music theory & history onlinecontents
Dr. Brian Blood




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Music produces a kind of pleasure which human nature cannot do without.
Confucius (c.551-479 BC) Chinese philosopher

Merlot Classic Award 2007

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Music Theory (1-34) :: Music History (35-40) :: Composition, Orchestration, etc. (41-44) :: Index :: Music Dictionary :: Composers Biographies :: Scorch Viewer
 Welcome PageWelcome! :: Free Manuscript Paper :: Alternative Terms in Different Countries :: Copyright
   Music Theory & History Online Contents - the page you are now at

1 

Staff, Clefs & Pitch Notation

The Grand Staff :: Naming The Notes :: Staff or Stave :: The Clef Sign :: The Treble Clef :: The Bass Clef :: The Alto Clef
Other Clefs (lesson 14) :: The Score :: Why Middle C? :: Helmholtz Pitch Notation :: English Octave-Naming Convention
Franco-Belgic Octave-Naming Convention :: Scientific Pitch Notation :: Naming The Octaves :: MIDI
Shape Note Notation :: Tonic Sol-fa :: Oz Pitch-Naming Convention
:: Integer Notation
2  Notes & Rests Duration :: Anatomy of a Note Sign :: Chart of Note & Rest Signs :: Dotting & Double-Dotting :: Beams & Beaming
Ties :: Origin of Music Notation :: Additional Notes on the History of Music Notation
2S  Links about Music Notation supplement :: Links about Music Notation
3  Measures and Bars Bars/Measures and Bar Lines :: Bar/Measure Numbers and Letters :: Bars/Measures and Ties
4  Time Signatures and Meter Time Signature and Meter :: Unusual Time Signatures and Hypermeasures :: Mensuration
Common Time & Alla Breve/Cut Time :: Changing Time Signatures :: The Whole Bar Rest :: Incomplete Bars
Ametric Music
5  Tempo Table of Tempo Markings :: Fermata, Fetura & Caesura :: Dance Tempi :: Tempo through Notation :: Metronome Marks
6  The Keyboard The Keyboard :: Note Reading & Keyboard Layout Test :: Thoughts on Piano Keyboard Design
7  Small Intervals The Tone and Semitone :: The Octave :: The Chromatic Scale :: Microtones
8  Major Scales The Major Scale :: The Tetrachord :: The Twelve Major Scales :: Deriving Major Scales :: Chart of the Major Scales
9  Key Signatures and Accidentals The Key Signature :: The Circle of Fifths :: The Order of Sharps & Flats in Key Signatures
Enharmonics :: Using Accidentals :: Changing Key :: Notes and Keys in Various Languages
10  Minor Scales The Natural Minor Scale :: Chart of Natural Minor Scales :: Double Sharps & Flats :: Harmonic Minor
Chart of Harmonic Minor Scales :: Melodic Minor :: Chart of Melodic Minor Scales :: Relative & Parallel Major & Minor
11  Chromatic Scales The Diatonic Scale :: The Chromatic Scale :: Harmonic Chromatic Scale :: Melodic Chromatic Scale
12  Intervals Degrees of the Scale :: Melodic & Harmonic Intervals :: Unisons & Octaves :: Diatonic Intervals :: Chromatic Intervals
The Tritone :: Compound Intervals :: Table of Intervals
13  Inversion of Intervals Inversion of Intervals
14  Other Clefs Soprano & Mezzo-Soprano Clefs :: Tenor Clef :: Baritone & Subbass Clefs :: French Violin Clef :: Octave Clefs
Indefinite Pitch Clef :: Summary of Clef Signs
15  Note Groupings Simple & Compound Time/Meter :: Uneven/Asymmetrical Time/Meter :: Triplets :: Duplets :: Other-lets
Grouping Notes and Rests :: Time Signatures, How We 'Say' Them
16  Triads & Chords Concord & Discord :: Triads :: Diatonic Triads :: Chords :: Chords in Jazz :: Broken & Spread Chords
17  Chords in Detail Seventh Chords :: Inverted Chords :: Slash Chords :: Extended Chords (9th, 11th, 13th) :: Special Chords
Naming Chords
17C  Chords supplement :: Chords (including chord transposer)
17S  1000+ Scales supplement :: 1000+ Scales (including scale transposer)
18  Figured Bass Figured Bass :: Figured Bass Notation :: Naming Chords With Roman Numerals
19  Transposition Transposition at the Octave :: Transposing into another Key :: What Key is My Instrument in? :: Transposing Instruments
How to Write Parts for Transposing Instruments
20  Rhythmic Variety Rhythmic Modes :: Anacrusis :: Syncopation :: Dotting & Double Dotting :: gal & Ingal
Hemiola, Hemiolia or Cross Rhythm :: Swing :: Rhythm Syllables
21  Phrasing & Articulation Slur & Phrase :: Tenuto & Staccato :: Slurs & Staccato :: Variety of Accents :: Articulation on Wind Instruments
Articulation on Stringed Instruments :: Articulation & Phrasing on Percussion Instruments
Dot & Wedge in Clavichord Music :: Pedalling on the Piano :: Table of Dynamic Markings :: Table of General Musical Markings
22  Chords & Cadences Cadences :: Perfect Cadence :: Plagal Cadence :: Imperfect Cadence :: Interrupted/Deceptive Cadence
The 'Six Four' Cadence :: Feminine Endings :: Antecedent & Consequent :: Summary of Cadences
23  Ornamentation Introduction :: Accidentals and Ornamentation :: Grace Notes :: Appoggiaturas :: Nachslag :: Turns :: Trills :: Pralltriller
