zone
Zona de prostitución(Spanish f.) red-light district
Zona de restauración(Spanish f.) catering area
Zona de recepción(Spanish f.) reception
Zona de secano(Spanish f.) dry region
Zona de vestíbulo(Spanish f.) hall, hallway
Zona horaria(Spanish f.) time zone
Zona industrial(Spanish f.) industrial park
Zona militar(Spanish f.) military zone
Zona neutral(Spanish f.) neutral zone
Zona peatonal(Spanish f.) pedestrian precinct
Zona roja(Spanish f. - Latin America) red-light district
Zona verde(Spanish f.) park, green space
Zona equatoriale delle calme(Italian f.) the doldrums
Zonaradikosa Thracian circle dance in which the participants hold one another's belts. This is the principal dance of Thrace and is danced by men
Zona verde(Italian f.) green belt
zonder begeleiding(Dutch) unaccompanied
Zone(English, German f.) an area
Zone blue(French f.) restricted parking zone
Zongora (s.), Zongore (pl.)(Romanian) guitar
Zoogei(Japanese) an element of the Japanese medieval Buddhist performing tradition
zool.abbreviation of 'zoology', 'zoologist', 'zoological'
Zoologe(German m.) zoologist
Zoologia(Italian f.) zoology
Zoología(Spanish f.) zoology
zoologico(Italian) zoological
zoológico(Spanish) zoological
Zoologie(French f., German f.) zoology
zoologique(French) zoological
zoologisch(German) zoological
Zoologiste(French m./f.) zoologist
Zoologo (m.), Zoologa(Italian) zoologist
Zoólogo(Spanish m.) zoologist
Zoomorphicdecorations placed with a text which contain animals or parts of animals. Enlarged letters can be composed of bird's heads and feline tails for example. Any manuscript decoration which contains animals or parts of animals, especially if the parts are arranged to form a letter or word
Zopenco(Spanish m.) idiot
zopenco(Spanish) stupid
Zopf(German m., literally 'pigtail', 'plait') a colloquial term applied to 18th-century art and music
Zoppasee zoppo
zoppa, allaalla zoppa
(Italian) with a syncopated or limping rhythm (three notes in a 4 beat bar, in the ratio 1:2:1) or as the Scotch snap
Zoppaggine(Italian f.) limp, lameness
zoppicante(Italian) limping, halting, shaky
zoppicare(Italian) to limp, to walk lame, to stand unsteadily, to be shaky
zoppicone(Italian) limping, limpingly, unsteadily
Zoppo (m.), Zoppa (f.)(Italian) cripple
zoppo (m.), zoppa (f.)(Italian) lame, halting, limping, unsteady, wobbling
Zoquete(Spanish m.) block (of wood), blockhead (person)
Zorn(German m.) anger
zornig(German) adiratamente (Italian), angry, angrily, sternly, wrathful, aufgebracht (German), coléreusement (French)
Zoroastrian musicsee Avesta
Zorra(Spanish f.) fox, vixen
Zorro(Spanish m.) fox, dog-fox
Zortziko5-in-a-bar Basque folk dance where the second and fourth beats are generally dotted
see bertsolaritza
Zoticaggine(Italian f.) boorishness, roughness, rusticity
Zotichezza(Italian f.) boorishness, roughness, rusticity
zotico(Italian) uncouth, boorish, rough, coarse (cloth), hard (soil)
Zoticone(Italian m.) utter boor, rude fellow
zotig(German) smutty, dirty
zottig(German) shaggy
Zouk(Creole, slang word for 'party') modern dance music from the French-speaking Antilles. Elements of gwo ka, tambour, ti bwa and biguine vidé are prominent in zouk. The French Creole tongue of Martinique and Guadeloupe is an important element, and are a distinctive part of the music
Zouk chouvzouk chouv has evolved from chouval bwa by adding electric instrumentation
Zouk-Lambadaalso called Lambada-Zouk, a group of closely related dance styles based on or evolved from the lambada dance style and is typically danced to zouk music or other music containing the zouk beat. There are two dominant styles of Zouk-Lambada called (Brazilian) zou and Lambazouk. The Zouk-Lambada dancing styles are among the most popular non-ballroom dances for couples in Brazil, others being Forró, Lambada, Samba de gafieira and Salsa
ZoumasGreek folk shawm
Zouave(French) a member of a body of French light infantry equiped in quasi-Oriental uniform
Zozobra(Spanish f.) anxiety (figurative)
zozobrar(Spanish) to be shipwrecked, to be ruined (figurative)
Zs.abbreviation of Zeitschrift (German: periodical, journal)
Zschafter Elsa M. Zschinsky-Troxler, the cataloguer of music by Gaetano Pugnani (1731-1798)
z.T.abbreviation of zum Teil (German: in part, partly)
Ztgabbreviation of Zeitung (German: newspaper)