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'Selecting A Programming Language' Made Easy
With such a large selection of programming languages it can be difficult to choose one for a particular project. Reading the manuals to evaluate the languages is a time consuming process. On the other hand, most people already have a fairly good idea of how various automobiles compare. So in order to assist those trying to choose a language, we have prepared a chart that matches programming languages with comparable automobiles.
| Assembler: |
A Formula I race car. Very fast, but difficult to drive and expensive to maintain.
| FORTRAN II: |
A Model T Ford. Once it was king of the road.
| FORTRAN IV: |
A Model A Ford.
| FORTRAN 77: |
A six-cylinder Ford Fairlane with standard transmission and no seat belts.
| COBOL: |
A delivery van. It's bulky and ugly, but it does the work.
| BASIC: |
A second-hand Rambler with a rebuilt engine and patched upholstry. Your dad bought it for you to learn to drive. You'll ditch the car as soon as you can afford a new one.
| PL/I: |
A Cadillac convertible with automatic transmission, a two- tone paint job, white-wall tires, chrome exhaust pipes, and fuzzy dice hanging in the windshield.
| C: |
A black Firebird, the all-macho car. Comes with optional seat belts (lint) and optional fuzz buster (escape to assembler).
| ALGOL 60: |
An Austin Mini. Boy, that's a small car.
| Pascal: |
A Volkswagon Beetle. It's small but sturdy. Was once popular with intellectuals.
| Modula II: |
A Volkswagon Rabbit with a trailer hitch.
| ALGOL 68: |
An Austin Martin. An impressive car, but not just anyone can drive it.
| LISP: |
An electric car. It's simple but slow. Seat belts are not available.
| PROLOG/LUCID: |
| Maple/MACSYMA: |
| FORTH: |
| LOGO: |
A kiddie's replica of a Rolls Royce. Comes with a real engine and a working horn.
| APL: |
A double-decker bus. Its takes rows and columns of passengers to the same place all at the same time. But, it drives only in reverse gear, and is instrumented in Greek.
| ADA: |
An army-green Mercedes-Benz staff car. Power steering, power brakes and automatic transmission are all standard. No other colors or options are available. If it's good enough for the generals, it's good enough for you. Manufacturing delays due to difficulties reading the design specification are starting to clear up.
By Daniel Solomon & David Rosenblueth, Department of Computer Science, University of Waterloo
General Resources For Wintel Systems
Most of these are sources of free software - if there is anything you really need (updated software, patches, bugfixes, drivers, etc.) one of these sites could save your life.