Mordents :: Vibrato :: Arpeggiation :: Divisions
24  Repeats Repeated Notes :: Repeated Groups :: Repeated Bars :: Repeated Whole Bar Rests :: Repeated Sections :: Da Capo
Minuet & Trio
25  Notes, Harmonies & Scales Origin of Diatonic and Chromatic Scales :: Modes :: Jazz Scales :: Blues :: Bebop Scales :: Pentatonic Scales
The 'Minor Key' Problem :: Altered Chords :: Neapolitan Sixth :: Symmetrical Scales :: Table of Useful Scales
Non-Harmonic Notes
26  Score Formats Instrumental Ensembles :: Solos & Parts :: Keyboards :: Percussion :: How to Write Parts for Transposing Instruments
Sounding Range of Orchestral Instruments :: Chart of Sounding Range and Clefs Used :: Sample Scores
27  Pitch, Temperament & Timbre Pitch :: History of Musical Pitch :: Harmonic or Overtone Series :: Inharmonicity :: Pythagorean Series :: Meantone Scale
Equal Temperament :: Just Intonation :: Naming Intervals :: Historical Temperaments :: Temperament and Pitch Calculator
Beats and Tuning :: Information on Temperaments :: Timbre/Tone Colour :: Classification of Common Musical Instruments
27C Interval Calculatorsupplement :: Interval Calculator
27T Analysis of Temperamentssupplement :: Analysis of Temperaments used in the Temperament and Pitch Calculator in lesson 27
28  Musical Instrument Fingering Charts Woodwind Instruments :: Band Instruments :: Brass Instruments :: Serpent & Ophicleide :: Baroque Flute :: Dulcian
Recorder :: Shakuhachi :: Quena :: Tin-Whistle :: Bagpipe
29  Musical Instrument Ranges & Names Bowed & Plucked Strings :: Harp:: Flutes :: Clarinets :: Saxophones :: Double Reeds :: Trumpets & Trombones
Horns & Tubas :: Tuned Percussion :: Voices :: Recorders :: Keyboards :: Viols :: Instrument Names in Other Languages
Instrument Names & Their Abbreviations :: Orchestral Layout :: Sounding Range of Orchestral Instruments
Chart of Sounding Range and Clefs Used :: Conducting
30  Guitar Tablature & Notation Reading Chord Charts :: Writing Notes :: The Origins of Tablature Notation :: Writing Chords
Transposing Chord Names :: Special Effects :: Voicing Chords :: The Lute
31  Key Centres The Nature of Tonality :: Major Keys :: Minor Keys :: Triad Progressions :: Modes :: Combining Major and Minor Keys
Modal Interchange :: Using Dominants :: Diminished Seventh Chords :: Melodic Substitution :: Reharmonisation
Modulation :: Alan Belkin's General Principles of Harmony
32  Words & Music The Voice :: Words & Meaning :: Tonal Languages and Music :: Words & Syncopation :: Words & Phrasing
Scoring for Voices :: Wordless Singing
33 Counterpoint Counterpoint by Alan Belkin
34  Drums & Drumming Percussion Instruments :: Rhythmic Patterns :: The Importance Of Tempo :: The Bass Guitar
Music Theory (1-34) :: Music History (35-40) :: Composition, Orchestration, etc. (41-44) :: Index :: Music Dictionary :: Composers Biographies :: Scorch Viewer
35  Music before the 16th Century From Earliest Times :: Greeks & Romans :: Early Christian Church :: Music of the Dark Ages (475-1000)
Music of the High Middle Ages (1000-1350) :: Music of the Late Middle Ages (1350-1500) :: Music of the Proto-Renaissance
36  Music of the 16th Century Early Renaissance Timeline :: Humanism :: Music Theory :: Music Printing :: The Renaissance and the French Court
Origins of Early Opera and Ballet :: Music in New Spain :: Sixteenth Century Chinese Opera
more in preparation
37  Music of the 17th Century in preparation
38  Music of the 18th Century in preparation
39  Music of the 19th Century A Survey of 19th Century Music :: Romanticism :: Orientalism :: Nationalism, Folk Song & Primitivism
Looking Back - The Early Music Revival :: Late 19th Century Symbolism :: 19th Century American Music
Bringing Back Voices From the 19th Century :: Performance Practice and Aesthetics of the 19th Century
40  Music of the 20th Century Progressing into the 20th Century :: Neo-Romanticism :: Breakdown of Tonality :: Impressionism :: Neo-Classicism
Machine Music :: Computer Music :: Twelve Note Method :: Influences of Jazz :: Microtonal Music :: Electronic Music
Indeterminacy :: Minimalism :: Music Theatre By Eric Salzman :: Experimental Music Today
Summary of Terms & Concepts in 20th Century Music :: Musical Analysis
Music Theory (1-34) :: Music History (35-40) :: Composition, Orchestration, etc. (41-44) :: Index :: Music Dictionary :: Composers Biographies :: Scorch Viewer
41 Practical Guide to Composition Musical Form - A Summary :: Alan Belkin's Practical Guide to Composition
42 Artistic Orchestration Artistic Orchestration by Alan Belkin :: Garritan Interactive - Principles of Orchestration by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
43  Ear Tests and Drills
44  Jazz Improvisation Almanac by Marc Sabatella
   Music Theory & History Online Index
   Music Dictionary Online
   Composers Biography (work in progress)
   Manuscript Paper (you can print)

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